Archive for the ‘Hebrew Lexicon’ Category

One, Unique – Hebrew: Echad


The word echad is found in the Hebrew Scriptures nearly 1000 times. In its basic meaning, it is the number 1 when counting in Hebrew. It also means ‘first.’

“God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, the first day” (Genesis 1:5).

“Their rings of outer leaves and their branches were of one piece with the shaft. Thus the whole menorah was one piece of hammered work made of pure gold” (Exodus 37:22).

“You are to begin your calendar with this month; it will be the first month of the year for you” (Exodus 12:2).

“Now choose yourselves twelve men out of the tribes of Isra’el, one man for each tribe” (Joshua 3:12).

The word echad also means ‘undivided oneness.’

“This is why a man is to leave his father and mother and stick with his wife, and they are to be one flesh” (Genesis 2:24).

“I and the Father are one” (John 10:39).

Even though Eve came from the flesh of Adam to become a separate person, when they came together in the marriage covenant with Elohim, they rejoined as ‘one’ flesh. What God joins together, no man should separate because they become an ‘undivided oneness.’

When Yeshua was at the Temple during Hanukkah, (the Feast of Dedication), he told the people that he and his Father are an ‘undivided oneness.’ They cannot be separated into two gods or separate persons. They are ‘uniquely one.’

Echad means ‘uniqueness.’ This word ‘unique’ brings understanding to several specific Scriptures: the binding of Isaac, the Shema, and the nation of Israel.

“He said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love, Yitz’chak; and go to the land of Moriyah” (Genesis 22:2).

“Sh’ma, Yisra’el! Adonai Eloheinu, Adonai echad [Hear, Isra’el! Adonai our God, Adonai is one]” (Deuteronomy 6:4).

“And what one nation on the earth is like Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, and to make a name for Himself, and to do a great thing for You and awesome things for Your land, because of Your people whom You have redeemed for Yourself from Egypt, from other nations and their gods?” (2 Samuel 7:23, NASB).

In Genesis 22, Abraham is told to take his ‘only’ son, Isaac, to Mount Moriah. Isaac is not Abraham’s ‘only’ son; he had an older son named Ishmael. The word for ‘only’ is echad and doesn’t mean ‘one’ in this passage, but ‘unique.’ God is telling Abraham to take his ‘unique’ son, the son that was born from his faith to the place that would become the Temple mountain. Isaac is ‘unique’ in that there is no other offspring like him in the world. He is one-of-a-kind.

In Deuteronomy 6:4, the words of the Shema include the word echad in describing Adonai. This word has the same nuance of not only being the ‘only’ God, but a ‘unique’ God among the ‘gods.’ There is no other God like Yahweh. He is one-of-a-kind.

In 2 Samuel 7, King David uses the word echad to describe the ‘uniqueness’ of the nation of Israel. There is no other nation on earth that God redeemed for Himself and to make a name for Himself. It is the ‘only’ nation through which God revealed His eternal plan of redemption. The offspring of this nation will not be rejected until the sky can be measured, the foundations of the earth understood – in other words, never rejected (Jeremiah 31:36). Israel is a ‘unique’ one-of-a-kind nation.

Hebrew Word Pictures

One, Unique – echad – אחד

א Alef – An Ox means ‘first’ or ‘strength.’

ח Chet – A Fence means ‘to protect.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for echad: first strength protects the pathway

In Greek the word monogenes means ‘unique.’

The Greek word mono means ‘one, singular or alone.’ The Greek word genes means ‘offspring’ or ‘pertaining to origin.’ Genes is where the words genealogy and genetics derrive.

The words ‘only begotten’ are a mistranslation of the Greek word monogenes. God has many ‘sons,’ as seen in Genesis 6:2. Yeshua is His ‘unique’ son, one-of-a-kind. Other created ‘sons of God’ are not the ‘visible image of the invisible God.’ That is ‘unique’ to Yeshua. The following verse translates monogenes correctly in the Complete Jewish Bible:

“Those who trust in him are not judged; those who do not trust have been judged already, in that they have not trusted in the one who is God’s only and unique Son” (John 3:18).

©2022 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Convocation – Hebrew: Mikra


The Hebrew word mikra comes from the root qara meaning ‘that which is read.’ In the Scriptures, mikra is translated as ‘convocation,’ ‘assembly,’ and ‘a reading.’ This would refer to the public reading of Torah, Prophets and Writings known as the TeNaK (Old Testament). There are 23 occurrences of mikra in the Scriptures.

Elohim gives instructions for a ‘holy assembly:’

“On the first and seventh days, you are to have an assembly set aside for God. On these days no work is to be done, except what each must do to prepare his food; you may do only that” (Exodus 12:16).

