Archive for the ‘Revelation Study’ Category

“Mark of the Beast”

An excerpt from my studies in Revelation:

“Also it [the Beast] forces everyone — great and small, rich and poor, free and slave — to receive a mark on his right hand or on his forehead” (Revelation 13:16).

As I am delving into certain word translations in Revelation, ‘forces’ intrigued me.  Is there a difference between ‘choosing’ the mark and ‘being forced?’  In essence, yes, but would ‘force’ be a good translation from the Hebrew? And, if someone is ‘forced’ to do something, it is counted against them by Elohim? 

The Greek word used in this verse for ‘force’ is poiei and means ‘causes, make to do.’  Of course this definition does suggest ‘force’ and is how the Hebrew was translated into the Greek. 

The Hebrew word used in this verse for ‘force’ is darush and literally means ‘demand, require, and being sought.’  So, when it comes to the ‘mark of the beast,’ it will be demanded, required, and sought.’   Again, it seems people will have no choice in the matter as the ‘mark’ will be required.

In the Hebrew language words are formed from three basic letters.  From these three basic letters, other words are formed by adding different vowels as well as parts of speech.  For example, to make an infinitive, the letter ‘l’ or ‘lamed’ is added to the front of the world.  So, lidrosh is the infinitive of darush and means ‘to demand or to preach.’  

In the sense of the ‘mark of the beast,’ it will not only be demanded, but preached.  The definition of the the word ‘preach’ means to ‘publicly proclaim or teach a religious message.’  It can also mean ‘to earnestly advocate a belief or course of action.’   Thus, in regards to the ‘mark of the beast,’ it will be publicly proclaimed, it will earnestly advocate for a course of action.’ This is why Yeshua says to all of the Messianic congregations in Asia, “Those who have ears, let them hear what the Spirit is saying to the Messianic communities.” Each of us will be called to respond to the consequences of the ‘mark of the beast’ differently.

Another word that comes from darush is midrash.  A midrash is a commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures. From a midrash comes a variety of different understandings of the Scriptures being discussed and multi-faceted ways to implement them into one’s personal life and walk.  A midrasha, another word that comes from midrash, is a religious school.

The ‘mark of the beast’ will be on the right hand or forehead.  This is significant when it comes to the tefillin worn by the Orthodox communities during morning prayers. The word tefillin comes from the word tefillah which is the Hebrew word for Psalms and means ‘prayers.’  Tefillin are comprised of small black boxes containing scrolls with Scriptures from the Torah.  The arm-tefillah, called shel yad [belonging to the hand] are small straps wrapped around the right arm, hand and fingers, while the head tefillah called shel rosh [belonging to the head] is secured above the forehead.  These objects are worn as a ‘sign’ of the Shema from Deuteronomy 4:6-9.

“Sh’ma, Yisra’el! Adonai Eloheinu, Adonai echad [Hear, Isra’el! Adonai our God, Adonai is one]; and you are to love Adonai your God with all your heart, all your being and all your resources. These words, which I am ordering you today, are to be on your heart; and you are to teach them carefully to your children. You are to talk about them when you sit at home, when you are traveling on the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them on your hand as a sign, put them at the front of a headband around your forehead, and write them on the door-frames of your house and on your gates.”

The ‘mark of the beast’ will not only be a direct assault on how the Orthodox Jewish community prays and honors God, but it will be ‘preached’ as a ‘religious message.’  In other words, the end times deception will be religious. The Orthodox as well as the Conservative, Reformed and Secular are looking for the Messiah to come.  They will be deceived by the ‘anti-messiah’ for numerous reasons and it may be that when the Orthodox remove their tefillin to receive the ‘mark,’ the deception will be complete.

Whatever the mark will be, it will be on the hand and forehead which alludes to whatever is done with the hands will be marked and whatever is thought will be controlled.  It will be forced, demanded, and required by all who wish to buy or sell whether great or small, rich or poor, slave or free – it will be global.  

And, according to Revelation 14:9-10 whoever worships the beast, his image AND receives the mark on his forehead or hand will not only drink the wine of God’s wrath, but be tormented by fire and sulfur.  In other words, those who take the ‘mark of the beast’ will suffer in eternity along with the beast and the false prophet (Revelation 19:20-21).  Being ‘forced’ or ‘required’ won’t ‘save’ you from eternal separation and death; staying separate and trusting in God for provision will.  We must always remain diligent and faithful when something is being forced on us in order to buy or sell; especially when it may involve religious indoctrination.

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Chapter 7 – Servants of God

“After this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the land, on the sea or on any tree. I saw another angel coming up from the east with a seal from the living God, and he shouted to the four angels who had been given power to harm the land and the sea, “Do not harm the land or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads!” I heard how many were sealed — 144,000 from every tribe of the people of Isra’el: From the tribe of Y’hudah, 12,000 were sealed, from the tribe of Re’uven, 12,000; from the tribe of Gad, 12,000; from the tribe of Asher, 12,000; from the tribe of Naftali, 12,000; from the tribe of M’nasheh, 12,000; from the tribe of Shim’on, 12,000; from the tribe of Levi, 12,000; from the tribe of Yissakhar, 12,000; from the tribe of Z’vulun, 12,000; from the tribe of Yosef, 12,000; from the tribe of Binyamin, 12,000” (Revelation 7:1-8).

After ‘the Lamb’ opens the sixth seal, there is an interlude before opening the seventh seal. Angels standing at the four corners of the earth hold back the four winds so that no wind (ruach) blows upon the land (eretz). The Hebrew word kanaph is translated into ‘four corners’ and means ‘to the extremity’ and ‘wings.’ These angels or messengers of Elohim stand at the ‘extremities of the earth’ or ‘as far as their wings ‘can go’ and hold back the four winds.

Years ago when I listened to one teacher of prophecy, he suggested that perhaps events in Revelation were not so much chronological, but happening at the same time. Whether all that happens with the four winds occurs simultaneously I don’t know, but all of the following Scriptures include the four winds and from the events it seems plausible that these events happen concurrently.

“Adonai-Tzva’ot says: ‘I will break ‘Eilam’s bow, the mainstay of their might. I will bring against ‘Eilam the four winds from the four quarters of the sky and scatter them to all those winds” (Jeremiah 49:35-36).

The four winds according to the prophet Jeremiah are the winds of war. The four winds will come against Eilam and scatter its people into those winds. The ancient name Eilam is the modern Iran. For a moment after the opening of the sixth seal, the ‘four winds’ of war and judgment will be held back.

“Next he said to me, “Prophesy to the breath! Prophesy, human being! Say to the breath that Adonai Elohim says, ‘Come from the four winds, breath; and breathe on these slain, so that they can live.’ So I prophesied as ordered, and the breath came into them, and they were alive! They stood up on their feet, a huge army!” (Ezekiel 37:9-10).

The ‘four winds’ according to the prophet Ezekiel bring forth the breath of life that raise the dead to life. In the moment after the opening of the sixth seal, the breath of life will enter dry bones preparing a massive army.

“I had a vision at night; I saw there before me the four winds of the sky breaking out over the great sea, and four huge animals came up out of the sea, each different from the others” (Daniel 7:2-3).

The prophet Daniel has a vision of the ‘four winds’ breaking out over the sea. In the moment following the sixth seal, four beasts will appear out of the nations. One, a lion with eagle’s wings, will stand on two legs and be given a human heart though not human, one like a bear gnawing on three ribs will be told to devour the flesh of humans, one like a leopard with bird’s wings and four heads will rule over humanity, and the last with iron teeth and 10 horns will crush whatever opposition remains.

“Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, all the tribes of the Land will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with tremendous power and glory. He will send out his angels with a great shofar; and they will gather together his chosen people from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other” (Matthew 24:30-31).

When Yeshua explained the signs before his return, he used the ‘four winds’ to reveal the ‘extremity’ of the places from where his chosen people would be gathered. In the moment following the opening of the sixth seal along with a great shofar blast, the chosen of Yeshua will be gathered from one end of heaven to the other.

In that moment when the ‘four winds’ of judgement are held back, the dead are raised, the chosen are gathered, and the demonic forces are prepared. A stillness will cover the land, the sea and the trees.

Another angel comes up from the ‘east.’ In the Hebrew the phrase is ‘to the east of the sun.’ The same phrase is translated in Psalm 113:3 as ‘sunrise.’

This messenger that ‘rises with the sun’ like the dawning of a ‘new day’ has the seal of Elohim. This messenger tells the other angels to ‘Wait!’ They are not to harm, injure or wound the sea and the trees until the servants of Elohim are sealed. The Hebrew word for ‘servant’ is avar which means ‘bondsman’. It comes from the word avodah which means ‘worker’ or ‘laborer.’ Those who are going to be sealed will be the ‘laborers’ for Elohim, they will be bound to Him in the time to follow the sixth seal.

The Seal of Elohim Himself

Once again a ‘seal’ is used to show the authenticity of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh Himself. It is His seal that will ‘set apart’ those workers who He marks. The Hebrew word for ‘seal’ is chatham and is used for the word ‘sign’ of circumcision to ‘mark’ the covenant Elohim made with Avraham. In Romans 4:11, this ‘seal of righteousness’ was given to him because of his faith before he was circumcised in the flesh. The ‘seal’ of Elohim is a covenant mark and when it is established, it becomes ‘law’ and cannot be revoked or changed.

