Posts Tagged ‘Elementary Teachings’

Two Adams: A Rib and a Bride

“If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.  So it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.’  The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual” (1 Corinthians 15:45-46).

The Body and Bride of Adam

“But for Adam there was not found a companion suitable for helping him. Then God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the person; and while he was sleeping, he took one of his ribs and closed up the place from which he took it with flesh. The rib which Adonai, God, had taken from the person, he made a woman-person; and he brought her to the man-person. The man-person said, “At last! This is bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh. She is to be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man” (Genesis 2:20-22). 

When God made man, the Hebrew word ish, from the dust of the ground, He observed that man was alone and this was not a good situation.  So He made a companion for the man from his rib or more correctly translated “flesh from his side.” He called the helpmeet ‘woman’ or in Hebrew isha. From the body of Adam came Eve (Havah), his companion and wife.  When Adam saw the woman Adonai brought to him, he exclaimed, “bone from his bones and flesh from his flesh!”

“That is why a man leaves his father and mother and they become one flesh” (Genesis 2:24).

Adam was the first husband; Havah was the first wife.  Together they became the first married couple in the natural, physical realm.  Through them all humanity, men and women, came to being.  Through Adam came the ‘body of mankind.’

“The first man was of the dust of the earth … as was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth” (1 Corinthians 15:44-49).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Adom (Red Earth) or אדם

א Alef – An Ox means ‘first’ or ‘strength.’

ד Dalet – A Door means ‘pathway.’

מ Mem – Water means ‘chaos.’

Hebrew word picture for adom: strong first pathway to chaos.

Havah (Life) or Eve or חבה

ח Chet – A Fence means ‘protect.’

ו Vav – A Nail means ‘binding.’

ה Hey – A Window means ‘reveal.’

Hebrew word picture for Havah: protect the binding revealed.

The Body of Yeshua

“The second man is from heaven.  People born of dust are like the man [Adam] of dust, and people born from heaven are like the man [Yeshua] from heaven;  and just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, so also we will bear the image of the man from heaven” (1 Corinthians 15:47-49).

Yeshua is called the second Adam or ‘last Adam’ who brings spiritual life.   Though he was born physically like a man, spiritually he was birthed from his Father in heaven.  When each of us are born again by water and Spirit into the Kingdom of God, we become spiritual people and part of the Body of Yeshua (John 3:5-6).

“Now you are the body of Messiah [Yeshua], and each one of you is a part of it” (1 Corinthians 12:2).

Spiritual Newborns

Each of us begins our new life in the Kingdom as spiritual infants. We drink spiritual milk which gives us the basic nutrition we need to grow in faith and walk in the Spirit.  This is called being taught the elementary truths and the foundational truths and path of righteousness.  Like infants we are dependent on others for nourishment and incapable of discerning good from evil.  Some who are born again never leave the stage outside of the spiritual womb and remain babes growing fat on formulas.  They are tossed back and forth by every wind of doctrine and are easily deceived (Ephesians 4:14).

“Brothers and sisters, I could not address you as people who live by the Spirit, but as people are are still worldly – mere infants in Messiah.  I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it” (1 Corinthians 3:1-3)

“In fact … you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again.  You need milk, not solid food.  Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.” (Hebrews 5:12).

Spiritual Children

After being nourished on the pure milk of the Word, some spiritual babies grow and become spiritual children.  In this stage of their born-again life, they learn about the Father’s love (1 John 3:1).  They learn what it means to be a child of the Father (1 John 3:10).  They learn about the the rules in the Father’s house (Torah), and they learn about sin and forgiveness (1 John 2:12, 3:4).  They learn what it means to obey the household rules and are disciplined when they fall short  (1 Peter 3:14, Hebrews 12:7). They also learn  that love is more than mere words, it includes actions (1 John 3:18).  As spiritual children they learn about idols and how to keep from falling into idolatry (1 John 5:12).  They learn about the Adversary who desires to win their soul (1 John 2:18).

Spiritual infants and children receive the free gift of eternal life.  They will stand before the throne in heaven waving palm branches and praising Adonai for their salvation.  They will attend the ‘marriage supper of the Lamb’  as guests because they are children of Abraham (Matthew 8:11).  They will praise the Adonai’s majesty in the earth and His glory throughout the heavens.  They comprise the multitude from every tribe and tongue whose praises establish a stronghold against the enemies of God and silence the foe and the avenger (Psalm 8:1-2, Matthew 21:16).

