Posts Tagged ‘yeshua’

Parashah 54: V’zot (This is the blessing)

Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12

“This is the blessing that Moshe, the man of God, spoke over the people of Isra’el before his death” (Deuteronomy 33:1).

This final parashah of the annual Torah cycle is always read on Simchat Torah. The blessing of Moshe was not only for his generation, but for all generations to come.

“Adonai came from Sinai; from Se‘ir he dawned on his people, shone forth from Mount Pa’ran; and with him were myriads of holy ones; at his right hand was a fiery law for them”
(Deuteronomy 33:2).

The myriads of holy ones at the right hand of Adonai are the saints. These men and women have been justified by the blood of Messiah and have been made holy through the Word of Truth (John 17:17).

‘Saints’ or ‘holy ones’ are living persons, not dead, contrary to some ideologies. Sha’ul writes to the Corinthians calling them ‘saints,’ those “who have been set-apart by Yeshua the Messiah and called to be God’s holy people” (1 Corinthians 1:2).  Saints will one day judge the world and receive a glorious inheritance (1 Corinthians 6:2, Ephesians 1:18).  Saints are to love one another, and their prayers rise to Elohim like incense (Colossians 1:4, Revelation 5:8, 8:3-4).  Yeshua will be glorified through the saints (2 Thessalonians 1:10).

At Adonai’s right hand was a ‘fiery law’ which is Yeshua as the living Torah. ‘Fire’ symbolizes the divinity, the glory, and the holiness of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh. His holiness was in the burning bush and his glory was the pillar of fire. Fire as His Ruach came down on the Temple at Solomon’s coronation, and on Shavuot, tongues of fire rested on the heads of Messianic Jews in Jerusalem. Sodom and Gomorrah were judged by fire, and the refiner’s fire melts away dross and leaving the purity of gold (Malachi 3:1-2).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Fiery Law or esh-dath – אש דת – alef, shin –– dalet, tav
– first strength consumes –– pathway sign

“Your word is refined to complete purity, and your servant loves it” (Psalm 119:140).

Being refined by Torah will perfect and leads us into a pure and holy walk with Elohim. Torah is the ‘double-edged sword’ that pierces our heart, transforms us, and guides us in our daily relationship with Adonai.

There is no difference between a holy one from a Tribe of Isra’el and a saint from one of the nations. Torah is an inheritance for the community of Isra’el that includes those who join the community through faith in Yeshua. Moshe’s blessing continues with the holy ones sitting at the feet of ‘I Am’ and receiving His instructions. 

“Then a king arose in Yeshurun when the leaders of the people were gathered, all the tribes of Isra’el together” (Deuteronomy 33:5).

Moshe uses the poetic term Yeshurun a second time. In the Septuagint, it is translated ‘the beloved one’ and refers to the people of Isra’el, the land of Isra’el, and the children of Jacob who became Isra’el.  There are two different possibilities for the Hebrew root of Yeshurun.  One is yashar which means ‘to be upright’. The other is from the word shir or ‘song’ alluding to the great rejoicing that will occur when the Messiah unites the Tribes of Isra’el.

Moshe Blesses the Tribes

Judah (Y’hudah)
“Hear, Adonai, the cry of Y’hudah! Bring him in to his people, let his own hands defend him; but you, help him against his enemies” (Deuteronomy 33:7).
 
Judah has always fought to stay alive from men like Haman, nations like Syria, and genocides like the Inquisitions, Crusades and Nazis. As the other tribes are scattered throughout the world, Judah remained Judah, the Jews.   Though it appears they fight their enemies with their own hands, Adonai always intervenes in order to keep His covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. In the recent conflicts with Gaza and the Palestinians, many in the Israeli Defense Force spoke of miraculous events that could only be attributed to HaShem.

Levi
“Let your tumim and urim be with your pious one, whom you tested at Massah, with whom you struggled at M’rivah Spring. Of his father and mother he said, ‘I don’t know them’; he didn’t acknowledge his brothers or children. For he observed your word, and he kept your covenant. They will teach Ya‘akov your rulings, Isra’el your Torah. They will set incense before you and whole burnt offerings on your altar. Adonai, bless his possessions, accept the work he does; but crush his enemies hip and thigh; may those who hate him rise no more” (Deuteronomy 33:8-11).

The word ‘pious’ in Hebrew is chasid and means ‘godly one.’ The contemporary Orthodox movement known as ‘Hasidic’ came out of Russia in the Eighteenth Century and spread through Europe and into the western nations. Hasidic Jews are recognized by their long beards, dark suits, and payos or side curls that hang down on the sides of their faces. Their lifestyle gives the appearance that they are deeply spiritual because they adhere to strict religious practices and keep themselves separate from the rest of the world.

The Levites are called ‘pious’ because they were willing to keep Adonai’s covenant even when it meant killing members of their own family. Because of the faithfulness of the Levites, they would teach Torah to Isra’el. Though they would have enemies, their enemies would be crushed at the ‘hip and thigh’ and rise no more.

Yeshua brings division into families in Isra’el. There is a cost to following him, just as there was a cost for the Levites. Those Jews who choose to follow him will be and are rejected by their families (Matthew 10:34-38, Luke 14:25-32).

“If anyone comes to me and does not hate his father, his mother, his wife, his children, his brothers and his sisters, yes, and his own life besides, he cannot be my talmid [disciple]” (Luke 14:26).

Benjamin (Benyamin)
“Adonai’s beloved lives securely. He protects him day after day. He lives between his shoulders”
(Deuteronomy 33:12).

‘Beloved’ is the endearment that describes the bride in Song of Songs, an allusion to the Bride of Messiah. According to this blessing, the ‘beloved’ is protected day after day and lives securely in Adonai.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Beloved or yadid – ידיד – yod, dalet, yod, dalet
– finished work pathway, finished work pathway

Loved or ahav – אהוב – alef, hey, vav, bet
– first strength revealed binding the family

Joseph (Yosef)
“May Adonai bless his land with the best from the sky, for the dew, and for what comes from the deep beneath, with the best of what the sun makes grow, with the best of what comes up each month, with the best from the mountains of old, with the best from the eternal hills, with the best from the earth and all that fills it, and the favor of him who lived in the [burning] bush. May blessing come on the head of Yosef, on the brow of the prince among his brothers. His firstborn bull — glory is his; his horns are those of a wild ox; With them he will gore the peoples, all of them, to the ends of the earth. These are the myriads of Efrayim; these are the thousands of M’nasheh” (Deuteronomy 33:13-17).

