Posts Tagged ‘yom’

Day – Hebrew: Yom

יום

The Hebrew word for ‘day’ is יום or yom and means ‘a period of time.’ This word must be defined within the context it is written.

When God created the heavens and the earth, the yom was 24 hours as the context says there was evening and morning or sunset to sunset. This sequence continues until the seventh day, the Shabbat, which had no evening or morning because it was to be another type of yom.

“God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, one day (Genesis 1:5).

God gave Adam one command in Gan Eden and the consequence for disobedience was death:

On the day that you eat from it, it will become certain that you will die.” (Genesis 2:17).

When Adam sinned by eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, he did not die immediately. The word yom in this context was not a sunset to sunset day, but in the context God’s yom. Adam died at 930 years, less than one yom in God’s timing.

“Moreover, dear friends, do not ignore this: with the Lord, one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years like one day …” (2 Peter 3:8).

From Second Peter comes the concept of a millennial being one yom from God’s perspective. For example, the Day of the LORD falls into the category of 1000 years. This yom will be revealed with 7 years of great judgment on the earth, beginning with God’s people culminating in their redemption. This is the yom of judgment revealed to Yochanan in the book of Revelation. (Note: John was not referring to Sunday.)

“I came to be, in the Spirit, on the Day of the Lord; and I heard behind me a loud voice, like a trumpet,  saying, “Write down what you see on a scroll, and send it to the seven Messianic communities … (Revelation 1:10).

“How dreadful that day will be! — there has never been one like it: a time of trouble for Ya‘akov, but out of it he will be saved” (Jeremiah 30:7).

On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which lies to the east of Yerushalayim; and the Mount of Olives will be split in half from east to west, to make a huge valley. Half of the mountain will move toward the north, and half of it toward the south” (Zechariah 14:4).

“On that day” is a specific reference to the yom of the Millennial Kingdom which includes the return of Messiah to the Mount of Olives, the first resurrection and the reign of King Yeshua for 1000 years from Jerusalem (Revelation 20:4). In this Millennium, he has had victory over all his enemies and begins the restoration of his Kingdom on earth. It is a yom when Isra’el being at peace (Micah 4:4) and the nations come to worship the King in the Millennial Temple.

On that day the root of Yishai, which stands as a banner for the peoples — the Goyim will seek him out, and the place where he [Yeshua] rests will be glorious” (Isaiah 11:10).

On that day they will say, “See! This is our God! We waited for him to save us. This is Adonai ; we put our hope in him. We are full of joy, so glad he saved us!” (Isaiah 25:9).

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

The ‘yom’ of Sabbath

“God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, one day” (Genesis 1:5).

“So there was evening, and there was morning, a second day(Genesis 1:8 ).

“So there was evening, and there was morning, a third day” (Genesis 1:13).

“So there was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day” (Genesis 1:19).

“So there was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day” (Genesis 1:23).

“God saw everything that he had made, and indeed it was very good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a sixth day” (Genesis 1:31).

Each of the first six days of creation, included Day (light) and Night (darkness) and were part of one day beginning with evening.

Day

The Hebrew word for ‘day’ is yom. It is the period of daylight that contrasts nighttime.  In regards to creation, each yom was a 24-hour period that began in the evening at sunset and went through the morning (boker) until the next sunset (erev).  The original Sabbath yom did not have a time limitation, another nuance to the Hebrew word. The created Sabbath yom was never supposed to end.  Adam and Eve were to live in Gan Eden for all eternity; however, when sin entered the world through disobedience, the eternal Sabbath yom ended for them and their descendants.  It became a weekly Sabbath yom.

Light

The Hebrew word for ‘light’ is or and is first seen in Genesis 1:3.  It does not mean ‘day’ but is the opposite of darkness.

Night

The Hebrew word for ‘night’ is laila. It is the period of time that is dark.  During Biblical times, laila was divided into three watches – sunset to 10 p.m., 10 p.m. to 2 a.m., 2 a.m. to sunrise. 

Darkness

The Hebrew word for ‘darkness’ is choshek and means darkness and obscurity.  The or was separated from the choshek.