“After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb.  They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands.  And they cried out in a loud voice: Salvation belongs to our God, who sits on the throne and to the Lamb” (Revelation 7:9-10).

“After this I heard what sounded like the roar of a great multitude in heaven shouting:  ‘Halleluyah!  Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, for true and just are his judgments ….’  Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters  and like the peals of thunder shouting: ‘Halleluyah!  For our Lord God Almighty reigns.  Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory!  For the wedding of the Lamb has come …” (Revelation 19:1-2, 6).

Spiritual Adults

Growing into maturity should be the goal of everyone who enters the Kingdom.  Maturity comes through eating solid food, the ‘meat’ of the Word and walking in the Spirit.  Each believer is given unique spiritual gifts in order to bear spiritual fruit for the Kingdom (Galatians 5:23-24).  As a mature spiritual adult, they leave the elementary teachings found in Hebrews 6. They have the wisdom of Messiah that is not of this world (1 Corinthians 2:6).  They stand firm and completely confident devoting their entire lives to God’s will (Colossians 4:12).  They discern the difference between good and evil, light and darkness (Hebrews 5:14). They press on toward the upward high calling in Messiah (Philippians 3:14).

Spiritually mature adults are not contaminated with the world and its carnality.  They walk as Yeshua told the woman at the well – in Spirit and in Truth – not one or the other.  They live by faith obeying the commands given to them by their Father.  They do not worship idols or embrace the pagan ideologies of false gods because they ‘come out from among them’ and made themselves ‘holy.’ They have been thoroughly trained in righteousness –– living rightly before They are pure and refined.  Their garments are not stained or wrinkled.

Maturity is important when it comes to the Bride of Messiah.  No human man marries an infant or a child. An adult man chooses a woman who is mature and capable of being his helpmeet.  Just as a rib portion of a mature man’s body (Adam) was formed into his bride (Havah), a rib portion of the Body of Messiah, those who have attained maturity, will be formed into his Bride.

Significant to the creation of Eve was that the body of Adam slept.  The same will be true of Messiah’s Bride.  While the Body of Yeshua is lulled into sleep through complacency and even the great deception in the end times, only those who are mature and wise will be taken into the wedding chamber and formed into Yeshua’s Bride.

Yeshua tells the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins in Matthew 25.  They are preparing for the arrival of their Bridegroom.  They all have lamps, but only the wise have oil.   In the Parable all of the virgins fall  asleep, but only the wise virgins are able to light their lamps when they hear the Bridegroom arriving.  Only the wise virgins are prepared to go into the bridal chamber with the Bridegroom.  The foolish virgins ask the wise virgins for oil, but the oil cannot be shared.  While the foolish virgins go to buy more oil, the Bridegroom arrives and takes the wise virgins as his Bride. He shuts the door and the foolish ones lose a great reward.

All  ten virgins were part of Yeshua’s Body.  All ten virgins were betrothed to Yeshua.  All ten virgins had the Word as a lamp (Psalm 119:105).  However, only the wise had oil, a symbol of the Spirit of God.  Only the wise virgins maintained their pure and sincere devotion to Yeshua while waiting for his return. Only the wise virgins were prepared with enough oil in their lamps when the ‘appointed time’ for their Bridegroom’s return arrived.   They had made themselves ready as only a real Bride prepares.

“For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready.  Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear. (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of the saints)” (Revelation 19:7-8).

What are the righteous acts of the saints?  ‘Righteous’ acts according to Vines Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words means ‘those who are upright and conforming to God’s law (Torah).’   ‘Righteous’ comes from the Hebrew word tzdek and those who are righteous are tzedekim.   The ‘righteous’ obey Adonai’s instructions just as Yeshua taught in Matthew 5.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Tzadek or righteous

ז Tzadik – A Fishhook means ‘to draw near’ or ‘desire.’

ד Dalet – A Door and means ‘pathway.’

ק Kof – Back of the Head means ‘what is behind.’

Hebrew word picture for tzadek: desire to draw near what is behind the pathway.

‘Saints,’ according to Vines, comes from the Greek word hagios and means ‘holy.’ ‘Holy’ means ‘consecrated to God.’  Saints are sanctified people, set apart for God by the way they choose to live, grow and live out the righteous ways of Adonai.  The Bride of Messiah chooses to live a consecrated life while waiting for her Bridegroom.  She prepares for a marriage ceremony and the wedding supper of the Lamb.  Her reward is a beautiful, white linen gown. She will sit beside her Bridegroom to reign with him for all eternity.

