Posts Tagged ‘Yom Teruah’

In the Days of Nehemiah

“It was the first day of the seventh month” (Nehemiah 8:2).

After our family began celebrating the ‘appointed times’ found in the Leviticus 23, days, times and seasonal cycles stood out on the pages of the Scriptures.   This specific verse in Nehemiah is no different.  It sets the time for the events to follow as the ‘first day of the seventh month’ or Yom Teruah, the Feast of Trumpets.  This ‘appointed time’ of God begins His season of the fall feasts which are about repentance, atonement and a vision of the coming Millennial Kingdom.

The events in Nehemiah 8 are not some random occurrences in the history of Israel.  They are a testimony to the restoration of the Feasts of Elohim to a people who had lived in exile for over 160 years.  Though there was a first wave of Jewish return to Jerusalem 70 years after being taken captive, Ezra and Nehemiah were in the second wave 90 years later.  It was during this time that the priests gathered the people together on the ‘first day of the seventh month’.

Yom Teruah 445 B.C.E.

A wooden platform was made on which Ezra, the priest,  stood and could be seen and heard by all of the men and women who came to listen to the reading of the Torah.  As he opened the Torah scroll, everyone stood.  Then Ezra blessed Yahweh, the great God.  As the people answered with “Amen”,  they lifted up their hands, bowed their heads and fell prostrate before Elohim with their faces to the ground. 

“Amen” has a very interesting root history.  It comes from the Hebrew word aman meaning ‘to nourish, support, make sure and strong’.   The word emunah or faithfulness also has its root in aman.   The Jewish sages say that amen is an acronym for el melek ne’eman or “God is a faithful King’.  According to Revelation 3:14, Yeshua is the “the amen, the faithful and true witness … he is the faithful King.”   What the people said  as they were about to hear the Torah was “God is a faithful King!”

Days of Awe and Repentance

The Levites had the responsibility to explain Torah to the people.  After being in a foreign country for several generations, they needed to translate the Hebrew so that the ‘Persian’ Jews would  understand the words being read.  When they heard the  instructions that God gave them through Moshe, the people began to weep. 

Repentance or ‘turning back to God’ or teshuvah  is central to the fall ‘appointed times.’   After hearing the words of Torah for the first time standing in Jerusalem, the people wept.  They grieved.  They understood they had lost the very essence of their national heritage from the LORD and had not lived accordingly.

Ezra, along with the rest of the Levites, told them not to weep, not to be sad for this day was ‘set apart to Elohim their God.’  It was an ‘appointed time’ of the LORD.  They were told to go out, eat rich food, drink sweet drinks and give portions to those who couldn’t provide for themselves.  Even today sweet foods are eaten on Feast of Trumpets with apples and honey being the traditional foods.

How sweet to my tongue is your promise, truly sweeter than honey in my mouth!” (Psalm 119:103).

Mouth of God

Yeshua said in Matthew 4:4 “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every Word that comes from the mouth of God.”  What does the mouth or ‘voice of God’ sound like?

Ram's Horn ShofarWhen John was exiled on the island of Patmos, he has a revelation of Messiah.  He says,  “I came to be, in the Spirit, on the Day of the LORD; and I heard behind me a loud voice, like a shofar ….”   The voice of the LORD sounded like the blowing of a shofar.   A shofar, or the horn from a ram, is blown on the Feast of Trumpets.  Obviously, it is only when breath goes through the shofar that it is able to create a sound.  Being vessels of Elohim’s Spirit, it is taught that the ‘breath of God’ or Ruach HaKodesh blows through a shofar when it sounds.  

(Note: John heard the voice that sounded like a shofar on the Day of the LORD.  This is in reference to the events surrounding the coming Millennial Kingdom and a time of judgment, not the first day of the week.  The events for the Day of the LORD will begin on ‘the first day of the seventh month’ or Yom Teruah.)

The Spring of Living Water
Pool of SiloamThe original city of Jerusalem had very different boundaries than modern-day Jerusalem.  In fact, remnants of the city are found in what is known as the City of David.  Within the ‘older’ city of Jerusalem, the Water Gate led down to the Gihon Spring which was located in the Kidron Valley.  This spring was the main source of water for the Pool of Siloam.   The priests would go to the Pool of Siloam to collect the water for each day’s water libation ceremony.  During this event, they would pour water over the altar in the Temple during the Feast of Tabernacles.   On the last and greatest day of this feast, Yeshua stood and cried out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him keep coming to me and drinking! Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!” (John 7:37-39).

