Posts Tagged ‘linen’

Parashah 29: Acharei Mot (After the death)

Leviticus 16:1-18:30
(In a regular year, read with Parashah 30; in a leap year read separately.)

“Adonai spoke with Moshe after the death of Aharon’s two sons, when they tried to sacrifice before Adonai and died; Adonai said to Moshe, ‘Tell your brother Aharon not to come at just any time into the Holy Place beyond the curtain, in front of the ark-cover which is on the ark, so that he will not die; because I appear in the cloud over the ark-cover’”(Leviticus 16:1).

Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement

After the events with Aaron’s sons, Adonai outlines the regulations for entering the Holy of Holies behind the Holy Curtain in front of the Ark of the Covenant. Aaron was not allowed to come in just any time because Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh appears in the cloud over the kapparah. He was only allowed to enter on Yom Kippur, the day of atoning for the sins of Isra’el, the priesthood, and the Tabernacle; it was a solemn day of fasting.

Aaron was to bathe and put on the holy garments: the linen tunic with the linen shorts next to his bare flesh. He was to wrap the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban.

Linen is worn by anyone who is set-apart to Elohim. Along with the priesthood, kings, and angelic beings, the armies of Yeshua and his Bride wear linen (Revelation 19:8,14). Mordecai was given a linen robe when he was paraded around Susa (Esther 8:15). David danced before the Ark of the Covenant as it was brought into Jerusalem wearing a linen Levitical garment and a linen ephod (2 Samuel 6:14, 1 Chronicles 15:27). Yeshua was wrapped in linen for burial (John 10:40).

When Aaron entered the Mishkan, he was to bring one bull, one ram, and two male goats.  The ram was sacrificed as a burnt offering which made atonement for himself and his family.  The two goats were placed at the entrance to the Mishkan. Lots were cast for the goats; one lot for Elohim and the other for Az’azel. The goat on which the lot fell for Adonai was a sin offering. The goat whose lot fell to Az’azel was presented alive, used for making atonement, and sent into the desert.

The bull was slaughtered as a sin offering for Aaron and his household. From the burning coals on the Altar, Aaron filled a censer. He filled his hands with fragrant incense and brought it inside the Holy Place. He put the incense on the fire so the cloud from the incense would cover the kapparah and he wouldn’t die. He took some of the bull’s blood and sprinkled it seven times with his finger on the kapparah toward the right and in front of the kapparah.

The entrance to the Mishkan where offerings were brought to the cohanim was on the eastern side. The entrance to the Most Holy Place also faced east. When the high priest entered through the veil into the Holy of Holies, he was on the eastern side of the Ark of the Covenant. When the high priest put the blood on the eastern side, it was on the entrance side to the throne room of yod-hey-vav-hey.

“There I saw the glory of the God of Isra’el approaching from the east. His voice was like the sound of rushing water, and the earth shone with his glory. The vision seemed like the vision I had seen when I came to destroy the city; also the visions were like the vision I had seen by the K’var River; and I fell on my face. Adonai’s glory entered the house through the gate facing east” (Ezekiel 43:2-5).

When the Jews pray at the Western Wall of the Temple mount in Jerusalem, they face east toward the Mount of Olives. When Yeshua returns, he will put his feet on the Mount of Olives which will split in half from east to west making a huge valley. They will be the first witnesses of this extraordinary event (Zechariah 14:4). Yeshua will enter Jerusalem through the Eastern Gate of Ezekiel’s Millennial Temple.

No specific instructions are given for the placement of the Ark of the Covenant in the Holy of Holies.  Some speculate that rather than sitting in the middle, it was situated on the northern side facing south.  This is alludes to Adonai’s judgments coming from the north; therefore, His Throne must be toward the north (Job 37:22). The Temple itself was also situated in the northern part of the city of Jerusalem.

If the Ark of the Covenant sat on the northern side of the Holy of Holies, then the eastern side would be the right side as the priest stood in front of it.  When he sprinkled the blood, it would be at the ‘right hand’ of Adonai’s Throne where Yeshua sits in glory (Luke 22:69, Colossians 3:1). Wherever the Ark of the Covenant sat in the Holy of Holies, Adonai required sprinkling of blood seven times to enter the throne room in order to complete the process and allowing Aaron to live.

