Posts Tagged ‘Queen Esther’

Biblical View of Women

God Made Woman

On the sixth day of creation, God created a woman from the rib portion flesh of man. In Hebrew, man is ish and woman is isha. God named the man ‘Adam’ meaning from the ‘red earth;’ and the woman’ He named was ‘Havah’ meaning to ‘give life.  When the man saw the woman, he knew she was bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh (Genesis 2:23). In the Garden of Eden, Adam and Havah were spiritually equal in the eyes of God. God put a high value on the woman because she would bring life into the world. God also promised that through the ‘Seed of woman’ redemption for all mankind would come. They were physically equal as the woman was created complement the man. This is the reason a man leaves his mother, and a woman leaves her home. They are to ‘cleave’ to one another and become ‘one flesh.’

Matthew Henry, a minister and author, was born in Wales but spent much of his life in England. He is known for his volumes of Biblical commentary. He wrote this now-famous poem about man and woman in their perfect created state:

“Women were created from the rib of man to be beside him, not from his head to top him, nor from his feet to be trampled by him, but from under his arm to be protected by him, near to his heart to be loved by him.”

After the Fall

Once sin entered the world, the relationship between man and woman changed.  Because the woman did not heed the command of God, but enticed her husband to sin, she would need an authority over her –– to protect her from being deceived again. Though the woman would desire equality with her husband, he would be in authority over her.  God explains this consequences of the woman’s sin:

“To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pain in childbirth. You will bring forth children in pain. Your desire will be toward your husband, but he will rule over you” (Genesis 3:16).

Inequality between man and woman came about because of sin.  This inequality is manifested in broken male-female relationships and marriages. From a more deeply-rooted sin came ownership of women.  This is not a Biblical view, but a godless one.  Nations other than Israel bought and sold women, especially when they were collateral damage from war. Kings  made alliances with other kings through intermarriage without considering the value of their own flesh and blood. This is how King David accumulated so many foreign wives and these intermarriages caused great dysfunction within his family.

Protection of Women

The Torah governed the community of Israel. Everyone was to be treated with respect and kindness — from the intimate relationship of marriage to relationships in the marketplace (Exodus 20:1-17). For example, if a man married a second wife, he was not to deprive the first of “her food, clothing, and marital rights” (Exodus 21:10).  If two fought with each other and happened to hurt a pregnant woman so that her unborn baby dies, the man must be fined. He must pay the amount set by the woman’s husband and confirmed by judges” (Exodus 21:22).

A woman’s purity and propriety was protected by her father, brother or husband (Deuteronomy 22:13-29). Today, women, women have sold their propriety and moral behavior for sexual promiscuity. Virginity is frowned upon if not blatantly mocked.   Sexual activity outside of marriage, whether it is fornication or adultery, has become normal activity rather than sexual sin. What was once sacred between a man and a woman, husband and wife has become less and less valued.

God had consequences for men who raped virgins or married women.  According to Torah, the man must take responsibility for their actions against women.  It may seem a little absurd today that marriage would be required for raping a virgin, but if we still lived by this simple rule of law, perhaps fewer men would rape women and fewer women would flaunt themselves before men.

Unfortunately, women no longer want to be under the protection of their father, brothers or even husbands. Why is protection considered wrong? Instead, they act and speak like ‘sailors’ as my mom would have said. When they are treated rudely or roughly by men, they refuse to take responsibility for themselves lowering the standard of womanhood. God gave instructions to regulate the relationship between men and women after sin destroyed the partnership. Can He protect women if they live contrary to His commands for purity and morality?

Timothy describes a godly woman. She dresses modestly, with decency and propriety. She doesn’t wear elaborate hairstyle, gold or pearls, or expensive clothes. This doesn’t mean a woman can’t keep a nice hairstyle or wear precious stones, she is just not to bring attention to herself physically; she is to draw people to God with good deeds. She is to be worthy of respect, temperate and trustworthy in everything (1 Timothy 2:9-11, 3:11).

Abraham Protects Sarah

Abraham told Sarah to lie to Pharaoh about being his wife.  He didn’t want her taken from him and raped. This is what foreign kings did to foreign women. They took whomever they wanted; they raped and pillaged. Sarah was safer from such barbarianism if she were Abraham’s sister because men, even barbaric ones, knew they had to ask for a woman’s hand in marriage.