As the people gathered at the Water Gate, it is symbolic of the pathway to the living water of the Word of God.  With the reading of the Torah by Ezra, the Jewish people had been ‘washed in the water of the Word’ and began preparing themselves as a pure and holy bride (Ephesians 5:25-26).   

Building Sukkot

On the second day,  the heads of the clans of the people joined the Levites and Ezra to study the words of the Torah again.  They found that Elohim had ordered through Moshe that the people of Isra’el were to live in booths or sukkot during the ‘appointed time’ in the seventh month known as the Feast of Tabernacles.  They were to announce the festival of Sukkot in all of their cities and in Jerusalem.  

“Go out to the mountains, and collect branches of olives, wild olives, myrtles, palms, and other leafy trees to make sukkot, as prescribed” (Nehemiah 8:15).

Olive TreeIn Jeremiah 11:16, God calls Isra’el an olive tree. In Romans 11,  Sha’ul speaks about branches of olives and wild olives that make up the Olive Tree of Isra’el.    The natural branches represent the 12 Tribes of Israel  and the wild branches the nations that join with them.  Both receive the same living water of the Word through the same spiritual root.   Though both branches will continue to produce either natural olives or wild olives, they both produce olives.

“A time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth” (John 4:23-24). 

Middle Eastern MyrtleMyrtle trees are considered an evergreen and are very hardy.   They produce a purplish-black berry called the mursins.  This fruit can be dried then ground and used as a flavoring.  It is one of the four leafy trees bound together for Sukkot that over time have been given the symbolism of ‘good smell, but no taste,’ like a person who has ‘good deeds, but does not study the Torah.’

The prophet Zechariah lived during the time between the first and second returning remnants.  He has a vision of God, angels and horsemen standing in the midst of a myrtle tree.  This vision was given to reinforce God’s promise that the exiles who returned to Jerusalem would be prosperous.  For the Jewish people of Zechariah’s time to prosper, they would need to repent and serve the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, rebuild the Temple and learn Torah.  In the time of Nehemiah 8 and Yom Teruah, the repentance had begun. 

“Therefore this is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Jerusalem with mercy, and there my house will be rebuilt. And the measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem,’ declares the LORD  Almighty” (Zechariah 1:16).

Palm TreePalms, or lulav in Hebrew,  were also part of the branches collected to make a sukkah.  It is known for its uprightness, fruit and its beauty.  The Jewish sages say that the palm tree, which has taste but no smell, can be compared to a person who studies Torah, but has no fruit of good works. 

The first mention of palm trees in Scripture is when the Israelites camp at the oasis of Elim during their trek in the wilderness.  It is during the Feast  of Tabernacles that palm branches are waved signifying the coming Messianic kingdom. This is why palm branches were waved when Yeshua entered Jerusalem during the Passover season.  The people believed that the kingdom of God hadarrived; however, it was the wrong ‘appointed time’ and season.    In Revelation 7:9, multitudes from every tribe and nation will be waving palm branches and giving glory to the King of Kings.  Today, the lulav is a special binding of three species of branches along with an etrog (a type of citrus fruit).  It is used to worship the LORD during Sukkot and reminds everyone that one day the nations of the world will gather in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles (Zechariah 14:16). 

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The people went out from the city, collected branches from specific trees and made sukkot for themselves on the roofs of their homes, in their courtyards, in the Temple courts and in the open spaces by the Water Gate and the Efrayim Gate. The entire community of those who had returned from the exile made sukkot and lived in them for the commanded time of eight days.   They had not done this since the days of Joshua and they celebrated Sukkot with great joy.  They also read the Torah every day from the first day until the last day of the ‘appointed time.’

In Our Day

The Feast of  Trumpets begins on the first day of the seventh month and Sukkot begins on the fourteenth day. On our Gregorian calendar, these fall festivals occur in our months of September/October.   They are a vision of the coming Kingdom of God when Isra’el, the natural branches of the Olive Tree will gather in Jerusalem along with the nations, the wild branches of the Olive Tree, to worship the King of Kings.  Everyone will wave olive, palm and myrtle branches for they will not just study Torah, they will bear the righteous fruit of the etrog.