The high priest also made atonement for the Mishkan and the Altar of Sacrifice with some of the bull’s blood by putting it on the four horns of the Altar.  He was to sprinkle the blood seven times using his finger to purify it from the ‘uncleanness’ of the people of Isra’el.  No other person was allowed in the Tabernacle, the Holy of Holies or the Altar of Sacrifice for the atonements of the priest, his family, and the community of Isra’el.

On Yom Kippur, not only the people received atonement, but also the holy objects. Objects like the Tabernacle, the Altar of Sacrifice, and the Ark of the Covenant could not sin, but they needed purification because of the sinful people who ministered there. They also needed purification from the people of Isra’el because the Altar became defiled through their sins.

In Ezekiel’s vision of the Millennial Temple, there is an Altar of Sacrifice. It will be for the unredeemed people living during the Millennium who need to make offerings. The same protocol will be used for this Altar of Sacrifice during the Messianic Era. It will also need to be cleansed from the sins of the human priesthood and the defilement of humanity.

The Two Goats

After the priest laid his hands on the two goats he said, “A sin-offering to Adonai (speaking the Tetragrammaton) and the two men accompanying him replied, ‘Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom for ever and ever.’  He then fastened a scarlet woolen thread to the head of the goat ‘for Az’azel’ and laying his hands upon it again, recited the following confession of sin and prayer for forgiveness: ‘O Lord, I have acted iniquitously, trespassed, sinned before Thee: I, my household, and the sons of Aaron Thy holy ones. O Lord, forgive the iniquities, transgressions, and sins that I, my household, and Aaron’s children, Thy holy people, committed before Thee, as is written in the law of Moses, Thy servant, “for on this day He will forgive you, to cleanse you from all your sins before the Lord; ye shall be clean.’”

The first goat was slaughtered as a sin offering for the people of Isra’el. Its blood was brought inside the Holy Curtain and sprinkled on the kapparah as was the blood of the bull, purifying the Holy of Holies because of the ‘uncleanness’ of the people and their transgressions. The same was done for the Tabernacle and the Altar of Sacrifice to cleanse it from defilement.

The Mishnah continues, “Then a man was selected, preferably a priest, to take the goat to the precipice in the wilderness; and he was accompanied part of the way by the most eminent men of Jerusalem. Ten booths had been constructed at intervals along the road leading from Jerusalem to the steep mountain. At each one of these, the man leading the goat was formally offered food and drink, which he, however, refused. When he reached the tenth booth, those who accompanied him proceeded no further, but watched the ceremony from a distance. When he came to the precipice, he divided the scarlet thread into two parts, one of which he tied to the rock and the other to the goat’s horns, and then pushed the goat down.  The cliff was so high and rugged that before the goat had traversed half the distance to the plain below, its limbs were utterly shattered. Men were stationed at intervals along the way, and as soon as the goat was thrown down the precipice, they signaled to one another by means of kerchiefs or flags, until the information reached the high priest, whereat he proceeded with the other parts of the ritual.”

The Scapegoat or Az’azel

“No longer will they offer sacrifices to the goat-demons, before whom they prostitute themselves” (Leviticus 17:7).

In the Dead Sea Scrolls, the name Az’azel is found in the Book of the Giants, a section of the Book of Enoch that describes the activities of the fallen angels during the ‘days of Noach.’ According to the book, Az’azel was one of the leaders of the rebellious ‘Watchers’ who had sexual relations with human women (Genesis 6:24).

Az’azel taught human men the art of warfare: making swords, knives, shields, and coats of mail.  He taught human women the art of deception through ornamenting the body: dying the hair and painting the face and eyebrows with cosmetics.   He also revealed to both men and women the secrets of witchcraft leading them into wickedness and impurity (1 Enoch 8:1–3a).

The corruption brought on by Az’azel defiled the human race until all flesh, including human bloodlines, was corrupt except for Noach and his family. The four archangels, Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Phanuel, “saw much blood being shed upon the earth and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth….  The souls of men [made] their suit, saying, ‘Bring our cause before the Most High…. Thou seest what Az’azel hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were in heaven, which men were striving to learn’” (1 Enoch 9:1-4).

Elohim sees the sin brought about by Az’azel and has Raphael “bind Az’azel hand and foot and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening in the desert – which is in Dudael – and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there forever, and cover his face that he may not see light”(1 Enoch 10:6).

“And the angels that did not keep within their original authority, but abandoned their proper sphere, he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for the Judgment of the Great Day” (Jude 6).