Rewards and Crowns

Crowns are given to royalty and those given authority to rule. Yeshua gives several crowns as rewards to his people, a crown that lasts forever is given to those who run the race (1 Corinthians 9:25). For those who have fought the good fight and long for his appearing, Yeshua gives a crown of righteousness (2 Timothy 4:7-8). To those who persevere through temptation, passing the ‘test,’ Yeshua will give the crown of life promised to those who love him (James 1:12).

The Bride given fine linen, a robe of salvation and crowns, and becomes the glory of the whole universe. Her greatest reward is being transformed into the New Jerusalem (Isaiah 6:10).

“Come! I will show you the Bride, the Wife of the Lamb.” He carried me off in the Spirit to the top of a great, high mountain and showed me the holy city, Yerushalayim, coming down out of heaven from God. It had the Sh’khinah of God, so that its brilliance was like that of a priceless jewel, like a crystal-clear diamond. It had a great, high wall with twelve gates; at the gates were twelve angels; and inscribed on the gates were the names of the twelve tribes of Isra’el” (Revelation 21:9-12).

Just as Adonai created a wife for Adam from a rib portion of his body, so He will prepare a Bride for His Son from a rib portion of Yeshua.  It should be the desire of every believer, young or old, to grow into spiritual maturity because Yeshua will not marry an infant, toddler or rebellious teenager.  He will only marry only the mature, discerning, wise virgins.

©2010 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. 

Hebrews 6 – Maturing in Messiah

“Therefore, leaving behind the initial lessons about the Messiah, let us go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of turning from works that lead to death, trusting God, and instruction about washings, s’mikhah, the resurrection of the dead and eternal punishment. And, God willing, this is what we will do” (Hebrews 6:1-3, Complete Jewish Bible).  

In The Parable of the Sower, Yeshua mentions four ways the seed of God’s Word is planted in the heart. The first seed lands by the path, but is stolen by the Adversary.   Another seed lands on rocks, but never takes root.  The third seed is choked by thorns. The fourth seed falls on rich soil and brings forth a harvest (Luke 8:14).

The third seed is choked by thorns.  Because of the worries of life, desire for riches and personal pleasures, the seed planted in this heart never matures.   The phrase “they go on their way” implies they do not follow the ways of God, but their own ways.  In Matthew 6:31-33, Yeshua describes what the godless worry about:  food, drink, and clothing.  God knows we need these necessities, but we must have the proper perspective and seek God first. When we seek His Kingdom and His righteousness, the thorns will not longer choke His Word from our lives and we will mature.

The Spiritual Infant

“We have much to say about this, but it is hard to make it clear to you because you no longer try to understand.  In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food!  Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.  But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil” (Hebrews 5:14).

A physical infant needs the nourishment of milk.  It can either drink from its mother’s breast or have formula.  Even without great parenting, a baby will grow into adulthood.   A spiritual infant, however, can remain a spiritual infant.  Formula, man-made milk, will never mature a spiritual infant. 

In Corinth, Sha’ul addresses the congregation as infants (1 Corinthians 3:1-3).   They are still babies who cannot digest the solid food of the Word. They are worldly, immature people. They have not learned to discern good from evil.  They remain untaught, unable to be corrected, and are definitely not being trained in righteousness.  Like toddlers, they lack discipline, quarrel, and throw tantrums rooted in jealousy. The only way for these babies to grow into maturity is to chew on solid food.

The Spiritually Mature

The spiritually mature will leave behind the elementary teachings and be trained in righteousness. The Hebrew the word for ‘righteousness’  is tzadek and means ‘honest, right, and true.’ In Greek, the word is dikaiosyne and means ‘doing what is right’.   The word ‘training’ in 2 Timothy 2:16 for ‘training in righteousness’ is in the present progressive tense. Righteousness is the ‘training’ process so the spiritually mature learn to do what is right, honest, and true before God.

The spiritually mature will eat solid food using the full counsel of God’s Word –– both testaments. They will not listen to those who teach what their “itching ears want to hear” (2 Timothy 4:3). They will study the ‘meat’ of the Word so that they will be able to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict it (Titus 1:9).

The spiritually mature depend on the Spirit of God to transform their heart, mind, and soul  (Philippians 3:20-21).  Old thought patterns will be discarded until they can see God’s will for their lives – the good, pleasing and perfect will of the Father (Romans 12:2). The spiritually mature know God’s will and when trials are placed in their path, they won’t stumble and fall or lose their way.  They stand fully assured in the will of God (Colossians 4:12).