The Jews in the days of Nehemiah prepared for this coming Kingdom by repenting and returning to the Torah of God and celebrated the ‘appointed times’ on their commanded days.  As wild olives, we can also embrace the vision of the coming Kingdom millennia later in the say way: repenting and turning back to God, learning Torah,  and proclaiming the ‘appointed times’ to those who stand by the Water Gate desiring spiritual nourishment from the spring of living water.  Amen. “Yeshua is the faithful King.”  

©2016 Tentstake Ministries

Let’s Throw Stones – Tashlich

Into the Depths of the Sea

Into the Depths of the Sea

“Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives the transgression of the remnant of his inheritance?  You do not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy.  You will again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea” (Micah 7:19).

Tashlich comes from the Hebrew word meaning ‘to cast.’  After the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed and there could be no atonement for Israel on Yom Kippur, a tradition of ‘casting stones’ was created.   The traditional ceremony involved filling your pockets with small pebbles or stones and ‘casting’ them into a body of water.   The body of water was to be ‘living water’ or a place where fish were able to live.

To celebrate tashlich, stones are gathered representing the sins that individuals have committed either willfully or unknowingly.  They can be little pebbles or larger rocks depending on the situation and the personal view of that sin against God.   The gathered stones are then placed into the person’s pockets to remind them that sin hinders and becomes a burden in our lives when it remains unconfessed.  As each stone is taken from the pocket and thrown into the water, it is symbolic of not only confessing those sins, but also repenting from those sins.  Some people yell out their sins while others remain contemplative.

Tashlich is a fun and memorable way to act out Yeshua’s atonement for sin with God hurling all of our iniquities and sins into the bottom of the sea. It is also holds the powerful reminder that like the stone which remains in the bottom of the sea, our sins do not float back to the top and return to us.  They remain ‘cast away’ forever.

“For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also for give you. But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins” (Matthew 6:14).

Tashlich is more than just a time for us to repent to God for our sins and turn back to Him, it is also a time for us to forgive one another.   Yeshua says that we are to forgive a brother (or sister) seventy times seven.   It is up to us to forgive those who have offended us whether its 490 times or 490,000 times.  It is important to live with a clear conscience with our family, friends and acquaintances.  As stones are thrown into the water, we can ‘cast away’ all offenses that may have been committed against  us so we can live in peace with each other as well as God.

“Because his mercy toward those who fear him is as far above earth as heaven.  He has removed our sins from us as far as the east is from the west.  Just as a father has compassion on his children,  the LORD has compassion on those who fear him” (Psalm 103:11-13).

©2011 Tentstake Ministries, excerpt from Journey with Jeremiah on amazon.com

Feast of Trumpets – Yom Teruah

My husband blowing the shofar at sunset on Yom Teruah

My husband blowing the shofar at sunset on Yom Teruah

Feast of Trumpets – Yom Teruah

“The LORD said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of sabbath rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. Do no regular work, but present a food offering to the LORD” (Leviticus 23:23-25).

The Feast of Trumpets begins the fall Feasts of the LORD.  Unlike the spring festivals,  the fall ‘’appointed time’s’ have yet to be fulfilled by Yeshua.  In Hebrew, Feast of Trumpets is Yom Teruah.  Yom means ‘day’ and teruah means ‘blowing.’ A smaller word within teruah is ruach and means ‘breath of God’ signifying God’s Spirit.  Yom Teruah is a day of blowing trumpets that sends the Spirit of God around the world.     

New Moon Festival

“Blow the shofar on the concealed, hidden moon on the festival day…” (Psalm 81:3, Hebrew translation). 

Yom Teruah begins ‘the first day of the seventh month’ and is a New Moon festival.   This means that until the new moon is sighted, the festival cannot begin.  When there was a ruling body in Israel, known as the Sanhedrin, a visual sighting  of the new dark moon was done by two witnesses.  The high priest would then have the shofar sounded to establish the beginning of the New Moon feast day.  Until that moment, ‘no one knew the day or the hour’ that Yom Teruah began.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Blowing – Teruah –  תרועה

Tav ת  Crossed Sticks means ‘sign or mark,’ ‘covenant’

Resh ר – A Head means ‘the most important’

Vav ו  A Nail means ‘joined or bound together, and’

Hey ה – A Window means ‘to reveal’

The Hebrew word picture for teruah: “The most important covenant sign bound to revelation.”

