Posts Tagged ‘glory’

Parashah 20: Tetzaveh (You are to order)

Exodus 27:20-30:10

“You are to order the people of Isra’el to bring you pure oil of pounded olives for the light and to keep a lamp burning continually” (Exodus 27:20).

The olive tree is one of the oldest cultivated trees in the world. It probably developed from the wild Mediterranean olive, Olea Europaea, which grows from Portugal throughout the Middle East into the Arabian Peninsula.

The Israelites pounded olives from the olive tree to produce oil. When pounded, the olive loses its physical appearance and only its essence is extracted. Yeshua was beaten, lost his physical appearance, and his life essence was poured out; however, he was only one olive and it takes thousands of olives to produce olive oil. The Menorah, made of hammered gold, already symbolizes Messiah being beaten and bruised. To continue with honest exegesis, the olives beaten into the oil that give the Menorah the ability to shine in the darkness must be ‘someone’ different.

Yeshua talks about the value of oil in Matthew 25 and the Parable of the Ten Virgins. The wise virgins had oil for their lamps when the Bridegroom arrived, but the foolish ones had allowed their oil to run out. While they ran to purchase more oil, their Beloved arrives and they miss the reward of entering the wedding chamber. In the Parable, the lamps are not the Bridegroom or even the Bride, but the Word of Elohim (Psalm 119:105). The oil is the Ruach haKodesh, the other part of worshiping Elohim in Spirit and Truth (John 4:24).

Romans 11 compares Isra’el to an Olive Tree. On this tree there are natural branches along with ingrafted wild ones. Both types of branches produce the same fruit –– olives! The root of the Olive Tree is Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the patriarchs of faith. From them came the nation of Isra’el, the natural branches producing olives, who have been relentlessly pounded through the millennia by severe persecution and near annihilation. Their beatings began with slavery in Pharaoh in Egypt, continued with Haman in Persia, Antiochus Epiphanes in the Syrian Empire and the Spanish Inquisitions through the Holocaust in Europe. Wild olives grafted into the Olive Tree have also been pounded through persecutions leading to martyrdom. The next and greatest pounding of all olives will come during the Tribulation.  Some olives will be chosen to proclaim the name of Yeshua to the world; others will lose their heads.  With each pounding of the olives, their essence remains, and the pure oil of their faith continues to light the Menorah that shines brightly in this dark and evil world.

Garments for the High Priest

“This is to be a perpetual regulation both for Aaron and his descendants” (Exodus 28:43).

The Hebrew word for ‘priest’ is cohen (cohanim, plural) and comes from a root that means ‘base’ such as the ‘base of a column.’  The cohanim are the structural support of the Israelite community.  It is their responsibility to carry out the will of Adonai, intercede for the people and keep the community in relationship with Adonai.

Adonai’s calling of cohanim came to Aaron and his sons, Nadav, Avihu, El’azar and Itamar. They were to have holy garments, worn only by them, when they went into the Mishkan. The unique garments for Aaron and his sons gave them dignity and splendor in front of the community bringing them respect as priests of Adonai. When they removed the consecrated garments, they became ‘ordinary people.’ 

As priests serving Adonai in the Tabernacle, they walked on ‘holy ground.’ While they ministered to the people, served at the Altar, and fellowshipped in the Holy Place, they did so in bare feet.

Selah
Moshe took off his sandals when he stood before the burning bush –– ‘holy ground.’

Hebrew Word Pictures
Priest or cohen – כהן – kaf, hey, nun
– open the revealing of life

Priesthood or cohanim – כהנים – kaf, hey, nun, yod, mem
– open and reveal the finished work of the mighty life

Spirit of Wisdom

“If you will turn (repent) and give heed to my reproof, behold I will pour out my spirit of wisdom upon you, I will make my words known to you” (Proverbs 1:23, AMP).

The priestly garments were made by a few craftsmen who were given the ‘spirit of wisdom’ so they could accomplish the work necessary. These craftsmen had to be wholehearted toward Adonai so they could hear His words. At this time, the Ruach Elohim was not inside everyone, but with only a select few. After Yeshua ascended to his Father, the Ruach haKodesh was poured into those who were circumcised in their heart (John 14:15).

It is through the Ruach of wisdom that these craftsmen gained a deep and intimate knowledge of the ‘heavenly’ Tabernacle and their Creator. The Ruach of wisdom is Messiah Yeshua who gives insight into the mysteries and secrets of Elohim.

“But to those who are called, whether Jew or Gentile,  Messiah is the power of God and the wisdom of God” (1 Corinthians 1:24).  

“In my prayers I keep asking the God of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, the glorious Father, to give you a spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you will have full knowledge of him” (Ephesians 1:16-17).

Gold Thread and Fine Linen

One of the projects of the craftsmen was to make gold thread. There is not a gold coating on the threads. These craftsmen had to know how to create thread from gold that would not break and could be worked into fabric.

The process of hammering gold into an extremely thin, unbroken sheet is called ‘goldbeating.’ Egyptian craftsmen recognized the extraordinary durability and malleability of gold and became the first goldbeaters. They pounded gold using a round stone to create the thinnest gold leaf possible.

Most goldbeaters use 23 karat gold.  They put the gold in a pot and melt it in a furnace.  When liquified, the gold is poured into a mold and cast into a bar.  The gold bar is rolled in a mill until it is 1/1000 of an inch thick. After being rolled, the thin ribbon of gold is cut into 1-inch squares as preparation for beating.

The first step of beating is called the Cutch which uses a fabric to interleave the gold as it was being beaten. Originally, the Cutch was made of 150 skins of ox intestine, but parchment or mylar is used today in order to handle the hours of repeated hammer blows needed to beat the gold.

The gold is beaten on a large heavy block of marble or granite.  Beating of the Cutch takes about one hour using a fifteen pound hammer.  The goldbeater follows a pattern and sets up a rhythm of about seventy strokes per minute.  The Cutch packet is rotated and turned to ensure the gold inside expands evenly in all directions to about 4 inches square.  The gold is taken out of the Cutch and each piece is cut into four smaller pieces with a knife and put in a packet called a Shoder which has 1,500 skins.  The Shoder is beaten for about three hours until the gold expands into a 5-inch square.

The gold is taken out of the Shoder and placed on a leather-covered surface.  The gold is now so thin that the cutter can simply blow on it to flatten it out.  Using a wooden implement called a ‘wagon,’ the gold is quickly cut into four pieces and placed in a packet called a Mold for the final beating.  The Mold, coated with gypsum powder to prevent the gold from sticking to the skins, contains 1,500 pieces of gold.  The Mold is beaten with an 8-pound hammer for three to four hours until it is a circle about six inches in diameter.  The finished leaf forms an unbroken sheet of gold with a thickness of 1/250,000 of an inch.

