Posts Tagged ‘sukkot’

Praise – Hebrew: Hallel


The Hebrew word hallel means ‘to boast,’ ‘celebrate’ and ‘shine.’ The word is found 165 times in Scripture. The word ‘halleluyah’ comes from hallel and means ‘Praise Yah.’ Psalms chapters 113 to 118 are known as ‘The Hallel.’ These Psalms were sung as prayers by worshipers climbing the steps to the Temple to worship Adonai during the three festival gatherings: Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot and Hanukkah.

“Let them hallel the name of Adonai, for he commanded and they were created” (Psalm 148:2-5).

“Let them hallel his name with dancing, make melody to him with tambourine and lyre …” (Psalm 149:3).

“The poor will eat and be satisfied; those who seek Adonai will hallel him; Your hearts will enjoy life forever” (Psalm 22:26).

“Charm can lie, beauty can vanish, but a woman who fears Adonai should be hallel” (Proverbs 31:30).

Hebrew Word Pictures

praise – hallel – הלל

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

ל Lamed – A Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

ל Lamed – A Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for hallel: behold and urge forward, urge forward.

©2022 Tentstake Ministries Publishing

Revelation Chapter 7 – White Robes

“After this, I looked; and there before me was a huge crowd, too large for anyone to count, from every nation, tribe, people and language. They were standing in front of the throne and in front of the Lamb, dressed in white robes and holding palm branches in their hands; and they shouted, “Victory [salvation] to our God, who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!” All the angels stood around the throne, the elders and the four living beings; they fell face down before the throne and worshipped God, saying, “Amen! “Praise and glory, wisdom and thanks, honor and power and strength belong to our God forever and ever! “Amen!” (Revelation 7:9-12).

Still in the interlude after the sixth seal, a large crowd gathers in front of the throne of Adonai. This crowd is not millions upon millions of angels, but people from every nation, tribe, and language. They represent the fulfillment of the covenant El Shaddai made with Avraham: ‘the father of many nations’ (Genesis 17:4-7). These nations with their varied languages and tribal affiliations stand before the King wearing white robes and holding palm branches.

In the book of Revelation, there are two different garments given to individuals in the Kingdom: white robes and fine linen. White robes symbolize the completeness of the salvation process. Salvation begins with justification through the blood of Yeshua at the cross. It includes the lifetime process of sanctification until the day of being resurrected, receiving an immortal glorified body (Romans 8:22-23, 2 Corinthians 3:18, 1 Peter 5:10).

The other garment is fine linen, bright and clean. The Hebrew word for ‘clean’ is or tahor and means ‘pure’ referring to being ceremonially or ritually pure. This garment is given to the Bride of Messiah. This garment is a reward for righteous works; it is not a free gift, but a reward for living ‘ritually’ pure according to Torah (Matthew 16:27).

Feast of Tabernacles

Many believe those in white robes holding palm branches has something to do with ‘Palm Sunday;’ however, ‘Palm Sunday’ is not a Biblically-sanctioned holy day. Palm branches always allude to the Feast of Tabernacles and the Messianic Era when Yeshua rules the earth from Jerusalem.

The command for palm branches is found in the ‘appointed times’ of Adonai. The Feast of Tabernacles, –– on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, was given as a ‘rehearsal’ for this exact future event. It included not only waving palm branches, but branches of willow and myrtle. Called a lulav, these branches were waved to the north, south, east and west to prophesy the gathering of people from all nations who would come and worship the Lamb in Jerusalem (Leviticus 23:39-41, Psalm 118:26-27).

During the Feast of Tabernacles or Sukkot, the people of Isra’el live in sukkot or ‘temporary dwellings’ they built on the roofs of their houses or in their courtyards. In the days of Nehemiah, they also collected branches from wild olives symbolizing the nations (Nehemiah 8:14-16).