Israel was never to do the same things as foreign kings in a war. Many times the Israelite warriors were commanded to destroy everyone, including women, so immoral practices wouldn’t happen.  If an Israelite man took a foreign captive woman for his own, there were still rules. The woman had to be allowed a month mourning the loss of her family so she could faithfully enter the community of Israel.

What About Hagar?

Hagar was Egyptian and most likely served Sarah when she lived in Pharaoh’s palace in Egypt. Hagar returned with Sarah to Canaan when they left Egypt and became Sarah’s maid. Some scholars suggest that Hagar was actually Pharaoh’s daughter and given to Abraham, as a wife, as an appeasement for the debacle with Sarah. If this is true, another foreign king give away his daughter to make a peace alliance.

Hagar does become intimate with Abraham and gives birth to Ishmael. Eventually Abraham sends her away because Ishmael ‘played’ with Isaac.  The Hebrew word for Ishmael’s actions is the same word for ‘rape’ found in the account of Dinah.  Abraham had to make a difficult decision regarding not only his son, but the woman, Hagar. Ishmael means ‘God hears’ so Hagar is not left alone; God was with her.

The Rape of Dinah

Dinah, the only daughter of Jacob, was raped by Shechem. Though Shechem loved Dinah and wanted to marry her, Jacob couldn’t think of an acceptable ‘bride price.’  Dinah’s brothers came up with the ‘bride price’ –– the men in the city needed to be circumcised.  Shechem agreed because he wanted to marry Dinah.  While all the men in the city were in pain from the circumcision, Dinah’s brothers, killed all of the men and removed their sister from the city.   Dinah’s brothers avenged their sister after a rape (Genesis 34).

Paying for a Bride

A ‘bride price’ is not about buying and selling a woman, but giving the father something for the loss of his daughter.  It also tests the true affections of the man for the daughter. Shechem who was a gentile was willing to be circumcised to marry Dinah. Jacob worked seven years to marry Rachel and then seven more after he was deceived into marrying Leah.

Yeshua paid a ‘bride price’ for his Bride. He didn’t pay for us with gold or silver, but with his blood. He paid the ‘bride price’ to our father, the Adversary, with his life (1 Peter 1:18-19).

Queen Esther

King Xerxes was from a pagan culture and used women for his pleasure. When he was done with them, he removed them just as he did with his wife Vashti. Esther was taken to the palace and prepared to be either the next Queen of Persia or join a harem ending the possibility of marrying or having children. Through the protection of God, Esther became Queen.  

Her position gave her the power to sway the King to show favor on the Jewish people, and to stand against the treachery of Haman.   Because of Esther’s courage, the Jewish lineage of Messiah was not exterminated. Esther could have been abused by this King, but God protected her to save His people.

Deborah, the Judge

Deborah was a Judge in Israel because there were no men courageous enough to fight the Canaanites.  The Canaanites used temple prostitution to appease their gods.  This was not done in Israel nor could it be done in the Promised Land.  There are only a few songs recorded in the Bible: The Song of Moses, The Song of the Lamb, The Song of Miriam and Song of Deborah (Judges 5).

The Moabite Woman

Growing up in Moab, Ruth lived with child sacrifice to Chemosh and temple prostitution.  She would have seen and known families who offered their children on the altar of fire.  Maybe she watched as brother or sister put on the burning altar to appease this pagan god. Even the King of Moab offered his child, the crown prince, as a sacrifice (2 Kings 3:27).

When Ruth had the opportunity to leave Moab with her mother-in-law, she didn’t just leave, she embraced Naomi’s God, people and country. In this strange land, she would no longer have to appease a god who required murdering children. She would have the opportunity to find protection and ultimately marriage with a kinsman-redeemer in Boaz. Her baby would not be sacrificed on a burning altar, but grow up to be the grandfather of King David.

Obscure Strong, Courageous Women

There are many strong, courageous women in Scripture. Asher’s,daughter, Serach, is believed to have sung for Jacob when he was told that Joseph was alive in Egypt. Her singing revived his spirit (Numbers 26:46).

Jemimah is one of Job’s daughters. After he lost everything, at the end of his life, God restored his life. He was given three daughters and gave them an inheritance, Jemimah was one of these daughters (Job 42:14).