Gold is a symbol of divinity showing the Divine Presence would be woven throughout the articles for the Tabernacle, including the high priest’s garments. Fine linen symbolizes purity. Aaron and his sons were to be the examples of purity for Isra’el, judging and living righteously before the Divine Presence.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Linen or karpas – כרפס – kaf, resh, peh, samech
– to open to the highest authority, the source of support

The Ritual Vest – Ephod

“Calling to mind the sons of Isra’el.  Aaron is to carry their names before Adonai on this two shoulders as a reminder” (Exodus 28:12).

The ephod was made of gold with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn with finely woven linen. These colors are used throughout the Mishkan. Blue symbolized the heavens, purple symbolized royalty, and scarlet was the color of sacrifice through the lineage of Judah. Along with the gold thread of the Divine Presence, the colors foreshadowed the coming High Priest from heaven, the Divine Presence of Adonai on earth –– Yeshua.

Attached to the front and back of the ephod were two shoulder pieces that could be fastened together. It had a belt made by the same skilled craftsmanship. Two onyx stones were engraved with the names of the sons of Isra’el according to their birth order with six names on each stone. They were made as a seal and put on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to remind Aaron of the sons of Isra’el when he came before Adonai. The two stones, called the urim and the tumim, were also placed in the breastplate and used for judging Isra’el. They were over Aaron’s heart and gave him the means for making wise decisions when standing before Adonai.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Ritual Vest or ephod – אפוד – alef, peh, vav, dalet
– first strength, source of the binding to the pathway

The Breastplate

“Make a breastplate for judging. The stones will correspond to the names of the twelve sons of Isra’el; they are to be engraved with their names as a seal would be engraved, to represent the twelve tribes” (Exodus 28:15,21).

The breastplate was made like the ephod with gold thread, blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, with finely woven linen. When it was folded in half, it would be square –– “a hand-span by a handspan” (Exodus 28:16). The breastplate was attached with gold rings and twisted gold chains that connected the pieces together over the shoulder and over the ephod.

The legal term which describes the entire process of justice and ‘judging’ is tzadak and means ‘righteousness.’ In the Septuagint, the word dikaios is used for ‘righteousness’ and describes those who conform to Adonai’s Torah.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Breastplate or choshen – חושן – chet, vav, shin, nun
– protect the mighty binding of life

“Aharon will carry the names of the sons of Isra’el on the breastplate for judging, over his heart, when he enters the Holy Place, as a continual reminder before Adonai” (Exodus 28:29).

Four rows containing three precious stones were to be set in gold. On each stone was engraved a name of one of the son’s of Isra’el so the breastplate would represent the 12 Tribes of Isra’el. The stones listed below are the colors the Temple Institute in Jerusalem believe are the most reliable Biblical stones. It is believed the colors of the stones matched the color of the flags carried by each tribe as the Israelites traveled in the wilderness.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Righteousness or tzadak – צדיק – tzade, dalet, yod, kof
– pull toward to the pathway, what is behind the finished work

The Robe

“Aharon is to wear it [the robe] when he ministers, and its sound will be heard whenever he enters the Holy Place before Adonai and when he leaves, so he won’t die” (Exodus 28:35).

The high priest’s robe was made entirely of blue representing the heavenly realm.   It had an opening around the neck edge with a border woven like the neck of a coat of chain mail, though it was not actual chain mail. Only warriors wore literal chain mail implying the priestly robe symbolized a garment of battle. As the intercessor between Adonai and Isra’el, there would be many battles, both physical and spiritual, to be fought whether from actual physical enemies or the spiritual idolatry that would entice the Israelites.

The position of the high priest was one of great responsibility.  Everything had to be done in perfect obedience to the commands of Adonai or the high priest would die. Along the bottom of the robe’s hem, pomegranates crafted of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn alternated with gold bells –– gold bell, pomegranate, gold bell, pomegranate. The bells were placed on the hem of the robe so Adonai would know when the high priest entered the Most Holy Place and allow him to live.

Pomegranates are found throughout Scripture as a symbol of fruitfulness. They are one of the seven species found in the Promised Land and brought to the Temple as offerings (Deuteronomy 8:8).   Hundreds of pomegranates were carved on the pillars of Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 7:18,20).   The Song of Songs refers to pomegranates in Solomon’s love song to his bride (Song of Songs 4:13, 6:11, 7:12, 8:2).   The pomegranate is found on ancient Jewish coins; and in Jewish tradition, the pomegranate has 613 seeds representing the 613 mitzvot of Torah.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Robe or me’il – מטילֹ – mem, tet, yod, lamed
– the mighty twisting, the finished work of the shepherd

Pomegranate or rimon – רמון – resh, mem, vav, nun
– highest authority, the mighty binding to life

Mitznefet – Priestly Turban

“Because Aharon bears the guilt for any errors committed by the people of Isra’el in consecrating their holy gifts, this ornament is always to be on his forehead, so the gifts for Adonai will be accepted by him” (Exodus 28:38).

An ornament of pure gold was put on the mitznefet or turban worn by the high priest. It was engraved as a seal with the words ‘Kadosh l’yod-hey-vav-hey’ (Holy to Adonai).  It was fastened to the turban with a blue cord on the front over Aaron’s head. Because the high priest wore the ornament, the consecrated gifts of Isra’el would be accepted by Adonai.

Selah
The mitznefet is part of the modern-day infantry wear of the Israeli Defense Forces. It is a floppy mesh cover over the helmet that camouflages the helmet and protects head of the soldier.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Turban or mitznefet – מצנפת – mem, tzade, nun, peh, tav
– consume and pull toward life, the source of the covenant

The Tunic, Belt and Undergarments

Ketonet  is a general Hebrew term for clothes. It is used in Genesis when ketonet or coverings were made for Adam and Eve in the Garden after they sinned.  It is  also used for the unique robe given to Joseph by his father. ‘Clothes’ in the Greek is himation and means ‘robe’ like the ketonet. The tunic or ketonet for the high priest was checkered and woven of fine linen along with the turban and belt.  The ketonet covered the entire body from head to foot and had long sleeves.

According to rabbinical writings, the avnet or belt was long and needed to be wrapped around the body several times.  Though no one knows exactly how it was wrapped, it may have crossed over the heart.  The Talmud explains this was done as atonement for the impure thoughts of the nation of Isra’el.  Yeshua taught that sin begins with iniquity in the heart, and the sash may have been symbolically used for reminding the high priest that the sins of Isra’el began in the heart.

The high priest also wore miknesevad or undergarments consisting of linen shorts reaching from waist to thigh covering his bare flesh.  He wore these ‘boxer shorts’ when he approached the Altar to minister in the Holy Place so he wouldn’t incur guilt and die.  The miknesevad kept the priest from exposing his ‘private parts’ when going up to minister at the Altar. When the Temple was built, there were numerous steps the priests would climb and the undergarments kept their ‘private parts’ from being exposed.

Aaron’s sons, the priesthood who minister at the Altar, also wore tunics, belts, and head coverings to show the dignity and splendor of the priestly position.  They were anointed and set-apart to serve Adonai in the office of cohen.