Revelation chapter 14 gives a little more insight into those in Isra’el who are given the covenant mark. First, they are men redeemed from among the men of Isra’el as firstfruits for Elohim and ‘the Lamb.’ They are not men redeemed from the world, but from the nation of Isra’el. Firstfruits is an allusion to the Feast of Firstfruits and a great harvest. Whether or not these firstfruits are those who are raised from the dust to become a great army is not specifically stated, but they are firstfruits and the symbolism is those who are raised from the dead.

“Isra’el is set aside for Adonai, the firstfruits of his harvest; all who devour him [Isra’el) will incur guilt; evil will befall them,” says Adonai” (Jeremiah 2:3).

“But the fact is that the Messiah has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have died” (1 Corinthians 15:20).

These men of Isra’el have never lied from their mouths. They have no fault, no blemish on their lives, and are considered blameless. They have not had sexual relations with women. In this day and age of apostasy and immorality, finding one or two men who are celibate is difficult, but Elohim will seal 144,000 Israeli men who have remained sexually pure and are virgins.

“These are the ones who have not been defiled [by relations] with women, for they are celibate. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased and redeemed from among men [of Israel] as the first fruits [sanctified and set apart for special service] for God and the Lamb. No lie was found in their mouth, for they are blameless (spotless, untainted, beyond reproach)” (Revelation 14:4-5, Amplified Bible).

Over the years, I’ve read different perspectives about the ‘purity’ of these men. Those who don’t believe the verses mean physical purity suggest it is spiritual purity where these men never defiled themselves with other religions and/or Christian ideologies and denominations. There are also those who want to include women as part of those sealed. There is no suggestion of either of these perspectives in the Hebrew.

Though it would be politically correct in this modern age to include women, women weren’t called to be warriors. In our modern cultures, women in the military has become normal, but it is not part of Elohim’s kingdom culture. Men were the warriors with few exceptions. Though men and women can be workers for the Kingdom, the battle during the coming judgments to usher in the Kingdom of Yeshua are not meant for the faint of heart. The men sealed for the years of Jacob’s Trouble are unique men and were born and raised for this very purpose and time. Women being defiled with women is an abomination to Elohim and would automatically disqualify them from the equation.

As for spiritual purity, there is some merit to including this concept because with their ‘virginity’ and ‘sexual purity,’ these men are focused solely on being a ‘bondservant’ of Elohim. They have no deviated from serving Elohim and He is their entire life. Because of this, they may be the very men Adonai told Ezekiel to ‘seal.’ These ‘sealed’ men have not succumbed to accepting the abominations the culture condones nor approve of the behaviors. They grieve over the disgusting practices being allowed in the holy city of Jerusalem.

“Adonai said to him, “Go throughout the city, through all Yerushalayim, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who are sighing and crying over all the disgusting practices that are being committed in it” (Ezekiel 9:4).

Tribes of Israel

In this day, there are many non-Jews who claim to be Isra’el. Though as believers in Yeshua, non-Jews become part of the Olive Tree of Isra’el and join the community of Isra’el, they are not DNA Isra’el. Some may suggest that the ‘sign’ for Isra’el is the Shabbat based on Ezekiel 20:20 “and keep my shabbats holy; and they will be a sign between me and you, so that you will know that I am Adonai your God.” Though this may be a possibility, this ‘sign’ is for all Isra’el, not just men.

The ‘seal’ of Avraham and his descendants was ‘circumcision,’ and one of the ‘signs’ for a man to be of Israeli descent is ‘circumcision.’ It stands to reason that the 144,000 men who are sealed are actually descendants of the sons of Avraham, Yitzak, and Ya’kov except for those in the tribes of Ephraim and Dan.

The number of men who are sealed is 144,000 or 12,000 from each Tribe of Israel: Y’hudah, Reuben Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin.

There isn’t much description about the 144,000 in Revelation 7. They are just men being sealed from the 12 Tribes of Isra’el. In Revelation 14 details are given suggesting that perhaps as they walked through the days of tribulation, they were transformed from just men of Isra’el into powerful men of Elohim who became firstfruits of those redeemed from the earth singing a new song before the Creator of the Universe.

Chapter 7 – White Robes

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Revelation Chapter 6 – The Seals

Yochanan’s vision continues with ‘the Lamb’ breaking each of the seven seals on the scroll. Wax seals were used for things of value from precious stones to confidential correspondences. If a document arrived to its destination with a broken seal, it was evidence that someone had tampered with the document. When Yeshua was buried, the tomb’s rock was ‘sealed’ so that none of his disciples could tamper with the grave, remove his body and claim that he resurrected. Most likely, this seal was made of soft clay rather than wax, but it held a Roman imprint for its authority.

“So they went and made the grave [of Yeshua] secure by sealing the stone and putting the guard on watch” (Matthew 27:66).

The Hebrew word ‘seal’ in these verses is chatham and means ‘signer’s imprint.’ The ‘signer’s imprint’ came from a personal signet ring showing the signer had full authority and power to send the message or ‘seal’ the decree. In Genesis, Y’hudah gave his ‘kingly’ signet ring to a woman he thought was a prostitute as a guarantee for his return. When Yosef is made second in command of all of Egypt, he is given the Pharaoh’s signet ring so he could make important decisions without asking the king. In Esther, Mordecai is given the king’s signet ring in order to create a new decree that would save Jewish lives because any edict written and sealed with a king’s signet cannot be revoked – Haman’s.

“When she [Tamar] was brought out, she sent this message to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these things belong. Determine, I beg you, whose these are — the signet, the cords and the staff.”  Then Y’hudah acknowledged owning them” (Genesis 38:25-26).

“Pharaoh took his signet ring off his hand and put it on Yosef’s hand, had him clothed in fine linen with a gold chain around his neck” (Genesis 41:42).

“You should issue a decree in the king’s name for whatever you want concerning the Jews, and seal it with the king’s signet ring; because a decree written in the king’s name and sealed with the king’s ring can’t be rescinded by anyone” (Esther 8:8).

The Four Horsemen – Hitgalut

This part of Yochanan’s vision is often referred to as the ‘four horsemen of the apocalypse.’ Apocalypse comes from the Greek and means ‘revelation.’ However, Yochanan wrote in Hebrew or common Aramaic. The Hebrew word for ‘revelation of the end’ is hitgalut and means ‘to be discovered, to be exposed.’ An interesting concept about Biblical prophecy is not that we can predict the future, but that prophecy ‘exposes’ the events when they are fulfilled. We can use Scripture to give more insight to what each prophetic event means, but they will only become ‘fully discovered’ as Truth when they happen.

“Again I raised my eyes, and I saw in front of me four chariots coming out from between two mountains…. The first chariot had red horses; the second chariot, black horses; the third chariot, white horses; and the fourth chariot, spotted gray [strong dappled] horses” (Zechariah 6:1-4).

Zechariah had a vision of four horses pulling chariots. The colors of the horses are the same as in Yochanan’s vision with the exception of the final horse. When Zechariah asked the messenger about the chariots, he was told “these are the four winds of the sky that go out, after presenting themselves before the Lord of all the land” (Zechariah 6:6). Each of the four horses go different places: the black and white horses goes to the north, the spotted horse goes to the south, and the gray one wandered throughout the earth. The black and white horses going to the north give the Spirit of Elohim rest in the north country.

When studying at the four horses of Hitgalut, there are two important details to consider. One, the horses represent the four winds of the sky that first present themselves to the Lord. They ‘go out’ from Him. Winds is specific to the Ruach haKodesh, the Spirit of Elohim, His Breath. Secondly, because all Scripture is Isra’el-centered, all of the horses head north, south or around the world from the region of Isra’el.

The Rider Who Conquers

“Next I watched as the Lamb broke the first of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living beings say in a thundering voice, “Go!” I looked, and there in front of me was a white horse; its rider had a bow and was given a crown; and he rode off as a conqueror to conquer” (Revelation 6:1-2)

‘The Lamb’ breaks the first seal and a ‘thundering voice’ says “Go.” It is my opinion that this voice comes from living being with the lion’s face – the Lion of Y’hudah. This ‘white horse’ heads north with a bow and a crown to conquer his enemies.

In Revelation 19, Yochanan sees a white horse with a rider who “in righteousness that he passes judgment and goes to battle.” The physical description of this rider is much like the one of Yeshua in the first chapter; however, he is now the Conqueror. His robe is soaked in the blood of his enemies. He left wearing one crown and returns with the crowns of those kings he has conquered.

The rider on the white horse also left the throne room alone. When he returns to earth, he has the armies of heaven with him all riding white horses and wearing fine white linen. He is now seen as the Commander of Elohim’s armies.

“Next he said to me, ‘Prophesy to the breath [Ruach haKodesh]! Prophesy, human being! Say to the breath that Adonai Elohim says, ‘Come from the four winds, breath; and breathe on these slain, so that they can live.’ So I prophesied as ordered, and the breath came into them, and they were alive! They stood up on their feet, a huge army!” (Ezekiel 37:9-10).

This army is made up of the entire House of Isra’el who had been slain. Their ‘bones’ have dried up, their hope is gone and they are completely cut off from the land of the living. Yet, there is hope for the House of Isra’el. Elohim will open their graves, raise them from the dead, and bring them into the land of Isra’el. He will place His breath, His Ruach haKodesh into them, and they will come to life and become a great army (Ezekiel 37:11-14).

Hebrew Word Pictures

White – Lavan – לון

Lamed is a ‘shepherd’s staff’ and means ‘to urge forward’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘to bind’

Nun is a ‘fish’ and means ‘life’

Lavan – urge forward to bind to life

Horse – soos – סוס

Samech is a ‘prop’ and means ‘to support’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means to ‘bind together’

Samech is a ‘propp and means ‘to support’

Horse – sous – סוס – to support and bind together, support

The Warrior

“When he broke the second seal, I heard the second living being say, “Go!” Another horse went out, a red one; and its rider was given the power to take peace away from the earth and make people slaughter each other. He was given a great sword” (Revelation 6:3-4).