Tamar should have been given Judah’s last son in a levirate marriage. She dwas considered righteous for deceiving Judah in order to continue the royal lineage (Genesis 38).

Asenath, the daughter of a pagan Egyptian priest, married Joseph and learned about the God of Jacob. She gave birth to two sons: Manasseh and Ephraim who became part of the Tribes of Israel (Genesis 41:45).

Miriam had the responsibility as a little girl to watch her brother float in the Nile River.  She asked the Egyptian princess if she should find a nurse. Many decades later, after crossing the Red Sea, Miriam the prophetess took out the tambourine and led the women in dancing (Exodus 15:20).

Rahab was a prostitute who lied to protect the spies who came into Jericho. When the Israelites came to Jericho to destroy it, she and her family were saved. She married Salmon and became part of the lineage of Messiah (Joshua 2:1-24).

Huldah was a prophetess in Jerusalem who told the King of Judah that he would not see the destruction of the city (2 Kings 22:14-20). There are three gates named after her that the Jews used to enter the Temple area to worship God.

Ya’el  killed Sisera by slamming a stake through his head delivering Israel from the troops of King Jabin (Judges 4:18-22).

Hannah, after waiting many years, gave birth to a son. She relinquished Samuel to the priest to be raised in the Temple.  He became a powerful prophet in Israel anointing David to be King (1 Samuel 1:21-27).

Miriam’s womb was filled by the Spirit of God and she became pregnant out of wedlock. Joseph remained faithful to her and married her. She gave birth to the Messiah of Israel, the ‘Seed of woman’ that will one day crush the serpent’s head (Luke 2:4-7).

Anna was a widow and prophetess who spent her days in the Temple. When she saw Yeshua at the redemption of the firstborn, she told people that the liberation of Jerusalem was at hand (Luke 2:36-38).

Phoebe was a deaconess in the congregation of Cenchrea, a seaport of Corinth where Sha’ul had his hair cut for a vow. Phoebe offered financial help to those in the Body who needed it including Sha’ul.

Lydia lived in Thyatira and was a dealer of purple cloth. Purple cloth was valuable and expensive –– equal to silver. She was a gentile, a God-fearer. When Sha’ul preached the message of Yeshua, Adonai opened her heart. She persuaded Sha’ul to stay in her home (Acts 16:14-15).

Eunice, Timothy’s grandmother taught him Torah on her knee. When he grew up, he put his faith in Yeshua and traveled with Sha’ul (2 Timothy 1:5).

Women found the tomb empty and proclaimed the message of Yeshua’s resurrection. A woman washed Yeshua’s feet because he forgave her sins. Martha had faith to believe that Yeshua could raise her brother from the dead.

Women and Authority

The world has a skewed view of women and the church which doesn’t teach Torah has embraced this view. Young girls are taught that their God-given role as daughters, wives, and mothers, has less value than having a career. Titus outlines the roles of older and young women, the ‘keepers of the home.’ The Greek word for ‘keeper’ is ouros and means ‘guardian’ (Titus 2:3-5).

Women, mothers especially, have relinquished their guardianship over the home. Instead of protecting their children from the evil ways of the world, they open the door and walk out. They allow others to ‘guard’ their sons and daughters while justifying the desire for the ‘equality’ lost in the beginning due to sin.

Because the woman was deceived, God decided she needed a ‘covering.’ This doesn’t negate her value as seen in the women above, but she needed protective ‘authority.’

Sha’ul teaches the Corinthians about the line of authority: God, Messiah, Man and Woman (1 Corinthians 11). This is the governmental order of God’s Kingdom that keeps chaos and confusion out. Being under authority doesn’t mean women have no authority, just that they is under authority like a man is under the authority of Messiah and Messiah is under the authority of his Father. Remember the Centurion? He told Yeshua that he didn’t need to come to his home to heal his servant.  He knew Yeshua was a man under the authority of God; and as a Centurion under authority, he understood that when a command is given, it is followed (Matthew 8:9). 

