Posts Tagged ‘Islam’

Revelation Chapter 13 – The Beast and Its Mark

Then the dragon stood on the seashore, and I saw a beast come up out of the sea, with ten horns and seven heads. On its horns were ten royal crowns and on its heads blasphemous names. The beast which I saw was like a leopard, but with feet like those of a bear and a mouth like the mouth of a lion” (Revelation 13:1-3).

The ‘great red dragon’ stands on the seashore. The ‘dragon’ is not standing on rock, but sand that will eventually crumble beneath him. The ‘dragon’s’ power on earth will only last for a short time. Yeshua teaches the difference between the wise and foolish builders: the one who builds his house on the Word of God, the rock; and the other who does not. Using Yeshua’s words, the house of the ‘dragon’ that abhors the Torah, its laws and its commands, will crumble.

A ‘beast’ comes up out of the ‘sea.’ The ‘sea’ is symbolic of nations and peoples. In Hebrew the word for ‘sea’ is gam and it is also ‘many waters’ or mayim. In the Hebrew word pictures, the sea and water means ‘the beast rises up pridefully out of a world of chaos.’

Hebrew Word Pictures

Sea – gam or גם

Gimel – A Camel means ‘to lift up’ or ‘pride.’

Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for gam: lift up the chaos.

Water – mayim or מים

Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

Yod – Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or mighty.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for mayim: mighty finished work chaos.

The ‘Beast’ Nations

The ‘beast’ has seven heads, ten horns, and ten crowns. There are four ‘beasts’ or kingdoms that have ruled the earth. These kingdoms are represented by a lion with eagle’s wings that turned into a man with feet and a human heart, a bear lying on its side with ribs in its mouth that was told to go and eat human flesh, a leopard with four heads and four birds’ wings on its sides, and a dreadful, horrible, strong animal with ten horns and iron teeth that crushed and stamped its feet on what was left from the other beasts (Daniel 7).

The ‘beast’ nations are the same ones seen in Daniel’s statue vision; the nations are described from a physical and historical narrative. The ‘beast’ nations in Daniel chapter 2 coincide with the historical narrative, but take on a spiritual meaning in Daniel chapter 7. I believe the ‘beasts’ are named for how they treat the nation of Isra’el and the Jewish people.

Babylon, the First Spiritual Beast

The first ‘beast’ nation, the lion with wings is considered to be Babylon ruled by Nebuchadnezzer, the greatest kingdom that conquered other kingdoms. Nebuchadnezzer went into Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, and took the Jewish people captive. As captives, they lived in Babylon assimilating into the culture for 70 years. Daniel, one of the captives, has a vision during the reign of Nebuchadnezzer. This ‘beast’ believed he built his kingdom without any divine help from the Creator. Because of his arrogance, he was humbled by Elohim. After seven years of living on all fours eating grass like an animal, he is transformed into a ‘man with a heart’ who stands up. This transformation makes him more human and less warrior which allowed the next kingdom to overtake his. Babylon is modern-day Iraq.

Persia, the Second Spiritual Beast

The second ‘beast’ nation, a bear with ribs in its mouth is considered to be the Medo-Persian empire. Laying on its side suggests that one part of the empire was greater than the other. Persia becomes the greater empire and devours three other nations: Babylon, Egypt, and Lydia. Though Persia is greater than the Mede nation, it never becomes as great at Babylon. Persia is modern-day Iran.

Seventy years after being taken captive in Babylon, Daniel shows King Cyrus prophecies from Isaiah that were written 120 years before Cyrus was born (Isaiah 45:13). The prophecies speak of Cyrus by name as the one who would release captive Judah and allow her to return to Jerusalem (Isaiah 44-45).

King Cyrus immediately decrees that the captives could return to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple. He sent the first wave of Jews back to the Land with all the articles that had been stolen from the Temple by the Babylonians. He even financed the project.

Only some of the Jewish people left Persia for Jerusalem in the first wave; others remained in Persia. A fourth king came to power named Xerxes whose mother was Cyrus’ sister. During the reign of King Xerxes, a political advisor named Haman created an edict to exterminate all the Jewish people left in the kingdom. Esther, who was of Jewish descent, had become Queen and was made aware of the decree. She took her petition for the lives of her people to the King who quickly executed Haman. After the victory of the Jewish people celebrated as Purim, there was a second wave of Jewish immigration back to their homeland.

Greece, the Third Spiritual Beast

The third ‘beast’ nation, a leopard with four heads and four wings, represents the Greek empire. Alexander the Great, the leader of this kingdom, conquered the known world with exceptional speed represented by the wings. He died young and his kingdom was divided between four generals. One of these generals was Seleucus who ruled Syria and the east which includes the modern-day countries of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

It was during the Seleucian rule that the Syrians came into Jerusalem and desecrated the Temple. Antiochus, one of the kings of the Seleucian empire, wanted the Jewish people to assimilate into the Greek culture of the empire by destroying their Biblical heritage: Sabbath, Passover, circumcision, and dietary regulations. He placed an image of Zeus in the Temple and ordered it to be worshiped. A small group of Jewish men who refused to submit and assimilate joined together to fight the Syrian armies. Eventually the Jewish people won back Jerusalem, recaptured the Temple, and dedicated the Altar back to Adonai. The time for remembering the re-dedication of the Altar and the Temple is the Feast of Dedication or Hanukkah.

Rome, the Fourth Spiritual Beast

“Then I wanted to know what the fourth beast meant, the one that was different from all the others, so very terrifying, with iron teeth and bronze nails, which devoured, crushed and stamped its feet on what was left; and what the ten horns on its head meant; and the other horn which sprang up and before which three fell, the horn that had eyes and a mouth speaking arrogantly and seemed greater than the others” (Daniel 7:19-20).

