Posts Tagged ‘Elementary Teachings’

Two Adams: A Rib and a Bride

“If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.  So it is written ‘The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.’  The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual” (1 Corinthians 15:45-46).

The Body and Bride of Adam

“But for Adam there was not found a companion suitable for helping him. Then God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the person; and while he was sleeping, he took one of his ribs and closed up the place from which he took it with flesh. The rib which Adonai, God, had taken from the person, he made a woman-person; and he brought her to the man-person. The man-person said, “At last! This is bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh. She is to be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man” (Genesis 2:20-22). 

When God made man, the Hebrew word ish, from the dust of the ground, He observed that man was alone and this was not a good situation.  So, He made a companion for the man from his rib or flesh from his side, the Hebrew word isha or woman.   Thus from the body of Adam came Hava (Eve), his companion and wife.  When Adam saw the woman Adonai brought to him, he exclaimed she is ‘bone from his bones and flesh from his flesh.’

“That is why a man leaves his father and mother and they become one flesh” (Genesis 2:24).

Adam was the first husband.  Hava was the first wife.  Together they became the first married couple in the natural, physical realm.  Through them all humanity, men and women, came to being.  Through Adam came the ‘body of mankind.’

“The first man was of the dust of the earth … as was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth …” (1 Corinthians 15:44-49).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Adom (Red Earth) or אדם – alef, dalet, mem

– first pathway of the mighty (water)

Chavah (Life) or Eve or חבה – chet, vav, hey

– inner room (heart) tie revealed

The Body of Yeshua

“The second man is from heaven.  People born of dust are like the man [Adam] of dust, and people born from heaven are like the man [Yeshua] from heaven;  and just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, so also we will bear the image of the man from heaven” (1 Corinthians 15:47-49).

Yeshua is considered the second Adam or ‘last Adam’ who brings spiritual life.   Though he was born physically like a man, spiritually he was birthed from heaven.  When each of us are born again by water and Spirit, we become spiritual people and part of the Body of Yeshua (John 3:5-6).

“Now you are the body of Messiah, and each one of you is a part of it” (1 Corinthians 12:2).

Infants

As part of the Body of Yeshua, each of us begins our new lives in the Kingdom as spiritual infants. We drink spiritual milk which gives us the basic nutrition we need to grow in faith and walk in the Spirit.  This is called being taught the elementary truths of Elohim for understanding the foundational life-path of righteousness.  Like infants we are dependent on others for nourishment and incapable of discerning good from evil.  Some who are born again never leave this stage of growth and remain spiritual babes growing fat on milk.  They are tossed back and forth by every wind of doctrine and the crafty cunningness of deceivers (Ephesians 4:14).

“Brothers and sisters, I could not address you as people who live by the Spirit, but as people are are still worldly – mere infants in Messiah.  I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it” (1 Corinthians 3:1-3)

“In fact … you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again.  You need milk, not solid food.  Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.” (Hebrews 5:12).

Children

After being nourished on the pure milk of the Word, some spiritual babies grow and become spiritual children, spiritual brothers and sisters of Yeshua.  In this stage of their born again life, we learn about our Father’s love (1 John 3:1). We learn what it means to be a child of our Father (1 John 3:10).  We learn about the the rules in our Father’s house (Torah), sin and forgiveness (1 John 2:12, 3:4).  We learn what it means to live in obedience to the household rules and are disciplined when we fall short  (1 Peter 3:14, Hebrews 12:7). We also learn  that love is more than mere words, it is actions (1 John 3:18).  As spiritual children we learn about idols and how to keep ourselves from falling into idolatry (1 John 5:12).  We learn about the Adversary who desires to win our souls (1 John 2:18).

“For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to bring you back again into fear; on the contrary, you received the Spirit, who makes us sons and by whose power we cry out, “Abba!” (that is, “Dear Father!”) (Romans 8:15).

“For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters” (Romans 8:29).

“Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters, since you know that you will receive an inheritance from the Lord as a reward” (Colossians 3:23-24).

The Inheritance and Reward

“Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Messiah Yeshua!  In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Messiah Yeshua from the dead, and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade.  This inheritance is kept in heaven for you …” (1 Peter 1:3-4).