Evening

The Hebrew word for ‘evening’ is erev.  This word represents the time of day immediately preceding and following the setting of the sun and was used in Genesis 1:5 on the first day of creation. Erev can also mean night and therefore, there was night and then there was day.  This is significant because darkness always comes before light whether it’s the first day of creation or that we, as sinners walk in darkness until we are called into the light of salvation. 

Morning

The Hebrew word for ‘morning’  or ‘daybreak’ is boker. It does not mean the period of time before noon, but that point in time which night is changing to day or the rising of the sun.  When it is used as the antonym for night, boker means  the entire period of daylight.

The Seventh Day

Genesis 2:2-3 “On the seventh day God was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. God blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day God rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.”

“Remember the day, Shabbat, to set it apart for God” (Genesis 1:31).

One of the ten commandments was to ‘remember’ the Sabbath yom – the eternal yom with a weekly yom.  The weekly yom of Sabbath became part of the seven-day cycle of the week with each yom beginning with evening (erev) and ending with morning (boker) as the days were created.

The importance of remembering the Sabbath yom was not so much about looking back to what was lost, but looking forward to the restoration of Paradise that would come through the seed of the woman.  Remembering the weekly Sabbath yom is a vision of the restoration of the eternal yom. 

Evening to Evening, Sunset to Sunset

Matzah

In Exodus 12:18, the command to eat matzah went from the erev of the fourteenth day to the erev of the twenty-first day and lasted seven days.  Each yom was counted from evening to evening or sunset to sunset.

“From the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month until the evening of the twenty-first day, you are to eat matzah” (Exodus 12:18).

Yom Kippur

Yom Kippur is known as the Day of Atonement.  In Leviticus 23, the Sabbath yom is described.  The rest of the Sabbath is from evening until the following evening.  Since this holy day is called a yom, this is an excellent example of how God defines a Sabbath yom. 

Leviticus 23:32 “It will be for you a Shabbat of complete rest, and you are to deny yourselves; you are to rest on your Shabbat from evening the ninth day of the month until the following evening.”

Nehemiah had the gates of Jerusalem closed for the Sabbath.  When the sun began to set, the gates closed until after the Sabbath.  No loads were brought into the city during the nighttime hours or the daytime hours.

“So when the gates of Yerushalayim began to grow dark before Shabbat, I ordered that the doors be shut; and I ordered that they not be reopened until after Shabbat. I put some of my servants in charge of the gates, to see to it that no loads be brought in on Shabbat” (Nehemiah 13:19). 

Yeshua’s Resurrection

In the gospels, it becomes clear when the Sabbath begins and ends.  In Matthew the ‘day was dawning’ or boker.   In Mark, ‘just after sunrise” or boker.  Both of these verses show that ereve Sabbath was over and sunrise was coming, the daylight.  In Luke and John, the ‘first day of the week’, ‘very early’ it was still dark.  This shows that the yom begins not in the morning or at daylight, but in evening (erev) when darkness falls.

“After Shabbat, as the next day was dawning, Miryam of Magdala and the other Miryam went to see the grave” (Matthew 28:1). 

“Very early the next day, just after sunrise, they went to the tomb” (Mark 16:2). 

 “But the next day, while it was still very early, they took the spices they had prepared, went to the tomb…” (Luke 24:1). 

“Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Miryam from Magdala went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb” (John 20:1). 

Sabbath Eternity

“Night will no longer exist, so they will need neither the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because Adonai, God, will shine upon them. And they will reign as kings forever and ever” (Revelation 22:5). 

In eternity, the restored Sabbath yom, laila will no longer exist nor will the or of a lamp or the sun because of the light of Elohim.  Yet, the 24-hour Sabbath yom will still be celebrated along with a new moon Rosh Chodesh.   How will that be done?  Only God knows.  Until then, from sunset to sunset, Elohim gave the weekly Sabbath yom to give us a vision of what is to come.  The light of the countenance of Elohim will make these days of Sabbath-keeping seem like darkness when we enter the eternal light of Sabbath. 

“For just as the new heavens and the new earth that I am making will continue in my presence,” says Adonai, “so will your descendants and your name continue. “Every month on Rosh-Hodesh and every week on Shabbat, everyone living will come to worship in my presence,” says Adonai” (Isaiah 66:22-23).  

©2014 Tentstake Ministries Publishing and Vines Expository Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew and Greek Words.