When I was growing up, my mother told to always wear underclothes: bras, panties, and slips. Of course, I asked her ‘why.’ She explained the priests in the Temple wore under clothes for modesty so we should too. I was young and had never read the priestly regulations, but I never questioned her wisdom. In my adult years, I have had conversations with women, young and old, about wearing undergarments. Many have no conviction about what they are revealing to the world. I am grateful my mother taught me ‘priestly’ modesty that I have tried to pass on to my daughters (and sons). Because I am part of a royal priesthood, dressing with dignity and splendor became central to how I present myself to the world, but more importantly how I dress to honor my High Priest.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Tunic or ketonet – כתנת – kaf, tav, nun, tav
– to cover life’s sign of the covenant

Sash or avnet – אונת – alef, vav, nun, tav
– first strength binding to the covenant of life

Undergarments or miknesevad – מכנסי-בד – mem, kaf, nun, samech, yod, bet, dalet
– the mighty covering of life, proping the finished work of the house and pathway

Preparation for Ministry

“Take one young bull and two rams without defect, also matzah, matzah cakes mixed with olive oil, and matzah wafers spread with oil – all made from fine wheat flour, put them together in a basket and present them in the basket, along with the bull and the two rams… bring them to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water” (Exodus 29:1-3).

To consecrate Aaron and his sons for ministry in the Tabernacle, one bull and two rams were to be offered to Adonai along with a basket of unleavened bread, cakes and wafers. Aaron and his sons were washed at the entrance to the Tabernacle.  One by one, each of the priestly garments were put on Aaron: the undergarments, tunic, robe, ephod and breastplate.  The turban was placed on his head along with the gold ornament ‘Kadosh to yod-hey-vav-hey.’ He was anointed by pouring olive oil over his head allowing it to run down his body.

“Oh, how good, how pleasant it is for brothers to live together in harmony. It is like fragrant oil on the head that runs down over the beard, over the beard of Aharon, and flows down on the collar of his robes” (Psalm 133:2).

Aaron’s sons were also dressed in tunics, sashes, and head coverings. The office of the Aaronic priesthood and the high priest lineage was theirs by a permanent regulation, meaning forever (Exodus 29:9). Whenever there is a Temple in Jerusalem, the Aaronic priesthood will serve at the Altar because Adonai made a forever covenant with them. This is the fourth covenant given in Scripture. Just like the covenants given to Noach, Abraham and Isra’el, the covenant with Aaron is not removed or replaced by any other covenant.

“Therefore say, ‘I am giving him [Aaron] my covenant of shalom, making a covenant with him and his descendants after him that the office of cohen [priesthood] will be theirs forever.’ This is because he was zealous on behalf of his God and made atonement for the people of Isra’el” (Numbers 25:13).

The Process of Consecration

The Sin Offering
Aaron and his sons laid hands on the bull’s head and slaughtered it at the entrance to the Mishkan.  Some of the bull’s blood was put on the horns of the Altar with the finger; the rest was poured out at the base. All the fat covering the inner organs, including the liver and kidneys, was burnt up as an offering.  The bull’s flesh, skin, and feces were taken outside the camp and burnt up. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on one of the two rams’ heads and slaughtered the ram.  Its blood was splashed on all sides of the Altar. It was quartered and burnt up on the Altar as a burnt offering.

The Burnt Offering
From the second ram, some of its blood was put on Aaron’s right ear lobe and the right ear lobes of his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and the big toe of their right foot.  The rest of the blood was splashed on the side of the Altar. Some of the blood that was on the Altar was mixed with the anointing oil and sprinkled on Aaron’s garments and his sons’ garments so that everything would be consecrated. The fat of the ram, from its tail to the fat covering its inner organs and kidneys, and its right thigh along with one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer from the basket was put in their hands.  They waved them as a wave offering in the presence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh.  Everything was burned up on the Altar on top of the bull. “It will be a pleasing aroma before Adonai, it is an offering made to Adonai by fire” (Exodus 29:25)

The Peace or Shalom Offering
The breast of the second ram was waved as an offering and became food for Aaron and his family.   Every breast and thigh or anything that was meant for Aaron and his sons was waved and became the consecrated portion of food for Aaron and his sons. “It will be a contribution from the people of Isra’el from their peace offerings, their contribution to Adonai” (Exodus 29:28).

The consecration process took seven days with sin offerings and atonement offerings made for the Altar each day.   The atonement for the Altar made it holy along with whoever touched the Altar.

The priests were to take a ram of consecration and boil its meat in a holy place. Aaron and his sons were to eat the ram’s meat and the bread in the basket at the entrance to the Tabernacle.  They were to eat the atonement foods –– no one else was to eat this food because as it was holy only for them.   If any food remained until the morning, it was to be burned up.

Daily Offerings

Twice a day, everyday, in the morning and evening, two lambs, a year old, were offered on the Altar with finely ground flour mixed with oil from pressed olives along with wine as a drink offering. “This will be a pleasing aroma an offering made to Adonai by fire” (Exodus 29:41).

A nesek or drink offering was poured out at the base of the Altar and accompanied a burnt, peace, or grain offering.  This practice went as far back as Jacob who poured a drink offering on his standing stone.  Drink offerings of either wine or a stronger alcohol were consumed in the fire of the Altar. The drink offering was given to Adonai and considered His ‘drink’ (Numbers 15).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Drink offering or nesek – נסך – nun, samech, kof
– life supports the pathway

The Divine Presence

“Through all your generations this is to be the regular burnt offering at the entrance of the tent of meeting before Adonai.  There I will meet with you to speak with you.  There I will meet with the people of Isra’el and the place will be consecrated by my glory.  I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, likewise I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me in the office of cohen.  Then I will live with the people of Isra’el and be their God: they will know that I am Adonai their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt in order to live with them. I am Adonai their God” (Exodus 29:42-46).


Each day with the daily offerings, Adonai would meet and speak with Aaron and the priests. He would meet with the people of Isra’el and consecrate them along with the Tabernacle, the Altar, and the priests. He would live with them and be their Elohim. This is a ‘shadow’ of the restoration of the Kingdom when Adonai’s glory is with mankind and He will live with His people and be their Elohim (Revelation 21:3).

Yeshua is the physical dwelling place of Adonai’s glory. He is the visible image of the invisible Elohim (Colossians 1:15). Anyone who has seen him has seen the Father (John 14:9). Though his glory is veiled, we will see it when he appears because we will see him as he really is (1 John 3:2).

The Hebrew word for ‘glory’ is kavod and means ‘honor, glory, imposing presence or position.’ Though abstract in essence, when it is attached to something that is seen, there is revelation. Through His kavod, Adonai expresses Himself more specifically to His people. His glory was in the cloud and the pillar of fire that guided the Israelites in the wilderness.  In Psalm 24:8, the kavod of Adonai is ‘strong and mighty in battle’ meaning His victory over the enemy can be seen.  In 1 Corinthians 11, man is the kavod of Adonai while woman is the kavod of man. Kavod is used for ‘honor’ in the commandment to ‘honor your father and mother.’ Kavod also carries with it the inference that it has weight or heaviness as to ‘let the weight of Adonai’s glory fall.’ 