Yeshua used the same terminology in Matthew 24:36 when he told his disciples about the timing of His return:   “No one knows the day or the hour except my Father in heaven.”  As a Jewish man, Yeshua understood that ‘no one knows the day or the hour’ to be an idiom for Yom Teruah like we understand the Fourth of July as Independence Day.   While living in the flesh as a son of man, he could not know the year for the prophetic fulfillment of Yom Teruah, but he did know in what season and day it would occur.  Paul did too. 

Paul wrote these words to non-Jewish believers in Messiah who had been taught God’s appointed seasons, the mo’edim. They would also have been taught the imagery of a bridegroom coming for his bride.  For those believers who were unaware of the ‘’appointed time’s’, who were in darkness and not walking in the light of Torah, the Messiah’s return would be like a thief in the night. 

“Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you,  for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night” (1 Thessalonians 5:1).

The Trumpets

There are two types of trumpets blown at Yom Teruah.  The first are trumpets made of hammered silver that God commanded Israel to make in Numbers 10.  The priests blew these two trumpets on numerous occasions: when they were assembling the community and setting out from their camps in the wilderness, when  they went into battle so that the LORD would remember them and rescue them, when they had burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and when they rejoiced at the ‘’appointed time’s’ like the New Moon festival of Yom Teruah.

The other trumpet is the shofar. A shofar is made from a ram’s horn or any other clean animal such as a goat, antelope, kudu, or gazelle.   This type of horn is mentioned 69 times in the Hebrew Scriptures and was symbolic of the ram that was caught in the thicket when Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac.  There are many resources on the internet where shofars can be purchased.  There are small and medium sized ones that come from rams and goats known as a ram’s horn. Extra long ones with one or two twists come from an African kudu and are called yeminite shofars. One way to experience the joy and celebration of ‘the day of blowing’ is to blow a shofar.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Trumpet or Shofar – שופר

Shin ש – A Tooth means ‘consume’ or Shekinah, ‘the Divine Presence of God’

Vav ו – A Nail means ‘to bind or tie together’

Peh פ – A Mouth means ‘to speak or blow’

Resh ר – A Head means ‘what is most important’

The Hebrew word picture for shofar: “The consuming presence of God bound to the blowing what is most important.”

The Shofar Blasts

Though Scripture doesn’t indicate what sound patterns were made, over the millennia the rabbis came up with four that are blown in a certain order.   These are the sounds most likely used when Yeshua lived in Israel and Paul also used these different terms when he writes his letter to the Thessalonians. These traditional sounds are still used today when celebrating the day of blowing.

Tekiah

“Praise him with a blast on the shofar! Praise him with lute and lyre!” (Psalm 150:3).

The tekiah means to ‘blow or to blast’ and is a call to worship. This blast gathers Israel and those who join with them around the world to celebrate the Feast of Trumpets.   The blast is medium length with  a low to high pitch transition.  It starts with a hard, short push on low pitch and a slight sustain on high pitch and ends with a short higher pitched burst.   It is considered by many as the blast to praise the LORD’s creative acts as well as for the coronation of a King.

“Then David danced and spun around with abandon before the LORD, wearing a linen ritual vest. So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and the sound of the shofar” (2 Samuel 6:14-16).

Shevarim

“Shout out loud! Don’t hold back!  Raise your voice like a shofar!  Proclaim to my people what rebels they are to the house of Jacob their sins” (Isaiah 58:1).

The second blast of the shofar, the shevarim,  means ‘broken’ and is  the call to repentance.   This blast reaches into men’s souls to convict them to turn back to God with a broken and penitent heart.  It consists of three blasts each low-to-high pitch making a wave-like sound.

“Put the shofar to your lips! Like a vulture [he swoops down] on the house of the LORD, because they have violated my covenant and sinned intentionally against my Torah” (Hosea 8:1).

Teruah

“Blow the shofar in Tziyon! Sound an alarm on my holy mountain!” Let all living in the land tremble, for the Day of the LORD is coming! It’s upon us!” (Joel 2:1).