When Yeshua rode into Jerusalem with the Jewish people waving palm branches, he said “You will not see me again until you say, ‘Baruch haba b’shem Adonai'” (Matthew 23:39, Luke 13:35). These words held a double meaning. In Hebrew, the first two words, Baruch haba are a phrase that means ‘welcome.’ Only when Yeshua’s Jewish brothers and sisters welcome him back will he return to Jerusalem. This is the reason that gentiles need to make the Jewish people envious for their Messiah; only when the gentiles understand what their fullness means, will the Jews cry out.

The Jewish people waved palm branches because they understood the Messiah and the restoration of Isra’el. They believed it was beginning as Yeshua rode into Jerusalem. They believed he would set up his Kingdom and free them from oppression. Though they had the correct understanding of the ‘appointed time,’ their timing was off.

Yeshua took Peter, James, and Yochanan to a mountain during Sukkot where they saw him glorified. Peter understood the prophetic vision when he suggested putting up three sukkot — one for Yeshua, one for Moshe, and one for Elijah. He was not acting foolish or creating a new religious community. The Messiah was in front of him, the Messianic Era should begin, but his timing was off.

Yochanan witnesses final redemption in his vision of the multitude standing before the throne waving palm branches. Yochanan had been with Yeshua on the mountain top believing the Messianic Era had arrived; now he is seeing it being fulfilled in a time to come.

One of the elders asked me, “These people dressed in white robes — who are they, and where are they from?”  “Sir,” I answered, “you know.” Then he told me, “These are the people who have come out of the Great Persecution [Tribulation]. They have washed their robes and made them white with the blood of the Lamb.  That is why they are before God’s throne. “Day and night they serve him in his Temple; and the One who sits on the throne will put his Sh’khinah upon them. “They will never again be hungry, they will never again be thirsty, the sun will not beat down on them, nor will any burning heat. “For the Lamb at the center of the throne will shepherd them, will lead them to springs of living water, and God will wipe every tear from their eyes” (Revelation 7:13-17).

The multitude have washed their robes that became white through the ‘blood of the Lamb.’ Sardis had people who had robes, but the robes were soiled. The people of Sardis had incomplete works and needed make teshuvah (repentance) and turn back to Elohim. They had the reputation of being alive, but were dead. They needed to put actions to their faith; they needed to wash their dirty robes.

Smyrna goes through great suffering even to the point of martyrdom in order to receive the crown of life. Martyrs were already given white robes and told to ‘wait’ until the fullness of all who were to be martyred had occurred. At this time, everyone before the throne is wearing a white robe.

According to the elder speaking with Yochanan, this multitude came out of the Great Persecution. Other versions of the Bible translate it the Great Tribulation. In Hebrew, the words mean ‘those who have been in persecution and great suffering.’ The Hebrew verb is in the present tense meaning ‘they come out as he is speaking’ or the ‘event is happening as he speaks’ (Ephesians 1:13-14).

The Great Tribulation will bring the salvation of the nation of Isra’el. The prophet Daniel spoke about this time calling it a ‘distress unparalleled between the time they became a nation (1948) and that moment’ (Daniel 12:1). As with all Biblical prophecy, the focus remains on Jerusalem and Isra’el with the promise that one day “all Isra’el will be saved” (Romans 11:26).

Living Water

The Shepherd will lead the multitude to living water; springs that bubbles up with life (Isaiah 49:10). Living water symbolizes the Ruach haKodesh. The Ruach ‘sealed’ those who put their faith in Yeshua, guaranteeing their eternal inheritance until they could possess it (Zechariah 14:8).