The word Shekinah is not found in the Scriptures, but has come to mean the ‘Divine Presence’ of Elohim appearing in a specific locality. The word is derived from the Hebrew sheken and means ‘to settle, inhabit or dwell.’ Mishkan has the same root. Whoever first used the word Shekinah used it as a noun form to describe the physical manifestation of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh that settles in a way that is perceivable. Zechariah 2:8-11 and 1 Samuel 4:21 both support the Shekinah, the divine visitation of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh on earth that comes and goes. The Talmud says, “Whenever ten men are gathered in prayer, the Shekinah rests.”  Yeshua referred to this Talmudic concept when he said, “For wherever two or three are assembled in my name, ’I Am’ there with them” (Matthew 18:20).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Glory or kavod – כבד – kaf, bet, dalet
– to cover the house, the pathway

Shekinah –  שכן – shin, kaf, nun
– consume and open life

Altar of Incense

“It [the Altar of Incense] is especially holy to Adonai” (Exodus 30:10).

Within the Holy Place was the Altar of Incense. It was made of Acacia wood, 18 inches square and 3 feet high. Like the Altar of Sacrifice, it had horns made as one piece with it. Everything was overlaid with gold. Gold rings were put under the moulding at the corners on both sides for inserting carrying poles.   The poles were made of Acacia wood overlaid with gold. The Altar of Incense was placed in front of the Holy Curtain separating the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place.

Aaron was to burn fragrant incense on the Altar of Incense every morning and evening when he prepared the lamps for the Menorah in the morning or lit them at dusk. No unauthorized incense was to be burnt on the Altar of Incense nor any burnt or grain offering.  No drink offering was to be poured on it.  Once a year on the Day of Atonement, atonement for the Altar of Incense was made on its horns with blood from the sin offering.

“All the people were outside, praying, at the time of the incense burning, when there appeared to him an angel of Adonai standing to the right of the incense altar. Zechariah was startled and terrified at the sight” (Luke 1:10-12 ).

Yeshua and the Priestly Garments

 High Priest, Cohen
“But this one, after he had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, sat down at the right hand of God, from then on to wait until his enemies be made a footstool for his feet. For by a single offering he has brought to the goal for all time those who are being set apart for God and made holy” (Hebrews 10:12-14).

Spirit of Wisdom
“But a branch will emerge from the trunk of Yishai, a shoot will grow from his roots. The Spirit of Adonai will rest on him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and power, the Spirit of knowledge and fearing Adonai …” (Isaiah 11:1-2).

Breastplate and Turban
“He put on righteousness as his breastplate, salvation as a helmet on his head; he clothed himself with garments of vengeance and wrapped himself in a mantle of zeal” (Isaiah 59:17).

The Belt
“Justice will be the belt around his waist, faithfulness the sash around his hips” (Isaiah 11:5).

Gold
“Upon entering the house, they saw the child with his mother Miryam; and they prostrated themselves and worshiped him. Then they opened their bags and presented him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh” (Matthew 2:11).

Ritual Vest, Heart For Isra’el
“He said, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Isra’el’” (Matthew 15:24).

“Yerushalayim! Yerushalayim! You kill the prophets! You stone those who are sent to you! How often I wanted to gather your children, just as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, but you refused!” (Matthew 23:37)

The Robe
“A woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years approached him from behind and touched the tzitzit on his robe” (Matthew 9:20-21).

Tunic, Undergarments
“After they had nailed him to the stake, they divided his clothes among them by throwing dice” (Matthew 27:35).

Linen
“Yosef purchased a linen sheet; and after taking Yeshua down, he wrapped him in the linen sheet, laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb” (Mark 15:46).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Revelation Chapter 19 – A Wedding and a War

“After these things, I heard what sounded like the roar of a huge crowd in heaven, shouting, “Halleluyah! The victory, the glory, the power of our God! For his judgments are true and just. He has judged the great whore who corrupted the earth with her whoring. He has taken vengeance on her who has the blood of his servants on her hands” (Revelation 19:1-2).

Yochanan hears a huge crowd of people in heaven shouting. The Hebrew word hamon means ‘a sound or roar’ from ‘an abundance of people.’ Throughout the prophets hamon is used of a large army (Daniel 11:10). At this time, Yeshua is preparing his army –– and his Bride. The ‘roar’ from this crowd is Halleluyah! which is Hebrew for “Praise Adonai!” They praise yod-hey-vav-hey for His victory, His glory, His power, and His judgments which are true and just.

“Save us, Adonai our God! Gather us from among the nations, so that we can thank your holy name and glory in praising you. Blessed be Adonai, the God of Isra’el, from eternity past to eternity future. Now let all the people say, “Amen! Halleluyah!” (Psalm 106:47-48).

Nevertheless, you are holy, enthroned on the praises of Isra’el” (Psalm 22:4).

‘Victory’ in Hebrew is teshuah and means ‘deliverance’ and ‘salvation.’ It is from shuah that the word yeshua or ‘salvation’ comes. ‘Salvation’ or yeshua is found 109 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. The crowd in heaven praises Adonai for Yeshua who has delivered them from the bonds of death to life.

‘Glory’ in Hebrew is kavod and means ‘honor’ and ‘dignity.’ The only One who is to receive ‘glory’ is Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the yod-hey-vav-hey (Psalm 115:1). Kavod holds the idea of ‘coming down’ as in being ‘weighty.’ When the glory of Adonai comes down, His presence encompasses the multitude praising His Name.

‘Power’ in Hebrew is tokef and means ‘strength’ and ‘energy.’ Through the tokef of Adonai the multitudes proclaim victory through His power.

Adonai judges with true justice. The word for ‘judgment’ is mishpat sometimes translated ‘law.’ When Adonai judges, it will be based on His mishpatim, His Torah. Justice happens when people receive what they deserve. Those who shed the blood of the innocent – over the millennia – receive justice. The redeemed multitude, saturated in the glory, honor, reverence of Adonai, continue to praise Him for the justice rendered on earth.

“And a second time they said, “Halleluyah! Her smoke goes up forever and ever!” The twenty-four elders and the four living beings fell down and worshiped God, sitting on the throne, and said, “Amen! Halleluyah!” (Revelation 19:3-4).

The 24 elders along with the living beings fall down and worship Adonai. Twenty-four symbolizes the divisions of the Levitical priesthood that King David created to work in his Tabernacle. Each clan from Aaron’s sons worked for a prescribed two-week time period twice per year. Each division had a leader or elder making 24. These elders now have eternal positions in the heavenly sanctuary around the Throne of Adonai.

It is time for the judgment that the four living beings and 24 elders prepared for as they worshiped around the Throne of Adonai. The multitude now joins the living beings, and the 24 elders all shout halleluyah. The Hebrew word has the name yod-hey-vav-hey in it placing the very essence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyey into halleluYah. The Hebrew root of halleluYah is hallel which means ‘to shout aloud with joy.’ HalleluYah – Shout aloud with joy to Yah!