Az’azel means ‘scapegoat’ and ‘rugged and strong’ referring to the cliff from which it would fall and die. Some commentary suggests Az’azel, the most mysterious being in sacred writings, was not just a supernatural being, but second in command to the Adversary. In the regulations for Yom Kippur, the ‘scapegoat’ is given the task of removing the wickedness and impurity brought about by a fallen angel named Az’azel.

“The whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin” (1 Enoch 10:8).

There is no mention in Scripture that the Israelites ever sacrificed to goat-demons, only to the ‘god’ of the golden calf. However, Adonai is preparing them to enter and conquer the Promised Land from giants, the descendants of the Nephilim, who may themselves worship ‘goat-demons.’

Hebrew Word Pictures
Scapegoat or Az’azel – עזאזל – ayin, zayin, alef, zayin, lamed
– understand the division of the first strength, the division that urges forward

A tradition developed with the scarlet woolen thread placed on a rock before taking the goat into the desert. After the Temple was built, the scarlet thread was tied on the door of the Temple. When the thread supernaturally turned white, the priests and the people of Isra’el would breathe a sign of relief: the goat had shed his blood and their wickedness had been removed.

The Talmud records that during the 40 years that Simon the Just was high priest, the thread on the rock actually turned white as soon as the goat was thrown over the precipice: a sign that the sins of the people were forgiven. In later times, the change to white was not invariable: a proof of the people’s moral and spiritual deterioration was gradually on the increase, until 40 years before the destruction of the Second Temple when the change of color was no longer observed.

The scarlet thread represents the blood of the High Priest who made atonement for sin in 30 CE.

After the scapegoat was sent out into the desert, the high priest returned to the Mishkan where he bathed and changed his clothes.  The remnants of the burnt offering were burned outside the camp.  The man who went with the goat had to wash his clothes and bathe before he could return to camp.

“Watch out, so that no one will take you captive by means of philosophy and empty deceit, following human tradition which accords with the elemental spirits of the world but does not accord with the Messiah. Don’t let anyone deny you the prize by insisting that you engage in self-mortification or angel-worship [demons]. And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he [Yeshua] made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross” (Colossians 2:8,15,18).

One Place for Sacrifices

“Adonai said to Moshe, ‘Speak to Aharon and his sons and to all the people of Isra’el. Tell them that this is what Adonai has ordered: “When someone from the community of Isra’el slaughters an ox, lamb or goat inside or outside the camp without bringing it to the entrance of the tent of meeting to present it as an offering to Adonai before the tabernacle of Adonai, he is to be charged with blood — he has shed blood, and that person is to be cut off from his people”’” (Leviticus 17:1-4).

Sacrifices were only offered at the entrance to the Mishkan.  If anyone sacrificed an animal anywhere else, whether inside or outside the camp, it was as if they had shed blood. Because the life of an animal is in the blood, shedding the blood of an ox, ram, lamb or goat anywhere but the Altar of Sacrifice was considered murder. This instruction kept the Israelites from sacrificing to goat-demons in the fields. This instruction keeps them from sacrificing animals wherever they live in the diaspora.

Some gentiles have started to sacrifice a lamb or goat at Passover. Adonai sees this as idolatry. By trying to guard Torah, these well-meaning people actually break Adonai’s command and sin. There is and will only ever be one acceptable place for sacrifices and offerings –– Altar of Sacrifice in the Temple.  Until there is a Temple in Jerusalem, sacrifices offered elsewhere are an abomination to Adonai.

“For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for yourselves; for it is the blood that makes atonement because of the life. This is why I told the people of Isra’el, ‘None of you is to eat blood, nor is any foreigner living with you to eat blood’” (Leviticus 17:11-12).

Isra’el and foreigners living with them are not to eat or drink blood. Blood is to be drained from any ‘clean’ animal whether it is hunted or caught, whether it’s a mammal or bird.  The blood is to be poured out and covered with dirt. 

From this instruction in Leviticus 17, the priests developed the concept of kosher, meat of ‘clean’ animals from which all the blood is drained.   Shechita is the Hebrew word for the humane way of slaughtering an animal for dietary consumption that shows respect and compassion for the animal since “its life is in its blood.”