Joseph is the prince among his brothers. Ephraim and Manasseh have become a multitude of nations and are his glory. He is blessed with the best of everything from the sky, the dew, the deep; the best of what the sun makes grow, the best of the mountains, the earth and the eternal hills.  He is blessed with the favor of ‘him who lived in the burning bush’: the Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh. Joseph received the favor of personally knowing Yeshua through His character, His presence, and His deliverance. 

Zebulun (Z’vulun)
Issachar (Yissakhar)
“Rejoice, Z’vulun, as you go forth, and you, Yissakhar, in your tents. They will summon peoples to the mountain and there offer righteous sacrifices; for they will draw from the abundance of the seas and from the hidden treasures of the sand” (Deuteronomy 33:18-19).

These two tribes rejoice together because they will summon people to the mountain of Adonai to offer righteous sacrifices. They will find their abundance in the seas and hidden treasures of the sand. Zebulun and Issachar will have a significant role in the restoration of Isra’el.  From the sea of nations, ‘grains of sand,’ the faithful descendants of Abraham will return to Mount Tziyon and worship Adonai.

“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in a field. A man found it, hid it again, then in great joy went and sold everything he owned, and bought that field” (Matthew 13:44).

Gad
“Blessed is he who makes Gad so large; he lies there like a lion, tearing arm and scalp. He chose the best for himself when the princely portion was assigned. When the leaders of the people came, he carried out Adonai’s justice and his rulings concerning Isra’el” (Deuteronomy 33:20-21).

Like a devouring lion, Gad will become a powerful nation. When it is time for Adonai’s justice and His rulings to be carried out concerning Isra’el, Gad will fulfill the call.

“Justice will once again become righteous, and all the upright in heart will follow it” (Psalm 94:15).

Dan
“Dan is a lion cub leaping forth from Bashan” (Deuteronomy 33:22).

Og, the giant, was king in Bashan which is located in the Golan Heights. Cattle and a special breed of sheep have been raised in this area since ancient times. Wild animals often attacked the sheep which didn’t fare well for the animals.

Dan was the rear guard as the Israelites traveled through the wilderness.  As a lion cub, Dan may become the protector of the sheep. Dan’s land inheritance and the city of Dan are near the borders of Syria and Lebanon.  It is important that Dan is a lion cub, for perhaps it will become a military base protecting the sheep of the House of Isra’el.

Naftali
“You, Naftali, satisfied with favor and full of blessing from Adonai, take possession of the sea and the south” (Deuteronomy 33:23).

Standing on the cliff of Mount Arbel, I was able to see the land inheritance of Nafatli, a beautiful, lush, fertile land. This land lies north of the Sea of Galilee which is not ‘the Sea and the south.’ Perhaps as the end times unfold, it will be the descendants of Nafatli who secure the West Bank from the Arabs which lies west and south of the Sea of Galilee.

Asher
“May Asher be most blessed of sons, may he be the favorite among his brothers and bathe his feet in oil. May your bolts be of iron and bronze and your strength last as long as you live”
(Deuteronomy 33:24-25).

Asher is to be the most blessed of Jacob’s sons and will the favorite among his brothers.  His feet will be bathed in oil and he will have great strength. 

Being ‘bathed in oil’ is an allusion to being anointed as king, priest or prophet. Queen Esther ‘bathed in oils’ as she prepared to meet the King. Psalm 104:15 says, “Oil makes the face glow,” however, it is Asher’s feet not his head that will be bathed. This may symbolize prosperity and that wherever his feet are placed, there will be blessing.

“Miryam took a whole pint of pure oil of spikenard, which is very expensive, poured it on Yeshua’s feet and wiped his feet with her hair, so that the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume”
(John 12:3).

Jeshurun
“Yeshurun, there is no one like God, riding through the heavens to help you, riding on the clouds in his majesty. The God of old is a dwelling-place, with everlasting arms beneath. He expelled the enemy before you and he said, ‘Destroy!’” (Deuteronomy 33:26-27)

Yeshua will return ‘riding on the clouds’ so this is prophetic to the return of the majestic King Messiah. At his return, he will destroy Isra’el’s enemies and remove them from the Land.

“Sing to God, sing praises to his name; extol him who rides on the clouds by his name, Yah; and be glad in his presence” (Psalm 68:5).

Isra’el
“So Isra’el lives in security; the fountain of Ya‘akov is alone in a land of grain and new wine, where the skies drip with dew. Happy are you, Isra’el! ‘Who is like you, a people saved by Adonai, your defender helping you and your sword of triumph? Your enemies will cringe before you, but you will trample down their high places’” (Deuteronomy 33:28-29).

‘Fountains’ symbolize spiritual nourishment that comes from the Word of Elohim.  When Yeshua reveals himself to Isra’el as Messiah, there will be security and the Land will drip with dew, grain, and new wine. ‘Dew’ symbolizes blessing and Isra’el will finally receive the fulfillment of her blessings: the covenants and the promises given to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Aaron, Phineas, and King David.

Selah
Two tribes are not blessed by Moshe: Reuben and Simeon.

Moshe Goes to His Ancestors

“I have let you see it with your eyes, but you will not cross over there” (Deuteronomy 34:4).

From the top of Mount Nebo across from the Jordan River, Moshe was shown all of the Promised Land –– from Gilead as far north as Dan, all of Nafatli and the Galilee, the lands of Ephraim and Manasseh, the land of Judah all the way to the Mediterranean and beyond, the Negev desert and the Aravah including the valley of Jericho and as far away as Tzoar.

Moshe died in the land of Moab at 120 years of age with ‘eyes undimmed and vigor undiminished.’  Though has aged, his eyesight and vigor suggest he still had many years left to live, but because of his unfaithfulness in front of the community of Isra’el, he had to die ‘young.’ He was buried in the valley of Beit-P’or, but to this day no one knows the location of his grave.  Isra’el mourned 30 days for Moshe.