Hebrew Word Pictures

Hallel – הלל

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for hallel: behold the urging foward, urging forward.

Halleluyah – הללויה

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

י Yod – Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for halleluyah: behold urging forward, urging forward, the binding finished work revealed.

“A voice went out from the throne, saying, “Praise our God, all you his servants, you who fear him, small and great!” (Revelation 19:5).

The Hebrew word for ‘throne’ is kisseh and means ‘seat of honor,’ and is used specifically for the Throne of Adonai. A ‘voice’ goes out from the Throne. This Hebrew word is kol and is used in Genesis 3:8; the word ‘voice’ is preceded by the alef and the tav, the ‘sign’ of Yeshua being the ‘voice.’ In Revelation, however, the ‘voice’ commands praise for את Eloheinu; the command is given from yod-hey-vav-hey for all His servants, great and small, to praise Yeshua who is Eloheinu – Our God.

The Hebrew word for ‘servant’ is ebed and can be translated as ‘slave.’ Sha’ul referred to himself as a ‘slave’ of Messiah Yeshua meaning that he understood he had been ‘bought with a price’ (1 Peter 1:18-19, Romans 1:1, 1 Corinthians 6:20). He also understood that his ‘bondage’ was an eternal commitment to ‘serve’ his Savior, Messiah and King Yeshua.

“Then I heard what sounded like the roar of a huge crowd, like the sound of rushing waters, like loud peals of thunder, saying, “Halleluyah! Adonai, God of heaven’s armies, has begun his reign!” (Revelation 19:6).

The huge crowd says halleluYah again because Adonai, the God of heaven’s armies begins His reign. The praise of Yeshua’s huge army sounds like rushing waters and loud thunder. What makes water rush? Wherever water runs down hills and pours over rocks, people stop and listen. Something draws them to the sound whether it is the multiple falls of water at Iguaçu in Brasil, the water pouring over ledges at Niagra or just a simple stream stumbling over rocks in the Russian River in Alaska.

Just recently I learned that powerful negative oxygen ions are generated by crashing water. Invisible and unnoticeable, they’re tossed into the air and we breathe them in and they recharge our human batteries. Immediately, we feel refreshed; the higher the concentration of negative ions, the better it makes us feel.

The Bible compares Yeshua’s voice to the sound of ‘rushing water.’ Whether the rushing water thunders over huge cliffs or trickles in a small stream, the moving of water produces a sense of shalom, quietness, and even power. Stopping and listening to the voice of Yeshua in rushing water changes the inner man and recharges our soul.

“More than the sound of rushing waters or the mighty breakers of the sea, Adonai on high is mighty” (Psalm 93:4).

“There I saw the glory of the God of Isra’el approaching from the east. His voice was like the sound of rushing water, and the earth shone with his glory” (Ezekiel 43:2).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Water – Mayim or מים

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

י Yod – A Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

ם Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for mayim: mighty finished mighty.

The praise of the armies also sounds like loud peals of thunder. When Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh came to the top of the mountain to meet with the Israelites, there was lightning and thunder, the sound of His voice.

“God thunders wonderfully with his voice, he does great things beyond our understanding” (Job 37:5).

“The voice of Adonai is over the waters; the God of glory thunders, Adonai over rushing waters, the voice of Adonai in power, the voice of Adonai in splendor” (Psalm 29:3-4).

Wedding of the Bride and the Lamb

“Let us rejoice and be glad! Let us give him the glory! For the time has come for the wedding of the Lamb, and his Bride has prepared herself —fine linen, bright and clean has been given her to wear.” (“Fine linen” means the righteous deeds of God’s people.)” (Revelation 19:7-8).

As the armies of Adonai prepare for war, there is an intermission –– the conclusion of the betrothal ceremony at Yeshua’s Passover seder. He told his disciples that he would not celebrate Passover again until it was fulfilled in the Kingdom (Luke 22:16). The ‘appointed time’ has arrived; the Bridegroom has prepared a place for His Bride, and the Bride has made herself ready.

The Bride is not a given; it is not the whole Body of Messiah. Yeshua will not marry a child or an adolescent, but a mature woman of faith. Like Havah was made from a rib portion of his body, the Bride of Messiah is comprised of a portion of Yeshua’s Body –– the wise virgins who had oil in their lamps. The Bride of Messiah worshiped in Spirit and Truth. The Bride purified her body and soul from everything ‘unclean’ that defiles. She separated herself from a wicked, lawless world and lived blamelessly. The Bride trained herself in righteousnes. Like the Eshet Chayil, the Bride has been faithful, hard working, courageous and maturing in her faith (Proverbs 31:10-30).

“As a bridegroom rejoices over the bride, your God will rejoice over you” (Isaiah 62:5).

The Bride accepted the culture of her Jewish Bridegroom, loving his brothers and sisters from the Tribes of Isra’el. She kept her Betrothed’s Sabbath because he is Lord of the Sabbath. She celebrated his Father’s Feast days because they were her Beloved’s ‘appointed times.’ She ate the ‘clean’ foods he ate. For her righteous deeds, and obedience to the Word that he represented in the flesh, the Bride is given fine linen, bright and clean to wear. Her garment is not just a robe washed in the blood of the Lamb, it is a garment of sanctification representing her maturity.

“In order to present the Messianic Community to himself as a bride to be proud of, without a spot, wrinkle or any such thing, but holy and without defect” (Ephesians 5:27).

The Hebrew word for ‘fine linen’ is sheshee and means ‘white’ or ‘bleached.’  Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant and is known for its pure white color (Exodus 9:31).   The process to create fabric from flax is labor intensive, but when the threads are woven into garments, it is cool and remains fresh in hot weather. 

The Wedding Guests

“The angel said to me, “Write: ‘How blessed are those who have been invited to the wedding feast of the Lamb!’” (Revelation 19:9).

The Parable of the Wedding Feast in Matthew 22 is prophetic for the Wedding Feast of the Lamb. Many invitations were sent out, but most who received them made excuses for not coming. Some got married; others bought a cow. Many were invited, but few chose to attend. The king became angry and sent his servants to bring everyone they could find on the street corners, the poor, the lame, the good, and the bad. These wedding guests receive great blessing.

Sometimes the Hebrew word for ‘blessing’ or barak is translated ‘happy’ or ‘rejoice.’ The Hebrew word for ‘rejoice’ is gil and means to ‘spin around with emotion.’ Those who have been invited and come to the Wedding Feast of the Lamb are blessed and happy. There is great rejoicing and DANCING!

Then he added, “These are God’s very words.” I fell at his feet to worship him; but he said, “Don’t do that! I’m only a fellow-servant with you and your brothers who have the testimony of Yeshua. Worship God! For the testimony of Yeshua is the Spirit of prophecy” (Revelation 19:9-10).