Hebrew Word Pictures
Kosher – כשר – kaf, shin, resh
– open and consume the highest authority

Shichita (Slaughter) – שחיטה – shin, chet, yod, tet, hey
– consume and protect the finished work of twisting, revealed

I remember the only time my dad shot a deer.  He hung the animal upside down from a tree in our backyard.  Underneath its head, he had dug a hole that caught the blood which had frozen because it was very cold.   I asked my dad why he had done that with the deer and he told me that it had to be drained of its blood in order to eat it.  More recently, my son-in-law who is a fishing guide in Alaska told me that when a salmon is caught, it is floated in the river in order to allow the blood to drain from it. When I explained the Biblical reason for what he was doing, he was intrigued.

Defrosting meat in the refrigerator does not allow the blood to drain from the meat.
I was taught to defrost meat outside the refrigerator because the warmer temperature allows the blood to drain from the meat so as not to consume blood.

Sexual Immorality

“Adonai said to Moshe, ‘Speak to the people of Isra’el, tell them, I am Adonai your God.  You are not to engage in the activities found in the land of Egypt, where you used to live; and you are not to engage in the activities found in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you; nor are you to live by their laws.  You are to obey my rulings and laws and live accordingly; I am Adonai your God.  You are to observe my laws and rulings, if a person does them, he will have life through them; I am Adonai’” (Leviticus 18:1-5).

Sexual immorality is practiced many different ways and must have been rampant in Egypt because Adonai refers back to Egyptian practices along with those of the nations they are going to displace in the Promised Land. Incestuous relationships with family members, sisters and brothers, had not been condemned until Adonai sets up His righteous standard for sexual interaction within the family unit. The best explanation for this is that the farther away from perfection in the Garden of Eden, human genetics became more corrupt.

“You are not to have sexual relations with a man as with a woman; it is an abomination”
(Leviticus 18:22).

Marriage in western culture is being attacked every day.  Same-sex marriage has become legal because homosexual relations, or sodomy, are no longer illegal and have been normalized. To call any sexual behavior deviant, let alone an abomination to Adonai, is considered judgmental, unloving, and hateful.  Yet, for the One who created us male and female, the practice of sodomy still remains an abomination. Churches that have succumbed to the tolerance mantra also accept homosexuals, not only in their fellowship, but as priests and pastors. Recently, one mainstream ministry that considered itself Bible-based decided to allow homosexuals to be part of their international missions. After outrage by non-western nations, they had to change their position.

Abomination means ‘to cause hatred or disgust.’  Homosexuality disgusts Adonai and causes Him to hate. Adonai can and does hate (Proverbs 6:16-19). He can deny entrance to His eternal Kingdom to those who practice such behaviors (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Revelation 22:14-15). To overcome this sin and be acceptable to Elohim only requires acknowledging homosexual activity as sin and repenting from it. Rafa-El will forgive the sin and begin healing the wounds that caused the sin.

“You are not to have sexual relations with any kind of animal and thu s become unclean with it; nor is any woman to present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it; it is perversion” (Leviticus 18:23).

Sex with an animal is called beastiality. With the premise of same-sex marriage being that people should be able to marry, and have sex whomever or whatever they love, it won’t be long until beastiality becomes a hot political issue. In Denmark, sex with an animal or ‘zoophilia’ is already legal and Danish lawmakers are fighting to make it illegal. This behavior is not only cruel to the animal (where is PETA now), but is an abomination to Adonai.

”’STDs in animals and humans have a historical relationship. Two or three of the major STDs have come from animals,’ says Alonso Aguirre, a veterinarian and vice president for conservation medicine at Wildlife Trust. ‘We know, for example, that gonorrhea came from cattle to humans. Syphilis also came to humans from cattle or sheep many centuries ago, possibly sexually. The most recent, as well as the deadliest, STD to migrate to humans is HIV, which hunters acquired from the blood of chimpanzees,’ says Aguirre. ‘The disease became transmissible from one person to another through semen and other bodily fluids after it had spread to the human population.’”

When a horse is mated with a donkey, a sterile animal is born –– a mule. If a similar thing occurred with spiritual angels and human women, their Nephilim offspring would be sterile. Could the issues today with gender confusion and sexual identity be evidence of sterile Nephilim (demons) possessing fathers and mothers who gender ‘neutralize’ their children? Younger and young children take hormones and the ultimate consequence will be mass sterilization. Those binary individuals and claim to be multiple genders are being deceived by the same spirit that created the idea of Adam and Eve being androgynous. These abominations are not new as there is ‘nothing new under the sun,’ but they are evidence that we are living in the ‘days of Noach.’

“You are not to let any of your children be sacrificed to Molekh, thereby profaning the name of your God; I am Adonai” (Leviticus 18:21).

