Posts Tagged ‘Sunday’

Parashah 33: B’chukkotai (In my regulations)

Leviticus 26:3-27:34
(In a regular year, read with Parashah 32; in a leap year read separately.)

“If you live by my regulations, observe my mitzvot and obey them; then I will provide the rain you need in its season, the land will yield its produce, and the trees in the field will yield their fruit” (Leviticus 26:3-4).

The Israelites will receive blessings for living according to Adonai’s regulations. The threshing season to extend until the grape harvest which will extend until the time for sowing seed. Their population will increase; they will eat as much as they desire and live securely in the Land. They will have shalom and lie down with peaceful sleep. Wild animals will no longer roam the land. There will be no war; the enemies that pursue them will be chased by few and fall before them. Adonai will put His Mishkan in the midst of them, will walk among them, and be their Adonai, and they will be His people.

“I am Adonai your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, so that you would not be their slaves. I have broken the bars of your yoke, so that you can walk upright. BUT if you will not listen to me and obey all these mitzvot…” (Leviticus 26:13).

BUT –– there is that little word again. BUT, if the Israelites will not listen to Him nor obey all of His instructions; if they loathe His regulations and reject His rulings, then they will cancel the covenant.

To cancel Adonai’s covenant, they have to loathe His regulations. ‘Loathe’ means ‘to feel intense dislike or disgust’ for something. Though gentile believers may not actually loathe Torah, they cancel Adonai’s covenant by living as though His regulations have been abolished or nullified. They even suggest that Adonai’s instructions were only for the Israelites.

“These things happened to them [Isra’el] as prefigurative historical events, and they were written down as a warning to us who are living in the last days” (1 Corinthians 10:11).

Marcion of Sinope lived around 144 CE. He believed that Jesus was the Savior sent by God, but rejected the Hebrew Scriptures and the God of Isra’el.   He believed the God of Isra’el was a God of law and full of wrath, and Jesus of the New Testament was full of grace and love.  He was called a ‘dualist’ because he wanted to separate the Bible into two parts:  the Old Testament and New Testament.   For these beliefs, he was labeled a heretic.

Once considered heresy by the early church, the dogma that strongly challenged established doctrines is embraced and accepted by Christianity as truth. Every Bible has a page dividing the Old Testament from the New.  The God of the Old Testament is referred to as the God of law and judgment; the God of the New Testament as the God of grace and mercy. The heresy flourishes cancelling Adonai’s covenant. Those who choose to embrace all Scripture from Genesis through Revelation as breathed by Elohim and useful for teaching the truth, convicting of sin, correcting faults, and training in righteous living are judged as ‘legalists’.

Yeshua is the visible image of the invisible Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh who is the Elohim of Isra’el and Yeshua’s divine Father (Colossians 1:15). As the physical expression of Elohim, Yeshua is indeed merciful, compassionate, long-suffering and forgiving just like his Father.  And, like his Father, Yeshua will judge and reward.

“Pay attention!” [says Yeshua,] “I am coming soon, and my rewards are with me to give to each person according to what he has done” (Revelation 22:12).

Disciplinary Action

“Listen, children, to a father’s instruction; pay attention, in order to gain insight” (Proverbs 4:1).

When the children of Isra’el disobey His rulings, Adonai will discipline them “seven times over” in all manner of ways so they return to Him. The word ‘discipline’ comes from the Latin word for ‘pupil’ or ‘disciple.’ The dictionary defines discipline as ‘the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior.’ In Hebrew, the word ‘discipline’ is musar and means ‘chastening.’ When someone is being disciplined, they are being trained to obey rules, learn self-control and develop godly character.

“God is dealing with you as sons. For what son goes undisciplined by his father? All legitimate sons undergo discipline; so if you don’t, you’re a mamzer [born out of wedlock} and not a son! Furthermore, we had physical fathers who disciplined us, and we respected them; how much more should we submit to our spiritual Father and live! For they disciplined us only for a short time and only as best they could; but he disciplines us in a way that provides genuine benefit to us and enables us to share in his holiness. Now, all discipline, while it is happening, does indeed seem painful, not enjoyable; but for those who have been trained by it, it later produces its peaceful fruit, which is righteousness” (Hebrews 12:7-11).

Some of Adonai’s disciplinary action against Isra’el includes terror, wasting disease and chronic fever that will blind them and make them weak. He will break their pride. They will sow seed for their enemies to eat. The land will not produce nor will their trees. He will make the sky like iron and their soil like bronze. He will set His face against His people so their enemies will defeat them; they will flee when no one is chasing them.