You will hear the noise of wars nearby and the news of wars far off; see to it that you don’t become frightened. Such things must happen, but the end is yet to come. For peoples will fight each other, nations will fight each other, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various parts of the world; all this is but the beginning of the ‘birth-pains'” (Matthew 24:6-8).

“Then he told them, “Peoples will fight each other, nations will fight each other, there will be great earthquakes, there will be epidemics [rapid spread of infectious diseases] and famines in various places, and there will be fearful sights and great signs from Heaven” (Luke 21:10-11).

‘The Lamb’ breaks the second seal and another living being says “Go.” It is my opinion that this voice comes from living being with the human face – the Tribe of Reuben. I reason this because war on earth and with mankind is the focus of this seal.

Though there are chariots led by red horses in Zechariah’s vision, it is not revealed which direction they go. Perhaps they don’t head a specific direction, but go with a specific purpose – to destroy the Adversary.

The rider on this horse is a Warrior and brings war to the earth. This rider has a ‘great sword.’ This is different from the ‘sword’ of the Word; this Sword belongs to yod hey vav hey. This sword is strong, relentless and will punish the serpent, the monster who comes from the ‘sea’ of nations. This sword will bruise the head of the serpent as prophesied in Genesis 3:15. This sword is filled with blood of a great sacrifice in the land of Edom, specifically the capital Botzrah.

“On that day Adonai, with his great, strong, relentless sword, will punish Livyatan the fleeing serpent, the twisting serpent Livyatan;
he will slay the sea monster”
(Isaiah 27:1)

“There is a sword that belongs to Adonai. It is filled with blood, gorged with fat, filled with the blood of lambs and goats, gorged with the fat of the kidneys of rams. For Adonai has a sacrifice in Botzrah, a great slaughter in the land of Edom” (Isaiah 34:6).

Though the color red is associated with war and blood, red is also symbolic Edom, the land where Esau settled. The Hebrew word for ‘red’ is adom, given to Adam as the first man created from the ‘red earth.’ When Ya’akov and Esau were born, “the first to come out was reddish and covered all over with hair, like a coat; so they named him ‘Esav‘” (Genesis 25:25).

Today Edom is located in the very southeast corner of Isra’el and the country of Jordan. More than the physical descendants of Esau, the Edomites have Esau’s spirit of being a ‘hunter’ and a ‘man of the field.’ In the world, he has been used by the Adversary to ‘hunt’ his brother’s descendants, Isra’el. The prophet Isaiah gives more insight into this bloody battle between Yeshua the descendants of Esau.

“Who is this, coming from Edom, from Botzrah with clothing stained crimson, so magnificently dressed, so stately in his great strength? Why is your apparel red, your clothes like someone treading a winepress?“I have trodden the winepress alone; from the peoples, not one was with me. So I trod them in my anger, trampled them in my fury; so their lifeblood spurted out on my clothing, and I have stained all my garments; for the day of vengeance that was in my heart and my year of redemption have come. I looked, but there was no one to help, and I was appalled that no one upheld me. Therefore my own arm brought me salvation [Yeshua], and my own fury upheld me. In my anger I trod down the peoples, made them drunk with my fury, then poured out their lifeblood on the earth” (Isaiah 63:1-6)

“It is he who treads the winepress from which flows the wine of the furious rage of Adonai, God of heaven’s armies” (Revelation 19:13).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Red – adom – אדום

Alef is an ‘ox’ and means ‘first strength’

Dalet is a ‘door’ and means ‘pathway’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘binding’

Mem is ‘water’ and means ‘mighty’

Adom – first strong pathway binding the mighty

Each of the living beings tell the riders of the horses to “Go!” In Hebrew this word is bo and can also mean ‘come.’ These riders are told to ‘come forth’ and are given life through the Ruach haKodesh to rise up from the scroll to do the bidding of Elohim.

Go – bo – בוא

Bet is a ‘house’ and means ‘house’

Vav is a ‘nail’ that means ‘bind together’

Alef is an ‘ox’ that means ‘first strength’

Bo – house binds together first strength

The Rider of Famine

“When he broke the third seal, I heard the third living being say, “Go!” I looked, and there in front of me was a black horse, and its rider held in his hand a pair of scales. Then I heard what sounded like a voice from among the four living beings say, “Two pounds of wheat for a day’s wages! Six pounds of barley for the same price! But don’t damage the oil or the wine!” (Revelation 6:5-6).

‘The Lamb’ breaks the third seal and another living being says “Go.” It is my opinion that this voice comes from living being with the face of an Ox – the symbol of the Tribe of Ephraim. The name ‘Ephraim’ begins with the Hebrew letter alef which is a picture of an ‘ox.’ Torah teaches that an ox is not to be muzzled when it is threshing grain just as a “worker deserves his wages” (Deuteronomy 25:4, 1 Timothy 5:18).

The rider of the black horse holds a pair of scales. Black is symbolic of power and fear. The scales in the hands of this rider do not suggest ‘judgment’ as with the Tribe of Dan, but ‘power’ through dishonest profits. Though Ephraim can mean ‘fruitful,’ it also contains the root for ‘depleted.’ Some how, perhaps through a plague, the barley and wheat will be damaged. Evil leaders will boost the price for dishonest gain, however, no one is to damage the oil and wine. Both of these grains which are harvested in spring along with wine and oil are connected to the fellowship offerings in the spring ‘appointed times’ of Firstfruits and Shavuot.

“Don’t be dishonest when measuring length, weight or capacity” (Leviticus 19:35).

Efrayim is chasing the wind, pursuing the wind from the east. All day he piles up lies and desolation — they make a covenant with Ashur, while sending olive oil to Egypt” (Isaiah 12:2).

“Adonai detests a double standard in weights, and false scales are not good” (Proverbs 20:23).

Barley is harvested in the early spring in the month of Abib. In Hebrew abib means ‘newly ripened grain’ and is the firstfruits offering on the Feast of Firstfruits or Yom Habikkurim.

“When Israel entered the Promised Land, they were to celebrate Yom Habikkurim by offering an individual sheaf of grain from their barley harvest.  The sheaf was to be waved by the priest along with a burnt offering of a lamb, a fellowship offering of fine barley grain mixed with olive oil and a drink offering of wine.

“The grain offering was a free will offering.  It was to be fresh kernels, dry roasted and covered in olive oil and frankincense or, it could be a fine flour mixed with olive oil and frankincense poured over it.  A grain offering could be baked in an oven like bread, cooked on a griddle like a pancake or boiled in a pot like a dumpling. 

“In order for the sheaf  of grain to be accepted on Yom Habikkurim, the high priest had to wave it before God. After being raised from the  dead, our High Priest, Yeshua, ascended to his Father to offer his sheaf of Firstfruits.   Once his sheaf of grain, filled with innumerable seeds was accepted, the spiritual harvest of souls could begin.  Yeshua’s family would not only include his brothers and sisters in Israel, but those brought forth in a harvest from the nations.” (Excerpt from “Journey With Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.”)

For the 50 days following Yom Habikkurim, the nation of Isra’el ‘counted the omer.’ They counted the seven weeks between two holy days with a daily offering of an omer of barley. An omer of barley is about 9.3 cups of dry grain.

It was during the days of counting the omer that Ruth gleaned in the fields, met, and married Boaz. In fact, along with the commands for the harvesting grain during the omer is the command “don’t harvest all the way to the corners of your field, and don’t gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am Adonai your God” (Leviticus 23:22).

At the end of the omer, the wheat harvest began. This was known as the second firstfruits and the ‘appointed time of Elohim’ associated with this day is the Feast of Weeks or Shavuot (Greek: Pentecost). The offerings on Shavuot included two leavened loaves of wheat bread, a wheat grain offering with oil, and a drink offering.

It could be suggested that the timing of the black horse coincides with the spring mo’edim. The prices for wheat and barley will become so high that it will be nearly impossible to keep the holy days in Jerusalem.

“I will gather those of yours who grieve over the appointed feasts and bear the burden of reproach [because they cannot keep them]” (Zechariah 3:18).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Black – shokor – שחור

Shin is a ‘tooth’ and means ‘consume’

Chet is a ‘fence’ and means ‘protect’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘bind to’

Resh is a ‘head’ and means ‘head’

Shokor – consume and protect the binding head

The black horse is always associated with a food famine which happens when when food prices become too high for the wages of the worker. If the black horse affects the offerings of the spring mo’edim, is it possible that the famine affects far more than physical food?

Yeshua taught from Torah that man does not live only on bread, but on every Word that comes from the mouth of Elohim (Deuteronomy 8:3). What if the Word of Elohim is no longer heard or able to be taught? What if the Torah no longer comes forth from Tzion and the Word of Elohim from Jerusalem because it is illegal? Remember the days of Antiochus and the Abomination of Desolation spoken about by Daniel? In the days of the black horse, there could be a serious hunger and thirst for the Word of Elohim.

“The time is coming,” says Adonai Elohim, “when I will send famine over the land, not a famine of bread or a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of Adonai” (Amos 8:11).

On Shavuot, the Ruach haKodesh was poured out on the Jewish people who gathered from all nations in Jerusalem for this holy day.  They became the firstfruits of the new covenant instituted by Yeshua at Pesach weeks earlier.  This event began the ‘sealing’ of Elohim’s people, those who put their faith in Messiah Yeshua and obey His commandments (Ephesians 1:13-14).