Molech, derived from the Hebrew root melek meaning ‘king,’ refers to the Ammonite god who is depicted as a bronze statue that was heated with fire and into which human sacrifices were thrown. Fire-gods were worshiped by Canaanite, Syrian and Arab tribes through burning or sacrificing children in the fire. According to Jewish history, an image of Molech made of hollow brass stood in Jerusalem. Isra’el was warned multiple times by the prophets not to pass their children through the fire to Molech(2 Kings 23:10, Jeremiah 32:35). Human sacrifice, especially children to a god by fire, is murder and idolatry, both abominations to Adonai (Jeremiah 19:4-6).

“Yes, they shed innocent blood, the blood of their own sons and daughters, whom they sacrificed to Kena‘an’s false gods, polluting the land with blood” (Psalm 106:38).

Abortion could be compared to child sacrifice because the blood of innocent children is being poured out onto the ground (and into garbage cans).  The murder of the innocent profanes the name of Adonai who is the Creator of life and instructs His people that no one is to pour the blood of their children out at any altar, including His.  The results of this immoral behavior is defilement of the land until the land itself vomits the people out of it.

“For the people of the land have committed all these abominations, and the land is now defiled. If you make the land unclean, it will vomit you out too, just as it is vomiting out the nation that was there before you. For those who engage in any of these disgusting practices, whoever they may be, will be cut off from their people” (Leviticus 18:27-29).

When Elohim says the land will ‘vomit,’ he uses the Hebrew word qo which means ‘to spew out.’ Yeshua tells the Laodiceans that he will ‘vomit’ them out of his mouth. The Greek word emeo is used for ‘vomit’ and means ‘showing utter rejection.’ The land will ‘spew out’ the Canaanites because of their abominations. The Israelites, if they imitate the idolatries will be spewed out and utterly rejected.

“Throw out the worthless slave [servant] into the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matthew 25:30).

“[But] without [in the other darkness] are the dogs [gentiles] and those who practice sorceries (magic arts) and impurity [the lewd, adulterers] and the murderers and idolaters and everyone who loves and deals in falsehood (untruth, error, deception, cheating)” (Revelation 22:15, AMP).

In a recent conversation with some believers, they questioned whether or not Elohim cares what we do. They supposed He does not care because of His grace, love, and mercy for everyone. They could not grasp that though Adonai loves us, our disobedience and sin breaks fellowship with Him. This could be compared to a child who is deeply loved by their parents, but disobeys their parents’ rules. Until there is correction for the behavior, fellowship between the parent and child remains broken. The only way to restore fellowship is for the child to accept their sin and repent from it. The love of a father includes discipline, and those who refuse discipline will be utterly rejected by the Father (Hebrews 12:6).

“You are to obey my rulings and laws and live accordingly; I am Adonai our God. You are to observe my laws and rulings; if a person does them, he will have life through them; I am Adonai” (Leviticus 18:4-5).

Yeshua, the Way of Life

“You keep examining the Tanakh because you think that in it you have eternal life. Those very Scriptures bear witness to me, but you won’t come to me in order to have life!” (John 5:39)

Shim‘on Kefa answered him, “Lord, to whom would we go? You have the word of eternal life”
(John 6:68).

“Yeshua said, ‘I Am’ the Way — and the Truth and the Life; no one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6).

“A man approached Yeshua and said, ‘Rabbi, what good thing should I do in order to have eternal life?’ He said to him, ‘Why are you asking me about good? There is One who is good! But if you want to obtain eternal life, observe the mitzvot’” (Matthew 19:16-17).

“The thief comes only in order to steal, kill and destroy; I have come so that they may have life, life in its fullest measure” (John 10:10).

“For I have not spoken on my own initiative, but the Father who sent me has given me a command, namely, what to say and how to say it. And I know that his command is eternal life. So what I say is simply what the Father has told me to say” (John 12:49-50).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, Study Helps, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Parashah 23: P’kudei (Accounts)

Exodus 38:21-40:38
(In a regular year, read with Parashah 22; in a leap year read separately.)

“These are the accounts of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, recorded as Moshe ordered, by the Levites under the direction of Itamar, the son of Aaron, the priest” (Exodus 38:21).

Betzal’el was singled out by Adonai and filled with wisdom, understanding, and knowledge concerning every kind of artistry.  Betzal’el descended from the Tribe of Judah, the lineage of the Kings of Isra’el: David, Solomon, Abijah, Joash, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Zedekiah, Josiah, and King Yeshua.