He will bring a sword against them which will execute the vengeance of His covenant. They will huddle in their cities, sick and without bread. He will make them eat the flesh of their own sons and daughters. He will lay waste to their cities and desolate the sanctuary. He will disperse them among the nations until the land has paid its sh’mittahs and Yovel. Those who live in the lands of their enemies will waste away with guilt over the misdeeds of their ancestors as well as their own.

“But if their uncircumcised hearts will grow humble, and they are paid the punishment for their misdeeds; then I will remember my covenant with Ya‘akov, also my covenant with Yitz’ak and my covenant with Avraham; and I will remember the land” (Leviticus 26:41-42).

Sun-god Worship

“I will destroy your high places, cut down your pillars for sun worship and throw your carcasses on the carcasses of your idols” (Leviticus 26:30).

The Hittites worshiped the sun-god as Hepa; the Egyptians worshiped the sun as Ra.  The Romans and Constantine worshiped the Sol Invictus while the Greeks called the sun-god, Apollo.  Surya was the Hindu sun-god, and Utu was worshiped as the sun-god in Mesopotamia.  These are only a few of world’s cultures that worshiped the sun as it rose on the eastern horizon.

Sunday, the first day of the week, has Roman roots as it was named after the Sol Invictus and originally called the ‘Venerable Day of the Sun.’  The Roman catholic church authorized Sunday as the ‘new’ sabbath based on the decision by the Council of Laodicea. With this monumental change from the practices of the first-century church, the Sol Invictus was worshiped, not HaShem of the Hebrew Scriptures. Every denomination that observes Sunday is the Sabbath has embraced this catholic mandate; even more deceived int believing it is the weekly holy day to remember Jesus’ resurrection.

In the following quotation, note that the catholic church states that the Sabbath is the third, not the fourth commandment. The third commandment about idols was removed and the tenth commandment was divided in order to have Ten Commandments.

“All of the doctrines the church accepts as Biblical truth are written in the catholic catechism for the third commandment.”

The Tabernacle and Temple faced east because Yeshua will arrive from that direction and put an end to sun-god worship.  Those in Isra’el who worshiped the sun-god faced east with their backs toward the Temple. Sun-god worship is a disgusting practice that fills the land with violence. 

“He brought me into the inner courtyard of Adonai’s house; and there, at the entrance to the temple of Adonai, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs toward the temple of Adonai and their faces toward the east; and they were worshiping the sun toward the east. He asked me, ‘Human being, have you seen this? Does the house of Y’hudah consider it a casual matter that they commit the disgusting practices they are committing here, thus filling the land with violence, provoking me still more? Look! They are even putting the branch to their nose! Therefore I will act in fury, my eye will not spare, I will have no pity. Even if they cry loudly right in my ears, I will not listen to them’” (Ezekiel 8:16-18).

Vows, Consecration, and the Tithe

The sanctuary shekel was based on silver, two-fifths of an ounce or 20 gerahs to the shekel. If someone made a vow to Elohim to give Him an amount equal to a human being, the number of shekels varied between men, women, and children; babies, youths and the aged. For a house to be consecrated to Adonai, the priest would determine its value based on good and bad points. Tribal land could be bought and sold based on its production and proximity to the Jubilee year. Firstborn animals could not be consecrated as they already belonged to Elohim. No person sentenced to die could be redeemed, they had to be put to death.

“All the tenth given from the land, whether from planted seed or fruit from trees, belongs to Adonai; it is holy to Adonai…. All the tenth from the herd or the flock, whatever passes under the shepherd’s crook, the tenth one will be holy to Adonai” (Leviticus 27:30-32).

“These are the mitzvot which Adonai gave to Moshe for the people of Isra’el on Mount Sinai” (Leviticus 27:34).

Yeshua and the Tithe

“Woe to you hypocritical Torah-teachers and P’rushim! You pay your tithes of mint, dill and cumin; but you have neglected the weightier matters of the Torah — justice, mercy, trust. These are the things you should have attended to — without neglecting the others!” (Matthew 23:23)

“But woe to you P’rushim! You pay your tithes of mint and rue and every garden herb, but you ignore justice and the love of God. You have an obligation to do these things — but without disregarding the others!” (Luke 11:42)