Daniel was terrified with the vision of the fourth ‘beast’ nation. Its power and rule was so horrendous that there was no animal created to describe it. The world has seen no other ‘beast’ kingdom rise like the Roman Empire. Though the Seleucian empire tried to assimilate the Jewish people; the Roman empire sought to completely destroy them. The Romans ruled Isra’el when Yeshua walked on the earth; the Romans crucified him. The Romans destroyed the Temple in 70 CE; and they ended the revolt at Masada with the suicide of 967 Jewish men and women. At this point in history, the power of Rome and the destruction of Jerusalem became the ‘time of the gentiles.’

Sha’ul told the Roman believers to not become arrogant over Isra’el (Romans 11:17-18). They did not heed his warning and Roman theology birthed a new religion called Christianity. Special councils created edicts in Laodicea and Nicea contrary to the Hebrew Scriptures, gospels and letters. They removed all Biblical commands that ‘looked’ Jewish from the seventh-day Sabbath to circumcision to Passover to dietary regulations. The previous three ‘beasts’ were pagan nations with multi-god worship, but Rome ‘Christianized’ and embraced pagan gods and celebrations, mixing the ‘holy’ and the ‘profane,’ turning Biblical truth into a lukewarm soup. Rome did more harm to followers of the Jewish Messiah than the other three ‘beasts’ combined because it deceived the masses.

Ten royal crowns sat upon the ten horns of the Roman ‘beast.’ Rome was never conquered like the previous ‘beast’ nations, but divided into 10 smaller nations that became Europe. The small horn of power that rises from this ‘beast’ nation is believed to be the Bishop of Rome who transformed pagan Rome into a Roman political and religious entity called the papacy (Daniel 7:8-9).

The fourth ‘beast’ nation displaced three other powerful nations that refused to succumb to Rome’s power. Another ‘horn’ springs up in their place that has human eyes and a mouth that speaks arrogantly. Though Daniel doesn’t use the terminology of ‘anti-messiah,’ this is the revelation of the ‘man of lawlessness.’ This is the ‘horn’ that will make war with the holy ones of Adonai.

Some believe this little ‘horn’ is the ‘false prophet’ or the papacy who made war with Adonai’s chosen people. Historically, the Roman church has been responsible for more murders of the Jewish people than any other ‘beast.’ From the Crusades to the Inquisitions to Nazi Germany and the Holocaust, the twisting of the Hebrew Scriptures against the Jewish people has been the modus operandi of the Adversary under the guise of the Roman catholic church (2 Thessalonians 2:9-11).

The Modern-Day Version of the Fourth Beast

To it the dragon gave its power, its throne and great authority. One of the heads of the beast appeared to have received a fatal wound, but its fatal wound was healed, and the whole earth followed after the beast in amazement. They worshipped the dragon, because he had given his authority to the beast; and they worshipped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who can fight against it?” (Revelation 13:3-4).

The ‘beast’ seen by Yochanan looked like a leopard with the feet of a bear and the mouth of a lion. This ‘beast’ is comprised of Greece, Persia, and Babylon meshed together into one fierce religious system. This ‘beast’ will try to assimilate, destroy, and take captive the nation of Isra’el through a great spiritual deception.

This nation ‘beast’ receives its authority, its power, and its kingship from the Dragon. According to the prophecy in Daniel, the ‘Dragon’ is the Adversary or Satan. ‘The Lie’ that the nations embrace and believe is ‘the Lie’ that was spoken by that ancient serpent in Gan Eden: you will be ‘woke’ and you will be like God, knowing good and evil (Genesis 3:4-5).

“I will put animosity between you and the woman, and between your descendant and her descendant; he will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel” (Genesis 3:15).

The ‘beast’ appears to have a fatal wound that is miraculously healed. Because of this miraculous event, the nations of the world will worship the ‘Dragon’ because of the authority he gives to the ‘beast.’

After Adam and Eve sinned in the Garden, each individual involved was given a consequence for their disobedience – even the Serpent. He was told that the ‘Seed of woman’ would ‘bruise his head,’ but the Serpent would only bruise the heel of the ‘Seed of woman.’

The ‘Seed’ of woman is Yeshua, the Messiah of Isra’el. When Yeshua died on the cross, he disarmed the spirits of darkness. He triumphed over satan and made impotent all of his powers (Colossians 2:15). Yeshua ‘bruised’ his head. Though Satan appears to be ‘dead,’ his power will be returned for a short time in his ‘seed,’ the anti-messiah. It will be such a powerful ‘return’ that everyone will worship the ‘beast.’ Who can fight against it?

“It was given a mouth speaking arrogant blasphemies; and it was given authority to act for forty-two months. So it opened its mouth in blasphemies against God to insult his name and his Sh’khinah, and those living in heaven;  it was allowed to make war on God’s holy people and to defeat them; and it was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation” (Revelation 13:5-7).

The ‘arrogant one’ speaks blasphemies. ‘Blaspheme’ in Hebrew is gadaf and means ‘to revile’ or ‘assail with scornful and abusive language.’ The definition of ‘blaspeheme’ is ‘to insult, show contempt or lack of reverence for God and for His holy objects.’ The ‘anti-messiah’ will sit in the Temple in Jerusalem and call himself yod-hey-vav-hey (Matthew 24:14). He will scorn the Divine Presence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, Yeshua, the followers of the ‘Seed of woman,’ and make war against them (Daniel 11:31). The ‘seed’ of the Adversary will speak arrogantly for a period of 3½ years. The Hebrew word for ‘arrogant’ is עתק or athaq and means ‘unrestrained speech.’

There are two instances in the gospels where Yeshua is charged with blasphemy. When Yeshua is at the Temple for the Feast of Dedication or Hanukkah, the Jewish people around him ask if he is the Messiah. He responds and says, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30). The leaders call him a blasphemer because he equated himself with Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh.

Another instance is when Yeshua heals a paralyzed man. The man’s healing comes after Yeshua forgives his sins. The leaders call him a blasphemer because only Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh can forgive sins (Mark 2:5-7).