His assistant is Oholi’av who was a skilled engraver, designer, and a weaver of colors. Oholi’av is from the Tribe of Dan which means ‘judge.’ Samson, one of the Judges of Isra’el descended from the Tribe of Dan.

The Materials for the Tabernacle


“I heard a loud voice from the throne say, ‘See! God’s Sh’khinah is with mankind, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and he himself, God-with-them, will be their God’”
(Revelation 21:3).

Gold, symbolic of the Kingdom of Elohim, was used for everything made in the sanctuary. The total weight of gold used was 29 talents, 730 shekels or 1,930 pounds. Today’s (2017) market value is $1275.80 per troy ounce which equals $15,309.60 per troy pound. At 1,930 pounds, the price of gold used at today’s market value is $29,547,528.00.

Gold Thread

“They hammered the gold into thin plates and cut them into threads (wires) in order to work it into the blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen crafted by the skilled artisan” (Exodus 39:3).

Gold is a soft metal, and while possible to make a very thin gold wire that can be woven like thread, it is rather fragile and breaks easily when repeatedly bent back and forth. In embroidery, gold thread was laid on the surface of the cloth and held down with stitches, rather than being threaded into a needle and passed in and out through the fabric. This method is called ‘couching.’ Most gold thread was made by beating gold very thin, cutting it into strips, and wrapping the strip in a spiral around a ‘core’ thread. The ‘core’ made the thread more flexible. The actual gold coating on the thread was quite thin and the thread would bend more easily, and you could with care, actually pass the thread.

Hebrew Word Picture
Gold or zahav – זהב – zayin, hey, bet
– division revealed in the house


“The words of Adonai are pure words, silver in a melting-pot set in the earth, refined and purified seven times over” (Psalm 12:7).

The silver, symbolic of being refined by fire, given by the community weighed 100 talents, 1,775 shekels or 6,650 pounds. Today’s (2017) market value of silver is $16.13 per ounce which equals $258.08 per pound. At 6,650 pounds of silver, the price of silver used at today’s market value is $1,564,238.00. Silver was used to cast the 100 sockets for the sanctuary and curtain.  Each socket used 66 pounds of silver which would cost $15,524.00 each with today’s market value.

The amount of silver given by each individual was called a beka. A beka is a half shekel or 1/5 an ounce of silver.  This would be about $3.35 in today’s market value for a half shekel.  A beka was paid by every man 20 years old or older who were counted in the census which was 603,550 Israelite men and came to $2,021,892.50.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Silver or kesaph – כסף – kaf, samech, peh
– cover and support the words


“He trains my hands for war until my arms can bend a bow of bronze; ‘You give me your shield, which is salvation, your right hand holds me up, your humility makes me great’” (Psalm 18:35-36).

The offering of bronze, symbolizing the judgment of Adonai, weighed 4,680 pounds. Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin while brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. The price of bronze is under $1.00 per pound in today’s market value.  Bronze was used for the sockets to the entrance to the Tabernacle, the Altar of Sacrifice, the grate in the Altar, all of the utensils for the Altar, sockets for the Courtyard and Gateway, and all of the tent pegs for holding the Tabernacle in place.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Bronze or nechash – נחש – nun, chet, shin
– life protects chaos


“Meanwhile, Mordecai left the king’s presence arrayed in royal blue and white” (Esther 8:15).

The Hebrew word for ‘blue’ is techelet and covers the spectrum of blue from sky blue to a deep royal blue.  Though it has come to mean ‘light blue,’ techelet was actually the name of the blue dye extracted the chillazon sea snail. When the 70 elders went up the mountain with Moshe, the pavement under Adonai’s feet was sapphire, clear as techelet.

Blue is associated with the heavenly realm and was the theme color of the Tabernacle because it was created to be a ‘shadow’ of the heavenly one. Blue is also associated with the commandments of Adonai. The high priest’s ephod was woven entirely of blue representing his close association with Torah.

When the Israelite camp moved from one place to another in the wilderness, specific instructions were given for moving the objects in the Tabernacle.  The Ark of the Covenant was covered with the Holy Curtain and a blue cloth over top.  Blue cloth covered the Table of Presence and all of its utensils, the Menorah, and the Altar of Incense.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Blue or techelet – תכלת – tav, kaf, lamed, tav
– sign opens and urges forward the covenant


“And they clothed him [Yeshua] with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head. And when they had mocked Him, they took the purple off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him” (Mark 15:17,20).

