t means to ‘promise or pledge.’ It is a relationship between a lord and his servants that involves responsibilities and privileges.
Nations – Hebrew: Goyim
Abraham did not become the ‘father of many pagans’ nor should every gentile be considered pagan. Abraham became the ‘father’ of many geographical peoples with many different origins, languages, and governmental identities: the goyim [nations]. Though those living in the nations may have had a pagan belief system, many within those systems recognize Abraham as their ‘father of faith.’ These are the goyim promised to ‘the father of many nations.’