Yeshua refers to Daniel’s prophecy about the ‘abomination of desolation’ that will occur in the end times (Matthew 24). Daniel’s prophecy occured in the 148 BCE with the Maccabean Revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes during the Second Temple period. Antiochus is the Greek rendering of ‘antichrist’ and Epiphanes means ‘in the flesh. The god Zeus, the ‘abomination of desolation’ was set up in the sanctuary to be worshiped as God, and pigs were slaughtered on the Altar of Sacrifice.

By referring to the prophecy in Daniel, Yeshua wants his disciples to understand its greater prophetic significance in the end times before his return.

Everyone living on earth will worship it except those whose names are written in the Book of Life belonging to the Lamb slaughtered before the world was founded. Those who have ears, let them hear! “If anyone is meant for captivity, into captivity he goes! If anyone is to be killed with the sword, with the sword he is to be killed!” (Revelation 13:8-9).

Everyone living on earth will worship the ‘beast’ except those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life. This Lamb was slaughtered before the foundation of the world; his Book of Life was written at the same time with the souls who will not worship the ‘beast. They may go into captivity or be put to death by the sword, but their names have been known from eternity past and will enter the eternal Kingdom.

This is when God’s holy people must persevere and trust!” (Revelation 13:10).

The times of the ‘beast,’ ‘false prophet’ and the anti-messiah will be so difficult that the people of Adonai must persevere and put their trust in Yeshua. No matter what happens during the days of the ‘abomination,’ the followers of Yeshua must keep hope so they can persevere.

The Hebrew word for ‘persevere’ is really not used in the verse. Two other words, however, are possible. The first is sarah and means ‘to persist or exert oneself.’ Interestingly, the same word sarah also means ‘princess.’ During the tribulation, the ‘princess will persist and exert herself’ just like Queen Esthe who had to exert herself in order to overcome the decree to murder her people.

Another Hebrew word that may be used for ‘persevere’ is tamid and means ‘continual,’ ‘perpetual,’ and ‘constant.’ During the days of tribulation, continual and constant faith in Yeshua will enable perseverance. These days will be like no other time in history, and only for the sake of the ‘elect’ will they be shortened (Matthew 24:22).

The False Prophet

“Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. It had two horns like those of a lamb, but it spoke like a dragon. It exercises all the authority of the first beast in its presence; and it makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, the one whose fatal wound had been healed. It performs great miracles, even causing fire to come down from heaven onto the earth as people watch” (Revelation 13:11-13).

Another ‘beast’ comes up out of the earth. ‘Sea’ means ‘nations,’ so ‘earth’ may mean where there is no nation which would be a rare find in the present day. The word ‘earth’ in Hebrew is eretz and is used for Isra’el –– Eretz Isra’el.

A true prophet speaks on behalf of Adonai and directs people to worship Adonai. Biblical prophets performed miracles in the name of Adonai. Elijah made the widow’s oil last a long time, and brought fire down from heaven that consumed the offerings on Mount Carmel. Moshe brought forth judgment plagues, delivered the Israelites through the Red Sea, and brought water from the ‘Rock.’

The Bible warns against false prophets. False prophets are to be put to death for prophesying falsely (Deuteronomy 18:20). Yeshua warns that false prophets will rise up and calls them ravenous wolves among the sheep who lead the people astray. Peter teaches that false prophets will come among the people of Adonai bringing destructive heresies, even denying Yeshua who bought them.

Yochanan says we are to test the spirits because not every spirit is from Adonai but are the spirit of a ‘false prophet.’ The danger with the false prophet will be his lamb-like appearance, the appearance of being the Messiah. This suggests that the false prophet will arise in Eretz Isra’el; the vision of the ‘lamb’ with horns (power) that speaks like the ‘Dragon.’

He will have the ability to perform miracles especially bringing down fire onto the earth similar to Elijah. Not understanding the power of the ‘lamb’ could be very deceptive since Elijah, the true prophet, will also come before the great and dreadful day of Adonai (Malachi 4:6).

It deceives the people living on earth by the miracles it is allowed to perform in the presence of the beast, and it tells them to make an image honoring the beast that was struck by the sword but came alive again. It was allowed to put breath into the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast could even speak; and it was allowed to cause anyone who would not worship the image of the beast to be put to death” (Revelation 13:14-15).

The worship of the ‘beast’ becomes global so that the false prophet tells the people to make an image of the ‘beast.’ This is reminiscent of the golden calf –– an image created by the hands of man to worship ‘God.’ The image of the ‘beast’ will be an ‘abomination’ in the Tabernacle in Jerusalem.

This is the same ‘beast’ that was struck by the sword and came back to life, and the ‘beast’ image will have the ‘breath of life.’ It will be able to speak. The world will see and hear the ‘beast’ in every corner of the world; and it will know those who worship the image and those who don’t. Anyone who doesn’t worship the ‘beast’ will be put to death.

Mark of the Beast

Also it [the Beast] forces everyone — great and small, rich and poor, free and slave — to receive a mark on his right hand or on his forehead preventing anyone from buying or selling unless he has the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name” (Revelation 13:16-17).

Waiting for Yeshua means death during these horrific days of ‘beast’ worship. Without the ‘mark of the beast,’ followers of Yeshua will not be able to buy or sell. Fathers will not be able to provide for their families. Women and children will go hungry and die. The righteous are called to ‘persevere.’

The word ‘forces’ is intriguing. Is there a difference between ‘choosing’ the mark and ‘being forced?’ Yes, but is ‘force’ a good translation from the Hebrew? And, if someone is ‘forced’ to do something, it is counted against them by Adonai

The Greek word for ‘force’ is poiei and means ‘causes, make to do.’ This definition does suggest ‘force.’ The Hebrew word for ‘force’ is darush and means ‘demand’ and ‘require.’ The ‘mark of the beast’ will be demanded and required.  People will have no choice; the ‘mark’ will be required to buy and sell.

In the Hebrew language, words are formed from three basic letters.  From these three basic letters, other words are formed by adding different vowels and parts of speech.  For example, to make an infinitive, the letter ‘l’ or lamed is added to the beginning of the word.  So, l’drosh is the infinitive of darush and means ‘to demand’ or ‘to preach.’  