The Hebrew word for ‘purple‘ is argaman and symbolizes royalty.  The curtain in the Tabernacle that separated man from the presence of Adonai was made of purple, blue, and scarlet yarns.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Purple or argaman – ארגמן – alef, resh, gimel, mem, nun
– first strength of highest authority raises up the mighty life


“Come now, and let us reason together,” says Adonai, “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool” (Isaiah 1:18).

According to the prophet Isaiah, scarlet is the color of sin. The Hebrew word for ‘scarlet’ is towla and means ‘maggot’ or ‘worms.’  Worms known as the crimson grub were used to extract the crimson color.  Crimson or scarlet yarns were woven into the fabrics for the Tabernacle along with blue and purple.

Maggots or worms appeared on the manna when the Israelites disobeyed Adonai and kept it overnight.  Weaving scarlet into the tapestries was a reminder to Isra’el to not sin, especially when it came to the Shabbat. If the crimson grub were the worms that appeared on the manna, the Israelites apparently had enough of them to make the scarlet yarn!

Hebrew Word Pictures
Scarlet or towla – תולע – tav, vav, lamed, ayin
– the covenant bound to the shepherd, understand

Fine Linen

“Let us rejoice and be glad! Let us give him the glory! For the time has come for the wedding of the Lamb, and his Bride has prepared herself — fine linen, bright and clean has been given her to wear. (‘Fine linen’ means the righteous deeds of God’s people.)” (Revelation 19:7-8)

The Hebrew word for ‘fine linen’ is sheshee and means ‘white’ or ‘bleached.’  Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant which was cultivated in Egypt and known for its pure white color (Exodus 9:31).   The process to create linen is tedious, but when woven into garments, it is cool and remains fresh in hot weather.  In ancient times, linen was mainly used by the wealthy and the priesthood. The tunic, the turban, and shorts for the high priest were made of finely woven linen. Even the wicks for the Menorah were made of fine linen.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Fine Linen or sheshee – שש – shin, shin
– consume, consume

Linen or bad – בד – bet, dalet
– the family pathway

Onyx Stones

“The name of the first [river] is Pishon; it winds throughout the land of Havilah, where there is gold. The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx stone are also found there” (Genesis 2:11-12).

The Hebrew word for ‘onyx’ or ‘sardonyx’ is shoham and has its root in the Arabic word for ‘blackness.’  Onyx is a type of chalcedony, a member of the crystals family. It symbolizes inner strength, discipline, and reason.  Two onyx stones were put in settings of gold and placed on the high priest’s shoulders –– one on the right and one on the left.  The stones were engraved with the names of the sons of Isra’el –– six names on one side and six on the other. The stones were considered to be ‘remembrance’ stones.  When Aaron entered the Holy Place dressed in his priestly garments, Adonai would see the names of the Tribes of Isra’el written on the stones and would be moved to have mercy on His people.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Onyx or shoham – שוהם – shin, vav, hey, mem
– consume the mighty binding revealed

They Did It!

“Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses. The people of Isra’el did all the work just as Adonai had ordered Moshe. Moshe saw all the work, and — there it was! — They had done it! Exactly as Adonai had ordered, they had done it. And Moshe blessed them” (Exodus 39:33-43).

For months the Israelites worked with skill to create the Mishkan according to the plan Moshe had been given on the mountain.  Wooden boxes of Acacia wood had been covered in gold for the Altars and the Table. Mirrors had been transformed into a Bronze Laver. Tapestries had been woven together in blue, scarlet, and purple yarns embroidered with the images of k’ruvim. Fine linen had been twisted from flax, spun, and sewn together for tent coverings, clothing, and wicks. Animal skins had been tanned into leather.  Gold had been beaten into a Menorah, and fine slivers of golden thread glistened between the colorful yarns. Silver sockets had been polished.  Bronze tent pegs waited to be hammered into the ground.  Anointing oil, lamp oil, and aromatic spices were ready for use.   Priestly garments had been sewn with blue cloth, precious stones, fine linen, and gold chains. The Israelites gathered everything they had made and brought it to Moshe.

The Mishkan Rises

On the first day of the first month of the second year after the Israelites had left Egypt, the Mishkan was set up. One year after they were given Adonai’s ‘appointed times,’ the nation of Isra’el raised up Adonai’s place of residence where He could live with His treasured people. Moshe did everything exactly as commanded because ‘the appointed time’ of Pesach was arriving in 14 days.