“Since that time there has not arisen in Isra’el a prophet like Moshe, whom Adonai knew face to face.  What signs and wonders Adonai sent him to perform in the Land of Egypt upon Pharaoh, all his servants and all his land!  What might was in his hand!  What great terror he evoked before the eyes of all Isra’el!” (Deuteronomy 34:10-12)

Moshe was the greatest prophet who ever lived. He was the most humble man on earth because that is how Adonai knew him. It was not with pride or arrogance that he led Isra’el or wrote down the words of Torah, it was in great humility.

Drawn out of the reeds of the Nile River as an infant and raised in the Egyptian court, Moshe became a simple shepherd. He was called by Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh from a bush that burned, holy ground under his feet, and was transformed into a man who performed signs and wonders –– evidence that Adonai Elohim was with him.  He stood before the Egyptian Pharaoh and judged his nation and his gods. He led a group of millions out of slavery through the Red Sea and into a covenant relationship with ‘I am.’ He talked with Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh panim el panim and received hand-written instructions from Him, twice. He stood in the crevice of the ‘Rock,’ protected by His Hand as the glory of Adonai passed by.

He struggled with the quarreling, judgments, and rebellion of the Israelites offering his own life so that they would not be destroyed from the earth. He saw manna come with the dew and water gush from the ‘Rock.’ He instructed Isra’el to build a Mishkan so Adonai could dwell among His people in a cloud of glory. He had to wander in the wilderness 40 years with a faithless generation who whined, groaned, and mixed the holy and profane until he had enough and hit the ‘Rock’ losing the privilege of entering the Promised Land.

From the mouth of Adonai, he received and wrote down the accounts of creation, the flood of Noach, the lives of the patriarchs until the day the Hebrews left Egypt. He was given Adonai’s instructions, mitzvot, regulations, and statutes. He wrote them in a book called Torah, a book that would sit at the right hand of the Ark of the Covenant until the words would be brought to life through the Torah in the flesh –– Yeshua of Nazareth.

Yeshua, a prophet like Moshe, was even greater because he is the visible image of the invisible Elohim. He taught the Torah that was spoken by his Father and written down by Moshe. Through his blood, he instituted the promised new covenant that transformed the rebellious hearts of Isra’el into hearts of flesh. As the living Torah, the instructions of his Father remain a righteous and holy standard for life in this present world and the Messianic Era. Torah will only passing away when there is a new heaven, new earth, a New Jerusalem, and Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the ‘I Am’ tabernacles with man once again and for eternity.

Y’hoshua
“Y’hoshua, the son of Nun was full of the Spirit of wisdom, for Moshe had laid his hands on him, and the people of Isra’el heeded him and did what Adonai had ordered Moshe” (Deuteronomy 34:9).

Yeshua and The Resurrection

“When Yeshua arrived at the official’s house and saw the flute-players, and the crowd in an uproar, he said, ‘Everybody out! The girl isn’t dead, she’s only sleeping!’ And they jeered at him. But after the people had been put outside, he entered and took hold of the girl’s hand, and she got up” (Matthew 9:23-25).

“When he arrived at the house, he didn’t allow anyone to go in with him except Kefa, Yochanan, Ya‘akov and the child’s father and mother All the people were wailing and mourning for her; but he said, ‘Don’t weep; she hasn’t died, she’s sleeping.’ They jeered at him, since they knew she had died. But he took her by the hand, called out, “Little girl, get up!” and her spirit returned. She stood up at once, and he directed that something be given her to eat” (Luke 8:51-55).

“Yes, indeed! I tell you that there is coming a time — in fact, it’s already here — when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who listen will come to life” (John 4:25).

“Yeshua said to her, ‘Your brother will rise again.’ Marta said, ‘I know that he will rise again at the Resurrection on the Last Day.’ Yeshua said to her, “‘I Am the Resurrection and the Life! Whoever puts his trust in me will live, even if he dies; and everyone living and trusting in me will never die. Do you believe this?’ She said to him, ‘Yes, Lord, I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, the one coming into the world….’ Yeshua looked upward and said, ‘Father, I thank you that you have heard me. I myself know that you always hear me, but I say this because of the crowd standing around, so that they may believe that you have sent me.’ Having said this, he shouted, ‘El‘azar! Come out!’ The man who had been dead came out, his hands and feet wrapped in strips of linen and his face covered with a cloth. Yeshua said to them, “Unwrap him, and let him go!” (John 11:21-27, 41-44)

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Parashah 52: Veyelekh (He went)

Deuteronomy 31:1-30
(In a regular year, read with Parashah 51; in a leap year read separately.)

“Moshe went and spoke the following words to all Isra’el: ‘I am 120 years old today. I can’t get around any longer; moreover, Adonai has said to me, You will not cross this Yarden’” (Deuteronomy 31:1-2).

Moshe is now 120 years old and isn’t as ‘young’ as he used to be. He knows he will not cross the Jordan into the Promised Land. He promises Isra’el that Adonai will go ahead of them and defeat each nation they encounter. He tells them to be bold and not to be afraid because Adonai will never fail or abandon them.

Moshe kept writing the words of Torah in a book until it was completed. He gave it to the cohanim, the descendants of Levi, who carried the Ark of the Covenant.  He told them to put the book next to the Ark as a testimony to the stubbornness of the people. At the end of every seven years, at the sh’mittah, when Isra’el gathered for Sukkot, he told them to read the words of Torah for all Isra’el to hear. Along with all the foreigners in their cities, they were to hear, learn, and fear Adonai. They were to guard all the words of Torah in order that future generations would learn to fear the Elohim of Isra’el.

The sh’mittah was specifically given for the land of Isra’el, but there were foreigners whose sustenance came from the land, too. As followers of Messiah, our sustenance also comes from Adonai and the sh’mittah is the perfect year to be thankful for all the spiritual provisions that we receive from Isra’el. Adonai is our Provider and through Isra’el, we reap the blessings of their labors.

“The people of Isra’el! They were made God’s children, the Sh’khinah has been with them, the covenants are theirs, likewise the giving of the Torah, the Temple service and the promises;  the Patriarchs are theirs; and from them, as far as his physical descent is concerned, came the Messiah, who is over all. Praised be Adonai for ever! Amen… For if the Gentiles have shared with the Jews in spiritual matters, then the Gentiles clearly have a duty to help the Jews in material matters” (Romans 9:4-5, 15:27).