Though the scales will tip on the monetary value of barley and wheat, the oil and wine are not damaged. The Ruach haKodesh is symbolized by oil in Scripture and was used to purify and anoint priests and kings. Pure oil was put into the lamps of the wise virgins. Pure oil was used in the grain offerings of fine flour mixed with oil. Wine represents joy, sustenance, and life in the Ruach haKodesh. Perhaps by not harming the oil and wine, Elohim shows that even in the days of famine – whether food or His Word – His Spirit will remain to strengthen His people.

The Death Rider

“When he broke the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living being say, “Go!” I looked, and there in front of me was a pallid, sickly-looking horse. Its rider’s name was Death, and Sh’ol followed behind him. They were given authority to kill one-quarter of the world by war, by famine, by plagues and with the wild animals of the earth” (Revelation 6:7-8).

‘The Lamb’ breaks the fourth seal and another living being says “Go.” This voice comes from the being that has the face of an eagle which can only be the Tribe of Dan. Where I live in Alaska along the Kenai River, I have the privilege of watching Bald Eagles soar down the valley on a daily basis. Eagles are massive birds with a wingspan the width of my truck and yes, I’ve seen their underbellies several feet above my windshield. They not only soar high above the trees dotting the blue sky, but swoop down toward the river in order to snag a salmon swimming upstream. The eagle is a bird of great strength and Elohim uses it to describe His swift and complete judgment on Edom and Bozrah.

“Behold, He will mount up and fly swiftly like an eagle and spread His wings against [the city of] Bozrah; and in that day the heart of the mighty warriors of Edom will be like the heart of a woman in childbirth” (Jeremiah 49:22 Amplified Bible).

Death and Sh’ol

The color of this fourth horse varies between the translation of the two visions. Zechariah sees the horse as being dappled [Hebrew, as with hail] and gray [Hebrew, strong], while Yochanan sees it as ‘palid.’ The Hebrew word for ‘palid’ is yarokrok and means ‘greenish.’ I put the two visions together making this horse strong and greenish with white spots.

Green is very important to Islam because the prophet Muhammed wore a green cloak and turban. In Quran 32 there is a description of paradise where people “will wear green garments of fine silk.” Green is used in the binding of Qurans, the domes of mosques, and is part of the flags of Iran (modern-day Persia) and Saudi Arabia.

The name of the rider on this green and white spotted horse is Death and Sh’ol followed him. According to the prophet Isaiah, there will be nations who mock the people of Jerusalem, the Jewish people. They make a “covenant with Death and a contract with Sh’ol” believing their agreements will protect them from judgment to come against Isra’el. They embrace lies and create falsehoods about the end times, the Jewish people, and the city, but they will be destroyed by their own deception and live in ‘sheer terror.’

“So listen to the word of Adonai, you scoffers, composing taunts for this people in Yerushalayim: Because you said, “We made a covenant with death, we made a contract with Sh’ol. When the raging flood passes through, it will not touch us. For we have made lies our refuge and hid ourselves in falsehoods” — therefore here is what  Adonai  Elohim saysWhen the raging flood passes through, you will be trampled down by it. As often as it passes through, it will take you, for it will pass through every morning, day after day, night after night; understanding the message will be sheer terror” (Isaiah 28:14-19).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Terror – emah – אימה

Alef is an ‘ox’ and means ‘strength’

Yod is a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work’

Mem is ‘water’ and means ‘chaos’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

Emah – strength of finished work of chaos revealed

With the release of this horse, one-quarter of the world’s population will die through famine, plagues and wild animals. Today there are 7.7 billion people in the world; one-quarter of that amount is 1.9 billion. Today, in 2020, there are about 30 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen facing famine conditions. Plagues can be diseased-based pandemics and as I write this, Coronovirus from Wuhan, China is making the news. Plagues can also come from insects like locusts which are destroying parts of India, Pakistan, Africa and the Middle East. A plague of bats is infesting Queenstown in Australia. Wild animal attacks from foxes, coyotes, wild boars, mountain lions, moose, and bear are on the rise.

Though none of these famines, plagues or wild animal attacks have come close to killing 1.9 billion people, the prophecy stands as truth. Famine and hunger leads to plagues of disease, plagues lead to death and wild animals become numerous. This is one of the reasons why Elohim did not give the Israelites the Land all at one time – the wild animals would become too numerous for them. Apparently, with the death-toll in the nations from famine and plague, wild animals will complete the process.

“Adonai your God will expel those nations ahead of you little by little; you can’t put an end to them all at once, or the wild animals will become too numerous for you” (Deuteronomy 7:22).

What is a plague?

The Hebrew word for ‘plague’ is maggephah and means ‘a blow’ and ‘a calamity.’ However the ‘blow’ arrives, it creates a ‘calamity’ within a group of people.

The most well-known plagues are in Exodus when Pharaoh refused to let the Hebrews leave Egypt. Elohim judges each of Egypt’s false gods with each plague. Once the Hebrews leave Egypt, the Israelites experience their own plagues. Many die after the golden calf and having to drink water mixed with the powder of the destroyed idol. Many died when they received so much quail that a plague took them while they were still chewing the meat for which they begged Elohim. Many more died in the plague caused by their grumbling after the death of Korach. Many more died when they joined with the Moabites and worshipped Baal Pe’or. Each of these incidences coincide with Isra’el‘s grumbling, disobedience and the worship of false gods and were divine judgment.

The word ‘judge’ is generally used in a negative sense, however, in the days of the Judges it had a different meaning. The 12 Judges were Ruach-inspired Israelites like Gideon, Samson, and Deborah who delivered Isra’el from Canaanite control after they defeated them for the Promised Land.

With the blessing Dan receives from Ya’akov, he may be the delivering Judge that Isra’el needs in the end times. The Tribe of Dan is the viper on the road that bites the heels of a horse making its rider fall. Could this rider be the Islamic ideology that desires to swallow Elohim’s chosen people in Death? While Death contracts with the nations who hate Isra’el promising their destruction, Isra’el is taken away from the serpent on the wings of a great eagle and the destruction falls back on the nations. This is exactly how yod hey vav yeh delivered the Israelites from Egypt.

“Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Isra’el. Dan will be a viper on the road, a horned snake in the path that bites the horse’s heels so its rider falls off backward. I wait for your deliverance,  Adonai” (Genesis 49:16-18).

“But the woman [Isra’el] was given the two wings of the great eagle, so that she could fly to her place in the desert, where she is taken care of for a season and two seasons and half a season, away from the serpent’s presence” (Revelation 12:14).

“You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself” (Exodus 19:4).

The Martyrs

“When the Lamb broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been put to death for proclaiming the Word of God, that is, for bearing witness. They cried out in a loud voice, “Sovereign Ruler, HaKadosh, the True One, how long will it be before you judge the people living on earth and avenge our blood?” Each of them was given a white robe; and they were told to wait a little longer, until the full number of their fellow-servants should be reached, of their brothers who would be killed, just as they had been” (Revelation 6:9-11).

‘The Lamb’ breaks the fifth seal and under the altar Yochanan sees the souls who were murdered for proclaiming the Word of Elohim. Some who study Revelation wonder who will persecute these holy ones because nothing is specifically mentioned in the four horses. I disagree. I believe that Yeshua fights Edom and Bozrah to their end because they represent the political/religious ideology represented by the ‘greenish’ horse. That system continues to murder and behead those who refuse to ‘submit to the will of Allah.’

“He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying out to me from the ground!” (Genesis 4:10)

The souls of these martyrs cry out from underneath the altar for the Sovereign Ruler, the True and Holy One to avenge their deaths. I believe these are those souls who were beheaded for testifying about Yeshua and proclaiming the Word in Revelation 20:4.

The Hebrew word ‘soul’ in this verse is neshama and means ‘the breath of Elohim.’ In Leviticus 17:11, Elohim says that the “life of a creature is in the blood … for it is the blood that makes atonement because of the life.” This suggests that Yochanan is actually seeing the blood of these souls; and like Abel’s blood cries out, so does the blood of these murdered people.

They cry out to the “Sovereign Ruler” which in the Hebrew text is the yod hey vav hey, the ‘I Am that I Am’ or Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh. HaKodosh is ‘the holy one’ and is the shortened form for ‘the Holy One of Isra’el.’ HaEmeti can be translated ‘the True One,’ but also ‘the Faithful One.’ These souls cry out to the “Faithful I AM, the Holy One of Isra’el.”

There are two altars in the Tabernacle: the Altar of Sacrifice and the Altar of Incense. Though the Altar of Sacrifice could represent the sacrifice these souls made for the Word of God, that Altar was given for atonement and these souls did not make atonement for anyone not even themselves. The Altar of Incense is for the prayers of the holy ones and these souls are praying, crying out for their blood to be avenged. I believe the altar in this verse is the same altar that Abel’ built to offer his sacrifice. Their blood is underneath the same stones as Abel’s – poured out on the ground – the altar of human sacrifice.

Yochanan is looking toward the future at those who will die over the millennia for proclaiming the Word of Elohim. They are told to ‘wait a little while’ or in Hebrew ‘to rest more’ for the judgment until the completion of their ‘(gentile) fellow servants’ and ‘(Jewish) brothers’ are martyred. Each of these souls are given a white robe as a hope and vision for the coming resurrection.