Spiritual infants and children receive the free gift of eternal life.  They will stand before the throne in heaven waving palm branches and praising Elohim for their salvation.  They will attend the ‘marriage supper of the Lamb’  as promised by Yeshua because they are children of Abraham (Matthew 8:11).  They praise the Elohim’s majesty in the earth and His glory throughout the heavens.  They comprise the multitude from every tribe and tongue whose praises establish a stronghold against the enemies of God and silence the foe and the avenger (Psalm 8:1-2, Matthew 21:16).

“After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb.  They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands.  And they cried out in a loud voice: Salvation belongs to our God, who sits on the throne and to the Lamb” (Revelation 7:9-10).

“After this I heard what sounded like the roar of a great multitude in heaven shouting:  ‘Halleluyah!  Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, for true and just are his judgments ….’  Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters  and like the peals of thunder shouting: ‘Halleluyah!  For our Lord God Almighty reigns.  Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory!  For the wedding of the Lamb has come …” (Revelation 19:1-2, 6).

Mature Adults

Growing into maturity should be the goal of a spiritual babe and child.  It comes through eating solid food, the meat of the Word and walking in the Spirit. Each of us is given unique spiritual gifts in order to bear spiritual fruit for the Kingdom (Galatians 5:23-24).  As a mature spiritual adult, we leave the elementary teachings found in Hebrews 6 and become transformed into the image of Messiah.  We will have wisdom that is not of this world (1 Corinthians 2:6).  We will stand firm and completely confident devoting our lives to God’s will (Colossians 4:12).   We will be able to discern the difference between good and evil (Hebrews 5:14). We will press on toward the upward high calling in Messiah (Philippians 3:14).

Spiritually mature adults are not contaminated with the world and its carnality.  They walk in Spirit and in Truth.    They live by faith in obedience to the commands given to them by their Father.  They do not have idols or false gods because they have separated themselves through discerning ‘spirits’.  They have been thoroughly trained in righteousness. They are pure and refined.  Their garments are not stained or wrinkled.

“Just as Messiah loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless” (Ephesians 5:25-27).

“Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this … to keep oneself unspotted from the world” (James 1:27).

“I promised you to one husband, to Messiah, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to him.  But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Messiah” (2 Corinthians 11:2-3).

Maturity is important when it comes to being part of the Bride of Messiah.  No human man marries an infant or a child.  An adult man chooses a woman who is mature and capable of being his helpmeet.  Just as a rib portion of a mature man’s body (Adam) was formed into his bride (Hava), a mature rib portion of the Body of Yeshua, will be formed into his eternal Bride.

Significant to the creation of Eve was that the body of Adam slept.  The same will be true of Messiah’s Bride.  While the Body of Yeshua is lulled into sleep through complacency and even great deception, only those who are  the mature and awake will be formed into his Bride.

Wise and Foolish Virgins

Yeshua tells the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins in Matthew 25.  They are preparing for the arrival of their Bridegroom.  They all have lamps, but only the wise have oil.   In the Parable though all of the virgins fall  asleep, when they hear the Bridegroom coming, only the wise virgins are able to light their lamps.  Only the wise virgins are prepared to go into the bridal chamber with their Bridegroom.  The foolish virgins must ask the wise virgins for oil, but the oil cannot be shared.  While the foolish ones go to buy oil, the Bridegroom arrives and takes the wise virgins as his Bride. He shuts the door.

All  ten virgins were part of Yeshua’s Body.  All ten virgins were betrothed to Yeshua.  All ten virgins had the Word as a lamp (Psalm 119:105).  However, only the wise had oil, a symbol of the Spirit of God.  Only the wise virgins maintained their pure and sincere devotion to Yeshua while waiting for his return. Only the wise virgins had enough oil in their lamps when the ‘appointed time’ for their Bridegroom’s return arrived.   They were prepared.  They had made themselves ready. Only his true Bride makes herself ready.

“For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready.  Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear. (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of the saints)” (Revelation 19:7-8).

