Posts Tagged ‘the ten commandments’

Two Stone Tablets

The Stone Torah

Moshe’s meetings with Adonai on the mountain are a ‘shadow’ of the unique covenant God made with the people of Israel. The first covenant, written on stone, is broken by sin. The same covenant written on new stones brings forth the glory of Adonai.

When the Israelites were gathered at Mount Sinai, Adonai descended with fire, smoke and the sound of the shofar. They trembled in fear and asked that Moshe become the intercessor between them and yod-hey-vav-hey. He sets up twelve stones to represent the 12 Tribes of Israel. He makes burnt offerings and peace offerings to Adonai. He takes half of the blood and puts it in basins; the other half he sprinkles on the altar. He reads the book of the covenant of Adonai and the people respond and accept the covenant: “Everything that Adonai has spoken we will do and obey” (Exodus 19:8).

“Moshe took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant which Adonai has made with you in accordance with all these words” (Exodus 24:8).

“The glory of Adonai stayed on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days. On the seventh day he called to Moshe out of the cloud” (Exodus 24:16).

The Flesh Torah

Moshe ascends the mountain a second time and enters the cloud. He remains on the mountain for 40 days and nights. Adonai gives him another two stone tablets on which are written His instructions: The Ten Commandments. On both sides of the stones are the commands of yod-hey-vav-hey, His Word written by His own Hand.

This first ascent to the mountain for the stone symbolizes the hard, stone heart that man has toward Torah. While Moshe is receiving the very written Words of yod-hey-vav-hey on the mountain, the Israelites are down below mixing the holiness of Adonai with the pagan gods of Egypt.

When Moshe comes down from the mountain, he finds the people worshiping a golden calf and indulging in abominations. Moshe throws down the tablets and shatters them at the base of the mountain. He melts the golden calf in the fire, grounds it into powder, scatters it on the water, and makes the people drink it. He confronts Aharon who had been left in charge. He makes ridiculous excuses for his own sin which allowed the people to become rebellious.

The Torah of stone is broken. The stony hearts of the people revealed. Three thousand people die.

The Rock of Salvation

Moshe leaves the camp. He pitches his tent away from the Israelites to fellowship with Adonai. The cloud of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh’s presence descends and blocks the entrance to the tent. Moshe has intimate fellowship with Adonai and requests to see His glory. Adonai tells him to stand on the Rock. As His glory passes, Adonai places Moshe in a crevice of the Rock and covers him with His. Moshe meets Yeshua, the Rock of salvation (Psalm 18:46), the Rock that brings forth living water (1 Corinthians 10:4), the Rock of Israel’s defense (Psalm 62:2), the everlasting Rock (Isaiah 26:4). , the Rock that is the intercessor between Adonai and man (Hebrews 7:25).

The New Stones

Adonai tells Moshe to cut two stone tablets like the first ones so that He can inscribe the Words that were on the first ones. Moshe ascends Mount Sinai a second time with the two stone tablets in his hands. Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh descends in a cloud, stands with Moshe, and pronounces His name, yod-hey-vav-hey. Moshe prostrates himself on the ground and as the intercessor for Israel, asks forgiveness for the sins of Israel (Exodus 34:6-8).

Adonai re-news the first covenant, The Ten Commandments, on different stones. He tells the people that they must obey His instructions. He is a jealous God and in order to keep His anger from busting out against them, they must destroy all pagan worship. He does not want them to be enticed to worship other gods. His gives instructions for His ‘appointed times:’ Sabbath, Passover, Matzah, Firstfruits Feast of Weeks, and the Festival of Ingathering –– a prophetic vision of the Rock.

When Moshe came down from the mountain with the second set of stones, the people awaited his arrival. They had prepared to hear the Words from yod-hey-vav-hey.

Moshe’s face glowed with light from being in the presence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh. The glory of yod-hey-vav-hey was so bright that Aaron and the people of Israel were afraid to approach him. Moshe called to them and they came to him; he taught them everything Adonai had taught him on the mountain. When he was finished reading the stones, Moshe put a veil over his face. Whenever he spoke to the Israelites, he covered his face, but when met with Adonai, he removed the veil.

The second visit to the mountain brought a transference of Adonai’s glory onto Moshe. The presence of Adonai remained with Moshe because His Spirit had circumcised Moshe’s heart and made it flesh.

The Torah is re-newed on new stones. Only Caleb and Joshua have the same heart and Spirit as Moshe. Only Caleb and Joshua survive the wilderness to enter the Promised Land (Numbers 14:24, 27:18).