The spiritually mature have trained their senses to discern good and evil (Hebrews 5:14). They recognize false teachers, prophets, and messiahs; they refute evil, lawlessness, false gods, and paganism.

The message of wisdom is for the mature who walk in the Spirit of God (1 Corinthians 2:4-6). God’s Spirit enabled Yeshua to walk in the wisdom of his Father. God’s Spirit gives the spiritually mature the same wisdom as Yeshua, the mind of Messiah (1 Corinthians 2:16). Wisdom is taking knowledge and understanding and acting on it. According to Hosea 14:10, the wise understand that the ways of Adonai are straight, and the righteous walk in them.

The spiritually mature strain and train to reach a heavenly goal (Philippians 3:12-14). Straining implies struggling, laboring, toiling, and making every effort to run the race. Teachers stuck in the elementary teachings will inhibit and limit running this race, but the spiritually mature will persevere because they know that when “perseverance finishes its work, they will be mature and complete, not lacking anything” (James 1:2-4). They will receive the prize: the Bride of Messiah who has trained herself in righteousness.

“All of us who are mature should take such a view of things.  And if on some point you think differently, that too God will make clear to you.  Only let us live up to what we have already attained”  (Philippians 3:12-16).

©2005 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. 

Hebrews 6 – Elementary Teachings

“Therefore, leaving behind the initial lessons about the Messiah, let us go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of turning from works that lead to death, trusting God, and instruction about washings, s’mikhah, the resurrection of the dead and eternal punishment. And, God willing, this is what we will do” (Hebrews 6:1-3, Complete Jewish Bible).  

Sin that Leads to Death

“The wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23).

Sin is defined in 1 John 3:4 as breaking the commands of God.  Yeshua refers to this lawlessness as living contrary to Torah, his Father’s instructions for living in this world and preparing for the coming Kingdom (Matthew 7:23, Luke 13:27).  The consequence for sin is eternal spiritual death.  This was the result of Adam’s sin in the Garden and as his offspring, the consequence of our own sin.

After Yeshua was tested in the wilderness by the Adversary, he went back to the Galilee to live in Capernaum and began preaching the gospel, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matthew 4:17). In Hebrew, ‘repentance’ is teshuvah and means ‘to return to God.’   By repenting from sin’s lawless deeds, we turn away from actions that lead to spiritual death and return to God and His ways (Luke 5:31-32).

This basic gospel message is considered one of the elementary teachings. This is the gospel message preached by Peter on Shavuot (Pentecost) in Jerusalem.  Sha’ul (Paul) preached the same gospel message gentiles who were putting their faith in Yeshua.

“Kefa answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God [teshuvah], and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh [Holy Spirit]! For the promise is for you, for your children, and for those far away — as many as Adonai our God may call!” (Acts 2:38-39). 

“You know that I [Sha’ul] held back nothing that could be helpful to you, and that I taught you both in public and from house to house, declaring with utmost seriousness the same message to Jews and Greeks alike: turn from sin to God; and put your trust in our Lord, Yeshua the Messiah” (Acts 20:20-21)

Faith in God

“Be assured, then, that it is those who live by trusting and being faithful who are really children of Avraham” (Galatians 3:7).

Faith or emunah is defined as “being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see” (Hebrews 11:1).  Our certainty of God’s existence is basic to the gospel message and considered the second elementary teaching.  

Abraham believed he was too old to have an heir, but God promised him he would have an heir.  He told him to count the stars in the sky, if he could, and his descendants would be as numerous.  “He [Abraham] believed in Adonai, and he credited it to him as righteousness” (Genesis 15:4-6).  God tested Abraham with this heir.  He was told to take his son, his only son whom he loved, to Mount Moriah and offer him on an altar.  Abraham obeyed God because he believed God could raise his son from the dead, the greatest example of his faith (Romans 4:17).  This unwavering trust in God’s promise made Abraham the ‘father of faith.’ 

Yeshua taught that those who followed him must put their faith in God, first and foremost (Mark 11:22).  They must love God, first and foremost (Matthew 22:27).   This is a foundation stone of his salvation message.  Separating faith in Yeshua from faith in his Father leaves an incomplete and misdirected faith. There can never be two gods.  Yeshua’s purpose was to glorify his Father,  to bring salvation to the world, and to show people the correct way to have a relationship with God (1 John 4:14, John 14:6, John 17:1,6,22).