What are the righteous acts of the saints?  ‘Righteous’ acts according to Vines Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words means ‘those who are upright and conforming to God’s law (Torah).’   Righteous comes from the Hebrew word tzdek and those who are righteous are tzedekim.   The righteous obey Elohim’s instructions just as Yeshua taught in Matthew 5.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Righteous or tzdek – tzadik, dalet, kof

– desire what is behind the door or pathway

Saints, according to Vines,  comes from the word hagios and means ‘holy’.  This word ‘holy’ means ‘separated from sin and consecrated to God.’  Saints are sanctified people, set apart for God by the way they choose to live, grow and understand the righteous ways of Elohim.  The Bride of Messiah chooses to live a consecrated life while waiting for her Bridegroom.  She lives her life preparing for a marriage ceremony and a wedding supper with the King of Kings.  Her reward is a beautiful white linen gown and to rule and reign with King Messiah for all eternity.

There are several crowns Yeshua gives as rewards.  Crowns are given to royalty – Kings and Queens.

“Now every athlete in training submits himself to strict discipline, and he does it just to win a laurel wreath that will soon wither away. But we do it to win a crown that will last forever” (1 Corinthians 9:25).

“I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. All that awaits me now is the crown of righteousness which the Lord, “the Righteous Judge,” will award to me on that Day — and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for him to appear” (2 Timothy 4:7-8). 

“How blessed is the man who perseveres through temptation! For after he has passed the test, he will receive as his crown the Life which God has promised to those who love him” (James 1:12).

Not only is the Bride given fine linen along with her robe of salvation and crowns,  but she becomes the New Jerusalem in the new heavens and new earth.   As the Bride of Messiah, she becomes the glory of the whole universe.  The prophet Isaiah describes how a bride dresses herself; John describes the Bride of Messiah.

“I am so joyful in Adonai! My soul rejoices in my God, for he has clothed me in salvation,dressed me with a robe of triumph, like a bridegroom wearing a festive turban, like a bride adorned with her jewels” (Isaiah 61:10).

“One of the seven angels having the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues approached me and said, “Come! I will show you the Bride, the Wife of the Lamb.” He carried me off in the Spirit to the top of a great, high mountain and showed me the holy city, Yerushalayim, coming down out of heaven from God. It had the Sh’khinah of God, so that its brilliance was like that of a priceless jewel, like a crystal-clear diamond. It had a great, high wall with twelve gates; at the gates were twelve angels; and inscribed on the gates were the names of the twelve tribes of Isra’el” (Revelation 21:9-12).

Just as Elohim created a wife for Adam from a rib portion of his body, so He will prepare a Bride for His Son from a remnant portion of Yeshua’s Body.  It should be the desire of every believer, young or old, to grow into spiritual maturity, prepare and be ready for the return of the Bridegroom for he will not marry an infant, toddler or rebellious teenager.  Yeshua will marry only the wise virgins, the foolish ones have a different fate.

“When they fall, they will receive little help [have to buy their own oil], and many who are not sincere will join them [the way is wide that leads to destruction].  Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified and made spotless until the time of the end….  Many will be purified, made spotless and refined … those who are wise will understand” (Daniel 11:34-35, 12:10).

©2010 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. 

Hebrews 6 – Elementary Teachings

“Therefore, leaving behind the initial lessons about the Messiah, let us go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of turning from works that lead to death, trusting God, and instruction about washings, s’mikhah, the resurrection of the dead and eternal punishment. And, God willing, this is what we will do” (Hebrews 6:1-3, Complete Jewish Bible).  

Sin that Leads to Death

“The wages of sin is death …” (Romans 6:23).

Sin is defined in 1 John 3:4 as breaking the commands of God.  Yeshua refers to as lawlessness as living contrary to Torah, his Father’s instructions for living in this world and preparing for the world to come.   (Matthew 7:23, Luke 13:27).  The consequence of sin is eternal spiritual death.  This was the result of Adam’s sin in the Garden and is the result our our own sin.

After Yeshua was tested in the wilderness by the Adversary, he went back to the Galilee to live in Capernaum and began preaching the gospel. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matthew 4:17).