The ‘mark of the beast’ will not only be demanded and required, but preached –– ‘publicly proclaimed to teach a religious message.’  Preach can also mean ‘to earnestly advocate a belief or course of action.’   The ‘mark of the beast’ will be publicly proclaimed and earnestly advocated. This is why Yeshua says to each of the Messianic congregations, “Those who have ears, let them hear what the Spirit is saying to the Messianic communities.”

The ‘mark of the beast’ will be on the right hand or forehead.  The tefillin worn by men in Orthodox communities during morning prayers are put on the right hand and forehead. The word tefillin comes from the word tefillah, the Hebrew word for Psalms, and means ‘prayers.’  Tefillin are comprised of small black boxes containing scrolls with Scriptures from the Torah.  The tefillah on the arm is called shel yad (belonging to the hand). These small straps wrap around the right arm, hand, and fingers, while the head tefillah called shel rosh (belonging to the head) is tied above the forehead.  These religious objects are worn as a ‘sign’ on the body with their origin in the Shema:

“Sh’ma, Yisra’el! Adonai Eloheinu, Adonai echad [Hear, Isra’el! Adonai our God, Adonai is one]; and you are to love Adonai your God with all your heart, all your being and all your resources. These words, which I am ordering you today, are to be on your heart; and you are to teach them carefully to your children. You are to talk about them when you sit at home, when you are traveling on the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them on your hand as a sign, put them at the front of a headband around your forehead, and write them on the door-frames of your house and on your gates” (Deuteronomy 6:4-6).

The ‘mark of the beast’ will be a direct assault on the Orthodox Jewish community’s prayers. The Orthodox as well as the Conservative, Reformed, and Secular Jews are looking for the Messiah to come.  They will be deceived by the false prophet, and when the Orthodox are forced to remove their tefillin to receive the ‘mark of the beast,’ the deception will be complete. The greatest end times deception will be religious.

What Are The Marks?

The Hebrew word for ‘mark’ is tavah. It means to ‘set or make a mark’ like a scratch or imprint. Another Hebrew word for ‘seal’ is chotham and refers to seals made with a signet ring. A signet ring is personalized to show ownership and was used to mark possessions and sign contracts.

There are two ‘seals’ or ‘marks’ in Scripture. The first is the ‘mark of the beast’ which is well-known. There is also a mark or ‘seal of Elohim’ prophesied by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 9:4). This mark protected people in Jerusalem from the fury of Adonai and will be put on the foreheads of those who sigh and cry over the disgusting practices in Jerusalem.

Those who have been to Isra’el and Jerusalem know how much of the city and country is overtaken by false religions. Whether it’s the ‘christian catholic’ quarter in the Old City or the Ba’ahi Gardens in Haifa, the whole Land is defiled by ‘freedom of religion.’ Catholic shrines commemorate Biblical events with some not even near the place of the event. The Muslim call to worship heard throughout the city of Jerusalem is an abomination. For those who sigh and cry over these things, they have a mark on their forehead.

Whoever worships the beast, his image and receives the ‘mark’ on his forehead or hand will not only drink the wine of God’s fury, but be tormented in the ‘lake of burning fire and sulfur.’  In other words, those who receive the ‘mark of the beast’ will suffer along with the ‘beast’ and the false prophet for all eternity.  Being ‘forced’ or ‘required’ won’t protect anyone from eternal spiritual death; staying holy and set-apart by trusting in Adonai for provision will.  Every follower of Yeshua must remain alert and have discernment when anything is being forced in order to buy or sell –– including a choice between worshiping the God of Isra’el or another ‘beast.’

This is where wisdom is needed; those who understand should count the number of the beast, for it is the number of a person, and its number is 666.”

The number ‘666’ has that many number of interpretations. Most scholars believe that ‘666’ is the number of man. During the end times Adonai allows sinful man complete control over the earth with the support of demonic forces. Mankind will actually learn that they are not the loving people they claim to be. They will become vicious and chamas or ‘violent.’

I have read that the anti-messiah would come from Rome, China, or Babylon, but I have never been totally convinced of these views. Rome via the Vatican already has control over all of the religious systems of the world except for Judaism. Christianity and all of its observances (Sunday Sabbath, Christmas and Easter) and much of its doctrinal beliefs (trinity, sacraments, and death views) are rooted in Roman catholicism that was birthed in paganism. Even Islam is being coerced to bind itself with Rome –– a false alliance in order to bring forth the Islamic Caliphate and achieve world religious and political dominance.

Islam has eschatological beliefs similar to the Hebrew prophets, but are the antithesis of what the prophets, apostles, and Yeshua taught. Their ‘deliverer’ has all of the character traits and actions of the Biblical anti-messiah; their ‘redeemer’ will be a descendant of Mohammed, who had no divinity, but was just a man.

Some have claimed that the number ‘666’ in Revelation has is Arabic script rather than an actual number. Because the literal writing changes in the manuscript and is somewhat distorted, Greek translations render the script as numerals. However, osme Muslim-turned-Christians claim the script are the Arabic words ‘Allah Akbar’ or ‘God is the Greatest.’

The ‘mark of the beast’ will be forced on the right hand and forehead. Suicide killers wear a green scarf on their head and on their right arm. The scarf has the inscription ‘God is the Greatest.’ Allah Akbar are also the Arabic words they yell before detonating themselves and killing others.

The Islamic ‘god,’ is not the God of Abraham, Issac, and Jacob, but the god of Ishma’el from whom Muslims believe Abraham’s promised ‘seed’ went through. This begins the difference between the two religions of Judaism and Islam. Ishma’el was a son of Abraham’s flesh, not the ‘seed’ of promise. Whatever is the writing in this verse, the ‘666’ will be reavealed as the ‘number’ of the ‘beast.’

