TSome scholars believe the ‘little horn’ represents King Antiochus Epiphanes, who forced everyone in the Greek Seleucid empire to sacrifice to the Greek gods. When Antiochus came into Jerusalem, he ended the sacrificial system, he forced the Jews to stop obeying Torah, circumcising their sons, and observing the Sabbath. He forced them to eat unclean animals and sacrifice to foreign gods. Ultimately he desecrated the Temple in Jerusalem with pig’s blood and set an idol of Zeus in the Holy of Holies.
Standing on Mount Tziyon were 144,000 men: 12,000 from each of the 12 Tribes of Isra’el. They have the Lamb’s name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads. The promise given to those in the congregation of Philadelphia who persevered and won the victory are given the name of Yeshua and Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh. They never disowned the name of Yeshua even when attacked by false Jews. These overcomers will be kept from the time of trial that will test the earth. They have been ‘sealed’ by Adonai.
The ‘beast’ nations are the same ones seen in Daniel’s statue vision; the nations are described from a physical and historical narrative. The ‘beast’ nations in Daniel chapter 2 coincide with the historical narrative, but take on a spiritual meaning in Daniel chapter 7. I believe the ‘beasts’ are named for how they treat the nation of Isra’el and the Jewish