Revelation Chapter 14 – The New Song and The Harvest

“Then I looked, and there was the Lamb standing on Mount Tziyon; and with him were 144,000 who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads” (Revelation 14:1).

The 144,000: 12,000 from each of the 12 Tribes of Isra’el stand on the Mount Tziyon with the Lamb. They have his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads.

This is the promise given to those in Philadelphia who persevered and won the victory. They are the ones who never disowned Yeshua in spite of being attacked by false Jews. They are the ones who were kept from the time of trial that tested the earth by being sealed. They will become pillars in the Temple of Messiah. The name of Yeshua and the name of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh is written on their foreheads.

The Hebrew word for ‘forehead’ is metzak. There are Scriptures that suggest ‘forehead’ is symbolic of being stubborn. However, an ornament of pure gold was fastened to Aharon’s turban as a seal. This ‘seal’ protected him as the High Priest from the guilt of the people of Isra’el when he accepted their gifts.

““You are to make an ornament of pure gold and engrave on it as on a seal, ‘Set apart for Adonai.’ Fasten it to the turban with a blue cord, on the front of the turban, over Aharon’s forehead. Because Aharon bears the guilt for any errors committed by the people of Isra’el in consecrating their holy gifts, this ornament is always to be on his forehead, so that the gifts for Adonai will be accepted by him” (Exodus 28:36-38).

In the Shema found in Deuteronomy 6, Isra’el is told to love yod hey vav hey with all their heart, mind and soul, and to teach the commandments to their children. As a sign, they are to tie them on their hands and bind them on their forehead. This has been taken literally by many orthodox Jews who tie straps on their hands and arms and put little boxes on their foreheads. More importantly, the commandments are to be obeyed by the action of the hands; and put on the forehead to protect the thoughts of the mind.

“Tie them on your hand as a sign, put them at the front of a headband around your forehead, and write them on the door-frames of your house and on your gates” (Deuteronomy 6:8-9).

To have Yeshua’s name and the name of his Father written on the forehead is the ultimate in being ‘sealed’ and protected. It is proof that these 144,000 were in complete unity with Yeshua and the Father.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Forehead – Metzak

Mem is a picture of ‘water’ and means ‘mighty.’

Tsade is a picture of a ‘fishook’ and means ‘to draw toward.’

Chet is a picture of a ‘fence’ and means ‘to protect.’

Metzak means ‘mighty drawing toward to protect.’

 “I heard a sound from heaven like the sound of rushing waters and like the sound of pealing thunder; the sound I heard was also like that of harpists playing on their harps. They were singing a new song before the throne and before the four living beings and the elders, and no one could learn the song except the 144,000 who have been ransomed from the world. These are the ones who have not defiled themselves with women, for they are virgins; they follow the Lamb wherever he goes; they have been ransomed from among humanity as firstfruits for God and the Lamb; on their lips no lie was found — they are without defect” (Revelation 14:2-5).

This group of men, B’nei Isra’el were first ‘sealed’ in Revelation 7. They have remained physically and spiritually pure. They follow Yeshua wherever he goes. They are given harps that when played sound like rushing waters and pealing thunder. They sing a new song that only they can learn. They sing the song before the four living beings and the 24 elders. They are the firstfruits of those who have been ransomed from the world. Like the Lamb, they are without defect.

The phsat or literal interpretation of being a virgin is not being defiled by a woman. The remez or ‘shadow’ of this condition alludes to spiritual purity. These men of Isra’el have never defiled themselves with other religions or religious practices including anything Christian. They remained faithful to the Shema, the Torah and the prophets. They are true Jews with new covenant, circumcised hearts who receive the praise of Elohim.

“On the contrary, the real Jew is one inwardly; and true circumcision is of the heart, spiritual not literal; so that his praise comes not from other people but from God” (Romans 2:29).

This part of the prophecy speaks of the new song that only could be sung by those redeemed from the world. This is because they are the only ones who understand the victory they have had over the beast, the dragon and the false prophet. It is a new song of victory because this war had never been fought before and it will never be fought again (Matthew 24:21).

The new song is first mentioned in Revelation 5, but is being sung around the throne in heaven.