Muslims who read the Koran know that if they kill Jewish people (or any infidel), they will enter ‘paradise.’ This is nothing the Adversary’s plan of ‘stealing, killing, and destroying’ the chosen people of Adonai and the followers of Yeshua. This will be the end times battle.

When studying eschatology, Jerusalem and Isra’el must always remain central to the prophecies. The end times will not be about the United States and China, but about the ever-widening divisions between the brothers Ishma’el and Yitz’ak and Ya’akov and Esau. The last days wars of the Adversary will continue to escalate because he wants to destroy the people who must usher in the return of his greatest adversary, Messiah Yeshua (Matthew 23:36-39).

Revelation 14 – The New Song and the Harvest

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The Land of Promise to Abraham

This was written for a very sweet Islamic girl named Lena.  Thank you for asking me, “Do your writings say the land belongs to Israel?”

Hebrew Scriptures

First, I use only the Hebrew Scriptures because they are the most reliable of the ancient writings.  Often times people say, well, over the centuries men have changed them and so we don’t know what is true and what is not.  Unfortunately, this is not the case.  The Hebrew Scriptures were hidden in 70 A.D.  in some caves near the Dead Sea.  No one knew they were there so no one could change what was written.  In 1948, they were found by an shepherd boy in what is now known as the West Bank.  They are known as the Dead Sea Scrolls.  When compared to the manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures of today, they are identical.   This means that what exists today in the Holy Bible is authentic and has not been changed by anyone.

Even before the Dead Sea Scrolls were put in clay jars in a cave, the Greeks began in 300 B.C. to translate the Hebrew Scriptures into their language.  These writings are known as the Septuagint and they, too, have been compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls and no important differences have been found.

Some people claim that the Jews rewrote the Torah to contradict others’ religious beliefs and books, but this cannot be true as proved by the Dead Sea Scrolls.   If the Jews had changed anything, it would have been found in more modern writings.   If there is a writing or another book that claims to be authentic, it needed to be written before A.D. 70. or compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls.

For example, the Jehovah Witnesses say they use the Bible.  However, their Bible was translated in the 1800s and has many differences from the Hebrew Scriptures.    I know this for a fact because I’ve looked up Scriptures to find they have been deleted or changed.  These changes and contradictions from the Hebrew Scriptures mean that their holy book is wrong.  Consequently, they view God, His redemption and His people wrongly.  Another example is the King James Version of the Bible written in 1611.    Many Christians won’t use any other translation.    However, King James was a tyrant and the reason many Christians left England and became known as the Pilgrims in North America.  These Christians wanted to flee King James’ translation of the Bible because he used the translation to control the people.  The are many contradictions in the King James translation when compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls.  Another example is the Koran.  It was written between 653 and 656 A.D. a long time after the Dead Sea Scrolls were buried and hidden.  Just like the Jehovah Witnesses and the King James Bible, it, too, like every other prophetical writing should be compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls to verify and authenticate what it teaches.  If it doesn’t agree, then the Koran is flawed and not the Hebrew Scriptures.

There are warnings in the Holy Scriptures about adding to or taking away from the Words or prophecies of God.  These warnings are for everyone: Jew and non-Jew, Israel, and non-Israel, Jehovah Witnesses, Church of England and Islam.   Unfortunately, men love to bring glory to themselves and want power and control over people.  So, they change the Hebrew Scriptures to say what they want them to say in order that they are followed and not Yahweh Elohim – God Almighty.

Everyone has to choose what words of God they will accept, but I am going to use the Hebrew Scriptures because they are the most ancient and proven by the Dead Sea Scrolls to be authentic to explain the Land and the people of Israel.

“Every word of God is flawless; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, or he will rebuke you and prove you a liar” (Proverbs 30:5-6).

“I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. And if anyone takes words away from this book of prophecy, God will take away from him his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book” (Revelation 22:18-19).

Abraham

In Genesis (Bereshit) 12:1-3 Abraham is told to leave his country and go to the land that God (El) wanted to show him.  In this ‘calling out’  from the land of Ur, Abraham is promised to be made into a great nation; he will be blessed and all families on the earth will also be blessed.

“Now Adonai said to Abram, “Get yourself out of your country, away from your kinsmen and away from your father’s house, and go to the land that I will show you. I will make of you a great nation, I will bless you, and I will make your name great; and you are to be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, but I will curse anyone who curses you; and by you all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

Abraham obeys – a sign of his great faith – and travels toward the Promised Land.  He has his nephew Lot with him and they realize the land they are in is not big enough for both of their families and livestock.  Abraham allows Lot to decide which land he wants.    Lot chooses the plains to the east of the Jordan River and Abraham stays in Canaan.  We know that Lot eventually moves to the cities of  Sodom and Gomorrah.  Those cities are destroyed for their sin of homosexuality.

In Genesis 13:14-18, after Lot chooses the best and most fertile land, God tells Abraham to look to the north, south, east and west as this is the land God is giving him.  It is known as the ‘promised land.’

“Adonai said to Abram, after Lot had moved away from him, “Look all around you from where you are, to the north, the south, the east and the west. All the land you see I will give to you and your descendants forever,and I will make your descendants as numerous as the specks of dust on the earth — so that if a person can count the specks of dust on the earth, then your descendants can be counted.  Get up and walk through the length and breadth of the land, because I will give it to you.” Abram moved his tent and came to live by the oaks of Mamre, which are in Hebron. There he built an altar to Adonai.”

Now we come to Genesis chapter 15.  There are several key verses in this chapter the explain Abraham’s history and the land of promise.

Verse 7 gives the land to Abraham to possess — Then he said to him, “I am Adonai, who brought you out from Ur-Kasdim to give you this land as your possession.”

El Shaddai (God Almighty) goes on to say that Abraham’s descendants would become slaves (as they were in Egypt) and then  in the fourth generation, they would return to this same land – the land of promise – Canaan.  This is something repeatedly seen in the Scriptures.  The Israelites, no matter what happens to them, they always return to the Land promised to Abraham.

Verse 16 – But in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not complete.”