In Hebrew, ‘repentance’ is teshuvah and means ‘to return to God.’   By repenting from sin and lawless deeds, we turn away from actions that lead to death and turn back to God and His ways.

“Yeshua who answered them: “The ones who need a doctor aren’t the healthy but the sick. I have not come to call the ‘righteous,’ but rather to call sinners to turn to God [teshuvah] from their sins.”” (Luke 5:31-32).

This first and basic gospel message, considered one of the elementary instructions,  was preached by Peter on Shavuot (Pentecost) in Jerusalem.   

“Kefa answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God [teshuvah], and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh [Holy Spirit]! For the promise is for you, for your children, and for those far away — as many as Adonai our God may call!” (Acts 2:38-39). 

The same gospel message was preached by Sha’ul (Paul) to Jews and gentiles who were putting their faith in Yeshua.

“You know that I [Sha’ul] held back nothing that could be helpful to you, and that I taught you both in public and from house to house, declaring with utmost seriousness the same message to Jews and Greeks alike: turn from sin to God; and put your trust in our Lord, Yeshua the Messiah” (Acts 20:20-21)

Faith in God

“Be assured, then, that it is those who live by trusting and being faithful who are really children of Avraham” (Galatians 3:7).

Abraham believed he was too old to have an heir, but promised him he would have an heir.  He told him to count the stars in the sky, if he could, and his descendants would be as numerous.  “He [Abraham] believed in Adonai, and he credited it to him as righteousness” (Genesis 15:4-6).  God tested Abraham with his heir, Isaac.  He was told to take his son, his only son who he loved, to Mount Moriah and offer him on an altar.  Abraham obeyed God because he believed God could raise his son from the dead, another example of his faith (Romans 4:17). This unwavering faith Abraham made him ‘our father of faith.’ 

Faith or emunah is defined as “being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see” (Hebrews 11:1).  Our certainty of God’s existence is basic to the gospel message and considered the second elementary teachings.  

Yeshua taught that those who followed him must put their faith in God, first and foremost (Mark 11:22).  They must love God, first and foremost (Matthew 22:27).   This is a foundational aspect of his salvation message.  Separating faith in Yeshua from faith in his Father, the Creator, makes for an incomplete and misdirected faith. There can never be two gods.  Yeshua’s purpose was to glorify his Father,  to bring salvation to the world and show people the way to have a relationship with God, not replace God (1 John 4:14, John 14:6, John 17:1,6,22).

During Hanukkah in Jerusalem, Yeshua clearly states to his Jewish brothers and sisters, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30).  In Hebrew, echad means ‘one’ in unity.  He made this statement to make sure they understood that he was not another god to be worshipped or even a separate ‘person.’  By understanding Yeshua’s relationship with the Creator, his Father, our faith can be put in the visible image of the invisible God because that is who Yeshua is (Colossians 1:15).

Once a person turns from sin, they put their faith in God who gave His Son as the Savior of the world, Yeshua, who became the substitute sacrifice for sin.  Sha’ul explained that repentance and faith in God is for both Jews and gentiles.  “I have declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in our Lord Yeshua”  (Acts 20:26).

Instruction about Washings

“While all the people were being immersed, Yeshua too was immersed. As he was praying, heaven was opened; the Ruach HaKodesh came down on him in physical form like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my Son, whom I love; I am well pleased with you” (Luke 3:20-22).

The Complete Jewish Bible translates ‘baptism’ into instructions about washings or a mikveh.  mikveh is a Jewish ritual immersion for purification.  This bath was done numerous time throughout one’s life for various reasons.  During the month of Elul (August/September) there was a ritual purification for the repentance of sins before the Days of Awe and the Day of Atonement.  This was the immersion happening at the Jordan River when John was preaching repentance from sins. It was nothing new and why men from all of Isra’el were coming to John to be mikvehed. 

“Now before the coming of Yeshua, Yochanan [John] proclaimed to all the people of Isra’el an immersion [mikveh] in connection with turning to God from sin” (Acts 13:24).”

After Yeshua ascended to heaven, another dimension was added to the mikveh.  Immersion became a personal illustration of entering Yeshua’s death, burial and resurrection.  It was an expression of being set free from the law of sin and death and having a new life.