The Creation

“Then I watched as he broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake, the sun turned black as sackcloth worn in mourning, and the full moon became blood-red. The stars fell from heaven to earth just as a fig tree drops its figs when shaken by a strong wind. The sky receded like a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved from its place” (Revelation 6:12-14).

‘The Lamb’ breaks the sixth seal and all of creation reacts: the earth quakes, the sun turns black, the full moon becomes blood-red, stars fall from heaven to earth, the sky recedes like a rolled-up scroll, and mountains and islands are moved from their places. All of this ‘childbirth’ activity throughout the heavens and earth begins the end days of the heavens and earth as we know them and ushers in a new heaven and earth. With the sixth seal, the ‘old contract’ between Elohim and mankind begins its demise for a new one to be administered by King Messiah (Hebrews 8:13).

“The creation waits eagerly for the sons of God to be revealed; for the creation was made subject to frustration — not willingly, but because of the one who subjected it. But it was given a reliable hope that it too would be set free from its bondage to decay … the whole creation has been groaning as with the pains of childbirth …” (Romans 8:19-23).

On the fourth day of creation, Elohim created the sun, moon, and stars to determine His mo’edim. With the sixth seal, the sun turns black as if wearing sackcloth for mourning. A blackened sun symbolizes judgment on the nations. With a black sun, days can no longer be determined as there is no sunset to sunset.

A full moon begins two ‘appointed times:’ Passover and Sukkot – the first and last of the mo’edim. A blood-red full moon, especially when one falls on an ‘appointed time’ is a warning of war to Isra’el.

The stars that determine the yearly cycle of the holy days fall from heaven like figs on a fig tree. This ends the ‘appointed seasons’ as they were established in Leviticus 23.

The fig tree has always symbolized Isra’el. Yeshua said that when the fig tree buds, Isra’el would become a nation again starting the divine clock of end times prophecy. When the figs fall off the tree shaken by a strong wind, the powerful Ruach, the nation of Isra’el will go from an earthly nation to a kingdom nation ruled by their Messiah Yeshua.

The sky recedes like a scroll. The heavenly scroll that is firmly fixed in heaven is the Word of Elohim, the Torah. When this seal is opened, the paper Torah will be rolled up and the Torah in the flesh will begin his kingdom reign as King Yeshua.

“Your word continues forever, Adonai, firmly fixed in heaven …” (Psalm 119:89).

“Instead, you have given me open ears; so then I said, “Here I am! I’m coming! In the scroll of a book it is written about me. Doing your will, my God, is my joy; your Torah is in my inmost being” (Psalm 40:8-9).

There will be a great earthquake and the islands and mountains will be moved from their places. In the moment when Yeshua returns to the Mount of Olives from where he ascended millennia earlier, the geography of Jerusalem will change.

“On that day his [Yeshua’s] feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which lies to the east of Yerushalayim; and the Mount of Olives will be split in half from east to west, to make a huge valley. Half of the mountain will move toward the north, and half of it toward the south … (Zechariah 14:4-5).

The Great Day

Then the earth’s kings, the rulers, the generals, the rich and the mighty — indeed, everyone, slave and free — hid himself in caves and among the rocks in the mountains, and said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us, and hide us from the face of the One sitting on the throne and from the fury of the Lamb! For the Great Day of their fury has come, and who can stand?” (Revelation 6:15-17).

The power of the Elohim will bring down earth’s leaders – political, military, economic. It will change the whole demeanor of the world in which we live. Everyone whether rich or poor, slave or free will hide in caves and cry out for the rocks in the mountains to fall on them. In this moment of the ‘fury of the Lamb,’ they will not only know and understand there is One sitting on the throne, they will actually see Him and fear for their lives.

This event will not be like Moshe who hid behind the Rock as the presence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh passed by. In that moment, there was shalom in knowing He was being protected by the Hand of Elohim, covering His face. No, with this event, Elohim will remove His Hand and we will see the fullness of chaos. This seal will cause such fear in the disappearing of heaven and earth, and with the coming judgment no one will be able to stand.

“In the name of myself I have sworn, from my mouth has rightly gone out, a word that will not return — that to me every knee will bow and every tongue will swear about me that only in Adonai are justice and strength” (Isaiah 45:23).

“That in honor of the name given Yeshua, every knee will bow — in heaven, on earth and under the earth — and every tongue will acknowledge that Yeshua the Messiah is Adonai — to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:10-11).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Face – panim – פנים

Peh is a ‘mouth’ and means ‘to speak’

Nun is a ‘fish’ and means ‘life’

Yod is a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work’

Mem is ‘water’ and means ‘chaos’

Panim – to speak life and finish the work of chaos

Fury – ayam זעם

Zayin is a ‘sword’ and means ‘to pierce’

Ayin is an ‘eye’ and means ‘to see’

Mem is ‘water’ and means ‘chaos’

Fury – to pierce and see the chaos

“Fury is cruel and anger overwhelming, but who can stand up to [Adonai’s] jealousy?” (Proverbs 27:4)

Revelation Chapter 7 – Servants of God

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Revelation Chapter 4 – Heavenly Throne

“After these things, I looked; and there before me was a door standing open in heaven; and the voice like a trumpet which I had heard speaking with me before said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must happen after these things.” Instantly I was in the Spirit, and there before me in heaven stood a throne, and on the throne Someone was sitting. The One sitting there gleamed like diamonds and rubies, and a rainbow shining like emerald encircled the throne” (Revelation 4:1-3).

While the ‘door’ was shut on the foolish virgins, for the wise virgins, the door opened and they went into the wedding chamber of the Bridegroom. For the community of Philadelphia, Yeshua puts a ‘door’ in front of these believers that is open and will never shut. This door is the ‘pathway’ for entering the heavenly realm where the full unveiling of Yeshua begins.

“Let me say this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot share in the Kingdom of God, nor can something that decays share in what does not decay.  Look, I will tell you a secret — not all of us will die! But we will all be changed! It will take but a moment, the blink of an eye, at the final shofar. For the shofar will sound, and the dead will be raised to live forever, and we too will be changed” (1 Corinthians 15:51-52).

Yochanan hears a voice that sounds like a trumpet and he is “instantly in the Spirit.” This is an allusion to the ‘blink of an eye’, at the last shofar blast, when the first resurrection, the transformation from flesh bodies to spirit bodies takes place in a ‘moment.’

The Amplified Version uses the word ‘quickly’ however, the Hebrew word for ‘moment’ is rega and means ‘just a moment, wait.’ The prophet Isaiah gives a little more perspective to ‘blink of an eye’ with regard to the coming judgment of the Lord.

“Pay attention to me, my people! My nation, listen to me! For Torah will go out from me; I will calm them with my justice as a light for the peoples” (Isaiah 51:14).

The word ‘calm’ in this verse is the Hebrew argia and has its root in raga or ‘rest’ or ‘break.’ It also means to ‘quiet’ as with the ‘wink of an eye’ as a parent would ‘wink’ at a child because they have a ‘secret’ understanding between them. The ‘wink’ gives the child ‘rest’ in the moment. The judgment of the Lord will be through His Torah and his nation Isra’el will be quieted, given a break with the ‘wink of His eye.’

An ‘Appointed Time’ for Everything

Though many teach that that the first resurrection of the dead can happen at any moment in time, the voice of the shofar reveals the appointed season for this event – the season of the fall mo’edim or ‘appointed times.’ “on the first day of the seventh month.”

On the ‘first day of the seventh month’ is the ‘appointed time’ for the blowing of shofars or Feast of Trumpets. The blast of the final shofar, the Tekiah Gadolah, will raise the dead and transform the living into eternal spiritual beings.

“For this perishable [mortal] must put on the imperishable [immortality], and this mortal must put on immortality” (1 Corinthians 15:53).

This ‘first day of the seventh month’ is also known as Rosh Hashanah or the ‘head of the new year.’ This new year is used for counting the yearly reigns of the kings of Isra’el. It follows that if a king is crowned the day before Rosh Hashanah, then the next day, Rosh Hashanah beings their second year of reign. If they are crowned one day after Rosh Hashanah, they have to reign entire 365-day cycle in order to reign one year.

Yeshua, the King of kings, will begin his Millennial reign on Rosh Hashanah. With the sounds of shofars, he will be coronated not just the King of Isra’el, but the King of the whole earth. He will set up his throne in Jerusalem and his kingdom will be the shadow of what Yochanan sees in the heavenly realm.

The throne of Elohim, or the kise hakovod, meaning the ‘seat of the glory’ is encircled by an emerald rainbow. The emerald color suggests an all- encompassing quietness or shalom around the throne. The emerald was the third gem in the breastplate on which was written Levi. Aharon descended from the Tribe of Levi and became the lineage through which the high priests descended. The Levites became the priesthood that served in the Tabernacle in the wilderness.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Levi – Levi – לוי

Lamed is a ‘shepherd’s staff’ and means to ‘prod forward’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘to bind together’

Yod is a ‘closed hand and means ‘a finished work’

LeviThose who prod forward and bind together a finished work

The Glory of yod hey vav hey

In Hebrew, hakavod means ‘the glory.’ The ‘glory’ of Elohim appeared in a cloud and filled the Tabernacle in the wilderness. It so completely consumed the place that Moshe could not enter until it lifted. At the bottom of Mt. Sinai, the glory of Elohim in the cloud over the mountain looked like a raging fire. Yod hey vav hey tells Moshe that no man can look on His glory and live. Moshe begs Elohim to see His glory. As the glory of yod hey vav hey passes by, Moshe in the crevice of a rock and his eyes are covered by the hand of Elohim (Exodus 33:22).