Though there were other people living in the promised land, they did not own it.  Only God owns land and He says that Abraham’s descendants will possess it.  From God’s point of view, just because someone occupies land does not mean they ‘own’ it.  This is because God is the creator of heaven and earth and everything in the earth is His.  If we think we ‘own’ the land, then we deny God as the Creator.  Because Yahweh is the Creator, He can give land to anyone He chooses.  Thus, we have the land promised to Abraham as his possession.

Verses 18-21 – These are the verses that give the covenant boundaries of the promised land.  Though I tend to believe the Israeli flag is a prayer shawl, the other explanation is also valid.   Abraham was given the land between the Nile River and the Euphrates.  This is not a modern-day Zionist threat, this is the actual land boundaries given to Abraham and is a prophecy with a promise.

“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates—the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites,Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”

Today, this words might read from the river in Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates –Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt!  Though the world would hate this truth and blame Israel for stealing land when they rightfully posses, (even through wars when they give it back) it’s all land given to them by covenant promised contract with Abraham.

Isaac

Genesis chapter 16 records the birth of Ishmael.  Though Sarah was Abraham’s wife, Ishmael became the son of her maid, Hagar.   Several years after Ishmael’s birth Abram’s name was changed by God to Abraham.  The name Abraham means ‘father of many nations.‘  It was at this time the covenant of circumcision was given to Abraham as a  ‘sign’ of his faith.’  Ishmael, along with all the other males in Abraham’s family were circumcised.

Genesis chapter 18 records three men coming to visit Abraham.  It is at this time that God promises Abraham a son from his wife, Sarah.    They are both so old in years, that only through faith can Isaac be conceived. Their bodies no longer could procreate a child.  Genesis chapter 21 records the birth of Isaac.

This is when the sibling rivalry begins.  Isaac is the son promised by God through Sarah, Abraham’s wife, while Ishmael was from another woman.  I believe that Abraham loved both of his sons, but because of problems that developed between the child, Isaac, and the young man, Ishmael, Abraham had to send Hagar and Ishmael away.   Yet, Yahweh Elohim does not neglect Ishmael.   Why?  Because Abraham was called the ‘father of many nations’.  In fact, while Hagar and Ishmael were dying of thirst in the desert, God comes to them and promises Hagar that even Ishmael would become a great nation.   He provides a well for them so they have water.    They settle in the Desert of Paran which is considered to be the modern Sinai desert.

“God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard the boy crying as he lies there. Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.”

In Genesis 22, Abraham’s faith is tested.  This is where he takes his son Isaac to Mt. Moriah (the mount where the Temple was eventually built by King Solomon).   It is on this mountain that Abraham is asked to offer his son as a sacrifice.  Abraham has great faith in God and trusts that either God will ‘provide himself a sacrifice’ or ‘raise his son from the dead.’  Why?  Because Isaac is the son of a promise.  The account continues that a ram is sacrificed instead of Isaac.  The lamb becomes a substitution for the life of Isaac.

In Genesis 26 the land promise is given to Isaac.  The promise had nothing to do with Isaac, but with the faith of Abraham, his father.  Again, Isaac will have many descendants just as his father was promised.

“The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; live in the land where I tell you to live.   Stay in this land for a while, and I will be with you and will bless you. For to you and your descendants I will give all these lands and will confirm the oath I swore to your father Abraham.  I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands, and through your offspringall nations on earth will be blessed, because Abraham obeyed me and kept my requirements, my commands, my decrees and my laws.”

Jacob

Isaac marries Rebekkah and they have two sons, Jacob and Esau.  These two also have sibling rivalry and are separated.  Esau became the Edomites.  Today this nation of people have assimilated into the Arab nations.  This is an historical fact as there are no Edomites today, but they settled in what is known today as Jordan.

In Genesis 28:13-14, Jacob is in the wilderness because of the situation between he and Esau.  Jacob has a dream in which there is a ladder reaching to the heavens.  From the top of the ladder El Shaddai  speaks to Jacob and says that he will give him the land on which he is sleeping.  Jacob names the place BeitEl – House of God.   This place was about 12 miles (19 km) north of Jerusalem, west of Jericho and the Jordan River.  Archaeological findings have the site of BeitEl with the ruins of Beitin, a small village south of Shiloh.

“There above itstood the Lord, and he said: “I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying.Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.”

Israel

In Genesis 35:9-15 Jacob returns from Haran in Mesopotamia and an angel comes to him and blesses him.  The blessing includes a change of name – Yisrael.

“After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram,God appeared to him again and blessed him. God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Yisrael.” So he named him Yisrael.

And God said to him, “I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from your body. The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.”  Then God went up from him at the place where he had talked with him.

Jacob set up a stone pillar at the place where God had talked with him, and he poured out a drink offering on it; he also poured oil on it. This is the place where God had talked with him – Bethel.”

Jacob had 12 sons.  One of the sons was named Y’hudah.  This is where the word “Jew” or “Jewish” comes from.  The name Y’hudah means ‘praiser of God”.   Over the centuries the Israelites became known as Jews.  Thus, the land promised to Abraham is to be possessed by the Israelites.

Today

As we look today at the problems in the Middle East with Israel and the Arab nations, this is what I see and how I understand it.

Abraham was promised to be the father of  ‘many nations.’  Through Ishmael, there are over 400 million Arabs and they live in many lands.  These are the many ‘nations‘ represented by the name Abraham – ‘father of nations’.     The promise to Ishamel has been fulfilled and continues to be fulfilled.

Abraham was also promised land and a lot of land – from the Nile to the Euphrates River.   The PROMISE of this land did not go to Ishmael, but to Isaac and then to Jacob who became known as Yisrael. Today we know the Israelites as the Jewish people.  In reality Israel is way more than just the descendants of Judah, but the descendants of all of the Tribes of Israel  (the 12 sons),  but today these people are scattered all over the world and have assimilated into other peoples. Someday soon, there is a promise that God will gather all of these children of Jacob/Israel together in the Promised Land.   This will not be man’s doing, but God’s work.