You are worthy to take the scroll and break its seals; because you were slaughtered; at the cost of blood you ransomed for God persons from every tribe, language, people and nation. You made them into a kingdom for God to rule, cohanim to serve him; and they will rule over the earth” (Revelation 5:10).

In Revelation 14, the new song is being sung on Mt. Tzyion. In the physical realm, Mt. Tzyion is the City of David near the Temple Mount. According to prophecy, it is from Mount Tziyon, part of Jerusalem that the Torah will be taught and the Word of Adonai will go forth into the nations during the Millennial Kingdom. It is the place where those who survive the Tribulation will worship Adonai.

“I myself have installed my king on Tziyon, my holy mountain” (Psalm 2:6).

“Adonai will send your powerful scepter out from Tziyon, so that you will rule over your enemies around you” (Psalm 110:2).

“Many peoples will go and say, “Come, let’s go up to the mountain of Adonai, to the house of the God of Ya‘akov! He will teach us about his ways, and we will walk in his paths.” For out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of Adonai from Yerushalayim” (Isaiah 2:3).

“At that time, whoever calls on the name of Adonai will be saved. For in Mount Tziyon and Yerushalayim there will be those who escape, as Adonai has promised; among the survivors will be those whom Adonai has called…. You will know that I am Adonai your God, living on Tziyon my holy mountain.” Then Yerushalayim will be holy, and foreigners will pass through her no more.” (Joel 3:5; 4:17).

“Adonai says, ‘I am returning to Tziyon, and I will live in Yerushalayim. Then Yerushalayim will be called Truth City, Adonai-Tzva’ot’s Mountain, the Mountain of the Holy One” (Zechariah 8:3).

According to the writer of Hebrews, Mt. Tziyon is also referred to as the heavenly Jerusalem where angels assemble with those whose names were recorded in heaven. It is the place where righteous people have been brought to the goal, the aim of Torah. It is where Yeshua, the mediator of the new covenant will be the Judge of everyone.

“On the contrary, you have come to Mount Tziyon, that is, the city of the living God, heavenly Yerushalayim; to myriads of angels in festive assembly; to a community of the firstborn whose names have been recorded in heaven; to a Judge who is God of everyone; to spirits of righteous people who have been brought to the goal; to the mediator of a new covenant, Yeshua; and to the sprinkled blood that speaks better things than that of Hevel [Abel]” (Hebrews 12:22-24).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Tziyon or Zion

Tsade is a picture of a ‘fishhook’ and means ‘to draw near.’

Yod is a picture of a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work.’

Vav is a picture of a ‘nail’ and means ‘binding.’

Nun is a picture of a ‘fish’ and means ‘life.’

Tziyon means “to draw near to the finished work, the binding of life.”

“Next I saw another angel flying in mid-heaven with everlasting Good News to proclaim to those living on the earth — to every nation, tribe, language and people. In a loud voice he said, “Fear God, give him glory, for the hour has come when he will pass judgment! Worship the One who made heaven and earth, the sea and the springs of water!” (Revelation 14:6-7).

Yochanan sees a messenger flying the mid-heaven proclaiming the message of salvation to those living on the earth – to every nation, tribe, language, and people. For those who have ever asked the question, “What about the Aborigines who never hear the gospel?” Here’s the answer. Everyone will hear the message of repentance, giving glorying to Elohim for judgment is coming. The messenger tells everyone to worship the Creator who made heaven and earth, the seas and springs of water.

Yod hey vav hey is compassionate and desires that all men come to a full knowledge of the Truth. When judgment comes, He wants all people and all nations to know that it is His judgment and that they can be delivered (1 Timothy 2:4). Hence, He sends His messenger to proclaim the good news of Yeshua.

“Another angel, a second one, followed, saying, “She has fallen! She has fallen! Bavel the Great! She made all the nations drink the wine of God’s fury caused by her whoring!” (Revelation 14:8).

A second messenger follows saying that Bablyon the Great has fallen. Babylon the Great, according to Revelation 17, is like a great city, comprised of all the nations that embrace the false gods and religions of the world. She is called the ‘Mother of Whores and Great Obsenities.’ This spiritual rebellion draws people away from Elohim and provokes him to anger – to drink the wine of his fury.

“‘The person who turns to spirit-mediums and sorcerers to go fornicating after them — I will set myself against him and cut him off from his people” (Leviticus 20:6).