Forty years later, Moshe promises the children and grandchildren of those who left Egypt that Adonai will circumcise their hearts so they can obey His Torah (Deuteronomy 30:6). This is the ‘new circumcision’ instituted by Yeshua at his Passover seder (Luke 22) and fulfilled on the Feast of Weeks. On that day, 3000 men received circumcised hearts and entered eternal life.

The first Torah was written on stone. It was broken because of sin and brought death. Moshe set himself apart from the people as the intercessor and met with Adonai face-to-face. On the mountain, Moshe received the Spirit and a circumcision of heart. Moshe’s countenance revealed the glory of Adonai; Moshe’s countenance reflected the glory of the Rock.

©2021 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

The Big Ten in the New Testament

The commandments, ‘Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not covet,’ and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself’” (Romans 13:9).

Some in the modern-day church teach that one or more of The Ten Commandments are not reiterated in the New Testament, thus they are no longer in effect. However, none of the commandments have been removed, abolished, or changed. The Ten Commandments, found in Exodus 20, are the ‘Table of Contents’ to the Torah given to Israel by God at Mount Sinai, not the entire Torah which details how to live within the community of God’s people, and the world. Throughout the New Testament, Yeshua refers to this ‘Table of Contents’ whenever he is asked about the commandments. He never negates any of the commandments in the Torah, even when asked about the greatest commandment.

“Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”

“Yeshua replied: ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.  And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law (Torah) and the Prophets hang on these two commandments’” (Matthew 22:36-40).

Yeshua answered the question by stating that the Torah and the Prophets sum up two greatest commandments: love God and love your neighbor. Neither of these are new commandments as Yeshua quotes from the Shema, the words given by God through the prophet Moses to the children of Israel.

“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.  Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up” (Deuteronomy 6:4-8).

Some pastors teach that the Torah was given only to Israel suggesting that followers of Yeshua are not bound by the same commandments. Again, this is not true. If you are a child of God and born again into His Kingdom, then His commandments are for you. Every earthly father has instructions for his children, natural or adopted, to obey. Our heavenly Father is no different; his family is no different.

Yeshua said, “If you love me, then you will obey my commandments” (John 14:15). Yeshua and his Father are One (John 10:30). Yeshua is the flesh voice of God making him the mouthpiece of his Father (John 1:14). Everything Yeshua spoke to the people were the Words that His Father commanded him to speak (John 12:49) Therefore, his commandments will always completely agree with his Father’s commandments.

The Ten Commandments with the Alef-Bet

When The Ten Commandments were given to Israel at Mount Sinai, they weren’t written with Roman numerals or from left to right. They were written with Hebrew letters, right to left, and called the Ten Words. A wonderful tool for learning The Ten Commandments is to use the first ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Each of the letters have a picture that actually reveals the meaning of each commandment. The Ten Commandments are listed below using the Hebrew letter picture along with New Testament Scriptures proving that all of The Ten Commandments were reiterated by Yeshua and the apostles in the New Testament.

Love God – The First and Greatest Commandment

א Alef – An Ox

The first commandment is represented by the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, alef. The letter picture for alef is an Ox. The Ox is symbolic of ‘strength, leader, or what comes first.’ We are to have no other gods except first and foremost, yod-hey-vav-hey who delivers us from the bondage of slavery into freedom, from sin and death into fullness of life. It is only Adonai who is able to destroy every power or ‘other gods’ as He did in Egypt.

“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, You shall have no other gods before me” (Exodus 20:2-3).

“Yeshua answered, ‘It is written: ‘Worship the LORD your God and serve him only’” (Luke 4:8).

ב Bet – A House

The second commandment is represented by the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet, bet. The letter picture for bet is a Tent or House. This letter symbolizes ‘a household or family’ and is the preposition in. In Middle Eastern culture, idols were called ‘household gods.’ Rachel was guilty of sitting on an idol when Laban came to Jacob looking for his household gods (Genesis 31:19).

“You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.  You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments” (Exodus 20:4-6).

“Dear children, keep yourselves from idols” (1 John 5:21).

ג Gimel – A Camel

The third commandment is represented by the third letter of the Hebrew alphabet, gimel. The letter picture for gimel is a Camel, and is also the Hebrew word for ‘camel.’ The symbolic meaning is to ‘lift up or pride.’ We are not to use the name of Adonai pridefully. We are not to lift up His Name up in any profane way. When we live lawlessly, contrary to His commands, and call ourselves His followers, saved by Yeshua, then we misuse His Name and profane it among the world in which we live. This would be considered ‘taking His Name in vain.’