“This Malki-Tzedek, king of Shalem, a cohen of God Ha‘Elyon, met Avraham on his way back from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him; also Avraham gave him a tenth of everything. Now first of all, by translation of his name, he is “king of righteousness”; and then he is also king of Shalem, which means “king of peace.” There is no record of his father, mother, ancestry, birth or death; rather, like the Son of God, he continues as a cohen for all time. Just think how great he was! Even the Patriarch Avraham gave him a tenth of the choicest spoils. Now the descendants of Levi who became cohanim have a commandment in the Torah to take a tenth of the income of the people, that is, from their own brothers, despite the fact that they too are descended from Avraham. But Malki-Tzedek, even though he was not descended from Levi, took a tenth from Avraham. The one about whom these things are said belongs to another tribe, from which no one h

as ever served at the altar; for everyone knows that our Lord arose out of Y’hudah … It becomes even clearer if a “different kind of cohen,” one like Malki-Tzedek, arises, one who became a cohen not by virtue of a rule in the Torah concerning physical descent, but by virtue of the power of an indestructible life. For it is stated, ‘You [Yeshua] are a cohen FOREVER, to be compared with Malki-Tzedek’” (Hebrew 7:1-17).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Venerable Day of the Sun

Sunday church was a central part of my life growing up. I attended weekly services as a child, sang in the choir, and played handbells. I never questioned Sunday worship because it was just what everyone I knew did. My family went to church on Sunday. Period. As an adult, I continued to attend Sunday church services until God showed me His Sabbath.

Many years ago, our family had some visitors from New Zealand. After spending several days with us and learning about our Messianic walk of faith, they asked if they could stay for Sabbath. While reading some Scriptures on the Sabbath, the husband interrupted and asked why the church doesn’t keep the Sabbath. Before anyone in our family could answer his question, his wife responded, “The catholic church changed it.” Not only did they change it, they said we are now obliged to Sunday instead of the ‘ancient Sabbath.’

“Instead of the seventh day, and other festivals appointed by the old law, the church has prescribed the Sundays and holy days to be set apart for God’s worship; and these we are now obliged to keep in consequence of God’s commandment, instead of the ancient Sabbath” (The Catholic Christian Instructed in the Sacraments, Sacrifices, Ceremonies, and Observances of the Church By Way of Question and Answer, RT Rev. Dr. Challoner, p. 204.)

Sunday is named for the ‘sun’ and probably came from ancient Egyptian ‘sun god’ worship. Sunday worship has its roots in the history of the church fathers and the Roman Catholic Church who developed the idea that Sunday was suddenly the memorial for Jesus’ resurrection.

In 321 CE, Constantine decreed that Sunday would be observed as the Roman day of rest:

“On the venerable Day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country, however, persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain-sowing or vine-planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost” (Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church: Vol. II: From Constantine the Great to Gregory the Great A.D. 311–600 (New York: Charles Scribner, 1867) page 380 note 1.)

This doctrine of Sunday was codified at the Council of Nicaea in 325 CE with its many other anti-semitic regulations further separating the Jewish Sabbath from the Christian Sunday. In 363 CE, the Council of Laodicea prohibited Christians from observing the Biblical Sabbath and encouraged them to work on Saturday and rest on Sunday. The fact that this edict was issued with prohibitions indicates that Sunday worship was still not totally accepted by followers Yeshua.

Yeshua sent an angel to the church in Laodicea warning them about mixing the holy and the profane, the hot and the cold. It makes him vomit! He tells this lukewarm congregation that he stands at the door and knocks, and if anyone hears his voice and opens the door, he will eat with them (Revelation 3:14-20). This is a reference to the Sabbath day, the fourth commandment. Yeshua already knew that Laodicea would fall away from the Truth and mix it with lies. Only those with ‘ears to hear’ would be victorious and overcome the lies.

Contrary to God’s command for the Sabbath day, Sunday worship was mandated by the Roman Catholic Church as the sabbath of Christian worship. According to all calendars, historic and modern-day, Sunday is the first, not the seventh day of the week. The outline of God’s creational week of working for six days and resting on the seventh was transformed into a Sunday ‘sabbath’ of having people rest on the first day of the week and then working. I remember when an elder in a church I attended brought that little fact to my attention. Because we worshiped on Sunday, he commented, “I wonder how God will deal with the church for turning His order around –– resting then working rather than working then resting.”

We can worship God any day of the week we desire. In fact, we should worship Him every day giving Him thanks for all the blessings He brings into our lives. However, that doesn’t mean His Sabbath should have become a day ignored by Christianity because of anti-semitic edicts. Blatantly misinterpreting Scriptures that undeniably prove that Jews and gentiles came together on the seventh-day Sabbath in synagogues to hear the reading of the Torah and the Prophets, doesn’t change the facts written in Acts.

“On the first day of the week we came together to break bread. Paul spoke to the people and, because he intended to leave the next day, kept on talking until midnight.”