The third blast is the teruah and means ‘blowing’ as in Yom Teruah.  This blast is a battle alarm and is made with nine short one-second staccato bursts of sound.  This is the sound that Jeremiah heard as the Assyrians began their attack against Jerusalem.  It will be the sound that begins the judgment Day of the LORD.

“My guts! My guts! I’m writhing in pain! My heart! It beats wildly — I can’t stay still! — because I have heard the shofar sound; it’s the call to war” (Jeremiah 4:19).

Tekiah Gadolah

“But your dead will live;  their bodies will rise.  You who dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy.  Your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead” (Isaiah 26:19).

The final blast is called the tekiah gadolah and is the long great blast known in Scripture as The Great Shofar.  It is similar to the tekiah except that the high note is sustained for the longest possible breath.  It also ends with a violent, short, pushed out breath and an even higher-pitched note.  This is the blast of hope prophesied by Isaiah that will raise the dead from the dust of the earth. 

Let’s Throw Stones

“Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives the transgression of the remnant of his inheritance?  You do not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy.  You will again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea” (Micah 7:19).

Tashlich comes from the Hebrew word meaning ‘to cast.’  After the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed and there could be no atonement for Israel on Yom Kippur, a tradition of ‘casting stones’ was created.   The traditional ceremony involved filling your pockets with small pebbles or stones and ‘casting’ them into a body of water.   The body of water was to be ‘living water’ or a place where fish were able to live.

To celebrate tashlich, stones are gathered representing the sins that individuals have committed either willfully or unknowingly.  They can be little pebbles or larger rocks depending on the situation and the personal view of that sin against God.   The gathered stones are then placed into the person’s pockets to remind them that sin hinders and becomes a burden in our lives when it remains unconfessed.  As each stone is taken from the pocket and thrown into the water, it is symbolic of not only confessing those sins, but also repenting from those sins.  Some people yell out their sins while others remain contemplative.

Tashlich is a fun and memorable way to act out Yeshua’s atonement for sin with God hurling all of our iniquities and sins into the bottom of the sea. It is also holds the powerful reminder that like the stone which remains in the bottom of the sea, our sins do not float back to the top and return to us.  They remain ‘cast away’ forever.

“For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also for give you. But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins” (Matthew 6:14).

Tashlich is more than just a time for us to repent to God for our sins and turn back to Him, it is also a time for us to forgive one another.   Yeshua says that we are to forgive a brother (or sister) seventy times seven.   It is up to us to forgive those who have offended us whether its 490 times or 490,000 times.  It is important to live with a clear conscience with our family, friends and acquaintances.  As stones are thrown into the water, we can ‘cast away’ all offenses that may have been committed against  us so we can live in peace with each other as well as God.

“…Because his mercy toward those who fear him is as far above earth as heaven.  He has removed our sins from us as far as the east is from the west.  Just as a father has compassion on his children,  the LORD has compassion on those who fear him” (Psalm 103:11-13).

A Mysterious Memorial

“‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you” (Numbers 29:1).

As commanded in Scripture, the Feast of Trumpets is a day of blowing the shofar; however God gives no reason for doing it.  Perhaps through this annual blowing of the shofar, God’s people learn to recognize the sounds preparing them for an event that has not yet happened.

“Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed— in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.  When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory” (1 Corinthians 15:51-54).

Paul describes the trumpet blast of God as a Teruah Gadolah.  On Yom Teruah the eternal hope of everyone from Adam to Abraham to the Prophets and Israel to the redeemed Body of Messiah will become reality.   When this shofar blast is sounded, the dead in Messiah will rise and those who are living will be changed from mortal into immortality and live with Yeshua forever.

“For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a loud command, teruah gadolah with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Messiah will rise first.   After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air.  And so we will be with Yeshua forever” (1 Thessalonians 4:15-16).

There are no New Testament accounts of Yeshua celebrating the Feast of Trumpets.   Though he was revealed as the Messiah of Israel, he still remains ‘concealed’ in the heavenly realm just like the new moon until his next ‘’appointed time’’ arrives.   Until that ‘unknown day and hour’ comes, Israel and those joined to her are commanded to gather once a year to blow the shofar and prepare for a mysterious event.  When the Spirit of God blows the Great Shofar on the Day of the Lord,  the concealed mystery of Yom Teruah will be revealed.