“On the fifteenth day of the seventh month [Sukkot] you are to have a holy convocation. You are not to do any kind of ordinary work, and you are to observe a feast to Adonai seven days” (Numbers 29:12).

“They read clearly from the scroll, in the Torah of God, translated it, and enabled them to understand the sense of what was being read” (Nehemiah 8:8).

Another meaning of mikra is ‘rehearsal.’ The definition of ‘rehearsal’ is to ‘practice for a public performance.’ Each of the Feasts of Adonai, found in Leviticus 23, requires a ‘convocation’ or ‘rehearsal:’ Passover, Unleavened Bread, Shavuot, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Tabernacles. Assembling together for a ‘rehearsal dinner’ is the foundation for the Feasts as Adonai. He gives His people ‘appointed times’ to ‘rehearse’ for a future event that will be brought to fulfillment by Yeshua in the Kingdom.

Yeshua says, “many are called, but few are chosen” when talking about guests invited to the wedding feast (Matthew 22:14). The Greek word for ‘called’ means ‘invited.’ He is saying that many are invited, but few actually make the choice to come. He says that many ‘were not interested’ in coming to the banquet. The Greek word says that they were ‘careless and paid no attention to the invite.’ The Greek word goes deeper to say that they found the invite to the wedding feast ‘rehearsal’ to have no value (Matthew 22:5).

The Greek word gamos is used for ‘banquet’ and refers to the Wedding Feast of the Lamb. The people who refused the ‘invite’ missed the Lamb’s wedding; they made a bad choice. Only those friends and family who are special to the bride and groom attend a ‘rehearsal’ meal for a wedding. The rest of the people are the invited guests. Yeshua used the same imagery of a wedding banquet to describe the responses to his Father’s ‘rehearsals’ for His Son’s Wedding Feast.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Rehearsal – mikrah – מיקרה

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

י Yod – Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

ק Kof – Back of the Head means ‘what is past’ or ‘what is behind.’

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for mikrah: mighty finished work what is behind the highest authority revealed.

©2022 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Dance – Hebrew: Machol


The Hebrew word machol means ‘dance. Its root comes from chuwl and means ’round dance’ or ‘circle dance.’ This is not an individual dance, but a group that dances in a circle. Chuwl is the ‘father of Heman’ who was a worship singer in Solomon’s Temple (1 Chronicles 25:6, 1 Chronicles 6:18, 1 Chronicles 16:41). This suggests that there was dancing in the Temple along with musical instruments. Machol is found 6 times in Scripture.

 Once again, I will build you; you will be rebuilt, virgin of Isra’el. Once again, equipped with your tambourines, you will go out and ‘circle’ dance with the merrymakers” (Jeremiah 31:4).

“Joy has vanished from our hearts, our dancing has turned into mourning” (Lamentations 5:15).

“You turned my mourning into ‘circle’ dancing! You removed my sackcloth and clothed me with joy” (Psalm 30:11).

“Let them praise his name with ‘circle’ dancing, make melody to him with tambourine and lyre” (Psalm 149:3).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Dance – machol – מחול

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

ח Chet – A Fence means ‘protect.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for machol: mighty protect binding and urging forward.

©2022 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.

Praise, Ringing Cry – Hebrew: Ranan


The Hebrew word ranan means ‘ringing cry,’ ‘sing aloud,’ or ‘shout for joy.’ This word is used when one is so overcome with joy that they shout aloud for joy. There are 54 occurrences in Scripture.

When Yeshua rode into Jerusalem, the people cried ‘Hoshanna’ and wanted him to restore the Kingdom to Israel. However, some of the leaders wanted the disciples to reprimand the people for shouting. Yeshua responded: “I tell you that if they keep quiet, the stones will shout!” (Luke 19:39-40).

“Those who had been about to die would bless me, and I made widows ranan in their hearts for joy” (Job 29:13).

“When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy [ranan]?” (Job 38:7).

“But let all who take refuge in you rejoice, let them forever shout for joy [ranan]!” (Psalm 5:11).

“This is why those living at the ends of the earth stand in awe of your signs. The places where the sun rises and sets you cause to sing for joy [ranan]” (Psalm 65:8).

“Come, let’s sing to Adonai! Let’s shout for joy to the Rock of our salvation!” (Psalm 95:1).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Shout for Joy – ranan – רנן

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

נ Nun – A Fish means ‘life.’

ן Nun – A Fish means ‘life.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for ranan: highest authority’s life life.

©2022 Tentstake Ministries Publishing