Hear, Fear, Learn, Guard, Obey

These five words outline the teachings of Torah. First, we are to hear them. In order to hear them, they must be spoken as they were in the days of Moshe and read aloud as with the first-century church. Once we hear Torah read, a reverent fear of Adonai should come into our hearts and minds. This being a journey of wisdom that includes learning the commandments, teaching them to our children as we sit at home, walk along the road, lie down or rise up. Guarding Torah means to preserve and protect it. The Jewish people have guarded the Torah with their lives for millennia so that we have the D’var Elohim today. The Dead Sea Scrolls, preserved in clay jars by the Essenes at Qumran, prove the words of Torah and the prophets are the same today as they were 2000 years ago. Finally, obeying Torah should be goal for which we aim. We should allow Torah to convict us of sin, corrected us, train us in righteous living so we are fully equipped for every good work now and in the Messianic Era (2 Timothy 3:16-17).

“But how can they call on someone if they haven’t trusted in him? And how can they trust in someone if they haven’t heard about him? And how can they hear about someone if no one is proclaiming him? And how can people proclaim him unless God sends them? — as the Tanakh puts it, ‘How beautiful are the feet of those announcing good news about good things!’” (Romans 10:14-15)

Hebrew Word Pictures
Hear or shema – שמע – shin, mem, ayin
– consume the mighty, understand

Learn or limod – למוד – lamed, mem, vav, dalet
– urges forward the mighty binding of the pathway

Fear (Revere) or yirah – יראה – yod, resh, alef, hey
– finished work the highest authority, first strength behold

Guard (Preserve) or shomer – שמר – shin, mem, resh
– consume the mighty highest authority

Obey or shama – שמע – shin, mem, ayin
– consume the mighty and understand

Adonai Requests a Song

Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh appears to Moshe in the Mishkan in the column of cloud that stood above the entrance. He tells Moshe that he is about to sleep with his ancestors, but the people of Isra’el will be unfaithful with foreign gods in the land where they are going. They will abandon Him and break covenant. In His anger, He will hide His face from them and they will be devoured. Many troubles will come upon them and they will realize that He has left them.

Adonai asks Moshe to write a song and teach it to the Israelites. They were to memorize the song as a witness against the people of Isra’el. The song would be a testimony to their descendants who would also learn the song. Moshe obeyed, wrote the song, and taught it to the children of Isra’el.

The word song in Hebrew is shir and means ‘sing.’ A derivation of shir is shiron meaning ‘breastplate’ or ‘body armor.’ The Song of Moshe that Isra’el learns and sings will become the armor over their hearts. It will protect them from the fiery arrows of the Adversary and the enemies who attack them in the Land.

The Commission of Y’hoshua

Y’hoshua is called to stand in the presence of all Isra’el. Moshe gives him words of encouragement; Adonai commissions him to lead Isra’el into the Promised Land.

“Be strong, be bold, for you are going with this people into the land Adonai swore to their ancestors he would give them.  You will be the one causing them to inherit it.  But Adonai – it is he who will go ahead of you.  He will be with you.  He will neither fail you nor abandon you; so don’t be afraid or downhearted” (Deuteronomy 31:7-8).

“Adonai also commissioned Y’hoshua the son of Nun with these words: ‘Be strong and full of courage; for you are to bring the people of Isra’el into the land about which I swore to them; and I will be with you’” (Deuteronomy 31:23).

Yeshua, the Commander

“One day, when Y’hoshua was there by Yericho, he raised his eyes and looked; and in front of him stood a man with his drawn sword in his hand. Y’hoshua went over to him and asked him, ‘Are you on our side or on the side of our enemies?’ ‘No,’ he replied, ‘but I am the commander of Adonai’s army; I have come just now.’ Y’hoshua fell down with his face to the ground and worshiped him, then asked, ‘What does my lord have to say to his servant?’ The commander of Adonai’s army answered Y’hoshua, ‘Take your sandals off your feet, because the place where you are standing is holy.’ And Y’hoshua did so” (Joshua 5:13-15).

“As Yeshua entered K’far-Nachum, a Roman army officer came up and pleaded for help. ‘Sir, my orderly is lying at home paralyzed and suffering terribly!’  Yeshua said, ‘I will go and heal him.’  But the officer answered, ‘Sir, I am unfit to have you come into my home. Rather, if you will only give the command, my orderly will recover.  For I too am a man under authority. I have soldiers under me, and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes; to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes; to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.’  On hearing this Yeshua was amazed and said to the people following him, ‘Yes! I tell you, I have not found anyone in Isra’el with such trust!’”(Matthew 8:5-10)

“Halleluyah! Adonai, God of heaven’s armies, has begun his reign! Next I saw heaven opened, and there before me was a white horse. Sitting on it was the one called Faithful and True, and it is in righteousness that he passes judgment and goes to battle. His eyes were like a fiery flame, and on his head were many royal crowns. And he had a name written which no one knew but himself. He was wearing a robe that had been soaked in blood, and the name by which he is called is, “THE WORD OF GOD.” The armies of heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. And out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down nations — “He will rule them with a staff of iron.” It is he who treads the winepress from which flows the wine of the furious rage of Adonai, God of heaven’s armies. And on his robe and on his thigh he has a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS” (Revelation 19:6, 11-16).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Parashah 50: Ki Tavo (When you come)

Deuteronomy 26:1-29:9

“When you have come to the land Adonai your God is giving you as your inheritance, taken possession of it and settled there; you are to take the firstfruits of all the crops the ground yields, which you will harvest from your land that Adonai your God is giving you, put them in a basket and go to the place where Adonai your God will choose to have his name live” (Deuteronomy 26:1-2).

The Israelites will enter the Land, make homes, and plant crops. For the first time since receiving the Torah at Mount Sinai, the Israelites will make a firstfruits offering to Adonai (Leviticus 23:9-11). They are to bake the finest flour with leaven into loaves, put it in a basket, and go to the place where ‘I Am’ put His Name.

“Therefore, as you see [re’eh] I have now brought the firstfruits of the land which you, Adonai, have given me.  You are then to put the basket down before Adonai your God, prostrate yourself before Adonai your God, and take joy in all the good that Adonai your God has given you, your household, the Levi and the foreigner living with you” (Deuteronomy 26:10-11).  

