Posts Tagged ‘iniquity’

Iniquity – Hebrew: Avon

According to the NASB, iniquity is found 192 times in the Hebrew Scriptures; guilt 172 in the Complete Jewish Bible. It is iniquity in the heart that causes sinful behavior. After King David sinned with Bat Sheva, he was so grieved with his guilt and the iniquity in his heart that he asked Elohim not to take His Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) from him. There is double punishment for iniquity that not only includes guilt, but also the punishment that comes from being guilty.

Iniquity begins in the heart and produces the visual sin.  Yeshua taught that lust (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of adultery; anger (iniquity in the heart) births the sin of murder.


The Hebrew word avon means ‘guilt.’

“Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity [guilt] And cleanse me from my sin” (Psalm 51:2).

“You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity [guilt] of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me …” (Deuteronomy 5:9).

“We all, like sheep, went astray; we turned, each one, to his own way; yet Adonai laid on him the guilt [iniquity] of all of us” (Isaiah 53:6).

“But he repays them as their guilt [iniquity] deserves; he will cut them off with their own evil; Adonai our God will cut them off” (Psalm 94:23).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Ayin is a picture of an Eye and means ‘to see’

Vav is a picture of a Nail and means ‘to bind’

Vav is a picture of a Nail and means ‘to bind’

Nun is a picture of a Fish and means ‘life’

ayon in word pictures means: what the eye sees doubly binds the life

In Greek, the word for iniquity is the same word for ‘lawless’: anomia, or without law or the commands of God. The commands of God are found in Torah, the first five books of the Bible.

“Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you! you taught in our streets!’ and he will tell you, ‘I don’t know where you’re from. Get away from me, all you workers of wickedness [anomia, lawlessness]!’ You will cry and grind your teeth when you see Avraham, Yitz’chak, Ya‘akov and all the prophets inside the Kingdom of God, but yourselves thrown outside. (Luke 13:27) Complete Jewish Bible

“And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity [lawless]; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell” (James 3:6) New American Standard Version

Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Sin – Hebrew: Chatah


Chatah means ‘offence against God or man.’

Sin is not defined by man, but by the Word of God.  In the Hebrew sense, sin is falling short of His glory which is outlined in His Torah; it is a failure to reach the goal, missing the mark, and ‘crouches like a beast’ waiting to attack.

“If you are doing what is good, shouldn’t you hold your head high? And if you don’t do what is good, sin is crouching at the door — it wants you, but you can rule over it” (Genesis 4:7).

“When I acknowledged my sin to you, when I stopped concealing my guilt, and said, “I will confess my offenses to Adonai”; then you, you forgave the guilt of my sin. (Selah)” (Psalm 32:5).

“For I know my crimes, my sin confronts me all the time” (Psalm 51:3).

“He who conceals his sins will not succeed; he who confesses and abandons them will gain mercy” (Proverbs 28:13).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Chet is a picture of a Fence and means ‘surround’

Tet is a picture of a Snake and means ‘twist’

Alef is a picture of an Ox and means ‘strong’

Hey is a picture of a Window and means ‘reveal’

chattah – a strong twising and surrounding revealed

The Greek word for ‘sin’ is hamartia and means ‘missing the mark’ resulting in immorality and disobedience to God’s divine law.

In Romans 8, Sha’ul (Paul) describes sin as the hostility of carnal man to God’s Torah. Because the Torah is spiritual and sinful man has fleshly desires, it is impossible for him to submit to God’s Torah nor does he want to (Romans 7:14). 

“Everyone who keeps sinning is violating Torah, indeed sin is violation of Torah” (1 John 3:4) Complete Jewish Bible

“Everyone who sins (perverts truth) breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness” (1 John 3:4) New International Version

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.