Posts Tagged ‘righteousness’

Righteousness – Hebrew: Tzadakah

צדק

Tzadaqah is the Hebrew word for ‘righteousness’ meaning ‘to be justified, to be loyal, honest, lawful.’ ‘Righteousness’ is found 130 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. Righteousness can simply mean ‘acting rightly before the lawgiver’ in truth and mercy. Melchizedek in Hebrew is Melech Tzadek meaning ‘King of Righteousness.’

“One the one hand, the relationships among people and of a man to his God can be described as sadaq, supposing the parties are faithful to each other’s expectations.  It is a relational word…. The word ‘righteousness’ embodies all that God expects of His people.  One judges, deals, sacrifices, and speaks righteously; and one learns, teaches, and pursues after righteousness” (Vines Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words).

“He believed in Adonai, and he credited it to him as righteousness” (Genesis 15:6).

“It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to obey all these mitzvot before ADONAI our God, just as he ordered us to do” (Deuteronomy 6:25).

“I will restore your judges as at first and your advisers as at the beginning. After that, you will be called the City of Righteousness, Faithful City” (Isaiah 1:26).

“But those who can discern will shine like the brightness of heaven’s dome, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever” (Daniel 12:3).

Hebrew Word Pictures

צ Tzade – A Fishhook means ‘pull toward.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

ק Kof – Back of the Head means ‘what is behind.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for tzadakah: pulling toward what is behind the pathway, revealed.

In Greek ‘righteousness’ is dikaiosune and means ‘whatever conforms to the revealed will of God,’ or ‘whatever has been appointed by God to be acknowledged and obeyed by man.’

““How blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness! for they will be filled” (Matthew 5:6).

“For it is by the power of the Spirit, who works in us because we trust and are faithful, that we confidently expect our hope of attaining righteousness to be fulfilled” (Galatians 5:5).

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Righteous – Hebrew: Tzadek

צדק

Tzadek in Hebrew means ‘to be just, righteous, or perfect.’ Tzadek can also mean ‘justification’ through acquittal of crime or sin. ‘Righteous’ is found 325 times in the Old Testament; and 138 in the New.

“Then Y’hudah acknowledged owning them. He said, ‘She is more righteous than I, because I didn’t let her become the wife of my son Shelah.’ And he never slept with her again” (Genesis 38:26).

“The effect of righteousness will be peace; the result of righteousness, quiet trust forever” (Isaiah 32:17).

“But if you warn the righteous person that a righteous person should not sin, and he doesn’t sin; then he will certainly live, because he took the warning; and you too will have saved your life” (Ezekiel 3:21).

“But my prayer, in righteousness, is to see your face; on waking, may I be satisfied with a vision of you” (Psalm 17:15).

“Therefore Torah is not followed; justice never gets rendered, because the wicked fence in the righteous. This is why justice comes out perverted” (Habbukuk 1:4).

Tzadek can also mean ‘justification’ through acquittal of a crime or sin.

“Justification [acquittal from sin] is primarily and gratuitously by faith, subsequently and evidentially by works.  The so-called contradiction between James and Paul is only apparent.  There is harmony in the different views of the subject.  Paul has in mind Abraham’s attitude toward God, his acceptance of God’s word (davar) and not on his character or actions, but a contrast between faith and the lack of it, namely unbelief.  The contrast between faith that is real and faith that is false, a faith that is barren and dead, which is not faith at all is the actions of obedience that result because of that faith” (Vines Expository Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek).

“So since we have come to be considered righteous (deemed to be right) by God because of our trust, let us continue to have shalom with God through our Lord, Yeshua the Messiah” (Romans 5:1, Complete Jewish Bible).

“Therefore, since we have been justified [considered righteous] through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1, New International Version).

Hebrew Word Pictures

צ Tzade – A Fishhook means ‘pull toward.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

ק Kof – Back of the Head means ‘what is behind.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for tzadek: to pull toward what is behind the pathway.

In Greek, ‘justified’ is dikaiosis means acquittal as from a crime (such as a life of sin) or ‘to deem to be right.’

“He said to them, ‘You people make yourselves look righteous [free from sin] to others, but God knows your hearts.  What people regard highly is an abomination before God!” (Luke 16:15, Complete Jewish Bible).