Yochanan is overwhelmed with the ‘words of Adonai.’ He falls at the messenger’s feet in worship. The messenger refused the worship and explains to Yochanan that he is a servant of Yeshua just like Yochanan and his brothers. He tells Yochanan to worship the Creator. Then he says that having a testimony of Yeshua is the ‘Spirit of prophecy.’

In Hebrew, the word nevuah is the noun ‘prophecy’ meaning that the prediction given is spoken or written. The word nava is the verb meaning ‘to prophesy under the influence of the divine Spirit.’ Sometimes prophecy is done with song and dancing. The Hebrew word for ‘prophets’ is nevi’im and is the ‘N’ part of TeNaK –– Torah, Nevi’im (prophets) and Ketuvim (writings) –– Old Testament.

In the TeNaK, prophets told the future through divine revelation (2 Peter 1:21). Sometimes the revelation came through a vision, a dream, an angel, inspiration of the Ruach, and even through writing when Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh gave Moshe the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20). Prophets corrected the Kings of Isra’el hoping they would repent. Prophets spoke the Word into culture of Isa’el which made them outcasts. Prophets were not accepted in their home towns (Luke 4:24).

Prophets like Moshe, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Micah, Isaiah and Daniel had the ‘Spirit of prophecy’ meaning that each of them had a testimony of Yeshua; they knew him in a personal way. For those who believe that men and women of the old testament didn’t know Yeshua and have no hope of salvation; this is just not true. According to the words of the messenger, ‘the Spirit of prophecy’ in each of these men proves they knew Yeshua not as the Word in the flesh, but as the prophetic Word.

Anyone who has a testimony of Yeshua in their lives also has the ‘Spirit of prophecy.’ Testifying about what Yeshua has done in a person’s life is prophetic. Sha’ul taught that the Spirit manifests gifts to followers of Yeshua; one of those gifts is the ‘Spirit of prophecy, ‘ and he also tells women in the Body of Messiah to wear a head covering when they ‘pray or prophesy’ (1 Corinthians 11:5, 1 Corinthians 12:10). Each person is to use their ‘prophetic gift’ according to their measure of faith (Romans 12:6).

When Jacob finds out that Joseph is alive, the Scripture says ‘the spirit of Jacob’ revived (Genesis 45:18-28). In the Targum Onkelos, the word ‘prophecy’ is added to the phrase suggesting that Jacob had a testimony of Yeshua, the ‘resurrection’ of his son. It is recorded that Phillip, who shared Yeshua with the Ethiopian eunuch, had four unmarried daughters who had the ‘Spirit of prophecy’ (Acts 21:9). This means they each had a testimony of Yeshua in their life.

On Shavuot, Kefa (Peter) quoted from the prophet Joel who prophesied that one day the Spirit of Adonai would be poured out on all men (Joel 3:1). At that time, everyone from young sons and daughters to old men would dream dreams and experience visions. This is the ‘Spirit of prophecy,’ the testimony of Yeshua.

The Warrior King and His Armies

“Next I saw heaven opened, and there before me was a white horse. Sitting on it was the one called Faithful and True, and it is in righteousness that he passes judgment and goes to battle. His eyes were like a fiery flame, and on his head were many royal crowns. And he had a name written which no one knew but himself. He was wearing a robe that had been soaked in blood, and the name by which he is called is, “THE WORD OF GOD” (Revelation 19:11-13).

The rider on this white horse is the same rider from Revelation chapter 6 that went out to conquest the nations (Zechariah 14:3). When the Conqueror left, he wore one crown; when he returns, he has many crowns. The rider on the white horse is the Lion of Y’hudah, the Warrior King returning wearing the royal crowns from conquering the nations’ kings. His eyes burn like fiery flames; he wears a robe soaked in blood. The blood is not Yeshua’s blood; it is the blood of the enemies of Adonai.

The prophet Isaiah describes the day of vengeance and the year of redemption:

“Who is this, coming from Edom, from Botzrah with clothing stained crimson, so magnificently dressed, so stately in his great strength? “It is I, who speak victoriously, I, well able to save.Why is your apparel red, your clothes like someone treading a winepress? “I have trodden the winepress alone; from the peoples [nations], not one was with me. So I trod them in my anger, trampled them in my fury; so their lifeblood spurted out on my clothing, and I have stained all my garments; for the day of vengeance that was in my heart and my year of redemption have come. I looked, but there was no one to help, and I was appalled that no one upheld me. Therefore my own arm brought me salvation, and my own fury upheld me. In my anger I trod down the peoples, made them drunk with my fury, then poured out their lifeblood on the earth” (Isaiah 63:1-6).

The armies of heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. And out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down nations — “He will rule them with a staff of iron.” It is he who treads the winepress from which flows the wine of the furious rage of Adonai, God of heaven’s armies. And on his robe and on his thigh he has a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS” (Revelation 19:14-16).

“Listen! A tumult on the mountains — it sounds like a vast multitude! Listen! The uproar of the kingdoms of the nations gathering together! Adonai-Tzva’ot is mustering an army for war” (Isaiah 13:4).

At the Wedding Feast of the Lamb, the Bride of Yeshua was given fine linen to wear. The armies of Messiah arrive riding white horses and dressed in fine linen –– the Bride has become the Woman of Valor following her Warrior King.

Yeshua’s name is the ‘Word of Adonai‘ –– a powerful sword that will strike down nations. The Word will judge those who have rejected the Torah of Adonai. The Word will judge the nations for their lawlessness, immorality, and unrighteousness; the rejection of the ‘appointed times,’ the consumption of ‘unclean foods,’ and anti-semitism against the chosen people of Adonai.

Yeshua will rule the nations with a staff of iron because they will still refuse to submit to his authority. The Hebrew word for ‘staff’ is shebet and means ‘scepter.’ A scepter is held by a ruling King showing his authority and sovereignty (Genesis 49:10).

Yeshua’s scepter will be made of iron. The Hebrew word for ‘iron’ is barzel, a common element from ancient times. Job knew that iron was taken out of the earth (Job 28:2). The prophet Isaiah describes how a blacksmith works with iron (Jeremiah 44:12, 54:16). Sha’ul says that hypocritical liars have had their consciences seared as if with a ‘red-hot branding iron’ (1 Timothy 4:2). Iron was used for many objects including weapons and armor. Iron symbolizes fortitude and strength. Yeshua is going to judge the nations of the earth with fortitude and strength until he destroys all of his adversaries.

Hebrew Word Pictures

ב Bet – A House means ‘house or ‘family.’

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

ז Zayin – A Weapon means ‘divide’ or ‘cut.’

ל Lamed – Shepherd’s Staff means ‘urge forward.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for barzel: house of highest authority divided urging forward.

Yeshua will “tread the winepress from which flows the wine of the furious rage of Adonai.” A winepress in Biblical times consisted of two containers placed at different elevations. The grapes were put in the higher one where they were stomped on. The resulting juice flowed into the lower container. According to the prophet Isaiah, the containers were cut out of rock (Isaiah 5:2). As the furious rage of Adonai comes upon the earth, nations will be put in the higher part of the press and they will be tred upon by Yeshua until their blood flows down to where it is collected in the bottom container.