“We were therefore buried with him through baptism and into death in order that, just as Messiah was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we, too, may live a new life.” (Romans 6:4,5)

Apart from being a public display of being a new creation in Messiah, immersion was the path to receiving the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh.  When the whole house of Isra’el were ‘stung in their hearts’ upon hearing about Yeshua who is Lord and Messiah, they asked Peter what they should do.  He responded with the first three elementary teachings.

“Kefa [Peter] answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God, and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh! For the promise is for you, for your children, and for those far away — as many as Adonai our God may call!” (Acts 2:36-39). 

Another purpose for the immersion was purification, not from physical dirt, but as a pledge of a good conscience towards God through Yeshua’s resurrection.  It was an immersion into Yeshua and his resurrection.

“This also prefigures what delivers us now, the water of immersion, which is not the removal of dirt from the body, but one’s pledge to keep a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Yeshua the Messiah” (1 Peter 3:21).

It is significant that though there are many reasons for a mikveh, there is only one immersion that expresses Yeshua, our faith in him, and God who becomes our Father.  This mikveh makes us one Body through the one Ruach HaKodesh giving us one hope of eternal life.

“There is one body and one Spirit – just as you were called to one hope when you were called – one Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all” (Ephesians 4:4).

Laying on of Hands

Do not be hasty in the laying on of  hands, and do not share in the sins of others” (1 Timothy 5:22).

In Hebrew, the word sh’mikah means ‘authority’ and came through ‘laying on of hands.’  Throughout the Bible there are many examples of sh’mikah from Isaac blessing Jacob to Yeshua blessing little children (Luke 18:15-17).  One of the more significant is when Moshe passed his authority onto Joshua to take the Israelites into the Promised Land (Numbers 27:18-20).  Sh’mikah is the fourth elementary teaching.

“Tell me, which is easier to say — ‘Your sins are forgiven’ or ‘Get up and walk’? But look! I will prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” He then said to the paralyzed man, “Get up, pick up your mattress, and go home!” (Matthew 9:5-6). 

A powerful spiritual aspect of sh’mikah is physical healing through the forgiveness of sins.  Yeshua had the authority to forgive sins and soon after his resurrection, Yeshua passed this authority onto his disciples by breathing on him.   If they forgave an individual’s sins, their sins were forgiven.  If they didn’t, the sins remained on the person.

“Having greeted them, he showed them his hands and his side. The talmidim were overjoyed to see the Lord. “Shalom aleikhem!” Yeshua repeated. “Just as the Father sent me, I myself am also sending you.” Having said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Ruach HaKodesh!If you forgive someone’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you hold them, they are held” (John 20:20-23). 

Yeshua gave his disciples the authority to release men and women from the bondage of guilt they had toward one another.   To hear “Your sins are forgiven” releases anger, bitterness and removes the stronghold of the Adversary in our lives.  Once those deeply rooted issues were removed, physical healing began.  The authority was so powerful in the apostles that even their shadows healed the sick and demon possessed.

“They went so far as to bring the sick into the streets and lay them on mattresses and stretchers, so that at least Kefa’s shadow might fall on them as he passed by.  Crowds also gathered from the towns around Yerushalayim, bringing the sick and those afflicted with unclean spirits; and every one of them was healed” (Acts 5:15-16). 

After Yeshua ascended to his Father, the power and authority of the Ruach HaKodesh was received through laying on of hands.  Believers in Messiah rejoiced when they received this power, the next step after immersion in the elementary teachings.

“When the emissaries [apostles] in Yerushalayim heard that Shomron [Samaria] had received the Word of God, they sent them Kefa and Yochanan, who came down and prayed for them, that they might receive the Ruach HaKodesh. For until then he had not come upon any of them; they had only been immersed into the name of the Lord Yeshua. Then, as Kefa and Yochanan placed their hands on them, they received the Ruach HaKodesh” (Acts 8:15-17).

This power  was so great that unsaved men desired it.  They even offered the apostles money to have the power because it resulted in healing that they could use to become rich.  The Adversary always distorts the ways of God and uses ignorant men and women to achieve his goals.