©2010 Tentstake Ministries, chapter from Journey with Jeremiah on amazon.com

Rosh Hashanah: A Shofar and a Crown

“Daughters of Zion, come out, and gaze upon King Solomon, wearing the crown with which his mother crowned him on his wedding day, his day of joy!” (Song of Solomon 3:11).

The Jewish New Year, also known as Rosh Hashanah or the ‘head of the year,’ occurs in the fall on the common Gregorian calendar.  It is also the same day as the Feast of Trumpets.  According to Leviticus 23, the Feast of Trumpets occurs on the first day of the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar,  so how can Rosh Hashanah be the ‘new year’  when the first of months is given in Exodus 1:2 in the spring month of Nisan around the time of Passover?

The answer may be found in the command for the Feast of Trumpets.  It was to be celebrated on the new moon.  Since all Biblical months are determined by the appearance of a new moon, it could be that Tishri 1 begins a new year with a new month with a different focus.    

Jewish tradition believes that the heavens and earth were created on the first day of Tishri.  Ten days later after Adam and Eve sinned, there needed to be atonement.   A similar vision works for the first of Nisan with the lamb being brought into the home on the tenth day of the first month in preparation for Passover.   In both Nisan and Tishri, a lamb was connected to redemption: Nisan for individuals, in Israel, Tishri for corporate Israel.

With both of these celebrations, Israel has two new years.   The first is referred to as the spiritual new year that begins with the events surrounding Passover.  From this new year, all Biblical months and  holy festivals are set.

The other new year, referred to as the civil new year,  is used to number days and count the years.  For example, every 50 years on the tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri), the trumpet was sounded and a Year of Jubilee began.  Property was returned to its original owners and people went back home to their tribal lands to begin the 50-year cycle again. It was a new civil year with a new beginning.  A similar command was given when every seven years slaves would be released, debts would be dissolved, and the land would be given a rest from planting.   This ‘year of release’ was called the shemitah and ended before sunset on Tishri 1, before the new year began on Rosh Hashanah.

Does this tradition of having two ‘new years’  nullify the commands of God? Biblical days are still sunset to sunset, months are still rendered new moon to new moon, ‘’appointed time’s’ of the LORD are celebrated in the spring and fall as commanded, and years are counted for the releasing of land and debt and the Jubilee.  Scriptures that could be interpreted with either month as the beginning of the year were studied centuries ago and the elders in Israel established the two ‘new year’ Hebrew calendar.

A King’s Coronation

One of the most familiar types and shadows of Rosh Hashanah involves the coronation of a king.  When a king in Israel was coronated, that day became the ‘new year’s day’ of that king’s reign.   The counting of the days, weeks, months and years of the monarch’s  rule began on his personal Rosh Hashanah.  Prophets, priests, and royal officials along with the people of the kingdom cheered and rejoiced.  Shofars were blown. It was a time of great rejoicing.   First Kings describes the coronation day of King Solomon:

“The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and they have put him on the king’s mule, and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds with it. That’s the noise you hear. Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat on the royal throne.  Also, the royal officials have come to congratulate our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God make Solomon’s name more famous than yours and his throne greater than yours!’ And the king bowed in worship on his bed and said, ‘Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, who has allowed my eyes to see a successor on my throne today’” (1 Kings 1:44-48).

According to the Biblical prophecy, Yeshua will return to Jerusalem to begin a one thousand year reign.  With the blast of shofars, he will be coronated as King over all the earth and sit on David’s throne.   At that moment, the dead in Messiah will rise and those who are alive will be transformed into immortality.  They will become his Kingdom of royal priests and rule and reign with him for one thousand years.

“I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Yeshua and because of the word of God. … They came to life and reigned with Messiah a thousand years. …Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection… they will be priests of God and of Messiah and will reign with him for a thousand years” (Revelation 20:4-6).

The prophetic picture of the Feast of Trumpets is the blowing of a shofar for something that has not yet taken place.  As of this day, Yeshua has not returned to Israel, has not been coronated King over all the nations,  has not taken up his throne in Jerusalem.  There also has not been a resurrection of the dead. 