During Hanukkah in Jerusalem, Yeshua states to his Jewish brothers and sisters, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30).  In Hebrew, echad means ‘one’ in unity.  He made this statement to make sure they understood that he was not another god to be worshiped or even a separate ‘person’ from his Father. By embracing Yeshua’s relationship his Father, we can put our faith in the “visible image of the invisible God” because that is who Yeshua is (Colossians 1:15).

Once a person turns from sin, they put their faith in God, Yeshua. Sha’ul preached that repentance and faith in God is for both Jews and gentiles.

I have declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in our Lord Yeshua”  (Acts 20:26).

Instruction about Washings

“Now before the coming of Yeshua, Yochanan [John] proclaimed to all the people of Isra’el an immersion [mikveh] in connection with turning to God from sin” (Acts 13:24).”

The Complete Jewish Bible translates ‘baptism’ as ‘instructions about washings’ or a mikveh.  mikveh is an immersion for purification and done numerous times throughout a person’s life for various reasons.  During the month of Elul (August/September) there was an immersion for the repentance of sins before the arrival of the Days of Awe and the Day of Atonement.  This repentance immersion was nothing new. When John preached repentance from sins at the Jordan River, the men and women of Israel were taking part in the repentance immersion during the month of Elul. It was at this same time that Yeshua was immersed and the Spirit of Adonai came down and rested on him like a dove (Luke 3:20-22).

When the whole house of Israel was “stung in their hearts” after hearing about Yeshua who is Lord and Messiah, they asked Peter what they should do.  He responded with the first three elementary teachings.

“Kefa [Peter] answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God, and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh! For the promise is for you, for your children, and for those far away — as many as Adonai our God may call!” (Acts 2:36-39). 

After Yeshua ascended to heaven, another dimension was added to the mikveh.  The purpose for the repentance immersion was for purification, a pledge of a good conscience towards God through Yeshua’s resurrection (1 Peter 3:21). Immersion became a personal illustration of sharing in Yeshua’s death, burial, and resurrection.  The immersion became an expression of being set free from the ‘law of sin and death’ and resurrecting into a new life (Romans 6:4-5). It was an immersion into Yeshua and his resurrection.

Though there are many reasons to continue to mikveh, there is only one that expresses our faith in Yeshua. Repentance, faith in God, and teachings about mikveh lead us into the next elementary teaching.

Laying on of Hands

Do not be hasty in the laying on of  hands, and do not share in the sins of others” (1 Timothy 5:22).

Sh’mikah is the fourth elementary teaching. In Hebrew, the word sh’mikah means ‘authority’ and came through ‘laying on of hands.’  Throughout the Bible there are many examples of sh’mikah from Isaac blessing Jacob to Yeshua blessing little children (Luke 18:15-17).  One of the more significant sh’mikah is when Moshe passed his authority onto Joshua to take the Israelites into the Promised Land (Numbers 27:18-20).

One spiritual aspect of sh’mikah is physical healing through the forgiveness of sins.  Yeshua had the authority to forgive sins, and soon after his resurrection, Yeshua passed this authority onto his disciples by breathing on him.   If they forgave an individual’s sins, their sins were forgiven.  If they didn’t, the sins remained on the person (John 20:20-23).

Yeshua gave his disciples the authority to release men and women from the bondage of guilt. To hear Your sins are forgiven” releases anger, bitterness, guilt, and removes the stronghold of the Adversary. Once those deeply-rooted issues were removed, physical healing could begin (Matthew 9:5-6).   The authority that Yeshua gave to the apostles was so powerful that even their shadows healed the sick and set free the demon possessed (Acts 5:15-16).

After Yeshua ascended to his Father, the power and authority of the Ruach HaKodesh was received through laying on of hands (Acts 8:15-17).   Believers in Yeshua rejoiced when they received this power and it was so great that even ‘unsaved’ men desired. They offered the apostles money to have the power because it resulted in healing they could use to become rich (Acts 8:18-19).

Sha’ul warns Timothy about laying hands too quickly on an individual because there is always the potential of distorting the sh’mikah given to the apostles by Yeshua.  He also conveys the idea that when there is sh’imikah for forgiveness of sin, there is the danger the sins of one person being placed upon another.

Resurrection of the Dead

Resurrection of the dead is the sixth elementary teaching.  Resurrection, like mikveh, was not a new concept. Isaiah prophesied about the resurrection: “Your dead will live, my corpses will rise; awake and sing, you who dwell in the dust; for your dew is like the morning dew, and the earth will bring the ghosts to life” (Isaiah 26:19). Daniel also prophesied about those who would ‘awaken’ to eternal life or shame:  “Many of those sleeping in the dust of the earth will awaken, some to everlasting life and some to everlasting shame and abhorrence” (Daniel 12:2). 