‘Living water’ is another allusion to the Feast of Tabernacles and its culmination in the Messianic Era. On the last and greatest day of the Feast of Tabernacles, a Temple priest would pour out a pitcher of water he had collected from the Pool of Siloam.  While the people shouted and danced at this joyous ceremony, he would cry out the words of the prophet Isaiah: “With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation” (Isaiah 12:3). During this water-pouring ceremony, on the last and greatest day of the Feast, Yeshua stood and cried out in a loud voice: “Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them” (John 7:38)

When the multitude from every nation, tribe and tongue hear the voice of Yeshua, they declare “Yeshua is the Messiah” as they stand in front of the throne. They wear white robes as evidence of their faith and position in the heavenly Tabernacle of Adonai. They will never be hungry for His word or be thirsty for His presence. No sun or burning heat from the consuming fire will hurt them. Every tear will be wiped from their eyes; sorrow will have no part in the heavenly realm.


Chapter 8 – Seventh Seal and Trumpets

©2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts

Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts is a personal or group in-depth study guide/student manual that reveals the shadows and realities of the Messiah in the prophetic visions in the Feasts of the LORD. It will fill in the holes of your Bible when reading the words ‘Jewish feast’ or ‘the feast of the Jews.’  This study will illuminate often-overlooked phrases and idioms that allude to the ‘appointed times’ of God.

Both the prophet Micah and King Solomon state that without prophetic vision and knowledge, God’s people perish. Studying the Biblical holy days will revive the searching soul and bring insight and understanding into the complete salvation found in Yeshua – his past, present, and future work.

This newly revised study guide/student manual includes Scriptures from the Torah, Prophets, Psalms, Gospels, and Letters. It includes activities for families and children that will enhance celebrating the Biblical ‘appointed times’ as well as suggestions for digging deeper into traditional and Biblical Jewish customs surrounding Yeshua In His Father’s Feasts.

If you are doing a group study, a leader’s manual for the revised second edition student manual can be purchased that not only has the answers to the questions, but also ideas for spurring discussions.

May be purchased on


“This is the best Bible study I have ever done. I can’t seem to put it down and I am learning more and more about my faith everyday. I have been a believer for 60 years and I am learning truths I was never taught in church. I even asked my pastor if he knew all of this and admitted, he did not.” (M. Graves)

“I have been growing in my faith from reading and studying the Feasts in this guide. Thank you for your faithfulness to Yeshua!” (S. Corben)

“Few Christians understand that the context for the Jewish Messiah of the New Testament of their Bibles is the culture and language and history of the nation of Israel. This book helps explain why that culture, language and history is necessary knowledge for understanding the identity of the Messiah and how knowing the Jewish Messiah enlarges the understanding of the Biblical feasts. Good, basic foundational information from which to launch further study. Very enjoyable and eye-opening.” (W. Lopez)

“Loved it. Will keep going back for future Wisdom that truly matters.” (J. Banta)

“I have learned so many things about the Bible that I never saw before. I loved learning about the fall festivals and I became aware of more and more people teaching about these special times. I especially learned that Christmas and Hanukkah are very different holidays. I am grateful to have done this Bible study.” (L. Herbert)

“My eyes are seeing so much more in Scripture, especially the new testament, after doing this study.” (M. Gravenhorst)

In the Days of Nehemiah

“It was the first day of the seventh month” (Nehemiah 8:2).

This specific verse in Nehemiah sets the time for the events to follow as the ‘first day of the seventh month’ or Yom Teruah, the Feast of Trumpets.  This ‘appointed time’ of God begins His season of the fall feasts which are about repentance, atonement and a vision of the coming Millennial Kingdom.

The events in Nehemiah 8 are not some random occurrences in the history of Israel.  They are a testimony to the restoration of the Feasts of Adonai to a people who had lived in exile for over 160 years.  Though there was a first wave of Jewish return to Jerusalem 70 years after being taken captive, Ezra and Nehemiah were in the second wave 90 years later.  It was during this time that the priests gathered the people together on the ‘first day of the seventh month’.

Yom Teruah 445 B.C.E.