“The heavens declare the glory of God, the dome of the sky speaks the work of his hands” (Psalm 19:1).

“I am Adonai; that is my name. I yield my glory to no one else, nor my praise to any idol” (Isaiah 42:8).

The Hebrew word Shekinah is related to the kavod of Elohim and means the place where the divine presences ‘dwells’ or ‘rests.’ It is a visible manifestation of Elohim that is naturally understood or seen. With this understanding, Yeshua is the Skehinah of the kavod.

“He [Yeshua] is the visible image of the invisible God” (Colossians 1:15).

“For the Son of Man will come in his Father’s glory, with his angels …” (Matthew 16:27).

“Now, Father, glorify me alongside yourself. Give me the same glory I had with you before the world existed” (John 17:5).

In the Tabernacle, the Ark of the Testimony overlaid with pure gold was a shadow of the ‘throne’ of Elohim in the heavenly realm. The area between the two cherubim on the Ark was called the ‘mercy seat.’ It was at this place that the blood for atonement was placed. Within the Ark were the reminders of Elohim’s provision, instructions and priesthood: manna, the stone tablets and Aharon’s rod that budded. It was over the Ark that the cloud of Elohim’s glory remained while the Israelites traveled in the wilderness.

From the throne in the heavenly Tabernacle Elohim’s voice came with thunder and lightning. This can be compared to when Elohim spoke to the Israelites from His throne, they heard thunder and saw lighting.

“And His lightning to the ends of the earth. After it, a voice roars; he thunders with His majestic voice, and He does not restrain the lightnings when His voice is heard. “God thunders with His voice wondrously, doing great things which we cannot comprehend” (Job 37:3-5).

“The Lord also thundered in the heavens, and the Most High uttered His voice …” (Psalm 18:13).

The One sitting on the throne gleamed like rubies and diamonds. Rubies are known for being a blood-red color. Natural rubies are very rare and have great value, even more than a diamond. King Solomon compares finding an Eshet Chayil, an excellent wife, to be worth far more than rubies. The ruby was the first stone on the second row of the high priest’s breastplate. On this stone was engraved the name Y’hudah (Judah) which means ‘praise.’ It is from the Tribe of Y’hudah that Yeshua was birthed and not only did his ‘red blood’ cleanses the world from sin, but he will return and destroy the enemies of his people and will be wearing a garment soaked in their blood.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Judah – Y’hudahיהודה

Yod is a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘bind together’

Dalet is a ‘door’ and means ‘pathway’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

Y’hudah – The finished work revealed and bound to the pathway, revealed

Diamond crystals from carbon that is pressed and squeezed at a high temperature. The crystals have the ability to disperse light of different colors giving it an appearance of white or clarity. In Revelation 21:12, the New Jerusalem has Shekinah of Elohim, its brilliance like that of a diamond. On the breastplate of the high priest, the third stone in the third row is believed to be a diamond. On this stone was engraved the name Gad which means ‘soldier’ or ‘troops’ for the Tribe of Gad. Yeshua will return not as the lowly the ‘Lamb of Elohim,’ but as a ‘raised up’ warrior, the Commander in Chief of Adonai’s armies.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Gad – Gad – גד

Gimel is a ‘camel’ and means ‘to raise or lift up’

Dalet is a ‘door’ and means ‘pathway’

Gad – to raise or life up the pathway

“Surrounding the throne were twenty-four other thrones, and on the thrones sat twenty-four elders dressed in white clothing and wearing gold crowns on their heads. From the throne came forth lightnings, voices and thunderings; and before the throne were seven flaming torches, which are the sevenfold Spirit of God. In front of the throne was what looked like a sea of glass, clear as crystal. (Revelation 4:4-5).

Surrounding the Throne of Elohim were 24 thrones. Because 24 is a multiple of 12, the idea of the perfectly established government is symbolized. Twenty-four symbolizes the priesthood. King David created 24 divisions of Levites from the clans of Eleazer and Itamar, the sons of Aharon, that determined when each clan would serve at the Temple. Each division had chief or leader making 24 priestly leaders.

“The first lot drawn was for Y’hoyariv, the second for Y’da‘yah, the third for Harim, the fourth for S‘orim, the fifth for Malkiyah, the sixth for Miyamin, the seventh for Hakotz, the eighth for Aviyah, the ninth for Yeshua, the tenth for Sh’khanyahu, the eleventh for Elyashiv, the twelfth for Yakim, the thirteenth for Hupah, the fourteenth for Yeshev’av,  the fifteenth for Bilgah, the sixteenth for Immer, the seventeenth for Hezir, the eighteenth for HaPitzetz the nineteenth for P’tachyah, the twentieth for Yechezk’el, the twenty-first for Yakhin, the twenty-second for Gamul, the twenty-third for D’layahu, and the twenty-fourth for Ma‘azyahu” (1 Chronicles 24:7-18).

On the 24 thrones were 24 elders. In the Hebrew the same word zaqen means ‘elder’ as ‘beard.’ The Jews considered a full, flowing beard a sign of honor and dignity. Though a young man may have a beard because of the Levitical command not to trim the corners of the beard, he would not be considered ‘elder’ or ‘of greater age’ with the life experience and wisdom that comes from having a gray or even white beard. The 24 elders around the throne of Elohim are the elders from a priesthood created by Elohim who hold to wisdom that lasts through the ages.

“Stand up in the presence of a person with gray hair, show respect for the old; you are to fear your God; I am Adonai” (Leviticus 19:32).

The 24 elders wear white clothing and have gold crowns. Because the Levites wore white to serve in the Tabernacle, it is my belief that these 24 elders are the leaders of the Levitical priesthood who now serve in the Heavenly Tabernacle. Some suggest the 24 elders are the 12 sons of Ya’akov who became the Tribal leaders of Israel along with the 12 disciples. Though these may be valued interpretations, the only two from either group who had any connection to the priesthood are Levi and perhaps Matthew.

I lean toward the 24 elders being Levite priests for a couple of reasons. First, there were 24 Levite men from the Aharonic line who carried the Ark of the Testimony (4), the Table of Presence (2), the Altar of Incense (2), the Altar of Sacrifice (8), the Bronze Laver (4), the Golden Menorah (2) and all of the associated utensils (2) when transporting the Tabernacle in the wilderness. Everything in the Most Holy Place had to be ‘hidden’ under blue cloth.

Second, I believe the 24 elders were Levitical priests is because through Pinchas (Phineas) the covenant of the priesthood was made with Aharon and his descendants forever. The Hebrew word olam means ‘forever, eternal and permanently.’ There is no suggestion that Elohim’s covenant of shalom would end with the death and resurrection of Yeshua. That would not be an eternal covenant. Also, the prophet Malachi states that Elohim will purify the Levites like gold and silver so they can serve Him righteously. These 24 elders may be the evidence of the fire that refined the Levitical line through Pinchas.

“Adonai said to Moshe, “Pinchas the son of El‘azar, the son of Aharon the cohen, has deflected my anger from the people of Isra’el by being as zealous as I am, so that I didn’t destroy them in my own zeal. Therefore say, ‘I am giving him my covenant of shalom,  making a covenant with him and his descendants after him that the office of cohen will be theirs forever.’ This is because he was zealous on behalf of his God and made atonement for the people of Isra’el” (Numbers 25:10-13).

“He will sit, testing and purifying the silver; he will purify the sons of Levi, refining them like gold and silver, so that they can bring offerings to Adonai uprightly” (Malachi 3:3).

The 24 elders wear golden crowns which is a part of the priestly garments as well as kingly garments. These Crowns symbolize the victory, honor and the power given to these elders to rule and reign with the King of Kings in the heavenly realm.

According to the prophet Zechariah, a ‘crown’ or atarah will become a reminder in the Temple of “the man” who builds the Temple. He calls him a Branch or netzer in Hebrew. From the word netzer comes the word ‘Nazareth.’ This ‘man of Nazareth’ will be a priest on the throne bringing the counsel of shalom between the two offices of priest and king creating a royal priesthood (Zechariah 6:12-16, Exodus 19:6, 1 Peter 2:9).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Crown – atarah – עטרה

Ayin is ‘eye’ and means ‘to see or look’

Tet is a ‘snake’ and means ‘twisting’

Resh is ‘head’ and means ‘head’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

Atarahlook at the twisting on the head to reveal

Hebrew Word Pictures

Ark (of the Testimony) – aron – ארון

Alef is an ‘ox’ and means ‘first’

Resh is a ‘head’ and means ‘head’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘binding’

Nun is a ‘fish’ and means ‘life’

Aronthe first head binding to life

Before the throne of Elohim were seven flaming torches. They are described as being the seven-fold Spirit of Elohim. Ezekiel saw something that looked like fiery coals burning like torches. The fire flashing from the coals was brilliant. Isaiah says that one of the creatures he saw brought him a glowing coal taken with the tongs from the altar. Taken together these imageries allude to the Altar of Incense in the Most Holy Place.

The Altar of Incense is the one on which Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aharon, offered ‘strange fire’ and immediately died. This Altar is where Zechariah received word that he would have a son (Luke 1:11). From this Altar, the seraphim brought a coal and touched it to Isaiah’s lips.

The imagery of the Ark of the Testimony and the Altar of Incense become the evidence that Yochanan is standing in the heavenly Tabernacle in the presence of the glorified Yeshua.

“With them [the creatures] was something that looked like fiery coals burning the way torches do, with the fire flashing here and there between the living creatures; the fire had a brilliance, and out of the fire went lightning” (Ezekiel 1:13).