According to Jewish tradition, Kings of Judah were coronated on the new year day in the spring and Kings of Israel kings coronated on the new year day in the fall.  Yeshua was ‘crowned’ King of the Jews at Passover when he hung on the cross with the sign “King of the Jews.”  When he returns, he will be more than the King of the Jews, he will be King over Jews as well as Israel and the nations joined with her.   His coronation as King of Kings will most likely occur on the combined new year of Rosh Hashanah and Feast of Trumpets.  

“Clap your hands, all you nations; shout to God with cries of joy. For the Lord Most High is awesome, the great King over all the earth.  …God has ascended amid shouts of joy, the Lord amid the sounding of trumpets. Sing praises to God, sing praises; sing praises to our King, sing praises. For God is the King of all the earth; sing to him a psalm of praise. God reigns over the nations; God is seated on his holy throne. The nobles of the nations assemble as the people of the God of Abraham, for the kings of the earth belong to God; he is greatly exalted” (Psalm 47).

Books are Opened

According to another Jewish tradition, two books are opened on Rosh Hashanah.  The destiny of the righteous is written in the Book of Life and the destiny of the wicked is written in the Book of Death.   According to Moses, David and Yeshua, these books do exist and names can be blotted out of the Book of Life (Exodus 32:32, Psalm 69:29, Revelation 3:5).  Anyone whose name is not found in the Book of Life will face serious consequences.  According to Revelation 20:12-15, those whose names are not found in the Book of Life will be thrown into the lake of fire where there is eternal torment.

For this reason, Jewish men and women spend the month of Elul (the month before Tishri) in repentance, immersing themselves, preparing for the Day of Atonement so that their names are not blotted out of the Book of Life and they do not face the same judgment as the wicked.  It was during the month of Elul that John was immersing people in the Jordan for repentance of sins so they would be ready for the coming day of atonement.  It was also during the month of Elul that Yeshua spent 40 days in the wilderness, returning to the people on Yom Kippur proclaiming the gospel of repentance to salvation (John 4:17).

Feast of Trumpets or Rosh Hashanah

In the past few years, a trend has come about where non-Jewish believers in Yeshua question the new year celebration of Rosh Hashanah as a ‘tradition of men’ and not God’s ‘’appointed time’’ of Feast of Trumpets.  This is grievous because both celebrations have prophetic and Biblical significance. 

According to Yeshua, some traditions do nullify the commands of God, but the error of the Christian church over the centuries has been the belief that all Jewish traditions nullify the commands and even faith in Messiah.  They not only cut themselves off from the Biblically Jewish roots of their faith, they cut themselves off from being a witness of the Messiah to the Jewish people, the ‘lost sheep of the House of Israel’ Yeshua came to find. 

Messianic non-Jews should not make the blanket statement that Rosh Hashanah is a manmade tradition and therefore should be avoided.   It is not, and even if it were, Paul commends the Corinthians for ‘holding onto the traditions’ he passed onto them (1 Corinthians 11:1).   Gentile followers of Messiah should use every opportunity to make Israel envious for their Messiah.   This is the purpose for being grafted into the Olive Tree of Israel.  The unnatural branches are not to be arrogant over the natural especially when it comes to ‘traditions‘ they don’t understand.  As foreigners, the nations need to learn about some of the traditions Paul may have been passing on as they may be the very traditions that bring the Jewish people to faith in Yeshua.  It is only when the Jews and their brothers cry out for the Messiah that those shofars will sound and there will be life from the dead and a King will be given to the world.   This is a mystery that has many allusions to the first day of Tishri no matter what name is used to honor it. 

Rosh Hashanah and Feast of Trumpets are two different names for the same event reasoned from different perspectives of Scripture.  One perspective is from God’s point of view; the other from man’s. Both  cast great light into the reality of a coming King and his Kingdom.   On a future ‘first day of the seventh month’ with the blasts of shofars and a miraculous gathering of his royal priesthood, King Yeshua will be crowned King of Kings in Jerusalem.   His coronation will occur on the ‘’appointed time’’ of Trumpets and his Millennial Kingdom established on a new year’s day called Rosh Hashanah.

©2014 Tentstake Ministries, chapter from Journey with Jeremiah on amazon.com