More than just turning to mediums and those who use drugs to poison people, spiritual prostitution includes embracing doctrines that go as far back as Babylon, and the one religious system of Babel. Those in this religious system love the world and its abominable ways perverting everything that is lawful into lawlessness. Babylon the Great and its false religious system is responsible for the slaughter of people on earth – religious wars against the people of Elohim.

“Another angel, a third one, followed them and said in a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and its image and receives the mark on his forehead or on his hand, he will indeed drink the wine of God’s fury poured undiluted into the cup of his rage. He will be tormented by fire and sulfur before the holy angels and before the Lamb, and the smoke from their tormenting goes up forever and ever. They have no rest, day or night, those who worship the beast and its image and those who receive the mark of its name” (Revelation 14:9-11).

Those who worship the beast and its image and receive the ‘mark’ on the forehead or hand will also drink the wine of Elohim’ fury though this fury will be undiluted. The Greek word for ‘mark’ is charagma and means ‘stamp’ or ‘impression’ like an image impressed upon a coin. It is a ‘mark’ that proves an undeniable identification of its owner.

This ‘mark’ determines the eternal destination for those who receive it. They will be tormented by fire and sulfur before the holy angels and the Lamb. The smoke from their tormenting goes up forever. It is stated again that these people will have no rest day or night if they worship the beast, its image, and receive the mark.

“This is when perseverance is needed on the part of God’s people, those who observe his commands and exercise Yeshua’s faithfulness” (Revelation 14:12).

This all-important verse reveals the identity of Elohim’s people: they observe his commandments and have faith in Yeshua. This is the witness of two to being a holy one, one set apart by God, one who wholeheartedly understands the message of salvation includes repentance and a return to yod hey vav hey and His commandments.

Those who do not recognize Yeshua as the Messiah, who do not put their faith in him, are not the holy ones. This could be likened to the Jewish people who don’t come to faith in Messiah, but obey the Torah, the teachings and instructions of Elohim.

Those who do not obey the Torah, the commandments of Elohim, are also not the holy ones. This could be likened to those who have put their faith in Jesus, but reject the idea of the relevancy of teachings and instructions in the ‘old testament.’ The preaching of a Torah-less faith is part of the spirit of lawlessness that is at work even before the ‘man of lawlessness’ is revealed. Each group only has one witness of their faith. Neither group will have what it takes to persevere for they will succumb to either a false messiah or his lawless rule.

“But he said, ‘No, because if you pull up the weeds, you might uproot some of the wheat at the same time. Let them both grow together until the harvest; and at harvest-time I will tell the reapers to collect the weeds first and tie them in bundles to be burned, but to gather the wheat into my barn'” (Matthew 13:29-30).

The Greek word for ‘perseverance’ is hupomone and means ‘remaining behind.’ Those remaining behind, according to Yeshua, are the wheat and not the tares. The tares, planted by the evil one, are gathered and thrown into the fire. Those who are ‘left behind’ are not the godless, the faithless, or even the lawless, but the ones who are truly ‘sealed’ by Elohim through their faith in Yeshua and their obedience to that faith.

“To those who seek glory, honor and immortality by perseverance in doing good, he will pay back eternal life. But to those who are self-seeking, who disobey the truth and obey evil, he will pay back wrath and anger. Yes, he will pay back misery and anguish to every human being who does evil, to the Jew first, then to the Gentile…” (Romans 2:7-9).

“Next I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Write: ‘How blessed are the dead who die united with the Lord, from now on!’ ‘Yes,’ says the Spirit, ‘now they may rest from their efforts, for the things they have accomplished follow along with them’” (Revelation 14:13).

The ‘voice’ in heaven speaks to Yochanan. In the Hebrew, the word devar appears which means ‘word’ like Devar Elohim which is the Hebrew for Word of God. When devar is used with katab or write, it directs toward something very important needing to be understood This devar holds a blessing on those who die united with Yeshua from this point forward.

Those who die will most likely be martyrs for they are the ones with faith in Messiah and who obey the commandments ‘left behind’ as wheat. When they die in unity with Yeshua, they will ‘rest’ from the efforts “for the things they have accomplished follow along with them.” The word for ‘rest’ in Hebrew means ‘to lie down and relax.’ Later in Revelation, the martyrs are told to ‘wait’ until the full number of their brothers have come into the Kingdom, the final gleanings after the harvest.