The gold posts, silver sockets, and gold ceiling rafters were set, the four coverings were hung on rings, and the stakes holding the Tabernacle were pounded into the ground. The Ark of the Covenant was put in the Holy of Holies and concealed behind the colorful Holy Curtain woven with k’ruvim. In the Holy Place, the Table of Presence was set up and on it Moshe arranged the loaves of the Bread of Presence. Wicks and oil were put in the cups of the Menorah across from the Table of Presence and the lamps were lit. The Altar of Incense was placed in front of the Holy Curtain and the smell of burning incense would soon fill the Holy Place. The entrance screen to the Most Holy Place was hung on its five golden posts.

The fine linen curtains that surrounded the entire Tabernacle were hung along with the screen, the gate to the Tabernacle. In the Courtyard, the Altar of Sacrifice was set up near the entrance. Between the Altar and the entrance screen to the Most Holy Place, the Bronze Laver was filled with water. Finally, everything was anointed with the holy oil.

Aaron was brought to the entrance of the Tabernacle and washed with water.  He put on the high priest’s garments and the turban with the golden ornament engraved with ‘Kadosh l’Adonai.’ He was anointed with oil and consecrated to serve as cohen gadol.  His sons were also washed and put on their priestly garments. They were anointed like their father to serve as cohanim throughout their generations (Exodus 40).

Adonai Makes His Decision

This is the culmination of the book of Exodus describing the Israelites’ journey from slavery to freedom. They plundered Egypt and entered the wilderness.  They crossed the Red Sea on dry ground, ate manna that appeared like dew, drank water that gushed from the ‘Rock,’ saw Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh in lightning and thunder on a mountain, heard His voice and received His divine instructions.

They sinned against their Provider and ate quail until they were sick. They sinned against their Deliverer and had to drink contaminated water. They watched many of their loved ones die at the hands of the Levites.  Though they repented and mourned, they did not know what Adonai’s decision would be.

Had Moshe’s intercession been enough?   Would Adonai forgive them?  Or would He continue to keep His distance?  Would He be merciful and compassionate to them?  Would they worship the Elohim of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as they had been promised in Egypt or had they lost that privilege?  Would the Shekinah of the One who redeemed them, guided them, protected them, fought for them, and spoke with them, appear and live among them in the Tabernacle they built with their skilled hands and willing hearts?  Did Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh still consider Isra’el His treasured possession?

“Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting and the glory of Adonai filled the Tabernacle.  Moshe was unable to enter the Tent of Meeting, because the cloud remained on it, and the glory of Adonai filled the Tabernacle. Whenever the cloud was taken up from over the Tabernacle, the people of Isra’el continued with all their travels. But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not travel onward until the day when it was taken up.  For the cloud of Adonai was above the Tabernacle during the day, and fire was [in the cloud] at night, so that all the house of Isra’el could see it throughout all their travels” (Exodus 40:34-38).

Adonai made His decision. He chose to live with His people, His treasured possession, His holy nation.   More importantly, He decided to remain with them until they reached the Promised Land revealing the character of Adonai who is willing to remain close and near to His people despite their faithlessness.   Exodus concludes with the ultimate expression of Adonai’s grace and mercy, compassion and lovingkindness.

Yeshua in the Tabernacle Colors

Yeshua is the Tabernacle of Adonai. He is the golden thread woven throughout the tapestries giving promise to his coming Kingdom. Like silver that is refined in a furnace, Yeshua was tested and afflicted and overcame death, his Altar of Sacrifice. With the engraved onyx stones, he will remember the Tribes of Isra’el and return to earth with power and strength judging the nations who have come against the chosen people of his Father. He will remove the maggots of Isra’el’s scarlet sins and sprinkle clean water on them from the heavenly Bronze Laver. They will be cleansed from their impurities and reflect the image and glory of Messiah. His armies, redeemed from among the nations of the earth, will follow him wearing fine linen, white and pure. They are not only sanctified warriors, but also his Bride, who are rewarded for their righteous works in the Most Holy Place. Dressed in the finest royal purple robe, Yeshua will sit on his Throne in Jerusalem and judge the nations. During the Messianic Era, the glory of Adonai will return to Isra’el and Yeshua will be known in Yerushalayim as High Priest and King of Kings.

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