Is it really possible that Paul would begin to speak during a Sunday morning worship service and continue until midnight and then leave the next day? Would people really sit for 15-20 hours to listen to Paul’s discourse when today an hour is too long?

Verse 8 gives an important detail to understanding this event, “There were many lamps in the upstairs room where we were meeting.” Biblical days are rendered sunset to sunset. This means that when Paul started speaking on the first day of the week, it was after sunset or Saturday evening. He talked four or five hours which is more realistic than 15-20. Eutychus goes to sleep because of the late hour, falls out the window, and dies. After Paul raises Eutychus from the dead, he leaves in the morning which would be Sunday morning.

“On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with your income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made” (1 Corinthians 16:2).

This verse is often used to support collecting tithes and offerings at Sunday church services. Does this verse really suggest passing the offering plate at Sunday services? No, it says that on the “first day of the week,” when business began again after the Sabbath, offerings should be set aside so that when Paul returned, there would be no need for a collection on the Sabbath. Taking verses out of context of the people and culture of Israel has dangerous consequences.

“And let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching” (Hebrews 10:25).

There is nothing in this verse to suggest that meeting together was to happen on the ‘first day of the week’ or forsaking the fellowship meant ‘not going to church on Sunday.’ Though it’s very important to meet together, to encourage one another, the ‘first day of the week’ is not specifically mentioned for fellowship; while the Sabbath and other Biblical holy days were already the established meeting times.

Sunday is often called ‘The Lord’s Day’ as if the Yeshua actually honored it as such. Yeshua said, “So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:8, Mark 2:28). At the time he made this statement, the Sabbath was still the seventh day, therefore the ‘Day of the Lord,’ if used in this manner, should still be the seventh-day Sabbath. Since the word Sabbath has its Hebrew root in sheva or ‘seven,’ it would always be the seventh day, not the first, third or any day that man desires.

“On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,  which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches” (Revelation 1:10).

Many interpret this Scripture to mean that on a Sunday morning, the apostle John was in the Spirit and given the revelation of Yeshua. However, nowhere does the passage say that John received revelation on a Sunday. This idea comes from centuries of Christian theology that moved the Sabbath to the ‘first day of the week’ and then called it ‘the Lord’s Day.’

John was Jewish and well-versed in the Hebrew language of the Hebrew Scriptures. To him the Hebrew phrase en teé juriake´heem´ra, translated ‘the Lord’s Day,’ would mean the ‘Day of the Lord,’ or the time of judgment that brings forth the Messianic Era.

There are other clues in the passage to the timing of ‘the Lord’s Day,’ and neither have anything to do with Sunday. John heard a loud voice that sounded like a trumpet. Since the book of Revelation prophetic, to have the sound of the trumpet as a prophetic voice is appropriate. Also, the Feast of Trumpets the time for preparing for God’s judgment; therefore, it could be argued that the ‘Day of the Lord’ begins on Feast of Trumpets. The trumpet ‘voice’ tells John to send seven messages to the seven churches in East Asia. These messages contain warnings for the ‘Day of the Lord’ so those in the congregations who have ‘ears to hear’ will recognize the times and be prepared.

Still, Christians perpetuate Sunday as ‘the Lord’s Day,’ but this is really nothing more than ignorance. When they wish someone a ‘Happy Lord’s Day,’ they are really wishing them a ‘Happy Judgment Day’ which is very different from saying, ‘Shabbat Shalom’ or ‘Sabbath Peace.’ The real blessing of ‘the Lord’s Day’ is not about wishing someone a great worship time on Sunday, but taking the time to read book of Revelation and the prophecy it contains in its Hebrew context (Revelation 1:1-3).

“He then brought me into the inner court of the house of the Lord, and there at the entrance to the temple, between the portico and the altar, were about twenty-five men. With their backs toward the temple of the Lord and their faces toward the east, they were bowing down to the sun in the east” (Ezekiel 8:16).

The prophet Ezekiel had a vision of the Temple in Jerusalem before the glory of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh departs through the Eastern Gate and stops over the Mount of Olives. Digging through a hole at the entrance to the Courtyard, Ezekiel witnesses seventy elders of Israel offering incense to foreign gods. Twenty-five men are in the Inner Court near the Altar. They face east with their backs toward the Temple and bow to the sun. These detestable things, the worship of the sun in the east, force God to remove His glory from the Temple. His glory will not return until Yeshua sets his feet on the Mount of Olives and all the detestable practices of the nations are removed from Israel.

“Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. But now that you know God—or rather are known by God—how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable forces? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?  You are observing special days and months and seasons and years!  I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you” (Galatians 4:8-11).