“He said to them, ‘You are the ones who justify (acquit) yourselves in the eyes of men, but God knows your hearts.  What is highly valued among men is detestable in God’s sight’” (Luke 16:15, New International Version).

Justification is the first step salvation. Justification is just receiving your ‘get out of death row’ card.  A repentant individual will appreciate the ‘card’ and the judge who gave it to him freely, and sanctify his lifestyle to one worthy of being set free from the ‘law of sin and death.’

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Psalm 119:137-144 (Tzade)

Psalm 119 is about loving God’s Torah, His statutes, commands and precepts.  It is broken up into sections with strange looking words or letters which are the Hebrew alphabet.  In the Hebrew Scriptures, each line of each section starts with a word beginning with this letter.  This is called an acrostic poem.    Each Hebrew letter also has a  word picture associated with it giving greater meaning and symbolism to each line of the specific letter-ed section.

Word Picture - A Fishhook

צ Tzade – A Fish Hook

Pull Toward, Harvest

“You are righteous, Adonai; and your rulings are upright. You have commanded your instructions in righteousness and great faithfulness. My zeal is destroying me, because my foes have forgotten your words. Your word is refined to complete purity, and your servant loves it.  I may be small and despised, but I do not forget your precepts. Your righteousness is eternal righteousness, and your Torah is truth. Trouble and distress have overtaken me, but your mitzvot are my delight. Your instruction is righteous forever; give me understanding, and I will live.”

All English translations like the Amplified Bible, the King James Version, the New American Standard Bibe, and New International Version, use the word ‘law’ in verse 142;  however, using a concordance to find the exact Hebrew word that King David uses, it is Torah.  King David knew and understood that Torah  was synonymous with the Word of God, the only Word of God he had; there was no confusion between the ‘law of sin and death’ and Torah: God’s teachings and instructions.   For David, the Torah is refined to complete purity.

Yeshua asks his Father to “sanctify them [his disciples] by your word, your word is truth” (John 17:17). In Greek logos is used for ‘word’ and means ‘that which is spoken, commanded, taught, and instructed.’ Yeshua asks that his Father sanctify his followers with the words God has spoken, commanded, taught and instructed –– Torah. It is the Torah or the first five books of the Bible that sanctify Yeshua’s followers.  The Greek word hagiazo is ‘sanctify’ and means ‘make holy, treat as holy, set apart as holy, sanctify, hallow, purify.’ The Hebrew word kadosh is ‘holy’ and means ‘making one pure by having met all of God’s requirements when worshiping Him.’ There is no difference between what King David said about Torah and what Yeshua said about the Word. Torah and Word are different words for the same group of Scriptures; they both sanctify and make us holy to Adonai; they are both Truth.

Three words stand out this passage: righteousness, faithfulness, and delight.   In Hebrew, the word righteousness tzadak comes from the Hebrew letter tzade and means ‘to be in the right, justified, and just.’ The meaning of the verb tzadak is ‘to be righteous,’ a legal term which involves God’s process of justice when He makes a divine pronouncement of guilt or innocence on the wicked or righteous.  In Genesis, Abraham meets Melchizedek or Melek Tzadek, the ‘King of Righteousness’ and they share bread and wine.   Tzadek or ‘righteous standing before God’ was credited to Abraham because he believed Adonai’s promises.  Tzadek describes a faithful relationship between two people or a person and God –– Melek Tzadek and Abraham.  Tzadek holds the idea of loyalty and embodies everything that God desires of His people.

There are two views of righteousness when it comes to Torah.  One view of righteousness is when a person or God judges and speaks righteous verdicts using Torah regulations as the guideline.  The other view is when a person teaches and pursues after righteousness using Torah instructions as their guideline.  

In the Hebrew Word Pictures, both views of tzadek symbolize the ‘drawing toward’ of the fishhook.

Tzade – A Fishhook means ‘pull toward.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

ק Kof – Back of the Head means ‘what is behind.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for tzadek: to pull toward what is behind the pathway.

Righteousness is being hooked to the path of life, the path behind the words in Torah. Like King David, we are to delight in God’s Torah, His precepts, and His commandments so that we are drawn toward God’s righteousness and walk as father Abraham and the Living Torah, Yeshua.

©2014 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.