Now, let’s look at the Jewish people.  In 2010, there were 5,703,000 Jewish people living in Israel.  Compared to 400 million Arabs, this is nothing.  This isn’t even the population of the city of Cairo which has 9,120,350.  Deuteronomy 7:7 (one of the books of Moses) says that God didn’t choose the Israelites because they were GREAT in number, but because they WERE SMALL.

“For you are a people set apart as holy for Adonai your God. Adonai your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his own unique treasure. Adonai didn’t set his heart on you or choose you because you numbered more than any other people — on the contrary, you were the fewest of all peoples. Rather, it was because Adonai loved you, and because he wanted to keep the oath which he had sworn to your ancestors, that Adonai brought you out with a strong hand and redeemed you from a life of slavery under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.From this you can know that Adonai your God is indeed God, the faithful God, who keeps his covenant and extends grace to those who love him and observe his commands, to a thousand generations. But he repays those who hate him to their face and destroys them. He will not be slow to deal with someone who hates him; he will repay him to his face.”

God (Yahweh) gave Israel the Promised Land so they would have a place to live among the many nations of the world that would always be bigger than they were and fighting against them because they are a holy people and a people loved by Elohim.  Unfortunately, the sibling rivalry continues, and Ishmael and Isaac are still fighting over a really tiny piece of land.

The Real Battle

Could it be that the land really isn’t the problem, but it’s really a desire to rid the world of a group of people because of a promise?  It was from the lineage of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Judah, that the promise of salvation would come to the world.  This salvation comes through Yeshua.  Without an Israel, Yeshua could not come the first time nor can come the second time.  He was to be born in BeitLechem and he is to return to the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem.   Throughout the history of the Jewish people, from their slavery in Egypt until the Holocaust in Germany, the world just wants to rid themselves of these people.  Why is that?  Why is it they have had to fight just to stay alive? Could it be that it’s a spiritual battle and not really a physical land battle?  Could it still be a hard-hearted sibling rivalry that needs redemption from the only redeemer, Yeshua?

You, my friend,  live in the Land of Israel.  You say it is beautiful.  You say you have freedom there and are treated as an equal citizen.  Yet there are many who hate the Jewish people and rejoice when they are murdered in their own streets and on their own buses.  This confuses me.  Why does the life of a small nation of people create such anger and hatred.  Why does the death of the Jewish people cause rejoicing.  It is not only sick, it is sinful and against God’s will for Abraham’s promise.

Israel,  for all of time, has had to defend herself.  This is nothing new and it will continue until all nations of the world come against her to destroy her.  Even today, only 9 out of 188 nations stood against Palestine becoming a nation.  That’s the world against Israel.  That’s the world against a land covenant given to Israel through Abraham because no one believes in the Hebrew Scriptures and the promises of  God.  They mock Him and destroy His chosen people.

The Scriptures say ‘He who blesses Abraham will be blessed and he who curses him will be cursed.”  I believe the leaders of the world are walking on very dangerous ground and some very terrible things will begin to happen as the world continues to hate and curse Israel.  There are many Biblical and historical accounts of nations that came against Israel and the Jewish people.  They suffered serious consequences.  Most, if not all, of the nations no longer exist.  Many of the modern-day nations like the United States are falling apart because we do not stand with Israel.

To Answer Your Question

Was the land of Israel given to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Jewish people?  Yes.  Should there be boundaries that are bigger than what Israel is today?  Yes.  Will politicians and world leaders solve the problem?  No.  Men are sinful, hate God, want power, and covet something they can never own, only possess.    The battle isn’t really with Israel and the Jewish people, it’s with the Creator of the Universe.  Mankind, in all his pride and greed, is waging war with the Creator.  It can only turn out bad for mankind.

Will the situation ever be resolved so there is everlasting peace.  Yes.  I believe the situation will only be resolved when Yeshua returns to the Mount of Olives.   At this moment everyone who pierced his hands and feet will mourn.  He will enter Jerusalem and set up His Kingdom rule.   I also believe that when the time of the end comes and all nations come against Israel, everyone will see the miraculous Hand of Yahweh deliver His people.

©2012 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Rosh Chodesh – New Month

New Moon
New Moon

“So David said, ‘Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king. Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon feast. You will be missed, because your seat will be empty’” (1 Samuel 20:5, 18).

Entering God’s ‘rest’ takes effort because the world never rests; even most church goers never rest. There will always be activities and opportunities for breaking the Sabbath command. Entering into the Creator’s Sabbath ‘rest’ takes purposed action, faith action that expresses itself through obedience.

Sighting the New Moon

According to rabbinical tradition during the Temple period, the Rosh Chodesh was determined by priests in Jerusalem who separately witnessed the ‘horns of the new moon.’ Fires were lit and then two witnesses from the Sanhedrin, who had seen the fires, went to the high priest. When everyone agreed to the arrival of the new moon, there would be a shofar blast from the Temple and the New Moon festival would begin. Up until the moment when the shofar sounded, no one knew when the New Moon celebration began.

There is no command in the Hebrew Scriptures for sighting the new moon whether it’s a conjunction, sliver or crescent. There is no command that a ‘sighting’ must come from Jerusalem, South Africa, Antarctica or Canada. There is no Biblical command that any one person –– rabbi, prophet, high priest, king or best friend –– has the authority to determine the sighting of new moon.

The Crescent Moon Controversy

Because of traditions created by men, there are many interpretations for when the New Moon actually occurs. With these various explanations controversy arises within the Body of Messiah to the point where people condemn others because they are celebrating holy days on the ‘wrong day.’ To be sure, there is a correct interpretation, and the Hebrew Scriptures along with the Spirit’s wisdom reveal the truth. The Body of Messiah must be in unity because God is not the author of this confusion.