After learning about some of the pagan roots of Halloween, Christmas, Easter, and Sunday, perhaps Paul’s words to Galatia can be read and understood in the context in which he wrote them to gentile followers of Yeshua. Perhaps the words of Joshua will also bring light into what God wants from those who fear Him and want to serve him.

“Therefore fear Adonai, and serve him truly and sincerely. Put away the gods your ancestors served beyond the [Euphrates]River and in Egypt, and serve Adonai! If it seems bad to you to serve Adonai, then choose today whom you are going to serve! Will it be the gods your ancestors served beyond the River? or the gods of the Emori, in whose land you are living? As for me and my household, we will serve Adonai!” (Joshua 24:14-16)

©2015 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this article,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.  

Is the LORD’s Day really Sunday?

Many Christians love to say “Happy Lord’s Day” on Sunday as a greeting of blessing to other believers.  However, is the LORD’s Day really Sunday?  Is celebrating the LORD’s Day a blessing?

Sunday as the LORD’s Day

When Yeshua walked on this earth, he said in Matthew 12:8 and Mark 2:28, “So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”  From these two passages, the ‘Lord’s day’ has to be the Sabbath.  At the time Yeshua made these statements, he was referring to the seventh-day Sabbath.  The word Sabbath has its Hebrew root in sheva or ‘seven’ and will always be  the seventh day, not the first or the third or the second or whatever day suits personal choice.

The issue Yeshua was trying to convey was that people, not traditions of men, were given authority over Sabbath.  This is why he also  said, “Sabbath was created for man not man for the Sabbath.”  The seventh-day Sabbath is the Elohim’s holy day given to mankind as a day of rest from creative, physical work.  Yeshua, as the Son of Man, is Lord over the Sabbath and we are to follow him and his example in timing, rest, and obedience.

The LORD’s Day in Revelation 1:10

“On the LORD’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,  which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Many interpret this as to mean that on the ‘first day of the week’, Sunday, the apostle John was in the Spirit.  However, this inference comes from years of Christian catholic theology that changed the ‘sabbath to Sunday‘ and made the ‘first day of the week’ into ‘the Lord’s Day.’   It is important to remember when reading Revelation that John was a Jew and well-versed in the Hebrew language of the Hebrew Scriptures.  To him the phrase en teé juriake´heem´ra (the Lord’s Day) would be what is known in by the prophets as “the Day of the LORD,” or the time of the coming destruction that brings forth the return of Messiah (Isaiah 13:6,9; Joel 1:15, 2:1,11,21; Amos 5:18).

There are two other little words in the passage that give a clue to the seasonal timing of the ‘day’.   John heard a loud voice that sounded like a trumpet.  Since the book of Revelation is about prophecy, to use the sound of the trumpet as a prophetic voice is appropriate.  The Feast of Trumpets or Yom Teruah  begins the ‘days of awe’ or the time for preparing for the LORD’s judgment of earth and its people.

John is told by the ‘trumpet voice’ to send messages to the seven churches in East Asia.  These seven messages have warnings to the disobedient and blessings for those with ‘ears to hear’.  These messages contain preparations  for the ‘Day of the LORD‘ and are sent  so the congregations will know the times and understand how to overcome spiritual battles and have victory in the Kingdom.

Still, some Christians perpetuate the the Lord’s Day as Sunday, but this is really the result of ignorance .  The  change from a seventh-day Sabbath to a ‘first day of the week’  memorial to the resurrection was not done by Yeshua or the apostles, but created by the Roman catholic church and Constantine that had an anti-semitic view of the Jewish people.   This unfortunate manmade change brings misunderstanding and misconceptions to the prophetic revelation given to John regarding the events of the Day of the LORD and the return of the Messiah of Israel to rule on earth.   The real blessing of The LORD’s Day  is not about having a great Sun-day, but to read the book of Revelation and the prophecy it contains.

The revelation of Messiah Yeshua, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,  who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of God and the testimony of Messiah Yeshua. Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near” (Revelation 1:1-3).

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

The Biblical Sabbath – Shabbat

Candles, Bread, Wine

“On six days work will get done; but the seventh day is Shabbat, for complete rest, set apart for the LORD. The people of Israel are to keep the Shabbat, to observe Shabbat through all their generations as a perpetual covenant” (Exodus 31:15-16).

A lot of confusion exists about the Sabbath. Some people believe that it was ‘done away with’ when Yeshua died on the cross. Other people claim that the ‘day’ was changed from the seventh-day Jewish Sabbath to the first-day Christian one. Still others contend that all of The Ten Commandments are in force, except the fourth because it was not reiterated in the New Testament. Some even assert that there are no longer any commandments we have to obey because we’ve been ‘set free from the law.’