On Yeshua’s robe and his thigh a name is written, not tattooed. As High Priest and King of El Elyon, he will continue to uphold the Torah (Numbers 15:37-38). He will have tzizit on the four corners of his garment. The tzizit are tied with knots with two different numerical meanings: ‘Adonai is Echad’ or the Tettragrammaton, yod-hey-vav-hey. As King Messiah returns victorious on his white horse, the tzizit will rest on his thigh revealing his name as ‘One’ with yod-hey-vav-hey.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Fringe, tassel – tzizit – ציצת

צ Tzade – A Fishhook means ‘draw near.’

י Yod – A Closed Hand means ‘finished work.’

צ Tzade – A Fishhook means ‘draw near.’

ת Tav – Crossed Sticks means ‘sign’ or ‘covenant.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for tzizit: draw near the finished work, draw near the covenant.

“Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out in a loud voice to all the birds that fly about in mid-heaven, “Come, gather together for the great feast God is giving, to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of generals, the flesh of important men, the flesh of horses and their riders and the flesh of all kinds of people, free and slave, small and great!” (Revelation 19:17-18).

Standing in the sun, a messenger cries out to the birds flying in mid-heaven. Mid-heaven refers to the highest point from where the sun ascends in the east and descends in the west. Since this prophecy centers around Jerusalem, it would be ‘high noon’ when the birds gather for the feast of flesh.

The messenger’s words fulfill the prophecy given to the prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 37:19-20). It is the final battle when all the dead become food and drink for the birds and wild animals. They will gorge themselves on the flesh remains of kings, princes, generals, important men, horses and their riders, free men and slaves, and young and old, and drink their blood until they are drunk (Ezekiel 39: 11, 17).

The place for all of the graves will be in the Travelers’ Valley. This area, east of the Dead Sea and the Jordan River, was once occupied by Moab, but became the land inheritance for the Tribe of Gad before crossing into the Promised Land (Numbers 32:16-19). Gad, means ‘good fortune,’ but has also come to mean ‘troops’ or ‘horde.’ Ezekiel prophesies that Gog and his rebellion will include every nation on earth, not just a few in the Middle East surrounding Isra’el and will be defeated by ‘troops.’

“I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies gathered together to do battle with the rider of the horse and his army. But the beast was taken captive, and with it the false prophet who, in its presence, had done the miracles which he had used to deceive those who had received the mark of the beast and those who had worshipped his image. The beast and the false prophet were both thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. The rest were killed with the sword that goes out of the mouth of the rider on the horse, and all the birds gorged themselves on their flesh” (Revelation 19:19-21).

Yochanan sees the beast and the anti-messiah gather the kings of the earth and their armies to make war with King Yeshua and his immortal armies. The beast will be taken captive along with the false propeht and thrown into the ‘lake of fire tha burns with sulfur.’ Those who took the ‘mark of the beast’ and worshiped his image will join them in the ‘lake of fire.’ The rest of the nations will be killed by the Warrior ‘Word of Adonai’ who rides the white horse.

Birds will gorge themselves on the flesh of the dead. In Hebrew, the word for ‘birds’ is ba’ali hakanaf or ‘winged ones.’ The birds that consume human flesh will be ‘unclean’ birds of prey created to clean up dead carcasses: eagles, vultures, ospreys, kites, buzzards, ravens, owls, seagulls, hawks, pelicans, storks, herons, hoopoes, and bats (Leviticus 11).

Chapter 20 – The First Resurrection

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Revelation Chapter 5 – The Scroll

“Next I saw in the right hand of the One sitting on the throne a scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with seven seals; and I saw a mighty angel proclaiming in a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?” But no one in heaven, on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or look inside it. I cried and cried, because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or look inside it. One of the elders said to me, “Don’t cry. Look, the Lion of the tribe of Y’hudah, the Root of David, has won the right to open the scroll and its seven seals” (Revelation 5:1-5).

The Hebrew word for ‘scroll’ is megillah and each old testament book manuscripts were written on parchment paper and rolled up creating a megillah. The first five books of the Bible became one scroll known as Torah and contained the history of the people of Elohim and His instructions for living as a holy community. The scroll Yochanan sees has writing on both sides.

The megillah has seven seals. The Hebrew word ‘seal’ is chatham and means ‘signer’s imprint.’ The ‘signer’s imprint’ came from an individual’s signet ring giving the signer full authority and power to send the message or ‘seal the decree.’ The only one authorized who could break the seal had to be the receiver for the intended message.

In the case of this heavenly scroll, Yochanan wept because no one could be found in heaven, on earth or even under the earth authorized to break the seals and read the scroll. He understood that no heavenly beings were worthy to break the seals; there was no human being on earth worthy to break the seals. He knew Sh’ol held the spirits of the dead and none of these were worthy either. There was no one worthy to open the scroll. One of the 24 elders explained that the Lion of the Tribe of Y’hudah, the Root of David, was worthy and had won the right to break the seals.

The Lion of Y’hudah comes from the prophetic blessing Ya’akov gave his son before he died. Like a lion Y’hudah’s hand would be on the neck of his enemies. He would stand over his prey and stretch out like a lion. No one would dare provoke him, and his brothers and sisters and their descendants would bow down to him (Genesis 49:8-10). The Hebrew word for ‘lion’ is ari. The prophet Isaiah calls Jerusalem, ‘The city of Ari’el‘ (Isaiah 29:1-2, 7).

The lineage from Y’hudah to Yeshua has King David who was given the promise of an eternal descendant on his throne (2 Samuel 7:12-13, Jeremiah 33:17). It is this descendant who will rule the nations and will be the ‘root’ of King David.

“Then I saw standing there with the throne and the four living beings, in the circle of the elders, a Lamb that appeared to have been slaughtered. He had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the sevenfold Spirit of God sent out into all the earth. He came and took the scroll out of the right hand of the One sitting on the throne. When he took the scroll, the four living beings and the twenty-four elders fell down in front of the Lamb. Each one held a harp and gold bowls filled with pieces of incense, which are the prayers of God’s people; and they sang a new song, “You are worthy to take the scroll and break its seals; because you were slaughtered; at the cost of blood you ransomed for God persons from every tribe, language, people and nation. You made them into a kingdom for God to rule, cohanim to serve him; and they will rule over the earth” (Revelation 5:6-10).

It is not a Lion that Yochanan sees, it is a Lamb. The Lamb looked like it had been slaughtered. In the Hebrew, the phrase is “and I saw he had wounds and bruises that once caused his death.” This detailed phrase supports how the prophet Isaiah described the affliction of Messiah (Isaiah 53:5).

The Lamb had seven horns and seven eyes which are the seven-fold Spirit of Elohim sent out into all the earth. The Hebrew word for ‘horn’ is qeren and symbolizes divinity, salvation, and victory. Abraham found a ram caught by its horns in the thicket. The ram symbolizes the victory of Elohim’s Lamb that would overcome death and be resurrected; the returning ram that would trample the enemies of Elohim.