The crescent moon has its roots in pagan cultures and cannot be considered the new moon. Crescents hung on the necks of the camels of the two Arab men that Gideon killed. Jeremiah warned about worshiping the Queen of Heaven who is depicted with a crescent moon or halo on her head. In Athens, Paul discourses about Artemis (Diana) who is also depicted with a crescent moon or halo. Islam derives its god-ideology from the moon-god, Allah, and a crescent moon sits on top of every mosque. Isaiah issues a prophecy of separation for those who attach themselves to the crescent moon, “In that day the LORD will snatch away their finery: the bangles, the headbands and their crescent necklaces” (Isaiah 3:18).

According to the command given in Leviticus 23, the ‘appointed times’ of Pesach and Sukkot begin on “the fourteenth day of the month.” This means they must begin on a full moon. Using this knowledge, 14 days before and after a full moon must be a new moon. Using astronomical calculations, this would make the new moon a conjunction moon, not a sliver or crescent. If the Israelites had counted 14 days from a sliver or crescent moon, the blood on the doorposts would have been on the wrong night and their firstborns would have died when God passed over Egypt. Yeshua was crucified on Passover at the end of “the fourteenth day of the month.” Counting 14 days from a crescent moon would have placed his crucifixion several days after God’s ‘appointed time’ of Passover.

The Tides Reveal the Lunar Cycle

Tides are created because the earth and the moon are attracted to each other. The moon tries to pull at anything on the earth to bring it closer. Earth’s gravity is able to hold tightly onto everything except water. Since water isn’t solid, the moon is able to pull and move large bodies of water. This rise and fall of the oceans is known as the tides.

There are two high tides and two low tides during a 24-hour period. When the sun and moon are aligned, stronger gravitational forces cause very high and very low tides. These are called ‘spring tides.’ When the sun and moon are not aligned, the gravitational forces cancel each other out and the tides are not as dramatically high and low. These are called ‘neap tides’.

‘Spring tides,’ which have nothing to do with the season, occur during the full moon and the new moon. From looking at tide charts, the ‘spring tide’ of the new moon falls on a concealed or conjunction moon. Also, the ‘spring tide,’ in the springtime of the year at the concealed new moon when the months of God’s year begin, is stronger than any other tide of the year.

We should not take it upon ourselves to determine the new moon apart from the information given in Scripture and even the creation. The Creator gave us everything we need to correctly establish His ‘appointed times’ and we should use them wisely.

David and Jonathan

“So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon festival, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow” (1 Samuel 20:5).

How did David know that the next day was the New Moon festival? Did he see a sliver and know? Did he mention a crescent? Did he say anything about the blowing of the shofar from Jerusalem? The answer is ‘no’ to each question. He and Jonathan were at Ramah which is a short distance from Jerusalem. If there had been a shofar blast, David could have heard it if he was listening for it, but there was no Temple until his son Solomon would build it. So, how did David know that the next day was the new moon?

David probably would have done one of two things. Either he counted 14 days from the previous, obvious full moon or he understood looking at the final sliver of the waning moon. The following concealed dark moon would be the new moon. This concept is seen in David’s own writings.

Psalm 81 and the New Moon

“Sound the ram’s horn at the New Moon, and when the moon is full on the day of our feast.”

This verse is taken from the New International Version. It would seem from this translation that the shofar is to be blown at the new moon and the full moon.

The same verse from The King James Version doesn’t mention the full moon, but acknowledges the ‘appointed time’ and ‘solemn feast day.’

“Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.”

Psalm 81 in the Hebrew language has only six words (read right to left):

תקעו בחדש שופר בכסה ליום חגנו

The Hebrew words are:

taqa (blow)

b’chodesh (in the moon)

shofar (trumpet)

b’kese (in appointed)

yom (day)

hachag (the festival)

Blow, in the moon, the trumpet in appointed day festival.

The Hebrew is pretty straightforward except that kese doesn’t mean ‘appointed’ as translated in the King James Version or ‘full moon’ as translated in the New International Version. The Hebrew root for kese is kacah. Kacah means ‘to cover, to conceal, to hide, to clothe.’ Kese cannot mean ‘full moon’ as a full moon isn’t hiding nor is it concealed. Kese must refer to when the moon cannot be seen or is the dark ‘new’ moon.

A more proper translation from the original Hebrew would be:

“Blow the shofar on the concealed, hidden moon of the festival day.”

Feast of Trumpets and the Concealed Moon

The Feast of Trumpets is the only ‘appointed time’ that occurs on a new moon. It is also known as Yom HaKeseh or ‘the day of our concealment.‘ This festival begins the ten days of solemn repentance leading to Yom Kippur –– the Day of Judgment –– which has been kept ‘hidden from the enemy.’ It is interesting that David hid from his enemy, King Saul, on a concealed new moon.

“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father” (Matthew 24:36).

There are two Hebrew idioms for the New Moon festival. The first is ‘the day or the hour is not known.’ This has special significance for the Feast of Trumpets because it always occurs on a new moon when no one ever knew the day or the hour that the festival began until the moon was sighted. This is still true today and will continue to be true until Yeshua returns.

“In a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed” (1 Corinthians 15:52).

‘Twinkling of an eye’ is an idiom for the conjunction of the new moon. It is an ancient reference to when the sun, moon, and earth are aligned for a ‘twinkling of an eye.’ It is at this moment, on a New Moon festival, that the dead will be raised and changed.

The new moon can be determined by the tides of the seas or simply by counting backwards from a full moon. The new moon is not a crescent or a sliver, but a ‘concealed’ moon that carries with it the hope of being ‘concealed’ from the final judgment of the earth by God, the final judgment that is kept ‘hidden’ from the Adversary. The Hebrew idioms for the new moon are prophetic to the return of Yeshua, the dead in Messiah being raised to life, and their mortal bodies being transformed into immortality. The New Moon festival, though not a commanded ‘appointed time’ holds great significance in the lunar cycle of months and the timing of Yeshua’s return envisioned in the fall Feasts of the LORD.

 For more about Yeshua fullfilling the ‘appointed times,’ purchase Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts.

©2005 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this article,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.