A wooden platform was made on which Ezra, the priest,  stood and could be seen and heard by all of the men and women who came to listen to the reading of the Torah.  As he opened the Torah scroll, everyone stood.  Then Ezra blessed Adonai, the great God.  As the people answered with “Amen”,  they lifted up their hands, bowed their heads, and fell prostrate before Adonai with their faces to the ground. 

“Amen” has a very interesting root history.  It comes from the Hebrew word aman meaning ‘to nourish, support, make sure and strong’.   The word emunah or faithfulness also has its root in aman.   The Jewish sages say that amen is an acronym for el melek ne’eman or “God is a faithful King’.  According to Revelation 3:14, Yeshua is the “the amen, the faithful and true witness … he is the faithful King.”   What the people said  as they were about to hear the Torah was “God is a faithful King!”

Days of Awe and Repentance

The Levites had the responsibility to explain Torah to the people.  After being in a foreign country for several generations, they needed to translate the Hebrew so that the ‘Persian’ Jews would  understand the words being read.  When they heard the  instructions that Adonai gave them through Moshe, the people began to weep. 

Repentance or making teshuvah, ‘turning back to God,’ is central to the fall ‘appointed times.’   After hearing the words of Torah for the first time standing in Jerusalem, the people wept.  They grieved.  They understood they had lost the very essence of their national heritage and had not lived accordingly.

Ezra, along with the rest of the Levites, told them not to weep, not to be sad for this day was ‘set apart to Adonai their God.’  It was His ‘appointed time.’ They were told to go out, eat rich food, drink sweet drinks, and give portions to those who couldn’t provide for themselves.  Even today sweet foods are eaten on Feast of Trumpets with apples and honey being the traditional foods.

How sweet to my tongue is your promise, truly sweeter than honey in my mouth!” (Psalm 119:103).

Mouth of God

Yeshua said “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every Word that comes from the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4).  What does the mouth or ‘voice of God’ sound like?

Ram's Horn Shofar

When John was exiled on the island of Patmos, he has a revelation of Messiah.  He says,  “I came to be, in the Spirit, on the Day of Adonai; and I heard behind me a loud voice, like a shofar ….”   The voice of Adonai sounded like the blowing of a shofar.  A shofar or ram’s horn is blown on the Feast of Trumpets.  Obviously, it is only when breath goes through the shofar that it is able to create a sound.  Being vessels of Adonai’s Spirit, it is taught that the ‘breath of God’ blows through a shofar when it sounds.  

John heard the voice that sounded like a shofar on the Day of the LORD.  This is in reference to the events surrounding the coming Messianic Era and a time of judgment, not the first day of the week.  The events for the Day of Adonai will begin on ‘the first day of the seventh month’ or Yom Teruah.

Pool of Siloam

The Spring of Living Water

The original city of Jerusalem had very different boundaries than modern-day Jerusalem.  In fact, remnants of the city are found in what is known as the City of David.  Within the ‘older’ city of Jerusalem, the Water Gate led down to the Gihon Spring which was located in the Kidron Valley.  This spring was the main source of water for the Pool of Siloam.   The priests would go to the Pool of Siloam to collect the water for each day’s water libation ceremony during the Feast of Tabernacles.  During this event, they would pour water over the Altar.  On the last and greatest day of this Feast, Yeshua stood and cried out:

“If anyone is thirsty, let him keep coming to me and drinking! Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!” (John 7:37-39).

As the people gathered at the Water Gate, it is symbolic of the pathway to the living water of the Word of God.  With the reading of the Torah by Ezra, the Jewish people had been ‘washed in the water of the Word’ and began preparing themselves to be a pure and holy bride (Ephesians 5:25-26).   

Building Sukkot

On the second day,  the heads of the clans of the people joined the Levites and Ezra to study the words of the Torah again.  They found that Adonai had ordered that the people of Israel were to live in booths or sukkot during the ‘appointed time’ in the seventh month. They were to announce the festival of Sukkot in all of their cities and in Jerusalem.  

