The common fig tree is called Ficus carica. This tree has a long juvenile period and does not produce fruit for the first four to five years after being planted. In other words, the fig remains a child-tree for a period of time before maturing into adulthood. Adult fig trees produce two crops every year. The early crops are frequently small, acidic and inferior, only good for preserving. The latter crop of figs has edible fruit. Interestingly, fig trees produce their fruit before leaves.