“One of the s’rafim flew to me with a glowing coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from the altar” (Isaiah 6:13).

“His face had the appearance of lightning, his eyes were like flaming torches, his arms and feet like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a tumult” (Daniel 10:6). 

Before the throne in heaven was a ‘sea of glass’ that looks like crystal. The Greek word for ‘glass’ in this verse is hualos and means ‘a clear transparent stone.’ This word is used twice to describe the brilliance of the New Jerusalem and the river of life flowing from the ‘throne’ of Elohim.

The word ‘sea’ is used two other times in Revelation that give the meaning of the ‘sea.’ The Beast comes up out of the ‘sea’ or comes from one of the nations, peoples and languages. At this time in the vision, the ‘sea’ of nations is calm and transparent. As the events in Revelation occur, the ‘sea of glass’ becomes mixed with ‘fire’ suggesting the nations, peoples and languages are tested with fire.

“In the center, around the throne, were four living beings covered with eyes in front and behind. The first living being was like a lion, the second living being was like an ox, the third living being had a face that looked human, and the fourth living being was like a flying eagle.  Each of the four living beings had six wings and was covered with eyes inside and out; and day and night they never stop saying, “Holy, holy, holy is Adonai, God of heaven’s armies the One who was, who is and who is coming!” (Revelation 4:6-8).

Yochanan isn’t the first to witness the the worship around the throne of Elohim. The prophet Isaiah saw Elohim sitting on a high and lofty throne. The hem of his garment filled the Temple. Seraphim with six wings cried out to each other about the holiness of Adonai-Tzva’ot – the God of the Heaven’s armies. Isaiah hears the voice of Elohim ask him, “Who will go for us?” He responds, “Send me” (Isaiah 1:1-8).

The prophet Ezekiel witnessed a windy storm approaching as a huge cloud with flashing fire, glowing with the color of amber. Inside the cloud were four living creatures that looked like human beings, but each had four faces: a human face in front, a lion’s face on the right, a bull’s face on the left and an eagle’s face in the rear. Each had four wings, calf-like hooves, and glittered like burnished bronze. They moved in whichever direction the Spirit moved (Ezekiel 1:4-13).

His vision of the beings included more details about their movement by the Spirit using something that looked like a wheel within a wheel. The rims of the wheels had eyes all around. The beings had four wings and the sound of their wings was like rushing water, the voice of Elohim, the noise of an enormous army. When he saw the glory of Elohim as a rainbow in a cloud on a rainy day, he fell on his face and heard the voice of someone speaking.

The voice of ‘rushing water’ is the same sound that Yochanan heard when Yeshua came to him at the beginning of the vision. Hearing a voice that sounded like ‘rushing water’ says that both Isaiah and Ezekiel were in the presence of Yeshua before he left the heavenly realm to become human. By responding to the voice, each prophet had a conversation with the Word in the Flesh.

Both Yochanan and Ezekiel see the beings as having eyes. In Hebrew the word for ‘eyes’ is ayin and one of the letters of the alphabet.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Eyes – ayin’im – עיניים

Ayin is ‘eyes’ and means ‘to see or search out’

Yod is a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work’

Nun is a ‘fish’ and means ‘life’

Yod, Yod is a double ‘closed hand’ stressing the work is finished

Mem is ‘water’ and means ‘mighty’

Ayin’imto see or search out the finished work of life, the mighty finished work

Having so many eyes obviously symbolizes Elohim as being the One who sees and tests everything. He watches over the righteous and discerns between good and evil.

“Adonai is in his holy temple. Adonai, his throne is in heaven. His eyes see and test humankind” (Psalm 11:4).

“The eyes of Adonai watch over the righteous, and his ears are open to their cry” (Psalm 34:15).

“But Adonai’s eyes watch over those who fear him, over those who wait for his grace to rescue them from death and keep them alive in famine” (Psalm 33:18-19).

“The eyes of Adonai are everywhere, watching the evil and the good” (Proverbs 15:3).

The word ayin also has a relative word mayin meaning ‘fountain.’ From the eyes come the fountain of life. When one is alive there is a light of life in the eye, when they pass away that light goes out.

“Look, and answer me, Adonai my God! Give light to my eyes, or I will sleep the sleep of death” (Psalm 13:3).

Eyes are also related to one’s character.

“The eye is the lamp of the body.’ So if you have a ‘good eye’ [that is, if you are generous] your whole body will be full of light; but if you have an ‘evil eye’ [if you are stingy] your whole body will be full of darkness.If, then, the light in you is darkness, how great is that darkness!” (Matthew 6:22-34).

Having ‘lowly eyes’ means ‘humility’ (Job 22:39). Both Isaiah and Ezekiel saw creatures that covered their eyes with their wings – an even deeper sign of their humility. Like Isaiah’s creatures, the ones in Yochanan’s vision sang, “Holy, holy, holy is Adonai, God of heaven’s armies the One who was, who is and who is coming!”

The creatures cry out about the holiness of Elohim. Worshipping the ‘God of heaven’s armies’ suggests that this vision is not about redemption but the coming judgment. Even with His coming wrath on the whole world, His holiness remains. Just as there cannot be grace without Torah, there cannot be wrath without holiness.

In Greek, the word ‘holy’ is agiazo and means ‘sanctified.’ Sacred comes from this agiazo. Those believers who are being sanctified are saints. Sanctification is not given at the time of justification, it is a lifelong process of choosing to obeying the commandments of Elohim. Yeshua asks his Father to ‘sanctify’ his people through the Truth which is His Word.

In Hebrew, the word ‘holy’ is kadosh, but doesn’t actually mean ‘holy.’ It means ‘separated,’ specifically ‘separated from whatever is common.’ Elohim – the yod hey vav hey is not like any other god; there are NO gods before Him. He is the One who is sits high on a lofty throne. He is the One who created heaven and earth in six days and separated the seventh day out and called it ‘holy.’ He is the only One who determines what is righteous or what is wicked. He is the only One who determines what is clean and what is unclean. He is the only One who is deserving of our praise and worship He is like none other.

“For you, Adonai, most high over all the earth, you are exalted far above all gods” (Psalm 97:9).

“I know that Adonai is great, that our Lord is above all gods” (Psalm 135:5).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Holy – kadosh – קדוש

Qof is the ‘back of the head’ and means ‘what is behind’

Dalet is a ‘door’ and means ‘pathway’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘bind together’

Shin is a ‘tooth’ and means ‘consume’ or ‘the divine presence’

Kadosh – what is behind the pathway of the nails that bind the divine presence

The Four Creatures

These four creatures obviously represent Yeshua, but most interpret them with symbolism with his royal lineage, his humanity, his redemption through sacrifice, and his divine nature.  When looking at the ‘shadow’ of the Tabernacle on earth, each of these creatures were the tribal emblems of the lead Tribes of Isra’el when the Israelites trekked through the wilderness and set up camp.  These creatures also sing “Holy, holy, holy” to the One who is coming as the God of heaven’s armies suggesting the four creatures are proclaiming part of the vision of the coming Kingdom.

The Lion

The first creature has the face of a lion. According to Ya’akov’s blessing to Y’hudah, the lion will hold a scepter and a ruler’s staff which is evidence to his royal linage.  The lion became the symbol for the Tribe of Y’hudah when the Israelites traveled through the wilderness. 

“Y’hudah is a lion’s cub; my son, you stand over the prey. He crouches down and stretches like a lion; like a lioness, who dares to provoke him.  The scepter will not pass from Y’hudah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his legs, until he comes to whom [obedience] belongs; and it is he whom the peoples will obey” (Genesis 49:9-10). 

Also from this blessing came the prophetic hope that the Deliverer of Isra’el will act as a lion.  The Lion of Y’hudah is the Commander of the Armies of Elohim who will return to Jerusalem wearing a robe soaked in the blood of Isra’el’s enemies (Revelation 19:13).  The Lion of Y’hudah  is given the ‘right’ to open the seven seals of the scroll. The Lion of Y’hudah is Yeshua.

“One of the elders said to me, “Don’t cry. Look, the Lion of the tribe of Y’hudah, the Root of David, has won the right to open the scroll and its seven seals” (Revelation 5:5). 

In the wilderness, the Tribe of Y’hudah  had two other tribes under their banner: Issachar and Zebulun.  It was these tribes that would be the first line of defense against their enemies. 

“So they set out on their first journey, in keeping with Adonai’s order through Moshe. In the lead was the banner of the camp of the descendants of Y’hudah, whose companies moved forward; over his company was Nachshon the son of ‘Amminadav. Over the company of the tribe of the descendants of Yissakhar was N’tan’el the son of Tzu‘ar. Over the company of the descendants of Z’vulun was Eli’av the son of Helon” (Numbers 10:13-15). 

The Human Face

The Human Face became the symbol for the Tribe of Reuben. Reuben was the firstfruit of Isra’el’s flesh. Reuben was the firstborn son of Ya’akov through Leah. His name means ‘son of my sight,’ for the Lord saw Leah’s misery and gave her a son who would become a brother among many sons. As the firstborn, he became the head of the family who would receive the firstborn blessing. Unfortunately, he sinned against his father committed adultery with his father’s concubine and lost the firstborn blessing. The firstborn blessing went from Reuben to Yosef.

“Re’uven, you are my firstborn, my strength, the firstfruits of my manhood. Though superior in vigor and power you are unstable as water, so your superiority will end, because you climbed into your father’s bed and defiled it — he climbed onto my concubine’s couch!” (Genesis 49:3-4).