Be Transformed by the Renewing of Your Mind

“Do not be conformed to this world (this age), [fashioned after and adapted to its external, superficial customs], but be transformed (changed) by the [entire] renewal of your mind [by its new ideals and its new attitude], so that you may prove [for yourselves] what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God, even the thing which is good and acceptable and perfect [in His sight for you]” (Romans 12:2 Amplified Version). 

The Bible says that women are weaker than men but that does not make them less valuable. In fact, Peter says that husbands must treat their wives with respect so that nothing will hinder their prayers (1 Peter 3:1). In Hebrew, Proverbs 31 is called the Eshet Chayil or the ‘Woman Warrior.’ Women are not less equal to men, but co-heirs in the Kingdom of God. In Eternity, there will be a restoration of all things, including the relationship between man and woman that began in the Garden of Eden.

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

The Feast of Lots – Purim

“Mordecai recorded these events and sent letters to all the Jews in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far, instructing them to observe the fourteenth day of the month of Adar and the fifteenth day, every year, [to commemorate] the days on which the Jews obtained rest from their enemies and the month which for them was turned from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday; they were to make them days of celebrating and rejoicing, sending portions [of food] to each other and giving gifts to the poor” (Esther 9:20-22).

King Ahasuerus and Queen Esther

Purim is a memorial to the deliverance of the Jewish people from near annihilation while they were in exile in Persia (modern-day Iran). During the reign of Ahasuerus (King Xerxes), a wicked anti-semitic man named Haman came to power. He wanted all the Jews in the kingdom destroyed because they had customs that wouldn’t allow them to bow down and worship him. ‘Lots’ or purim were cast to choose the day of their destruction. A Jewish man named Mordecai, along with his niece who had become Queen, interceded for the Jewish people and the destruction was averted. 

Purim celebrations are joyous with melodramas and audience participation. Groggers or noisemakers are used to drown out the name of Haman while the audience cheers for Mordecai and ‘ohhhs’ and ‘ahhhs’ for Queen Esther. Cookies called Hamantaschen are baked to look like Haman’s tricorn hat. Food is collected and put in baskets to give to the poor, the widow and the fatherless. Children dress in the costumes of their favorite Purim character.

Within the account of Purim there are an array of characters. As you read one or two specific verses from the megillah or scroll of Esther about each of them, watch how power corrupts, faith overcomes, and truth is revealed. More importantly, watch God work His hand of protection for the Jewish people, for without it, they would have been destroyed. Without the Jewish people, there would have been no Yeshua from the Tribe of Judah.

In these last days, the Jewish people and the nation of Israel are under great attack from the nations around the world. As global events continue to unfold, each person will have to choose a side: Israel and God’s people or the international community. As you read the account of Esther, check your own thoughts about the Jewish people. Are you rebellious Queen Vashti, faithful Queen Esther, discerning Mordecai, transformed King Ahasuerus, vindictive Zeresh, or anti-semitic Haman? 

Vashti

The queen who disobeyed King Ahasuerus’ command and lost her royal position in the kingdom.

“Therefore, if it pleases the king, let him issue a royal decree and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media, which cannot be repealed, that Vashti is never again to enter the presence of King Xerxes. Also let the king give her royal position to someone else who is better than she” (Esther 1:19).

Esther (Hadassah)

Hadassah means ‘myrtle’ in Hebrew while in Persian, Esther means ‘star’ and comes from the root for ‘hidden.’  She was ‘hidden’ in the king’s palace and became an intercessor for the lives of the Jewish people.

“Now there was in the citadel of Susa a Jew of the tribe of Benjamin, named Mordecai … who had a cousin named Hadassah. This girl, who was also known as Esther, was lovely in form and features, and Mordecai had taken her as his own daughter when her father and mother died” (Esther 2:4-5).

Ahasuerus

The King of Persia who was also known as King Xerxes who makes rash decisions and then has to face the consequences.

Now the king was attracted to Esther more than to any of the other women, and she won his favor and approval more than any of the other virgins. So he set a royal crown on Esther’s head and made her queen instead of Vashti” (Esther 2:17).

Mordecai

Hadassah’s uncle from the Tribe of Benjamin who remained faithful to God and honored King Ahasuerus. Mordecai means ‘warrior.’

“During the time Mordecai was sitting at the king’s gate, two of the king’s officers who guarded the doorway, became angry and conspired to assassinate King Xerxes. But Mordecai found out about the plot and told Queen Esther, who in turn reported it to the king, giving credit to Mordecai” (Esther 2:21-22).