The firstfruits of the harvest was brought with a procession of joy to the Mishkan. Joy is not the same as happiness. It is not an emotion, but a state of mind and heart, a fruit of the Ruach haKodesh. Serving Adonai with joy is crucial to obedience and a meaningful walk in the Ruach Elohim. When harvesting the fruit of hard labor, success can be attributed to personal talent and effort or attributed to Adonai for His blessing of wisdom and the ability to attain the goal. The secret of complete joy lies in nullifying personal pride and rejoicing in the blessings of Elohim.

“Serve Adonai with gladness. Enter his presence with joyful songs” (Psalm 100:2).

The Hebrew word for ‘basket’ is tene. The numerical value for tene is 60. The ‘basket’ equaling 60 represents a person’s ability to nullify his or her own lust for honor or pride by bringing the firstfruits of the harvest to God. The rules of gematria add the number ‘one’ to the sum of numbers representing the entire word. Jewish law dictates that if one substance is accidentally mixed with another one, it becomes null and void if the ratio between them is 60:1.

This notion is hinted at by the Hebrew word for ‘I’ or ani that has a numerical value of 61. These same Hebrew letters when interchanged spell the Hebrew word for ‘nothingness’ or ayin. Thus, the one (1) who puts his firstfruits in a basket (60) is in effect nullifying his ego (ani in a ratio of 1:60) and reaching the level of selflessness (ayin), the secret of true joy.”

“These curses will be on you and your descendants as a sign and a wonder forever. Because you didn’t serve Adonai your God with joy and gladness in your heart when you had such an abundance of everything” (Deuteronomy 28:46-47).  

In the third year in the Land, the Israelites were to separate out one-tenth of their crops and give it to the Levi, the foreigner, the orphan, and widow so they would have enough provision while living among the Israelites.  The result would bring blessing on Isra’el.

“Look out from your holy dwelling-place, from heaven; and bless your people Isra’el and the land you gave us, as you swore to our ancestors, a land flowing with milk and honey” (Deuteronomy 26:15). 

Hebrew Word Pictures
Simcha (Gladness) – שמחה – shin, mem, chet, hey
– consume the chaos protect behold

Gelah (Let Us Rejoice) –  גילה – gimel, yod, lamed, hey
– lift up finished work urging forward, behold
The well-known song Hava Nagila comes from this root.

Ranan (Ringing Cry) – רינה – resh, yod, nun, hey
– highest authority finished work of life, behold

The Ketubah of Adonai and His People

“You are agreeing today that Adonai is your God and that you will follow his ways; observe his laws, mitzvot and rulings; and do what he says. In turn Adonai is agreeing today that you are his own unique treasure, as he promised you; that you are to observe all his mitzvot; and that he will raise you high above all the nations he has made, in praise, reputation and glory; and that, as he said, you will be a holy people for Adonai your God” (Deuteronomy 26:17-19).

Adonai outlines the ketubah or the wedding vows between Him and His people. There are two parts because two parties are involved: Adonai, the Husband and His people, His Wife. By obeying His Torah and following His commands, the Israelites would show the world that Adonai is their Husband. In return, Adonai will make the Israelites His own unique ‘treasured possession’ Wife and raise them above all nations and known to the world as Isra’el.

The new covenant Adonai made with Isra’el through Yeshua is not one-sided. If someone doesn’t want to enter the covenant, Adonai will not coerce.  If an individual doesn’t want to be His unique treasure, they have that choice. However, obedience to Adonai’s Torah is the ‘wedding ring’ of the marriage covenant; disobedience is akin to divorce. I remember hearing a well-known pastor say that he had to repent from years of getting people saved and into the Kingdom only to spend the rest of his time as a pastor teaching them how to break the Kingdom’s marriage covenant!

Standing Stones

“When you cross the Yarden to the Land Adonai your God is giving you, you are to set up large stones, put plaster on them, and, after crossing over, write this Torah on them, every word…. You are to write on the stones all the words of this Torah very clearly” (Deuteronomy 27:2-3, 8).

The Israelites were commanded to remove all standing stones dedicated to other gods and erect their own. The stones were to be uncut, using no iron tool, and covered with plaster. On the standing stones they were to write every word of Torah.

The Hebrew word for ‘iron tool’ is chereb and means ‘sword.’ Thus, no weapon of war could be used when making a standing stone. With the Torah written on the stone, it would in itself become the ‘sword’ of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh that would protect the Israelites.

“For the house, when under construction, was built of stone prepared at the quarry; so that no hammer, chisel or iron tool of any kind was heard in the house while it was being built”
(1 Kings 6:7).

Rashi suggested that an Altar which is built for atonement and to extend life should not be built by a ‘sword’ which is used to shorten and destroy life. The same would hold true for the House of Adonai that was to be a place of prayer and peace for all nations. King David, though he was a man after Elohim’s own heart was also a warrior and was not allowed to build the Temple. His son, Solomon, a man of shalom was given the responsibility.

“Then Yeshua addressed the crowd: ‘So you came out to take me with swords and clubs, the way you would the leader of a rebellion? Every day I sat in the Temple court, teaching; and you didn’t seize me then’” (Matthew 26:55).

The Blessings and the Curses

As Isra’el entered the Promised Land, ‘I Am’ had them stand between two mountains –– Mount Gerzim and Mount Ebal –– where He would pronounce blessings and curses. Mount Ebal, with an elevation of 2,800 feet, has very little vegetation, no water, and appears desolate and barren. On this mountain, the descendants of Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, and Nafatli stood to hear the curses for disobeying Torah.

Mount Gerzim, with an elevation of 2,600 feet, is covered with trees, and springs on the mountain flow toward the city of Shechem (Nablus). The land is fertile and perfect for vineyards.   The descendants of Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin stood on Mount Gerzim to hear the blessings for obeying Torah. If Isra’el puts the words of Adonai into practice, they will become the greatest nation on earth. 