In the Beginning

The first mention of Sabbath is Genesis 2:1-2:

“Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.  By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.  And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.”

In the beginning, God created a specific day memorializing ‘ceasing from His creative work.’ He made it ‘holy’ by setting it apart from the rest of the creation week. This is the foundation for resting on the seventh-day Sabbath.

In Hebrew the word for ‘Sabbath’ is Shabbat, and its root is the word sheva meaning ‘seven’: שבת and שבע. This affirms the Sabbath being the seventh day of the week versus any other day.

Each letter in the Hebrew alphabet has a picture associated with it. When the individual letter pictures are joined together, a word picture develops that gives unique insight into the meaning of the word.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Sabbath or Shabbat – שבת

Shin ש – A Tooth means ‘consume.’

Bet ב – A House means ‘home, family.’

Tav ת – Crossed Sticks mean ‘covenant sign.’

The Hebrew word picture for shabbat: Consume the home, family with the covenant sign.

The Hebrew word picture for shabbat: Consume the home, family with the covenant sign.

Sabbath Instructions

The second time Sabbath is mentioned is Exodus 16:4-5:

“I will rain down bread from heaven for you.  The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day.  In this way I will test them and see whether they will follow my instructions.  On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in, and that is to be twice as much as they gather on the other days. …Keep in mind that the LORD has given you the Sabbath; that is why on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days.  Everyone is to stay where he is on the seventh day; no one is to go out.  So the people rested on the seventh day” (Exodus 16:4-5,29).

The Hebrews had spent hundreds of years enslaved in Egypt never having a day of rest. Sabbath for the Hebrews was a test of faith. God wanted to see if His newly freed nation would simply follow His instructions. It was no different from Adam and Eve in the Garden. God explained the Sabbath rest to those who had just come out of Egypt with specific instructions about gathering manna.

If His people would just simply obey His command and prepare for the Sabbath by gathering enough manna on the sixth day, they could stay in their tents and rest on the Sabbath. If they did not, there would be consequences –– maggots on the manna and a stench to the community!

“Some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it [the man] until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell” (Exodus 16:20).

The Ten Commandments

Adonai includes the Sabbath in The Ten Commandments, part of His instructions that would set Israel apart from all other nations. The Sabbath was not only a weekly reminder that God was the Provider for Israel’s sustenance and life, but that He is the Creator.

“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.  Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a  Sabbath to the LORD your God.  On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates.  For in six days the LORD made the heaven and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Exodus 20:8).

The Sabbath commandment begins with the word ‘remember.’ Remember that only a couple of chapters earlier, the Israelites were tested regarding the Sabbath and “some of them paid no attention?” To begin the fourth commandment with the word ‘remember’ suggests that it will be the one commandment most likely forgotten.

To ignore the seventh-day Sabbath is to lose the example of the Creator’s cycle of working for six days and resting on the seventh. The result of not ‘remembering’ the created Sabbath has allowed for the acceptance of evolution within the Body of Messiah. Some pastors teach evolutionary creationism with each day being 1000 years or even one million years. This way of thinking negates the ‘sign of Jonah’ that Yeshua gave for his time in the grave –– three days and three nights. The Hebrew word, yom, was used for each day of creation identified numerically from one to six, each yom concluding with ‘evening to morning’ defining a 24-hour day. Sabbath, given a name not a number, concluded the seven-day week of creation.

Feast of the LORD

Sabbath is given to God’s people as the first of His ‘appointed times’:

“There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a  Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly.  You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the LORD” (Leviticus 23:3).

Along with previous instructions given by God for the Sabbath, families were to assemble in their tents in a holy manner to remember their Creator and rest from their labors. They were to ‘remember’ the Sabbath whether they lived in the wilderness, the Promised Land or the dispersed among the nations.

Sabbath Instructions

Adonai gives more instructions regarding the Sabbath in the Torah and throughout the Prophets. These instructions outlined what He considered work so that Israel would ‘remember’ Him by resting and not return to a lifestyle of bondage.

“Six days you shall labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during the plowing season and harvest you must rest” (Exodus 34:21).

“Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day” (Exodus 35:3, Leviticus 26:2, and Deuteronomy 5:12).

“While the Israelites were in the desert, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day.   …Then YHVH said to Moses, the man must die” (Numbers 15:32).

“When the neighboring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day” (Nehemiah 10:31).

“When evening shadows fell on the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered the doors to be shut and not opened until the Sabbath was over.  I stationed some of my own men at the gates so that no load could be brought in on the Sabbath day” (Nehemiah 13:19).