In the wilderness, the Tribe of Reuben had two other tribes under his banner: Simeon and Gad.  These tribes guarded the Tabernacle in the front as the Israelites traveled in the wilderness.

“The banner of the camp of Re’uven moved forward by companies; over his company was Elitzur the son of Sh’de’ur. Over the company of the tribe of the descendants of Shim‘on was Shlumi’el the son of Tzurishaddai. Over the company of the descendants of Gad was Elyasaf the son of De’u’el” (Numbers 10:18-20). 

Yeshua was the firstborn of Elohim, the visible image of the invisible Elohim. He had flesh and blood which was beaten, bruised and bled when he was on the cross. As a brother among brothers, he is the head of the family of God, he holds first place in all things. He was also the firstfruits of those raised from the dead. When his disciples saw him, they believed they saw a ghost, but he had them look at his hands and feet and see his ‘resurrected’ flesh. Reuben’s banner held the Human Face of Isra’el’s Deliverer, Yeshua.

Look at my hands and my feet — it is I, myself! Touch me and see — a ghost doesn’t have flesh and bones, as you can see I do” (Luke 24:39).

“Because those whom he [God] knew in advance, he also determined in advance would be conformed to the pattern of his Son, so that he might be the firstborn among many brothers” (Romans 8:29).

“Also he is head of the Body, the Messianic Community — he is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that he might hold first place in everything” (Colossians 1:18).

The Ox

The Ox became the symbol of the Tribe of Ephraim.  The Hebrew word for ‘ox’ is alef and is the first letter of the alphabet and means ‘first and strong.’  When Ya’akov was reunited with his son Yosef in Egypt, he blessed his two grandsonsons Manasseh and Ephraim saying Ephraim would become a great nation. 

“When Yosef saw that his father was laying his right hand on Efrayim’s head, it displeased him, and he lifted up his father’s hand to remove it from Efrayim’s head and place it instead on M’nasheh’s head. Yosef said to his father, “Don’t do it that way, my father; for this one is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.” But his father refused and said, “I know that, my son, I know it. He too will become a people, and he too will be great; nevertheless his younger brother will be greater than he, and his descendants will grow into many nations” (Genesis 38:17-19). 

Ephraim came Yoshua who led the Israelites into the Promised Land. It was in the tribal land of Ephraim where Ya’akov saw the angels ascending and descending the stairway in Beit-el.  And, Ephraim was called the firstborn son of Elohim.  However, Ephraim fell away from a pure worship of Elohim into paganism (Judges 17) and lost his place in the end times list of the 12 Tribes of Isra’el.   

“They will come weeping and praying as I bring them back. I will lead them by streams of water on smooth paths, so that they won’t stumble. For I am a father to Isra’el, and Efrayim is my firstborn son” (Jeremiah 31:8). 

In the wilderness, the Tribe of Ephraim had two other tribes under their banner: Manasseh and Benjamim.  These tribes immediately followed the Tabernacle as it traveled with the Israelites. From this prophetic vision, it seems that Ephraim will be restored because of his position in the heavenly Tabernacle. 

“The banner of the camp of the descendants of Efrayim moved forward by companies; over his company was Elishama the son of ‘Ammihud. Over the company of the tribe of the descendants of M’nasheh was Gamli’el the son of P’dahtzur. Over the company of the descendants of Binyamin was Avidan the son of Gid’oni” (Numbers 10:22-24). 

Yeshua is the ‘first and strength’ of Elohim, the alef of the alef and the tav.  Hewill be the One who restores Ephraim.  He will bring Ephraim back into Isra’el  by “streams of water and smooth paths.”  

The Eagle

“Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Isra’el. Dan will be a viper on the road, a horned snake in the path that bites the horse’s heels so its rider falls off backward.  I wait for your deliverance, Adonai” (Genesis 49:16-18). 

Ya’akov’s blessing over Dan seems to be backhanded.  Though he will be a judge of Isra’el, he is also called a ‘horned snake” that “bites the heels of the horse so its rider falls off backward.”

This ‘horned snake’ alludes to Dan’s falling away from a pure worship of Elohim.  According to Judges 18, the people of Dan worshipped the same idols that Micah of Ephraim created. And, like Ephraim, Dan is not listed in the 12 Tribes in Revelation 5:7-8.  

“The people of Dan set up the image for themselves. Y’honatan the son of Gershom, the son of M’nasheh, and his sons were cohanim for the tribe of the people of Dan until the day of the exile from the land. Thus they erected for themselves Mikhah’s idol which he had made, and it remained there as long as the house of God was in Shiloh” (Judges 18:30-31).

The Hebrew word for ‘judge’ is shaphat and means “to pronounce sentence by either vindicating or punishing the accused.” It appears that through Dan Elohim will judge His people and their idolatry. They will not be vindicated, but punished. The prophet Jeremiah gives a little more insight to Dan and the horses.

“From Dan can be heard the snorting of his horses; when his stallions neigh, the whole land trembles. For they come devouring the land and all in it, the city and those who dwell there. “Yes, now I am sending snakes among you, vipers that no one can charm, and they will bite you,” says Adonai” (Jeremiah 18:16-18).

The Hebrew word akal is ‘devour’ and means to ‘slay with a sword.’  In the words of Jeremiah, Elohim sends ‘snakes’ that will ‘bite’ and ‘devour’ the whole land.  When the land is ‘devoured,’ it will be left desolate.  This could also be a reminder to Isra’el about their rebllion in the wilderness when ‘fiery serpents’ bit and killed many of the people.

“Your land is desolate, your cities are burned to the ground; foreigners devour your land in your presence; it’s as desolate as if overwhelmed by floods. The daughter of Tziyon is left like a shack in a vineyard, like a shed in a cucumber field, like a city under siege” (Isaiah 1:7-8).

“In response, Adonai sent poisonous snakes among the people; they bit the people, and many of Isra’el’s people died” (Numbers 21:6).

Though the banner of Dan is generally believed to be a snake to represent the ‘horned snake’ or a ‘set of scales’ to symbolize being a judge, it seems from the tribal symbolism of the four creatures,  the eagle represents Dan in the heavenly Tabernacle. The eagle is often symbol of the divine Spirit of Elohim.  As the eagle, Dan is restored to ‘life’ by the Spirit in order to warn the nations on earth about the coming judgment.  It is also possible that after slaying his own people, he will be given the honor of ‘flying’ them to a place in the desert where they will be protected from the final three shofar judgments (Revelation 8:13). 

“Then I looked, and I heard a lone eagle give a loud cry, as it flew in mid-heaven, “Woe! Woe! Woe to the people living on earth, because of the remaining blasts from the three angels who have yet to sound their shofars!” (Revelation 8:13).

“But the woman was given the two wings of the great eagle, so that she could fly to her place in the desert, where she is taken care of for a season and two seasons and half a season, away from the serpent’s presence” (Revelation 12:14). 

In the wilderness, the Tribe of Dan had two tribes under their banner: Asher and Naftali.  These tribes made up the rear-guard tribes as the Israelites traveled with the Tabernacle through the wilderness. They also camped on the north to the rear of the Tabernacle.

“The banner of the camp of the descendants of Dan, forming the rearguard for all the camps, moved forward by companies; over his company was Achi‘ezer the son of ‘Ammishaddai. Over the company of the tribe of the descendants of Asher was Pag‘i’el the son of ‘Okhran. Over the company of the descendants of Naftali was Achira the son of ‘Enan” (Numbers 10:25-27). 

“And whenever the living beings give glory, honor and thanks to the One sitting on the throne, to the One who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down before the One sitting on the throne, who lives forever and ever, and worship him. They throw their crowns in front of the throne and say, “You are worthy, Adonai Eloheinu, to have glory, honor and power, because you created all things — yes, because of your will they were created and came into being!” (Revelation 4:7-11).

The living beings, the faces of the Tribes of Isra’el give glory, honor and thanks to the One on the throne. The 24 leaders of the Levitical priesthood fall down before the One on the throne and worship Him. They place their golden crowns in front of the throne and laud the One who created all things, who brought all things into being including what is going to happen in the next chapters of Revelation.

In Exodus 3:15, the One on the throne gives His memorial character to Moshe. He calls himself Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the ‘I Am’. As Sha’ul states, “in him [in his being] we live and move and exist” (Acts 17:28).

Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh is not a name, but a state of being in the present, the essence of who Elohim is and the expression of His existence.  He cannot give Moshe a finite name because Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh is infinite and a difficult reality to comprehend.  Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh is telling Moshe that He can be whatever Moshe needs Him to be; whenever he needs Him to be, wherever he needs Him to be and so much more.  No matter what happens in Egypt, the Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh will be present, seen and available.  

Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the essence of Elohim can be the King of Salem,  a visitor with Avraham, an angel who wrestles Jacob, the commander of Elohim’s army, a smoking pot, a fire in a bush, a dove, a whirlwind, a Rock, a pillar of fire, a cloud or even parts of Himself – His right hand, His finger which writes, and His mighty arm which saves.  He can even become flesh in the body and person of Yeshua.

Hebrew Word Pictures

‘I Am’ – Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh – אהיהאשׁראהיה

YHVH yod hey vav hey – יהוה

Yod is a ‘closed hand’ and means ‘finished work’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

Vav is a ‘nail’ and means ‘binding’

Hey is a ‘window’ and means ‘reveal’

yod hey vav heythe finished work revealed in the binding [of nails], revealed

“A spirit lifted me up, and I heard behind me a very loud sound — blessed be the glory of Adonai from his place!” (Ezekiel 3:12).

Revelation 5 – The Scroll

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