Nablus is about 30 miles north of Jerusalem. It is predominately Muslim, with a small Samaritan and Christian population, governed by the Palestinian Authority. The road to Nablus starts at the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem and heads directly north toward Damascus, Syria. On this road to Damascus, Sha’ul had his encounter with Yeshua.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Ebal (Bald or Bare) – עיבל – ayin, yod, bet, lamed
– see the finished work of the house urging forward

Gerzim (Cut off) – גריזים – gimel, resh, yod, zayin, yod, mem
– lift up highest authority, the finished work, the divided finished work of chaos

Adonai promised blessings or curses depending on Isra’el’s obedience or disobedience to His commandments.  The blessings or curses would happen in the city or countryside. The blessings or curses would happen whether they were going out or coming in.  They would affect the land, the livestock, the grain basket, kneading bowl, and even the fruit of their bodies. They would see the defeat of their enemies, or their enemies would take over their land, vineyards, and livestock.  They would either lend to the nations or be indebted. They would either remain a free people or become enslaved to their enemies whom they would serve with an iron yoke.

“Nevertheless, to this day Adonai has not given you a heart to understand, eyes to see or ears to hear!” (Deuteronomy 29:3)

“What is more, their minds were made stonelike; for to this day the same veil remains over them when they read the Old Covenant; it has not been unveiled, because only by the Messiah is the veil taken away” (2 Corinthians 3:14).

“Moreover, if their stumbling is bringing riches to the world – that is, if Isra’el’s being placed temporarily in a condition less favored than that of the Gentiles is bringing riches to the later – how much greater riches will Isra’el in its fullness bring them!” (Romans 11:12)

Yeshua, the Rock of Salvation

Anointed
“Ya‘akov set up a standing-stone in the place where he had spoken with him [Yeshua], a stone pillar. Then he poured out a drink offering on it and poured oil on it” (Genesis 35:14).

“Miryam took a whole pint of pure oil of spikenard, which is very expensive, poured it on Yeshua’s feet and wiped his feet with her hair, so that the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume” (John 12:3).

Righteous
“The Rock! His work is perfect, for all his ways are just. A trustworthy God who does no wrong, he is righteous and straight” (Deuteronomy 32:4).

“God made this sinless man be a sin offering on our behalf, so that in union with him we might fully share in God’s righteousness” (2 Corinthians 5:21).

Tested
“Therefore here is what Adonai Elohim says: ‘Look, I am laying in Tziyon a tested stone, a costly cornerstone, a firm foundation-stone…’” (Isaiah 28:16).

“As you come to him, the living stone, rejected by people but chosen by God and precious to him” (1 Peter 2:4).

“You have been built on the foundation of the emissaries and the prophets, with the cornerstone being Yeshua the Messiah himself” (Ephesians 2:20).

Beaten
“Then Moshe raised his hand and hit the Rock twice with his staff. Water flowed out in abundance, and the community and their livestock drank. But Adonai said to Moshe and Aharon, ‘Because you did not trust in me, so as to cause me to be regarded as holy by the people of Isra’el, you will not bring this community into the land I have given them’” (Numbers 20:11-12).

“Pilate then took Yeshua and had him flogged. The soldiers twisted thorn-branches into a crown and placed it on his head, put a purple robe on him, and went up to him, saying over and over, ‘Hail, ‘king of the Jews’!’ and hitting him in the face” (John 19:1-4).

Messiah
“He alone is my Rock and salvation [yeshua], my stronghold…” (Psalm 62:7).

“ Shim‘on Kefa answered, ‘You are the Mashiach, the Son of the living God.’ ‘Shim‘on Bar-Yochanan,’ Yeshua said to him, ‘how blessed you are! For no human being revealed this to you, no, it was my Father in heaven. I also tell you this: you are Kefa,’ [which means ‘Rock,’] ‘and on this rock I will build my Community’” (Matthew 16:16-18).

Living Water
“He broke apart the rocks in the desert and let them drink as if from boundless depths; yes, he brought streams out of the rock, making the water flow down like rivers” (Psalm 78:15).

“For their hunger you gave them bread from heaven; for their thirst you brought forth for them water from the rock. You ordered them to enter and possess the land you had sworn with your hand to give them” (Nehemiah 9:15).

“And they all drank the same drink from the Spirit — for they drank from a Spirit-sent Rock which followed them, and that Rock was the Messiah” (1 Corinthians 10:4).

Glory
“When my glory passes by, I will put you inside a crevice in the Rock and cover you with my hand, until I have passed by” (Exodus 33:22).

“Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am; so that they may see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world” (John:17:24).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Parashah 49: Ki Tetze (When you go out)

Deuteronomy 21:10-25:19

“When you go out to war against your enemies, and Adonai your God hands them over to you, and you take prisoners…” (Deuteronomy 21:10).

The War Zone
When Isra’el goes to war and a soldier brings back a captive woman he is attracted to, she must follow Adonai’s instructions for joining the community. She is to go into the man’s house, shave her head, cut her fingernails, and remove her captive garments. For an entire month she is to mourn her parents before consummating the marriage relationship. If the man tires of the woman after a time, he is not to sell her or treat her like a slave because he has defiled her.

“If a man has recently married his wife, he is not to be subject to military service; he is to be free of external obligations and left at home for one year to make his new wife happy”
(Deuteronomy 20:7, 24:5).

Men who are engaged or recently married are exempt from war. In the recent skirmishes between Isra’el and the Palestinians, I have read at least one story of a newly engaged man being killed in the war.  His fiancé was left alone to marry another man.  These events bring grief for the ‘widow’ and the young man’s family, but had they followed the Torah regulation, the man and woman would be married, setting up their home, and maybe even having a child who would take the man’s name into the next generation.  

Capital Punishment
Punishment for a rebellious child, who refused to accept responsibility even after discipline, was death. Rebellion is willful insubordination. A rebel, according to the dictionary, is an ‘insurgent, mutineer, terrorist, and freedom fighter.’  Consider what happened on a ship when there was mutiny!  A child, like a mutineer, could incite the family and the community into rebellion. Terrorist children within the nation of Isra’el would not be tolerated nor would freedom fighters!

The description of the rebellious child, however, is not a terrorist, but a son who lives wildly and gets drunk. This drunken son is taken to the leaders at the city gate where he is stoned. This implies that everyone in the city knew of this child’s rebellious behavior and his unwillingness to change or ‘all the men of his town would not be allowed to stone him to death’ (Deuteronomy 21:18-21).