These blessed people have many deeds and actions in their lives that express their faith. These deeds and actions did not prepare the way for them as they are justified by faith in Yeshua. They don’t take their deeds and actions with them as an offering to draw near to Elohim.

Their deeds and actions follow them. They are praised and given glory for walking in obedience of Torah – the righteousness of Messiah.

“Righteousness will go before him and shall make [our] pathway His footsteps” (Psalm 85:14, Hebrew Lexicon).

“For we are of God’s making, created in union with the Messiah Yeshua for a life of good actions already prepared by God for us to do” (Ephesians 2:10).

“Therefore, brothers, stand firm; and hold to the traditions you were taught by us, whether we spoke them or wrote them in a letter” (2 Thessalonians 2:15).

“By trusting, Hevel offered a greater sacrifice than Kayin; because of this, he was attested as righteous, with God giving him this testimony on the ground of his gifts. Through having trusted, he still continues to speak, even though he is dead” (Hebrews 11:4).

“Then I looked, and there before me was a white cloud. Sitting on the cloud was someone like a Son of Man with a gold crown on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand.  Another angel came out of the Temple and shouted to the one sitting on the cloud, “Start using your sickle to reap, because the time to reap has come — the earth’s harvest is ripe!”  The one sitting on the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvested” (Revelation 14:13-16).

The devar of blessing has been spoken and written down. The time for the final harvest of mankind has come. There are several unique things mentioned in these verses: a white cloud, someone like the Son of Man, a gold crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.

Clouds are found throughout Scripture. Elohim put his bow in the cloud, He followed the Israelites in a cloud, He rides a swift cloud on His way to Egypt (Isaiah 19:1). The glory of yod hey vav hey departed the Temple and then left Jerusalem in a cloud over the Mount of Olives (Ezekiel 10). In Psalm 104:3, Adonai makes the clouds His chariot and He rides on the wings of the wind. Clouds are not only the presence of yod hey vav hey, but also a heavenly mode of transportation.

The Hebrew word for ‘before me’ is hineni and means ‘here I am’ in the sense of being ready to do the will of Elohim. This was how Avraham responded to El Shaddai when he was asked to take his only son to Mt. Moriah. The ‘cloud’ with hineni suggests ‘the cloud’ is prepared to do the will of Elohim.

“Yeshurun, there is no one like God, riding through the heavens to help you, riding on the clouds in his majesty” (Deuteronomy 33:26).

Sitting on the cloud was someone like the Son of Man. This is reminiscent of the prophet Daniel’s vision: “I kept watching the night visions, when I saw, coming with the clouds of heaven, someone like a son of man” (Daniel 7:13). This person was led into the presence of ‘Ancient of Days’ and given rulership, glory and an eternal kingdom for all peoples, nations to serve him. This can be no one else except Yeshua. At this time, the Son of Man is not riding through the heavens on the cloud nor descending to earth in the cloud, but sitting on the cloud.

“They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with tremendous power and glory” (Matthew 24:30).

The Son of Man was wearing a crown. Crowns are symbolic of authority and power. As the King of Kings, Yeshua will wear many crowns on his head representing the many victories he will have over the nations (Revelation 19:12). As the Son of Man, Yeshua showed his power and authority over death by raising a little girl, a widow’s dead son, and Lazarus. Ultimately, he showed ultimate power over death when he was resurrected. He wears a crown showing his power and authority to harvest the earth bringing many into the Kingdom.

“Don’t you have a saying, ‘Four more months and then the harvest’? Well, what I say to you is: open your eyes and look at the fields! They’re already ripe for harvest!” (John 4:35).

A messenger comes out of the Temple and tells the Son of Man sitting on the cloud, the time has come to reap for the harvest is ripe. There are some who do not believe this person sitting on the cloud is Yeshua because he doesn’t take orders from angels. However, the messenger comes out of the Temple having been given the order from yod hey vav hey himself. As the Son of Man, he waits for his Father’s timing to return for his Bride as well as harvest the fields.

“Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe; come, and tread, for the winepress is full. The vats are overflowing, for their wickedness is great” (Joel 3:13).

Yeshua wears a crown and sits on a cloud holding a sickle in his hand. A sickle is a reaping-hook with a curved blade used for harvesting crops.