The Lamb takes the scroll and the four living beings and 24 elders fall down before him. Each held a harp and golden bowls filled with incense. The Hebrew word for ‘harp’ is kinnor and is the word for lyre, King David’s choice of stringed instrument. The golden bowls had pieces of incense representing the prayers of Elohim’s people (Psalm 141:2).

Those present in front of the throne sang a new song. In Hebrew, the word for ‘new song’ is telhillim and means a ‘spontaneous song.’ This spontaneous ‘new’ song focuses on the Lamb who is worthy of praise; for at the cost of his blood, he ransomed for Elohim people from every tribe, language, culture, and nation. The Lamb made them to be a kingdom of priests to serve Him. As the ‘royal priesthood,’ they will serve Yeshua and rule with him over the nations.

The Hebrew word for ‘ransom’ is padah and means ‘redeemed.’ The word ‘ransom’ means ‘to pay for the release of a prisoner.’ People from every nation, tribe, and language had been held captive by the Adversary. The Lamb paid the ‘death price’ required to give life to multitudes. He redeemed them by making a substitute of his life for theirs. The Lamb was worthy because he was completely righteous and could become the atonement.

Then I looked, and I heard the sound of a vast number of angels — thousands and thousands, millions and millions! They were all around the throne, the living beings and the elders; and they shouted out, “Worthy is the slaughtered Lamb to receive power, riches, wisdom, strength, honor, glory and praise!” (Revelation 5:11-12).

In the heavenly realm, millions and millions of angels along with the living beings and the 24 elders worship the Lamb. The Lamb is ‘worthy’ having righteous character and entitled to receive adoration. The Hebrew word for ‘worthy’ is zachah which means ‘cleansed, pure, and acquitted.’ The Hebrew word for ‘power’ is ‘oz and means ‘the strength of Elohim.’ Power means the Lamb has spiritual insight into the power and strength of Elohim. He can influence the nations and direct the course of world events.

Riches means that the Lamb holds all that have eternal value in his possession. The word for ‘riches’ in Hebrew is osher and means ‘the riches of Elohim.’

The Hebrew word for ‘wisdom’ is chokmah and means ‘skill.’ The Lamb holds all wisdom and ‘skill’ from above as well as below the heavens. Proverbs 8:22-31 personifies wisdom as being present with Elohim before the creation of the world and taking part in the creative process.

The strength of The Lamb is mighty. The Hebrew word for ‘strength’ is gibor and means ‘mighty’ or ‘heroic.’ Gibor has the idea of valor and courage like a warrior who returns from a battle with a decisive victory.

The Lamb is honored with splendor because he fulfilled his obligation. He lived according to Torah, his Father’s standard of righteousness. I n Hebrew, the word for honor in this verse is hadar and means ‘splendor.’

The Lamb has achieved great beauty. His renown goes throughout all the heavens because of what he has done. The Hebrew word for ‘glory’ is kavod and means ‘weight and heaviness.’ His glory ‘comes down’ from the heavens onto the earth.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Worthy – zachah – זחה

ז Zayin – A Weapon means ‘divide’ or ‘cut.’

ח Chet – A Fence means ‘protect.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for zachah: divide and protect revealed.

Power – ‘oz – עז

ע Ayin – An Eye means ‘see’ or ‘understand.’

ז Zayin – A Weapon means ‘divide’ or ‘cut.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for oz: understand the dividing.

“Don’t suppose that I have come to bring peace to the Land. It is not peace I have come to bring, but a sword! For I have come to set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, so that a man’s enemies will be the members of his own household. Whoever loves his father or mother more than he loves me is not worthy of me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than he loves me is not worthy of me” (Matthew 10:34-37).

Riches – osher – עושר

ע Ayin – An Eye means ‘see’ or ‘understand.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ש Shin – A Tooth means ‘consume’ or ‘destroy.’

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for osher: undertand the binding destroys the highest authority.

“Do not store up for yourselves wealth here on earth, where moths and rust destroy, and burglars break in and steal. Instead, store up for yourselves wealth in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and burglars do not break in or steal. For where your wealth is, there your heart will be also” (Matthew 6:19-21).

Wisdom – chokmah – חכמה

ח Chet – A Fence means ‘protect.’

כ Kaf – Open Palm means ‘allow’ or ‘cover.’

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos’ or ‘mighty.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for chokmah: protect and allow the mighty revelation.

“But the wisdom from above is, first of all, pure, then peaceful, kind, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and without hypocrisy” (James 3:17).

Mighty – gibor – גבור

ג Gimel – A Camel means ‘lift up’ or ‘pride.’

ב Bet – A House means ‘house’ or ‘family.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for gibor: lift up the house bound to the highest authority.

“For a child is born to us, a son is given to us; dominion will rest on his shoulders, and he will be given the name Pele-Yo‘etz El Gibbor Avi-‘Ad Sar-Shalom [Wonder of a Counselor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace]” (Isaiah 9:5).

Splendor – hadar – הדר

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal’ or ‘behold.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

ר Resh – A Head means ‘highest authority.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for hadar; reveal the pathway of highest authority.

“Warrior, strap your sword at your thigh; [gird on] your splendor and majesty. In your majesty, succeed, ride on in the cause of truth, meekness and righteousness” (Psalm 45:3-4).

Glory – kavod – כבוד

כ Kaf – Open Palm means ‘allow’ or ‘cover.’

ב Bet – A House means ‘house’ or ‘family.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

The Hebrew Word Picture for kavod: cover the house binding the pathway.

“Therefore God raised him to the highest place and gave him the name above every name; that in honor of the name given Yeshua, every knee will bow — in heaven, on earth and under the earth — and every tongue will acknowledge that Yeshua the Messiah is Adonai — to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:8-11).

“And I heard every creature in heaven, on earth, under the earth and on the sea — yes, everything in them — saying, “To the One sitting on the throne and to the Lamb belong praise, honor, glory and power forever and ever!” (Revelation 5:13).

The word ‘creature’ means plants, animals, and all creation waiting for deliverance crying out to the Lamb (Romans 8:22). The words in the heavens, on the earth, and under the earth show the complexity of Elohim’s dominion as Creator. This worship is not just for the Lamb, but also for the One sitting on the throne: the ‘I Am’.

In Hebrew ‘forever and ever’ is l’olam v’ed which means ‘to the distant horizon and again.’ The following blessing is included after the Shema:

Baruch shem k’avod malchuto l’olam va’ed.

Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom to the distant horizon and again.

“The four living beings said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped” (Revelation 5:14).

Amen. This word is derived from the Hebrew words emunah meaning ‘faith’ and emet meaning ‘truth.’ The elders and the living beings acknowledge the Truth revealed in Faith.

To conclude this glorious worship of the ‘I Am’ and the Lamb, the four living beings and the elders bow. The word for worship is barak and means ‘bend the knee.’ They worshiped by bending the knee in the Divine Presence of the Eternal King.

Revelation 6 – The Seals

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