Archive for the ‘Hebrew Lexicon’ Category

Commandment – Hebrew: Mitzvah

מצוה

The Hebrew word for ‘commandment’ is mitzvah. Mitzvot is plural and is found 123 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. According to Jewish tradition there are 613 commandments in the Torah. Yeshua says that these commandments are divided into two specific ones: Loving God and loving your neighbor (Matthew 22:40).

Mitzvot means ‘command, obligation’ and in some instances ‘tradition.’

“All this is because Avraham heeded what I said and did what I told him to do — he followed my mitzvot, my regulations and my teachings” (Genesis 26:5).

“You are to keep my mitzvot and obey them; I am Adonai” (Leviticus 22:31).

“So that you will fear Adonai your God and observe all his regulations and mitzvot that I am giving you — you, your child and your grandchild — as long as you live, and so that you will have long life” (Deuteronomy 6:2).

“Halleluyah! How happy is anyone who fears Adonai, who greatly delights in his mitzvot (Psalm 112:1).

“Therefore I love your mitzvot more than gold, more than fine gold” (Psalm 119:127).

Hebrew Word Pictures

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

צ Tzadik – A Fishook and means ‘draw near.’

ו Vav – A Nail and means ‘binding.’

ת Tav – Crossed Sticks and means ‘sign’ or ‘covenant.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for mitzvot – mighty draw near to binding a covenant

When Yeshua taught the people, he referred to the mitzvot and the importance of teaching others as well as obeying them. How each person responds to the mitzvot will determine their ‘place’ in the Kingdom.

So whoever disobeys the least of these mitzvot and teaches others to do so will be called the least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But whoever obeys them and so teaches will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven” (Matthew 5:19).

Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Repentance – Hebrew: Teshuvah

תשוב

In Hebrew the word for ‘repent’ is shuv and means ‘to repent and turn away, ‘to turn back’ or ‘return.’ This word is found over 400 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. Teshuvah, is the Hebrew word for ‘repentance’ and means ‘a return to righteousness.’

“Men are to return from ‘sin,’ which is a path, a life-style, or act deviating from that which God has marked out. They should depart from sin, be concerned about it, confess it …” (Vines Expository Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek Words).

““Make the heart of this people [sluggish with] fat, stop up their ears, and shut their eyes. Otherwise, seeing with their eyes, and hearing with their ears, then understanding with their hearts, they might repent and be healed!” (Isaiah 6:10).

“For this is what Adonai Elohim, the Holy One of Isra’el, says: “Returning [teshuvah] and resting is what will save you; calmness and confidence will make you strong — but you want none of this!” (Isaiah 30:15).

“With a winnowing fork I am scattering them to the wind at the gates of the land; I am bereaving them, destroying my people, because they will not return [teshuvah] from their ways” (Jeremiah 15:7).

Yeshua and Sha’ul use the same Hebrew concept of ‘returning’ or ‘turning from sin’ when they speak about repentance. Sha’ul taught this concept not only in Jerusalem and Judea, but also to the gentile nations.

Turn from your sins to God, for the Kingdom of Heaven is near!” (Matthew 3:2).

“But I prayed for you, Shim‘on, that your trust might not fail. And you, once you have turned back in repentance, strengthen your brothers!” (Luke 22:32)

“In the same way, I tell you, there is joy among God’s angels when one sinner repents [returns]” (Luke 15:10).

“On the contrary, I announced first in Dammesek, then in Yerushalayim and throughout Y’hudah, and also to the Goyim, that they should turn from their sins to God and then do deeds consistent with that repentance (Acts 26:20).

Hebrew Word Pictures

ת Tav – Crossed Sticks means ‘sign’ or ‘covenant.’

ש Shin – A Tooth means ‘consume’ or ‘destroy.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ב Bet – A House means ‘house’ or ‘family.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for teshuvah: sign destroying the binding house revealed.

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Iniquity – Hebrew: Avon

עוון

The Hebrew word avon means ‘guilt.’

According to the New American Standard Bible, iniquity is found 192 times in the Hebrew Scriptures; guilt 172 time in the Complete Jewish Bible. It is iniquity in the heart that causes sinful behavior. After King David sinned with Bat Sheva, he was so grieved with his guilt and the iniquity in his heart that he asked Adonai not to take His Holy Spirit from him. Yeshua taught that lust (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of adultery; anger (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of murder. There is double punishment for iniquity that not only includes guilt, but also the punishment that comes from being guilty.

“Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity [guilt] And cleanse me from my sin” (Psalm 51:2).

“You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity [guilt] of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me …” (Deuteronomy 5:9).

“We all, like sheep, went astray; we turned, each one, to his own way; yet Adonai laid on him the guilt [iniquity] of all of us” (Isaiah 53:6).

“But he repays them as their guilt [iniquity] deserves; he will cut them off with their own evil; Adonai our God will cut them off” (Psalm 94:23).

Hebrew Word Pictures

א Ayin – An Eye and means ‘see’ or ‘understand.’

ו Vav – A Nail and means ‘binding.’

ו Vav – A Nail and means ‘binding.’

ן Nun – A Fish and means ‘life.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for avon: understand the binding bondage in life.

In Greek, the word for iniquity is anomia, the same word for ‘lawless’ or without the commands of God. The commands of God are found in Torah, the first five books of the Bible.

“Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you! you taught in our streets!’ and he will tell you, ‘I don’t know where you’re from. Get away from me, all you workers of wickedness [anomia, lawlessness]!’ You will cry and grind your teeth when you see Avraham, Yitz’chak, Ya‘akov and all the prophets inside the Kingdom of God, but yourselves thrown outside. (Luke 13:27) Complete Jewish Bible

“And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity [lawless]; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell” (James 3:6) New American Standard Version

Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Day – Hebrew: Yom

יום

Hebrew Word Picture

Day – yom

י Yod – A Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

י Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for yom: finished work binding the pathway.

The Hebrew word for ‘day’ is yom and means ‘a period of time.’ This word must be defined within the context it is written.

When God created the heavens and the earth, the yom was 24 hours as the context states, ‘there was evening and morning’ or sunset to sunset. This sequence continues until the seventh day, the Sabbath, which had no evening or morning because it was to be a different type of yom.

“God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, one day (Genesis 1:5).

God gave Adam one command in the Garden of Eden and the consequence for disobedience was death:

On the day that you eat from it, it will become certain that you will die.” (Genesis 2:17).

When Adam sinned by eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, he did not die immediately. The word yom in this context was not a sunset to sunset day, but in the context God’s yom. Adam died at 930 years, less than one yom in God’s timing.

“Moreover, dear friends, do not ignore this: with the Lord, one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years like one day” (2 Peter 3:8).

From 2 Peter comes the concept of a millennial being one yom from God’s perspective. For example, the Day of the LORD falls into the category of 1000 years or a Millennium. This yom will be revealed with 7 years of great judgment on the earth beginning with God’s people and culminating with their redemption. This is the yom of judgment revealed to Yochanan in the book of Revelation. (Note: John was not referring to Sunday.)

“I came to be, in the Spirit, on the Day of the Lord; and I heard behind me a loud voice, like a trumpet,  saying, “Write down what you see on a scroll, and send it to the seven Messianic communities … (Revelation 1:10).

“How dreadful that day will be! — there has never been one like it: a time of trouble for Ya‘akov, but out of it he will be saved” (Jeremiah 30:7).

On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which lies to the east of Yerushalayim; and the Mount of Olives will be split in half from east to west, to make a huge valley. Half of the mountain will move toward the north, and half of it toward the south” (Zechariah 14:4).

“On that day” is a specific reference to the yom of the Millennial Kingdom or Messianic Era which includes the return of Yeshua to the Mount of Olives, the first resurrection of the saints, and the reign of King Yeshua for 1000 years from Jerusalem (Revelation 20:4). In this Millennium, he has victory over all his enemies and begins the restoration of the Kingdom on earth. It is a yom when Isra’el is at peace (Micah 4:4) and the nations come to worship the King Yeshua in the Millennial Temple.

On that day the root of Yishai, which stands as a banner for the peoples — the Goyim will seek him out, and the place where he [Yeshua] rests will be glorious” (Isaiah 11:10).

On that day they will say, “See! This is our God! We waited for him to save us. This is Adonai ; we put our hope in him. We are full of joy, so glad he saved us!” (Isaiah 25:9).

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.