Posts Tagged ‘the ten commandments’

The Stone Tablets

The Torah

Within the context of Exodus and Moshe’s meetings with Elohim on the mountain are a type and shadow of the unique covenant made with the people of Israel. The first covenant is written stony and is broken by sin while the same covenant on new stones brings forth the glory of Adonai.

When the Israelites were gathered at Mount Sinai, Adonai met with them. He spoke the Ten Words or Ten Commandments found in Exodus 20. With the fire, the smoke and the blowing of the shofar, the people trembled in fear and asked that Moshe become their intercessor between them and yod hey vav hey. They feared for their lives.

In Exodus 24, Elohim invites Moshe, Aharon, Nadav, Avihu and seventy of the elders to come onto the mountain. While everyone bows before yod hey vav hey, Moshe alone is allowed to go higher and approach Elohim.

Before ascending the mountain, he sets up twelve stones to represent the twelve Tribes of Isra’el. He made burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings to El Shadai. Moshe took half of the blood and put it in basins, the other half he sprinkled on the altar. He read the book of the covenant promises and requirements of Adonai and the people responded and accepted the covenant – “Everything that Adonai has spoken we will do and obey.”

“Moshe took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant which Adonai has made with you in accordance with all these words” (Exodus 24:8).

The Stone Torah

Adonai invites Moshe to come up higher on the mountain. Moshe ascends the mountain and enters the cloud that covered it and remains on the mountain for 40 days. Yod hey vav hey gives him two stone tablets on which are written His Torah, His teachings and instructions for the mixed multitude of Hebrews and Egyptians that He is forming into a nation.

“The glory of Adonai stayed on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days. On the seventh day he called to Moshe out of the cloud” (Exodus 24:16).

Moshe is given instructions for building the Tabernacle, creating garments for the priests and High Priest, consecrating the priesthood, making holy anointing oil, taking a census and keeping the Sabbath. When He is done, Adonai gives Moshe the two stone tablets. On both sides is the writing of yod hey vav hey, His Words engraved by His own Hand.

This first ascent to the mountain for the stone of testimony is symbolic of having a hard, stone heart toward the Torah. While Moshe is receiving the very written Words of yod hey vav hey, the Israelites are busy mixing the holiness of Adonai with the paganness of Egypt. Their ‘high priest’ is deceived into believing they can worship the God of Isra’el in their own way rather than waiting for His ‘intercessor’ and His instructions.

When Moshe comes down from the mountain, he finds the people worshiping a golden calf and indulging in revelry. Symbolic to the sin of breaking Torah, Moshe throws down the tablets and shatters them at the base of the mountain. He melts the golden calf in the fire, grounds it into powder, scatters it on the water, and makes the people drink it. He confronts Aharon who had been left in charge. He makes ridiculous excuses for his own sin which allowed the people to become rebellious.

The Torah is broken. The stony hearts of the people revealed. The desire for their own way of mixed worship brings death to 3000 people.

Moshe and the Rock

Moshe leaves the camp. He pitches his tent far away from the people of Isra’el and he alone has fellowship with yod hey vav hey. The cloud of Adonai’s presence descends and blocks the entrance to the tent. Yod hey vav hey speaks to Moshe ‘face to face’ as a man speaks to his friend.

Because of the intimate relationship Moshe has with Adonai, he requests to see His glory. Yod hey vav hey tells him to stand on ‘the rock.’ When the glory passes by, Adonai Himself puts Moshe in a crevice of ‘the rock’, covers him with His hand until He passes by.

Moshe meets Yeshua ‘the Rock.’ This is the Rock of salvation, the Rock that brings forth living water in the wilderness, the Rock of Isra’el’s defense against the enemies of Adonai, the eternal Rock.

“Adonai is alive! Blessed is my Rock! Exalted be the God of my salvation [Yeshua] …” (Psalm 18:46).

“Trust in the Lord forever, for the Lord God is an everlasting rock” (Isaiah 26:4).

“Truly my soul silently waits for God; From Him comes my salvation [Yeshua]. He only is my rock and my salvation [Yeshua]; He is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved” (Psalm 62:1-2).

“A Spirit-sent Rock which followed them, and that Rock was the Messiah” (1 Corinthians 10:4).

The Re-newed Torah

Adonai tells Moshe to cut two stone tablets like the first ones so that He can inscribe the Words that were on the first ones. Moshe ascends Mt. Sinai a second time with the two stone tablets in his hands.