“Go out to the mountains, and collect branches of olives, wild olives, myrtles, palms, and other leafy trees to make sukkot, as prescribed” (Nehemiah 8:15).

Olive Tree

In Jeremiah 11:16, God calls Israel an olive tree. In Romans 11,  Sha’ul speaks about branches of olives and wild olives that make up the Olive Tree of Israel.    The natural branches represent the 12 Tribes of Israel  and the wild branches the nations that join with them.  Both receive the same living water of the Word through the same spiritual root.   Though both branches will continue to produce either natural olives or wild olives, they both produce olives.

Myrtle trees are considered an evergreen and are very hardy.   They produce a purplish-black berry called the mursins.  This fruit can be dried then ground and used as a flavoring.  It is one of the four leafy trees bound together for Sukkot that over time have been given the symbolism of ‘good smell, but no taste,’ like a person who has ‘good deeds, but does not study the Torah.’

Middle Eastern Myrtle

The prophet Zechariah lived during the time between the first and second returning remnants.  He has a vision of God, angels, and horsemen standing in the midst of a myrtle tree.  This vision was given to reinforce God’s promise that the exiles who returned to Jerusalem would be prosperous.  For the Jewish people of Zechariah’s time to prosper, they would need to repent and serve the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, rebuild the Temple, and learn Torah.  In the days of Nehemiah and Yom Teruah, the repentance had begun. 

“Therefore this is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Jerusalem with mercy, and there my house will be rebuilt. And the measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem,’ declares the LORD  Almighty” (Zechariah 1:16).

Palm Tree

Palms, or lulav in Hebrew,  were also part of the branches collected to make a sukkah.  It is known for its uprightness, fruit and its beauty.  The Jewish sages say that the palm tree, which has taste but no smell, can be compared to a person who studies Torah, but has no fruit of good works. 

The first mention of palm trees in Scripture is when the Israelites camp at the oasis of Elim during their trek in the wilderness.  It is during the Feast  of Tabernacles that palm branches are waved signifying the coming Messianic Era. This is why palm branches were waved when Yeshua entered Jerusalem during the Passover season.  The people believed that the kingdom of God had arrived; however, it was the wrong ‘appointed time’ and season.    In Revelation 7:9, multitudes from every tribe and nation will be waving palm branches and giving glory to the King of Kings.  Today, the lulav is a special binding of three species of branches along with an etrog (a type of citrus fruit).  It is used to worship Adonai during Sukkot and reminds everyone that one day the nations of the world will gather in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles (Zechariah 14:16). 


The people went out from the city, collected branches from specific trees and made sukkot for themselves on the roofs of their homes, in their courtyards, in the Temple courts, and in the open spaces by the Water Gate and the Efrayim Gate. The entire community of those who had returned from the exile made sukkot and lived in them for the commanded eight days.   They had not done this since the days of Joshua and they celebrated Sukkot with great joy.  They also read the Torah every day from the first day until the last day of the ‘appointed time.’

In Our Day

The Feast of  Trumpets begins on the first day of the seventh month and Sukkot begins on the fourteenth day. On our Gregorian calendar, these fall festivals occur in our months of September/October.   They are a vision of the coming Kingdom of God when Israel, the natural branches of the Olive Tree will gather in Jerusalem along with the nations, the wild branches of the Olive Tree, to worship the King of Kings.  Everyone will wave olive, palm, and myrtle branches for they will not just study Torah, they will bear the righteous fruit of the etrog.

The Jews in the days of Nehemiah prepared for this coming Kingdom by repenting and returning to the Torah of God and celebrated the ‘appointed times’ on their commanded days.  As wild olives, we can also embrace the vision of the coming Kingdom millennia later in the say way: repenting and turning back to God, learning Torah,  and proclaiming the ‘appointed times’ to those who stand by the Water Gate desiring spiritual nourishment from the spring of living water.  Amen. “Yeshua is the faithful King.”  

©2016 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.