“Shim‘on saw that the Spirit was given when the emissaries placed their hands on them, and he offered them money.“Give this power to me, too,” he said, “so that whoever I place my hands on will receive the Ruach HaKodesh.”(Acts 8:18-19).

This is why Sha’ul warns Timothy about laying hands too quickly on an individual because there was the potential of distorting the sh’mikah given to the apostles by Yeshua.  He also conveys the idea that when there is shimikah to forgive,  the sins of one person may be placed on another.

Resurrection of the Dead

Resurrection is the sixth elementary teaching.  Though Yeshua was the firstfruits of those raised from the dead, resurrection was not a new concept.  The prophet Isaiah spoke about the resurrection: “Your dead will live, my corpses will rise; awake and sing, you who dwell in the dust; for your dew is like the morning dew, and the earth will bring the ghosts to life” (Isaiah 26:19).   Daniel also spoke of those who would ‘awaken’ to eternal life or shame,  “Many of those sleeping in the dust of the earth will awaken, some to everlasting life and some to everlasting shame and abhorrence” (Daniel 12:2). 

The prophets Elijah and Elisha raised people rom the dead (1 Kings 17:17-22, 2 Kings 4:32-35, 2 Kings 13:20-21).  Yeshua raised the son of the widow from Nain from the dead as well as the daughter of the synagogue leader (Luke 7:11-15, Luke 8:41-42, 49-55).  Peter raised Dorcas from the dead; Sha’ul raised Eutychus (Acts 9:36-41, Acts 20:9-10).

When Lazarus died, his sister Martha trusted that she would see him again in the resurrection at the ‘last day,’ the Day of the LORD.   She also knew that she stood in the presence of the Messiah.   Her faith in God’s power through Yeshua brought her brother back to life.

“Marta said, “I know that he will rise again at the Resurrection on the Last Day.” Yeshua said to her, “I AM the Resurrection and the Life! Whoever puts his trust in me will live, even if he dies; and everyone living and trusting in me will never die. Do you believe this?”(John 11:24-26).

Yeshua was raised from the dead along with many holy people by the same power of God (Matthew 27:50-53).  This elementary truth about the resurrection, however, was not embraced by all the leaders in Isra’el.  Though the Pharisees believed in the eternal soul or nephesh and a resurrection of the dead, the Sadducees did not.  This is why they questioned him about the seven brothers who married the same woman and whose wife she would be in the resurrection (Luke 20:27-30).

These differing views caused conflict between the apostles and the leaders.  They became irritated that Peter and John they used Yeshua as proof of the resurrection of the dead, even though there were others who had been resurrected during Yeshua’s time of ministry.

“Kefa and Yochanan were still speaking to the people when the cohanim, the captain in charge of the Temple police, and the Tz’dukim [Sadducces] came upon them, very annoyed that they were teaching the people the doctrine of resurrection from the dead and offering Yeshua as proof” (Acts 4:1-2). 

In the Sanhedrin, the religious governing body of Isra’el, both the Pharisees and Sadducees were represented.  Knowing that he could create division between the leaders and cause them to argue among themselves thus clearing all charges against him, Sha’ul claimed his affiliation to the Pharisees and their view of the resurrection.

“Then Sha’ul, knowing that some of them were Sadducees and the others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, ‘My brothers, I am a Pharisee, the won of a Pharisee. I stand on trial because of my hope in the resurrection of the dead” (Acts 23:6).

“But if it is preached that Messiah has been raised from  the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Messiah has been raised.  And if Messiah has not been raised our preaching is useless and so is your faith” (1 Corinthians 15:12-14).

According to Revelation, there are two resurrections.  Those who take part in the first resurrection will rule and reign with Yeshua as priests of God and Messiah during the Millennial Kingdom (Revelation 20:6-7).   The second death will have no power over them, they will have entered eternal life.  Those who desire to attain this first resurrection must share in and fellowship in Yeshua’s sufferings (Philippians 3:10).