If someone committed a capital crime like murder, adultery or blasphemy, they were put to death. If death was by hanging on a tree, the body must not remain on the tree all night, but must be buried the same day. This person has been cursed by Elohim (Deuteronomy 21:22-23).

A scroll called the Temple Scroll was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. It contained the halakah or the legal interpretations to Torah regulations. From about 530 BCE until the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE, anyone who was found guilty of treason or blasphemy was hung on a tree before the people he had betrayed, and before Adonai who he had blasphemed. While hanging the tree, he is accursed by Elohim and men.

The Essenes, a sect of Judaism that protected the Hebrew scrolls by hiding them in the caves at Qumran, had strict halacha based on Torah and maintained this legal regulation for a blasphemer. The Sadducees, who were the ruling authority and controlled the Temple in Yeshua’s day, obviously maintained this position for a blasphemer as this is their argument for condemning Yeshua.  The Pharisees leaned more toward stoning a blasphemer as the first course of action, followed by hanging on a tree. All three sects would have viewed crucifixion, hanging on a tree, as being a curse.

“The Messiah redeemed us from the curse pronounced in the Torah by becoming cursed on our behalf; for the Tanakh says, “Everyone who hangs from a stake [tree] comes under a curse” (Galatians 3:13).  

The ‘Curse of the Torah’ = Legalism

“A curse on anyone who does not confirm the words of this Torah by putting them into practice. All the people are to say, ‘Amen!’” (Deuteronomy 27:26)

Those who do not put into practice the instructions found in Torah are cursed. By dying on the cross, Yeshua removed the curse of Torah, not the Torah.

Torah, which is holy and its commandments that are just and good, still serves two purposes: to define sin and to sanctify people to become ‘Kadosh l’Adonai’ (Romans 7:12). Legalistic outward observance of Torah perverts both of these purposes and destroys Torah.

No one is justified in the eyes of Adonai by obeying Torah because its first purpose is to point out sin (Romans 3:20). Trying to be justified before Elohim by ‘legalistic’ outward observance of Torah is not based on faith, but a distortion of “anyone who does these things will attain (eternal) life through them” (Romans 10:5). No one has or ever will receive eternal life by keeping the commands of Torah. It is not because no one can keep them, but because that was not the intent of Torah.

“For neither being circumcised [Jew} nor being uncircumcised [non-Jew] matters; what matters is being a new creation” (Galatians 6:15).

Through our faith in Yeshua’s work on the cross, we have been released from the ‘law of sin and death.’ The first purpose of Torah –– to point out our sin –– has been accomplished.

After one is born again by the Spirit, the ‘spiritual’ Torah takes on its second purpose, to sanctify a people for Adonai. Through the Ruach haKodesh, the Torah is taken from stone tablets and written on hearts of flesh. Adonai’s people no longer follow ‘the letter of Torah’ by an outward obedience, but obey through a change of heart grounded in love for Adonai and our neighbor. Once we are new creations, the Torah becomes the light for our path and the Ruach haKodesh convicts us of our sin and leading us to repent so we become ‘Kadosh l’Adonai’ (John 17:17).

“Thus, my brothers, you have been made dead with regard to the Torah through the Messiah’s body, so that you may belong to someone else, namely, the one who has been raised from the dead, in order for us to bear fruit for God. For when we were living according to our old nature, the passions connected with sins worked through the Torah in our various parts, with the result that we bore fruit for death. But now we have been released from this aspect of the Torah, because we have died to that which had us in its clutches, so that we are serving in the new way [of obeying Torah] provided by the Spirit and not in the old way of outwardly following the letter of the law” (Romans 7:4-6).

“The Torah of the Spirit, which produces this life in union with Messiah Yeshua, has set me free from the “law” of sin and death. For what the Torah could not do by itself, because it lacked the power to make the old nature cooperate, God did by sending his own Son as a human being with a nature like our own sinful one [but without sin]. God did this in order to deal with sin, and in so doing he executed the punishment against sin in human nature, so that the just requirement of the Torah might be fulfilled in us who do not run our lives according to what our old nature wants but according to what the Spirit wants. For those who identify with their old nature set their minds on the things of the old nature, but those who identify with the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. Having one’s mind controlled by the old nature is death, but having one’s mind controlled by the Spirit is life and shalom. For the mind controlled by the old nature is hostile to God, because it does not submit itself to God’s Torah — indeed, it cannot” (Romans 8:2-7).

“Being circumcised [Jew] means nothing, and being uncircumcised [non-Jew] means nothing; what does mean something is keeping God’s commandments” (1 Corinthians 7:19).

Women Dressed Like Men

“A woman is not to wear men’s clothing, and a man is not to put on women’s clothing, for whoever does these things is detestable to Adonai your God” (Deuteronomy 22:5).

Cross-dressing is detestable to Adonai. This verse that convicted me to change my own personal wardrobe. I had fallen into the western dress code that blurs the difference between men and women, masculinity and femininity. When I realized that my husband and I had the same clothes, especially flannel shirts, I went through my closet and removed anything that was similar to his and began dressing more feminine, wearing skirts, blouses, and dresses. Soon after my personal revelation, I realized I had been dressing my young daughter in overalls and clothing similar to my son, even hand-me-downs.  I changed her wardrobe immediately too. Over the years, the blurring between sexes has increased exponentially in western culture and the consequences are enormous.

I found another Hebrew translation for Deuteronomy 22:5 interesting. There is some question as to its accuracy, but it adds a different perspective to ‘cross-dressing.’

“Never cause or force a warriors [sic] weapon to be used by a woman or weak person; neither dress warriors [sic] armor on a woman or weak person for to Adonai, God of Host, disgusting is such that do so.”

According to this translation, a woman should not dress in military armor or carry a soldier’s weapon. This puts a different perspective on women dressing like men, and allowing women to not only be in the armed forces, but also participate in combat. The Hebrew word towebah, means ‘disgusting’ and is the same word used for eating ‘unclean’ foods. The blending of the male and female gender has progressed from dressing similarly to women being a part of the military –– both in America and Isra’el –– and it could be ‘disgusting’ to the Creator who made us male and female and sent men off to war, not women.

Blending Threads

“You are not to wear clothing woven with two kinds of thread, wool and linen together”
(Deuteronomy 22:11). 

Linen, which comes from flax, was always used for the priestly garments (Leviticus 6:10).  Linen is a symbol of being ‘Kadosh l’Adonai.’ When the prophet Ezekiel was being shown the measurements for the Millennial Temple, the ‘man in bronze’ held a flax measuring cord. In Ezekiel’s Temple, those who are descendants of Zadok will serve Yeshua wearing linen (Ezekiel 44:18).  The Bride of Messiah is given ‘fine linen’ as a wedding dress to wear at the wedding feast of the Lamb (Revelation 19:8). 

John had a vision of Yeshua in Revelation and his hair was snow-white like wool. The prophet Isaiah says that our sins will be washed white as wool. Wool, which comes from a sheep, is a symbol of redemption. In Revelation, the redeemed masses are given white ‘wool’ robes washed in the blood of the lamb very different from the ‘fine linen’ of the saints (Revelation 7:14, 22:14). 

Adonai desires purity even when it involves fabric, seeds, and animals. The Israelites mixed the ‘holy’ and the ‘profane’ when they made the golden calf. The congregation in Laodicea mixes the ‘holy’ and ‘profane’ and becomes lukewarm. Sha’ul tells the congregation in Corinth not to become unequally yoked, believer with unbeliever. Mixing the righteous and unrighteous does not result in a pure faith, a pure love or a pure walk before Elohim.

Virgins in Isra’el

Women who were virgins and still had their sexual purity were completely dependent on their fathers, husbands, and brothers for protection and provision.   In a patriarchal system, women especially needed protection from potential abuse.  The regulations in Deuteronomy chapters 22 and 23 brought honor to the women in Isra’el.  Israelite men were commanded to treat their women differently from the nations around them. No man or woman was to take part in ritual prostitution at a pagan temple because worshiping Adonai was to be different from the worship of other gods and that included protecting virgin women from emotional, physical, and spiritual abuse.

Two Wives
There are regulations for a man with two wives, one loved and the other unloved. These verses perfectly describe the situation of Jacob who married Leah, but loved his wife Rachel. His unloved wife gave him a firstborn son named Reuben while Rachel’s firstborn was Joseph. As per the instruction, Jacob did not give Joseph, the son of the wife he loved, Reuben’s firstborn blessing. Because Reuben slept with Jacob’s concubine, he lost the blessing and a double portion was given to Joseph through his sons Manasseh and Ephraim (Deuteronomy 21:15-17).

Brother Marries Brother’s Wife – Levirate Marriage
A brother is to marry his brother’s wife if he dies without children.  This describes what happened between Judah and Tamar. When Judah refused to give Tamar his third son, she created a plan that would give her a child and keep the name of her husband’s lineage alive. This is why Judah commended Tamar for her righteousness. 

The Latrine

“Also you are to have an area outside the camp to use as a latrine.  You must include a trowel with your equipment, and when you relieve yourself, you are to dig a hole first and afterwards cover your excrement. For Adonai your God moves about in your camp to rescue you and to hand over your enemies to you. Therefore your camp must be a holy place. Adonai should not see anything indecent among you, or he will turn away from you” (Deuteronomy 23:13-15).

I used this verse when potty training my toddlers.  We have always lived with a septic system.  I showed them the distance from the toilet through the pipes in the basement that went out of the house to the septic tank to show them how our excrement went out of the camp so our home would be a holy place. When we lived in the Rocky Mountains, we did a lot of back-country camping and the use of a trowel was vitally important –– also a regulation of Adonai.

He Wants Me Back Syndrome

“In such a case her first husband, who sent her away, may not take her again as his wife, because she is now defiled. It would be detestable to Adonai, and you are not to bring about sin in the land Adonai your God is giving you as your inheritance” (Deuteronomy 24:4). 

If a man divorces his wife and she remarries another man, but divorces again (or is widowed), the first husband may not take her back. Though it may sound harsh, it is for the protection of the woman not to be repeatedly defiled. Marital defilement is not allowed in the community of Isra’el.

The Fatherless and the Widow
When harvesting grain, olives, and grapes, no one is to go back to their field for a missing sheaf, beat the tree for the last olives or return to the vineyard.  Everything left in the field, on the tree, and on the vine is left for the orphan and the widow.  This is Adonai’s way of providing for those who have no provider –– a husband or a father. By commanding this, Adonai becomes the Husband and the Father providing for the widow and orphan.  

Correct Weights

“You are not to have in your pack two sets of weights, one heavy, the other light.  You are not to have in your house two sets of measures, one big, the other small.  You are to have a correct and fair weight, and you are to have a correct and fair measure” (Deuteronomy 25:13-15). 

Though this is specific to measuring produce, there is a spiritual aspect to this command: we must not weigh people differently.  James tells believers not to give more honor to the rich than to the poor (James 2:6). The weights of human value are always measured wrongly and with different standards. Even when it comes to righteous judgment, we are not to be a respecter of persons, but judge fairly and honestly with justice.

Amalek

“Therefore when Adonai your God has given you rest form all your surrounding enemies in the Land Adonai your God is giving you as your inheritance to posses, you are to blot out all memory of ‘Amalek from under heaven.  Don’t forget” (Deuteronomy 25:19). 

Yeshua and the Seven Brothers

“That same day, some Tz’dukim came to him. They are the ones who say there is no such thing as resurrection, so they put to him a sh’eilah: ‘Rabbi, Moshe said, If a man dies childless, his brother must marry his widow and have children to preserve the man’s family line.’ There were seven brothers. The first one married and then died; and since he had no children, he left his widow to his brother. The same thing happened to the second brother, and the third, and finally to all seven. After them all, the woman died. Now in the Resurrection — of the seven, whose wife will she be? For they all married her.”’

“Yeshua answered them, ‘The reason you go astray is that you are ignorant both of the Tanakh and of the power of God. For in the Resurrection, neither men nor women will marry; rather, they will be like angels in heaven’” (Matthew 22:23-30).

“Yeshua said to them, ‘Isn’t this the reason that you go astray? Because you are ignorant both of the Tanakh and of the power of God? For when people rise from the dead, neither men nor women marry — they are like angels in heaven’” (Mark 12:24-25).

“Yeshua said to them, ‘In this age, men and women marry; but those judged worthy of the age to come, and of resurrection from the dead, do not get married’” (Luke 20:34-35).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.