The prophets Elijah and Elisha raised people from the dead (1 Kings 17:17-22, 2 Kings 4:32-35, 2 Kings 13:20-21).  Yeshua raised the widow’s son from the dead and the daughter of the synagogue leader (Luke 7:11-15, Luke 8:41-42, 49-55).  Peter raised Dorcas from the dead; Sha’ul raised Eutychus (Acts 9:36-41, Acts 20:9-10).

When Lazarus died, his sister Martha believed that she would see him again in the resurrection at the ‘last day’ in the Messianic Era.  She also knew that she stood in the presence of the Messiah and her faith in Yeshua brought her brother back to life (John 11:24-26). Many holy people were brought out of their tombs by the same power of God (Matthew 27:50-53).

This elementary teaching about the resurrection was not embraced by everyone in Israel.  The Pharisees believed in the eternal soul and a resurrection of the dead; the Sadducees did not.  This is the reason they tested Yeshua about Levirate marriage and the seven brothers who married the same woman. Whose wife she would be in the resurrection? (Luke 20:27-30). Peter and John irritated the Sadducees by using Yeshua as proof of the resurrection of the dead (Acts 4:1-2). Sha’ul claimed his religious affiliation with the Pharisees and their view of the resurrection (Acts 23:6).

According to the book of Revelation, there are two resurrections.  Those who take part in the first resurrection will reign with Yeshua as priests of God during the Messianic Era (Revelation 20:6-7).   The second death will have no power over these saints; they will have already entered eternal life.  The second resurrection is of all people from the beginning of time who have died. As the prophet Daniel said, some will rise to eternal life, others to eternal death.

“But if it is preached that Messiah has been raised from  the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Messiah has been raised.  And if Messiah has not been raised our preaching is useless and so is your faith” (1 Corinthians 15:12-14).

Eternal Punishment

As Sha’ul discoursed on righteousness, self-control and the judgment to come, Felix was afraid and said, ‘That’s enough for now!” (Acts 24:25)

Eternal punishment is the seventh elementary teaching. In the days of Noah, the heavens and earth were judged by water; wicked and ungodly men were destroyed in the flood.  This present heaven and earth will be judged by fire destroying wicked and ungodly men (2 Peter 3:7).

“Just as the weeds are collected and burned up in the fire, so will it be at the end of the age” (Matthew 13:40).

The godless will experience spiritual death or eternal separation from God.  On the Day of Judgment, books will be opened and everyone will be judged by their works.  Some will find their name has been blotted out of the book of life and are no longer listed with the righteous (Psalm 69:28).  Anyone’s name that is not found written in the book of life will be thrown into the lake of fire along with the Adversary, the beast, the false prophet and even Jezebel (Revelation 20:11-15).

There is also an eternal judgment for some who received eternal life, but lived contrary to God’s commands.  They remain in the outer darkness, outside the gates of the New Jerusalem, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth (Matthew 8:12, Luke 13:28).  Gnashing of teeth implies these people knew the Truth, heard the Truth, but chose not to obey the Truth. They have escaped the lake of fire as through flames. They do not lose their free gift of eternal life, but lose entrance to the Kingdom (Revelation 22:15).

In the days of Yeshua, gentiles were referred to as ‘dogs’ (Matthew 7:6, 15:26).  Though many gentiles receive salvation through Yeshua, they refuse to repent from pagan traditions and idolatry based on lies and deception. ‘Evildoers’ and ‘workers of lawlessness’ are those who disobey Torah or teach others to disobey ‘the law.’   These people will be least in the Kingdom according to Yeshua: Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord!’ will enter the Kingdom of Heaven, only those who do what my Father in heaven wants. On that Day [of Judgment], many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord! Didn’t we prophesy in your name? Didn’t we expel demons in your name? Didn’t we perform many miracles in your name?’ Then I will tell them to their faces, ‘I never knew you! Get away from me, you workers of lawlessness!'”  (Matthew 7:21-23).

 “If anyone hears what I am saying and does not observe it, I don’t judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. Those who reject me and don’t accept what I say have a judge — the word which I have spoken will judge them on the Last Day [of Judgment]” (John 12:47-48)

These are the elementary teachings: repentance, faith in God, mikveh, laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead and eternal punishment. We are to leave behind these the teachings so that we can go on to maturity.

©2005 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.