Eternal Punishment

As Sha’ul discoursed on righteousness, self-control and the judgment to come, Felix was afraid and said, ‘That’s enough for now!” (Acts 24:25)

Eternal punishment is the seventh elementary teaching that is almost a lost part of Biblical theology.   There is eternal judgment for the heavens and the earth, the Adversary, false prophet, the beast; the wicked or lawless, and the works of those who follow Messiah.  In the days of Noah, the heavens and earth were judged by water.  In that judgment, wicked and ungodly men were destroyed in the flood.  This present heaven and earth will be judged by fire and destroy wicked, ungodly men and women.

“By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men” (2 Peter 3:7).

The Godless

The godless will experience spiritual death or eternal separation from God.  On the Day of Judgment, books will be opened and everyone will be judged by their works.  Some will find their name has been blotted out of the book of life and are no longer listed with the righteous (Psalm 69:28).  Anyone’s name that is not found written in the book of life will be thrown into the lake of fire along with the Adversary, the beast and the false prophet (Revelation 20:15).

“Next I saw a great white throne and the One sitting on it. Earth and heaven fled from his presence, and no place was found for them.  And I saw the dead, both great and small, standing in front of the throne. Books were opened; and another book was opened, the Book of Life; and the dead were judged from what was written in the books, according to what they had done. The sea gave up the dead in it; and Death and Sh’ol gave up the dead in them; and they were judged, each according to what he had done. Then Death and Sh’ol were hurled into the lake of fire. This is the second death — the lake of fire. Anyone whose name was not found written in the Book of Life was hurled into the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:11-15).

Evildoers or Lawless

The judgment for evildoers and lawless comes after the lake of burning fire.  These individuals receive eternal life, but lived contrary to God’s commands.  They remain in the outer darkness, outside the gates of the New Jerusalem, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth (Matthew 8:12, Luke 13:28).  Gnashing of teeth implies these people knew the Truth, heard the Truth, but didn’t walk by faith and obey the Truth.  They have escaped the lake of fire as through flames. They do not lose their free gift of eternal life, but lose an eternal reward (1 Corinthians 3:11-15).

“Outside (the gates) are the dogs, those who practice magic arts, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices falsehood” (Revelation 22:15).

In the time of Yeshua, the gentiles were referred to as ‘dogs’ (Matthew 7:6, 15:26).  Though many gentiles receive salvation through Yeshua, they refuse to repent from the pagan traditions of idolatry based on lies and deception within the church. Sexual immorality is embraced rather than being judged as sin and beginning the basic elementary teachings.

‘Evildoers’ and ‘workers of lawlessness’ are those who disobey Torah or teach others to disobey the instructions of God.  These people are the least in the kingdom spoken about by Yeshua in Matthew 5:17-20.

“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord!’ will enter the Kingdom of Heaven, only those who do what my Father in heaven wants. On that Day [of Judgment], many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord! Didn’t we prophesy in your name? Didn’t we expel demons in your name? Didn’t we perform many miracles in your name?’ Then I will tell them to their faces, ‘I never knew you! Get away from me, you workers of lawlessness!'” (Matthew 7:21-23).

“Just as the weeds are collected and burned up in the fire, so will it be at the end of the age” (Matthew 13:40).

“Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you! you taught in our streets!’ and he will tell you, ‘I don’t know where you’re from. Get away from me, all you workers of wickedness!’ You will cry and grind your teeth when you see Avraham, Yitz’chak, Ya‘akov and all the prophets inside the Kingdom of God, but yourselves thrown outside” (Luke 13:26-28). 

 “If anyone hears what I am saying and does not observe it, I don’t judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. Those who reject me and don’t accept what I say have a judge — the word which I have spoken will judge them on the Last Day [of Judgment]” (John 12:47-48)

Believers in Messiah

“Since everything is going to be destroyed like this, what kind of people should you be? You should lead holy and godly lives, as you wait for the Day of God and work to hasten its coming. That Day will bring on the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt from the heat; but we, following along with his promise, wait for new heavens and a new earth,  in which righteousness will be at home” (2 Peter 3:11-13). 

“All of us who are mature should take such a view of things.  And if on some point you think differently, that too God will make clear to you.  Only let us live up to what we have already attained”  (Philippians 3:12-16).

©2005 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.