Haman

The King Ahasuerus’ right-hand man who descended from Amalek. His ancestors were to be destroyed by King Saul, except he disobeyed God and allowed some Amalekites to live. Just like his ancestors, Haman had an anti-semitic heart.

“Then Haman said to King Ahusuerus, ‘There is a certain people dispersed and scattered among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom whose customs are different from those of all other people and who do not obey the king’s laws; it is not in the king’s best interest to tolerate them. If it pleases the king, let a decree be issued to destroy them, and I will put ten thousand talents of silver into the royal treasury for the men who carry out this business’” (Esther 3:8-9).

Haman’s Wife

Zeresh, Haman’s jealous wife, wanted her husband to rise to power in the kingdom, but she also understood the favor of God on the Jewish people.

“His wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, ‘Have a gallows built, seventy-five feet high, and ask the king in the morning to have Mordecai hanged on it. Then go with the king to the dinner and be happy’” (Esther 5:14).

The Decree of Destruction

“Letters were sent by courier to all the royal provinces ‘to destroy, kill and exterminate all Jews, from young to old, including small children and women, on a specific day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, and to seize their goods as plunder'” (Esther 3:13).

For Such a Time as This” – A Prophetic Vision

“When Esther’s words were reported to Mordecai, he sent back this answer: ‘Do not think that because you are in the king’s house you alone of all the Jews will escape. For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance for the Jews will arise from another place, but you and your father’s family will perish. And who knows but that you have come to royal position for such a time as this?’” (Esther 4:12-14)

The Queen – The Bride of Messiah

The Bride petitions the King for the lives of God’s Chosen People.

“Then Queen Esther answered, ‘If I have found favor with you, O king, and if it pleases your majesty, grant me my life—this is my petition. And spare my people—this is my request. For I and my people have been sold for destruction and slaughter and annihilation. If we had merely been sold as male and female slaves, I would have kept quiet, because no such distress would justify disturbing the king’” (Esther 7:3-4).

The King – Messiah Yeshua

The King rewards the Bride because of her faithful and courageous stand for his chosen people.

”That same day King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, the enemy of the Jews, to Esther the queen. Also Mordecai appeared before the king, for Esther had revealed his relationship to her” (Esther 8:1).

Mordecai – The Warrior

The warrior who fought for the lives of the chosen people is rewarded with a signet ring, the seal of the King, and dressed in royal robes.

“The king removed his signet ring, which he had taken back from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. Then Esther put Mordecai in charge of Haman’s house. Meanwhile, Mordecai left the king’s presence arrayed in royal blue and white, wearing a large gold crown and a robe of fine linen and purple; and the city of Shushan shouted for joy” (Esther 8:2, 15).  

The Jews – The Kingdom

The Jews celebrate Mordecai’s decree that freed them from certain death, keeping alive the nation of Israel.

“For the Jews, all was light, gladness, joy and honor. In every province and city where the king’s order and decree arrived, the Jews had gladness and joy, a feast and a holiday. Many from the peoples of the land became Jews, because fear of the Jews had overcome them” (Esther 8:16-17).

Haman – The Adversary

Haman builds a gallows 75 feet high in order to kill Mordecai, his sworn enemy. The word 75 in Hebrew is abos and means ‘to feed,’ ‘fatten’ or ‘food for livestock.’ The actual Hebrew letters that make up 75 are ayin and hey. The Hebrew letter pictures for these two letters mean ‘window’ and ‘reveal.’ The numerical meaning of 75 could mean ‘seeing and revealing’ the Adversary’s true desire: to destroy the Jewish people so Yeshua would not be born; and to destroy the nation of Israel in our day so he cannot return and end the rule of the ‘god of this world.’

“Haman had just fallen on the couch where Ester was, when the king returned from the palace garden to the wine banquet. He shouted, “Is he even going to rape the queen here in the palace, before my very eyes?” The moment these words left the king’s mouth, they covered Haman’s face. Harvonah, one of the king’s attendants, said, “Look! The gallows seventy-five feet high that Haman made for Mordekhai, who spoke only good for the king, is standing at Haman’s house.” The king said, “Hang him on it.” So they hanged Haman on the gallows he had prepared for Mordekhai” (Esther 7:8-10).