“You shall not misuse the name of the LORD (Yahweh)  your God, for the LORD (Adaoni)  will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name” (Exodus 20:7).

“As it is written: ‘God’s name is blasphemed among the nations because of you’” (Romans 2:24).

ד Dalet – A Door

The fourth commandment is represented by the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, dalet. The letter picture for dalet is a Door and is also the Hebrew word for ‘door.’ The symbolic meaning is ‘a pathway or a place to enter.’ Yeshua stands at the dalet and knocks. Anyone who opens the dalet to him will enjoy the feast fellowship with him (Revelation 3:20). The fourth commandment is the Sabbath and the dalet we enter so we can have a more intimate fellowship with the Father through Yeshua.

“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. For in six days the LORD (Adonai)  made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day.  Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Exodus 20:8).

“Then Yeshua said to them, ‘The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath’” (Luke 6:5).

“There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from his own work (of creation), just as God did from his” (Hebrews 4:9,10).

The first three commandments explain how to love God; the next six explain how to love our neighbor. The Sabbath is the dalet or pathway that moves us from loving God to loving our neighbor.

Love your Neighbor – The Second Greatest Commandment

“If anyone says, ‘I love God,’ yet hates his brother, he is a liar.  For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen” (1 John 4:20).

ה Hey – A Window

The fifth commandment is represented by the fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, hey. The letter picture for hey is a Window and symbolizes ‘to behold, observe or reveal,’ and is the modifier the like in HaShem (The Name). On the cross, Yeshua looks at John and says, “John, behold your mother. Mother, behold your son” (John 19:26).

“Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD (Adonai) your God is living you” (Exodus 20:12).

“Honor your father and mother – which is the first commandment with a a promise” (Ephesians 6:2).

ו Vav – A Nail

The sixth commandment is represented by the sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, vav. The letter picture for vav is a Nail or Peg. It is symbolic of ‘securing and binding,’ and is the conjunction and as in chesed v’ahava meaning ‘mercy and love.’ Yeshua was bound and nailed to the cross and killed.

“You shall not murder” (Exodus 20:13).

“Do not murder,  and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’  But I tell you that anyone who is angry with is brother will be subject to judgment” (Matthew 5:22).

ז Zayin – A Sword

The seventh commandment is represented by the seventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet, zayin. The letter picture for zayin is a Weapon like an axe. It is symbolic of ‘cutting, separating, and dividing.’ Adultery is like an axe that separates and divides a married couple.

“You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14).

“Therefore what God has joined together, let man not separate” (Mark 10:9).

ח Chet – A Fence

The eighth commandment is represented by the eighth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, chet. The letter picture for chet is a Fence. The symbolic meaning of chet is to ‘surround in order to protect that which is within its boundaries.’ A fence surrounds personal property from those who would steal. In Hebrew thought, the Torah is considered a ‘fence’ that surrounds and protects those who stay within its boundaries.

“You shall not steal” (Exodus 20:15).

“You know the commandments: Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal“ (Luke 18:20).

“He who has been stealing must steal no longer, but must work, doing something useful with his own hands, that he may have something to share with those in need” (Ephesians 4:28).

ט Tet – A Snake

The ninth commandment is represented by the ninth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, tet. The letter picture for tet is a Snake. It symbolizes ‘twisting.’ It was the serpent who twisted the truth and lied to Eve in the Garden of Eden. False testimony or lying is ‘twisting’ the truth.

“You shall not give false testimony (lie) against your neighbor” (Exodus 20:16).

“You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not give false testimony’”(Luke 18:20).

“You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire.  He was a murderer from the beginning,  not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him.  When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies” (John 8:44).

י Yod – A Closed Hand

The tenth commandment is represented by the tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, yod. The letter picture for yod is a Closed Hand. This symbolizes ‘a finished work or completed deed.’ When a person covets, their hand is not closed and content, but open and desiring more –– more of what their neighbor has.

“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.  You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor” (Exodus 20:17).

“Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have.  For He has said, ‘I will never leave you nor forsake you” (Hebrews 13:5).

The Word of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh

“In the future, when your son asks you, ‘What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and Torah the LORD our God has commanded you?’

Tell him:  ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.  Before our eyes the LORD sent miraculous signs and wonders – great and terrible – upon Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household.  But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land that he promised on oath to our forefathers.  The LORD commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the LORD our God, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as in the case today.  And if we are careful to obey all this Torah before the LORD our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness’” (Deuteronomy 6:20-25).

The Word of Yeshua

“I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Torah until everything is accomplished.  Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:18-19).

©2012 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this blog post,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.