“All the strong men within my walls Adonai has rejected. He has set a specific time for crushing my young men. Adonai has trodden, like grapes in a winepress, the virgin daughter of Y’hudah” (Lamentations 1:15).

Lamentations says there is a ‘specific time’ for coming events. The Hebrew word is mo’ed and is used for the Feasts of Elohim. As each of the Feasts follow an agricultural cycle, they are also contain prophetic vision of Messiah on the earth. There is the planting of seeds as taught in the Parable of the Sower, and Yeshua’s words that a plant must die in order for the seeds to be planted and produce a harvest (John 12:24). The spring firstfruits of the barley harvest are offered on Yom Habbikurim or the Firstfruits of the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:20). Yeshua along with many ancient saints were resurrected at this time. The latter spring firstfuits of the wheat harvest are offered on Shavuot or Feast of Weeks when three thousand Jewish souls were harvested in Jerusalem (Acts 3:41). These Jews from all the surrounding nations became the first to take the message of salvation to the world. The fall harvest was known as the final ingathering. It is called the Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Ingathering. This was the time to harvest grapes which were put into a winepress.

“Next, the festival of harvest, the firstfruits of your efforts sowing in the field; and last, the festival of ingathering, at the end of the year, when you gather in from the fields the results of your efforts” (Exodus 23:16).

“Let them both grow together until the harvest; and at harvest-time I will tell the reapers to collect the weeds first and tie them in bundles to be burned, but to gather the wheat into my barn'” (Matthew 13:30).

“Another angel came out of the Temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle.  Then out from the altar went yet another angel, who was in charge of the fire; and he called in a loud voice to the one with the sharp sickle, “Use your sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth’s vine, because they are ripe!”  The angel swung his sickle down onto the earth, gathered the earth’s grapes and threw them into the great winepress of God’s fury.  The winepress was trodden outside the city, and blood flowed from the winepress as high as the horses’ bridles for two hundred miles!” (Revelation 14:17-20).

One angel comes out of the Temple with a sickle while another from the altar manages the fire. Together the sickles are swung down onto the earth to gather the clusters of grapes that are ripe for the fury of Elohim.

“I have trodden the winepress alone; from the peoples[ nations], not one was with me. So I trod them in my anger, trampled them in my fury; so their lifeblood spurted out on my clothing, and I have stained all my garments; for the day of vengeance that was in my heart and my year of redemption have come. I looked, but there was no one to help, and I was appalled that no one upheld me. Therefore my own arm brought me salvation [Yeshua], and my own fury upheld me. In my anger I trod down the peoples [nations], made them drunk with my fury, then poured out their lifeblood on the earth” (Isaiah 63:3-6).

Outside the city of Jerusalem, the winepress was trodden and symbolizes the blood that will be shed at this time of judgment. Blood flowed for 200 miles. The distance between Jerusalem and Cairo, Egypt to the south is 263 miles, between Jerusalem and Damascus, Syria to the north is 222 miles, and Jerusalem and Ammon, Jordan to the east is 160 miles.

The blood will be as ‘high as the horses’ bridle.’ This phrase has several possible interpretations. Taken literally, the whole Middle East, the war zone from Damascus to Ammon to Cairo will be one large lake filled with blood. This website actually tried to figure out how many people must die to fill the lake and came up with between 15,000 and 30,000 people. Another interpretation could be that the war from the angelic sickles is so violent that blood will be splattered everywhere even up to the horses’ bridle. After all Yeshua returns to Jerusalem with a blood-stained garment after defeating Israel’s enemies most likely in the suggested war zone.

Using the measurement of a horse’s bridle suggests that there will be armies riding horses. In today’s high technology of fighter jets and tanks, it seems odd that there are still mounted armies. Yet, there are 5 countries that still use horses in their military and a few of them could be part of this war: India that has the last fully-operational mounted cavalry, Jordan that uses camels to guard their borders with Syria and Iraq, and the United Nations that uses horses when in desert areas like Iran and Iraq.

With the release of Elohim’s fury, He destroys nations and pours their lifeblood onto the earth. According to the prophet Isaiah, the ‘arm’ of Elohim brings forth salvation or Yeshua.

Revelation 15 – Song of Moshe

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