Sin – Hebrew: awen

Sin – 1 John 3:4

Hebrew – awen און means iniquity, vanity, weakness, sorrow, trouble, always portrays a perversion in life (a twisting out of the right way), a perversion of truth, willful disobedience.

rasa – רשע means wicked, guilty of a crime, hostile to God and His people

Romans 8 speaks of this hostility to God.  It describes the battle of sin, the sinful/carnal man and his hostility to God’s Torah/Laws.  Because the Torah is spiritual (Romans 7:14) and the sinful man is carnal, it is impossible for him to submit to God’s Torah nor does he want to.  However, thanks to Yeshua’s death, resurrection and the  pouring out of the Spirit of God, the born again spiritual man no longer hates God’s Torah, but will submit as a willing child who knows God as “Abba” Father.

chasat חשאת has the basic nuance of sin as missing the road or mark.

Vines, page 232 “Men are to return from ‘sin,’ which is a path, a life-style, or act deviating from that which God has marked out. They should depart from sin, be concerned about it, confess it.  … There was a ‘sin offering’ for a specific sin committed unwittingly, without intending to do it and perhaps without knowing it at the time.”

Iniquity is that which is in the heart and produces the visual sin.  As Yeshua taught, lust (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of adultery; anger (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of murder.

Greek – hamartia means ‘missing the mark’ and moral obliquity, an act of disobedience to divine law

“Everyone who keeps sinning (willfully disobeys)  is violating Torah (teachings and commands of YHVH), indeed sin is violation of Torah” (CJB).

“Everyone who sins (perverts truth) breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness” (NIV).

Sin is not defined by man, but by the Word of God.  Sin, as defined by man, is known as doctrines and traditions of men.  Yeshua came to correct this misconception for the nation of Israel, but today the church has its doctrines and traditions of men that nullify the Word of God (Mark 7:8).  Sin, as defined by God, is falling short (of the mark) of His glory which is His Word.  That Word was made flesh and lived the Word as it should be lived.  The Word in the flesh did not contradict the written Word because Yeshua and the Father are one (John 10:10).

©2011 Tent Stake Ministries

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