From these instructions and experiences, Israel learned the following about the Sabbath: Do not kindle a fire, do not gather wood, do not buy or sell, do not carry a load. Sabbath rest was commanded even during planting and harvest seasons, and walking on the Sabbath could only be a short distance (Acts 1:12). Breaking the regulations never resulted in harsh punishment except one time. Adonai never killed anyone for random disobedience, but after watching His people live in bondage, He wanted them to know how serious He was about ceasing from regular work. He also knew that one rebellious person would cause everyone else to be disobedient.

The Sabbath and Yeshua

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  He was with God in the beginning.  Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that had been made” (John 1:1-3).

Yeshua was with God ‘in the beginning’ when He spoke the seventh-day Sabbath into existence. As the spoken word of Adonai, Yeshua was an integral part of the created Sabbath.

Yeshua gave one regulation for the Sabbath when he was accused of disobeying man-made traditions. He made it “lawful to do good.” He demonstrated what was lawfully good by healing the sick and feeding his disciples.

“How much more valuable is a man than a sheep!  Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:12).

“Now if a child can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing the whole man on the Sabbath” (John 7:23).

“One Sabbath Yeshua was going going through the grain fields, and his disciples began to pick some heads of grain, rub them in their hands and eat the kernels.  Some of the Pharisees asked, ‘Why are you doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?’  Yeshua answered them, ‘Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?  He entered the house of God, and taking the consecrated bread, he ate what is lawful only for priests to eat.  And he also gave some to his companions.’  Then Yeshua said to them, ‘The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath’” (Luke 6:1-5).

On the Sabbath, Yeshua went into the synagogue and taught his brothers and sisters (Mark 1:21). He read the Hebrew Scriptures according to the Sabbath custom, he healed people, and cast out evil spirits. Not only were many Jewish people amazed, they put their faith in him (Mark 6:2, John 8:30).

Throughout the centuries, the sages and rabbis compiled their own regulations to the God-given instructions which added great burdens on the people. Creating burdens was not God’s purpose for Sabbath ‘rest’ so Yeshua untwisted these interpretations. He taught that the Sabbath was made for mankind and not for burdensome rules. He wanted his brothers and sisters to rest on the Shabbat, not become enslaved to it.

“Then he said to them, ‘The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.  So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27-28).

As God’s Son, Yeshua had authority over Sabbath. Though man can enjoy the Sabbath day and determine how he will rest on the Sabbath day, he has no authority to change the Sabbath day, remove the Sabbath day or add to the Sabbath day. No man, except Yeshua, has that authority over the Sabbath and he never used it.

The Jews’ Sabbath

Many people still believe, in spite of the Biblical evidence, that the seventh-day Sabbath is only for the Jewish people. When Yeshua stated the Sabbath was created for man, he spoke in a broader sense than just Jewish men and women. After all, Sabbath was created ‘in the beginning’ before there ever was a Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob or Tribe of Judah. Only Adam and Eve lived in the Garden of Eden, and Sabbath was created for them to fellowship eternally with their Creator.

Though Yeshua never spoke Greek, it is important to note that the Greek word anthropos translated ‘man’ in Mark 2:27 literally means ‘man-faced.’ According to Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek Words, the primary definition of anthropos is “a human being, whether male or female, without reference to sex or nationality, to include all human beings.” This means that Yeshua knew and understood that Shabbat was created for all human beings, not just for his Jewish brothers and sisters.

Yeshua never taught that the Sabbath was abolished or that it would ever be abolished. In fact, he taught just the opposite when he said, “Nothing will disappear from the Torah until heaven and earth pass away” (Matthew 5:24). Just because he angered the leaders of his day doesn’t mean he was in any way breaking the Sabbath as God commanded; he was challenging their man-made rules so steeped in tradition that they had become blinded to the commands of God (Mark 7:8).

Scriptures in the Gospels, taught and lived out by Yeshua, confirm that Sabbath was re-iterated in the New Testament. Yeshua, who was with the Father at the creation of the Sabbath, kept the day holy as it was meant to be and called himself the “Lord of the Sabbath.” No one is without excuse when it comes to ‘remembering’ the Sabbath day.

Apostles and the First-Century Church

“Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a  Sabbath day’s walk (or 3/4 miles) from the city” (Acts 1:12).

The apostles and the first-century church remained faithful to the Sabbath. The short walk the disciples took as they returned to Jerusalem is a new testament proof that disciples didn’t break the Sabbath. Even after the resurrection of Yeshua, they still obeyed the allowable travel distance. Paul, the apostle to the gentiles, went into synagogues and shared the gospel on the Sabbath.