Yeshua and Purim

“After this, there was a Judean festival; and Yeshua went up to Yerushalayim. In Yerushalayim, by the Sheep Gate, is a pool called in Aramaic, Beit-Zata, in which lay a crowd of invalids — blind, lame, crippled. Now that day was Shabbat, so the Judeans said to the man who had been healed, ‘It’s Shabbat! It’s against Torah for you to carry your mat!’” (John 5:1-3, 9-10)

In John chapter 5, Yeshua goes to Jerusalem and celebrates an unnamed Biblical festival. In Bethesda, meaning ‘House of Mercy,’ he heals a crippled man on the Sabbath. The only Biblical festival to occur on a Sabbath during the years of Yeshua’s ministry was Purim in 28 CE. It is believed by scholars that the Spirit of God left out the specific name of the feast in the Gospel because references to God is not found in the book of Esther.  

There is, however, the alef and the tav found throughout the book of Esther.  In Revelation 22:13, Yeshua says that he is the ‘beginning and the end, “the alef and the tav.”  He would not have used the Greek letters ‘alpha’ and ‘omega’ because he spoke Hebrew.   The Hebrew letters alef and tav make the word ‘et’ and are sprinkled throughout the sentences in the Hebrew Scriptures.  They do not have a specific meaning like ‘the’ or ‘and’ though they sometimes modify a noun.  Until Yeshua explains those letters as a ‘sign’ of himself in Revelation, a reader of the Hebrew language couldn’t ‘see’ him in passages like Esther 4:7 and 9:29. Though the name of God is not found in Esther, Yeshua, who is the alef and the tav, is.

Purim – Victory over Anti-semitism and Death

“Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews throughout the provinces of King Ahasuerus, near and far, to have them celebrate annually the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar as the time when the Jews got relief from their enemies, and as the month when their sorrow was turned into joy and their mourning into a day of celebration. He wrote them to observe the days as days of feasting and joy and giving presents of food to one another and gifts to the poor” (Esther 9:20-22).

The day of ‘lots’ became an annual memorial to the Jews’ victory over anti-semitism and Purim has been observed from the days of Persia through the days of Yeshua until today.  Each of us has to choose whether we want to be like the warrior Mordecai who stood for the God of Israel, like Queen Esther who was willing to lay down her life for the Jewish people or like King Ahasuerus whose life was transformed by the faithful Jews in his life. Or, we can be like Haman who desired to destroy the nation of people from whom salvation would come.

 For more about Yeshua fullfilling the ‘appointed times,’ purchase Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts.

©2012 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.   For a hard copy of this blog post,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive. 

Queen Esther Cookies

(Kosher/Parve)

These cookies take about 30 minutes total to make and bake.

  • ½
  • cup butter
  • 1 ½ cups sugar
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 tsp lemon, or vanilla
  • ¼ cup milk
  • ½ cup poppyseeds
  • 3 ½ cups flour
  • 2 tsp baking powder

In a mixing bowl, mix oil and sugar.  Add eggs, flavoring and milk.

Stir in poppyseeds.

Add flour and mix lightly until smooth.

Roll out dough and cut into shapes – crowns, Star of David.

Bake 350 on cookie sheets for about 12 minutes or until edges are golden.

©Tentstake Ministries Publishing

 

 

Hamantaschen Cookies

Hamantaschen are special cookies made for Purim.  They are filled with jam and the edges are pinched together to look like Haman’s tri-cornered hat.

Ingredients:  1 ½ cups butter, softened;  2 ¼ cups sugar, 3 large eggs, ¾ tsp baking soda, 6 ½ cups unbleached flour, and your favorite jam or date paste.

⅓ cup cold water for pinching sides together

Mix the ingredients together until it forms a soft ball that is easily rolled. With a rolling pin, roll out dough until it’s between ⅛ and ¼ inch thick. Using the top of a glass or jar, cut out circles.

Place a teaspoon of jam or date paste in the center of the circle.

Wetting your fingers with the water, pinch the sides together making them stick to form a triangle or tri-cornered hat.

Bake at  350º for 8-10 minutes or until fully cooked and light brown in color.

©Tentstake Ministries Publishing