Adonai descends in a cloud, stands with Moshe and pronounces His name, yod hey vav hey. He tells Moshe about His character, who He is. Moshe bows and prostrates himself on the ground and asks forgiveness for the sins of Isra’el.

“Merciful and compassionate, slow to anger, rich in grace and truth; showing grace to the thousandth generation, forgiving offenses, crimes and sins; yet not exonerating the guilty, but causing the negative effects of the parents’ offenses to be experienced by their children and grandchildren, and even by the third and fourth generations” (Exodus 34:6-8).

Adonai makes a covenant in front of all the people and says they must obey what He orders them to do. This is a re-newal of the first covenant of Torah on new and different stones.

Adonai explains He is a jealous God and in order to keep His anger from busting out against them, they must destroy all symbols of pagan worship when they enter the Promised Land. He does not want them to be enticed, as they already were, to worship other gods using His name.

Though He reiterates the previous Torah on the new hewn stones, He highlights teachings and instructions that have prophetic vision for a renewed covenant. He reminds them of the importance of His Sabbath which is a vision of eternity. He tells them that the firstborn from the womb is His. He gives instructions about Shavuot or the Feast of Weeks which is a memorial to the giving of the Torah and will have significance in the days after Yeshua’s ascension with the Spirit. He speaks about the Festival of Ingathering which will be at the time of the end with the gathering of the nation of Isra’el back to the Promised Land. He tells them to meet with Him three times a year because He will be expanding their Land. He reminds them not to leave the Pesach sacrifice until morning or offer a blood sacrifice with leavened bread. They are to eat unleavened bread during the days of matzah and bring the best of the firstfruits into His House.

When Moshe came down from the mountain, there is no mention of the people rebelling in sin. They awaited his arrival. They were prepared to hear the Words from Adonai-Yeshua.

Moshe didn’t realize that the skin of his face was sending out rays of light from being in the presence of yod hey vav hey. The glory of Adonai was so bright that Aharon and the people of Isra’el were afraid to approach him. But, Moshe called to them and they came to him. He taught them everything yod hey vav hey had taught him on the mountain.

When he was finished reading the stones of testimony, Moshe put a veil over his face. When he met with yod hey vav hey, he removed the veil, but when he spoke with the Israelites, he covered his face again.

The second visit to the mountain brought a transference of yod hey vav hey’s holiness, His glory onto Moshe. This is like the heart of flesh that is filled with the Spirit of Adonai, the Ruach haKodesh. The presence of Adonai remained with Moshe because he had a circumcised, repentant, humble heart and was filled with the Spirit.

The people did not have this same heart. Throughout their journey through the wilderness, their hearts remained like stone. They needed their stony hearts changed to hearts of flesh. Only Caleb and Joshua had the same heart and Spirit as Moshe.

“Adonai said to Moshe, “Take Y’hoshua the son of Nun, a spiritual man, and lay your hand on him.” (Numbers 27:18).

“But my servant Kalev, because he had a different Spirit with him and has fully followed me — him I will bring into the land he entered, and it will belong to his descendants” (Numbers 14:24).

Forty years after the giving of the Torah, Moshe makes a promise to the children and grandchildren of those who left Egypt. Before they enter the Promised Land, he tells them Adonai will circumcise their hearts so they can obey all of His Torah. This alludes to the promise of the re-newed covenant in Jeremiah 31:31 and Ezekiel 36:24 that was instituted by Yeshua at his Pesach seder in Luke 22.

Then Adonai your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your children, so that you will love Adonai your God with all your heart and all your being, and thus you will live” (Deuteronomy 30:6).

The fulfillment of the promise of circumcised hearts happened on Shavuot, Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) – the pouring out of the Spirit of Adonai. On that day, 3000 Jewish men had hearts that were stung with the message of Yeshua. They were brought into the Kingdom through the Ruach haKodesh.

Moshe had received the first Torah written on stone. It was broken through faithlessness and sin of the people and brought death. He set himself apart from the nation of Isra’el in order to meet with yod hey vav hey face to face. On the mountain, in the presence of Adonai, Moshe received the Spirit, the renewal of the Torah. This Torah was restored and Moshe’s own countenance revealed the glory of being in the presence of the Writer of the Word. It revealed the power of the Torah to change the heart and face to reflect the glory of Yeshua.

“So all of us, with faces unveiled, see as in a mirror the glory of the Lord; and we are being changed into his very image, from one degree of glory to the next, by Adonai the Spirit” (2 Corinthians 3:18).

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