“On the next Sabbath almost the whole city gathered to hear the word of the LORD” (Acts 13:44).

“Saul [Paul] spent several days with the disciples in Damascus. At once he began to preach in the synagogues that Yeshua is the Son of God” (Acts 9:20). 

“On the Sabbath they [Paul and his companions] entered the synagogue and sat down.  After the reading from the Law [Torah] and the Prophets, the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them, saying, “Brothers, if you have a word of exhortation for the people, please speak” (Acts 13:15-19).

“As Paul and Barnabas were leaving the synagogue, the people invited them to speak further about these things on the next Sabbath” (Acts 13:32).

“Instead we should write to them [the gentiles], telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood.   For the Torah of Moses has been preached in every city from the earliest times and is read in the synagogues on every Sabbath” (Acts 15:20-21).

Nothing changed regarding the seventh-day Sabbath after Yeshua’s resurrection. Jews and gentiles who wanted to hear the Word of Adonai gathered in the synagogues on the Sabbath. They listened to the words of Torah, they heard the apostles’ teach, and they learned about salvation in Yeshua, the Lord of the Sabbath.  

The Prophets

“Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the LORD who makes you holy” (Exodus 31:13).

“I am the LORD your God; follow my decrees and be careful to keep my Torah.  Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us.  Then you will know that I AM the LORD your God” (Ezekiel 20:19-20).

The prophet Ezekiel reminded the Israelites of the continued importance of Sabbath as an outward ‘sign’ between Adonai and His people. No matter where they lived, Sabbath was the ‘sign’ to the nations that they were in a covenant relationship with Adonai. By keeping the Sabbath, they would know that it is God who sets them apart from other nations.

Isaiah prophesied blessings for those from the nations who ‘remember’ to keep the Sabbath. Foreigners or gentiles who are joined to Adonai through faith in Yeshua, who serve Him, love His Name and worship Him, may enjoy all the Sabbath blessings included in the covenant and promises He made with Israel. They can enter Sabbath rest focusing on the Creator taking delight in the Sabbath and honoring it by not doing their own thing. The blessing will be worshiping Adonai together with Israel, receiving joy in His house of prayer, and feasting on Jacob’s inheritance.

“Let no foreigner who has joined himself to the LORD say, the LORD will surely exclude me from His people.’   And foreigners who bind themselves to the LORD, to serve Him, to love the name of the LORD and to worship Him, all who keep the Sabbath without desecrating it and who hold fast to my covenant – these will I bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer” (Isaiah 56:7).

“If you keep your feet from breaking the Sabbath and from doing as you please on my holy day, if you call the Sabbath a delight and the LORD’s holy day honorable, and if you honor it by not going your own way and not doing as you please or speaking idle words, then you will find your joy in the LORD and I will cause you to ride on the heights of the land and to feast on the inheritance of your father Jacob” (Isaiah 58:13-14).

Isaiah also prophesies about the time after the Messianic Era –– Eternity and the new heavens and earth. The word “mankind” in the prophecy means that everyone, regardless of nationality, gender, religious affiliation or doctrinal views of the Sabbath, will have a responsibility toward the Sabbath. There will be “mankind” who will obey and worship Adonai and there will be “mankind” who do not. Just like in the wilderness, there will be a consequence for disobeying the Sabbath command –– “their worm will not die and they will be loathsome to everyone.”

“As the new heavens and the new earth that I make will endure before me,’ declares the LORD, ‘so will your name and descendants endure.  From one New Moon to another and from one Sabbath to another, all mankind will come and bow down before me,’ says the LORD.  And they will go out and look upon the dead bodies of those who rebelled against me; their worm will not die, nor will their fire be quenched, and they will be loathsome to all mankind’” (Isaiah 66:22-24).

A Weekly Vision of Eternity

When Adonai created the Sabbath, He never said, “There was evening and morning, the seventh day.” He created the Sabbath for eternal fellowship with his glorious creation. Adam and Eve, along with all of their children, were to live in the Garden forever, but sin ended the eternal day. In order for mankind to “remember” God’s promise of restoration, He commanded mankind to “remember” the Sabbath as a vision of Eternity to come.

As it was ‘in the beginning‘ so it will be in Eternity when there is a new heaven and a new earth. The New Jerusalem will come down out of heaven and Adonai will once again make His dwelling with mankind (Revelation 21, 22). It is with this vision and hope for the restoration of the eternal Shabbat and an everlasting fellowship with our Creator that we should “remember” the Sabbath day and keep it holy.

©1997 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this article,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.  For more about Yeshua fullfilling the ‘appointed times,’ purchase Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts.