Posts Tagged ‘chesed’

Loving-Kindness – Hebrew: Chesed

חסד

Chesed in Hebrew means ‘loving-kindness’

“The people of Isra’el are to keep the Shabbat, to observe Shabbat through all their generations as a perpetual covenant (loving-kindness)” (Exodus 31:16, CJB).

“The Israelites are to observe the Sabbath celebrating it for the generations to come as a lasting covenant (loving-kindness)” (Exodus 31:16, NIV).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Chet – ‘A Fence’ means ‘inner room (heart) or protect’

Samech – ‘A Prop’ means ‘to prop or support’

Dalet – ‘A Door’ means ‘door or pathway’

chesed – inner room (heart) that supports the pathway

©2011 Tentstake Ministries

 

Covenant – Hebrew: B’rit

ברית

Breet or b’rit in Hebrew means “covenant, league, confederacy”

Used with the most common verb, karat כרת meaning ‘to cut

“But I will establish (cut)  my covenant with you (Noah)” (Genesis 6:18, CJB).

“But with you (Noah) will I establish (cut) covenant (b’rit)” (Genesis 6:18, NIV).

“That day ADONAI made (cut) a covenant with Avram …” (Genesis 15:18, CJB).

“The Lord made (cut)  a covenant (b’rit) with Abram” (Genesis 15:18, NIV).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Bet – ‘A House’ means ‘a house or family’

Resh – ‘A Head’ means ‘authority or leader’

Yod – ‘A Closed Hand’ means ‘a finished work

Tav – ‘Crossed Sticks’ means ‘sign or covenant’

b’rit – family authority finished work of the covenant

 

 

 

There are many different covenants in Scripture.   There was a covenant with Noah regarding the destruction of the earth and mankind, a covenant with  Abraham and the promise of Land and descendants, a covenant with Isra’el as a nation, a covenant with Aaron and an eternal priesthood (Exodus 28), and a covenant with King David to always have a king from Judah on the throne over Israel (2 Samuel 7:11-16, Psalm 89:3-4, 29, 34-36).  None of these covenants were replaced by new ones.

There was no specific covenant made with Moses called the Mosaic covenant. Moses was only the intercessor between God and Isra’el and a type and shadow of Messiah Yeshua.  Unlike Abraham, Aaron, and David, who received a personal covenant promise with God, the covenant with Isra’el was made through Moses, not specifically with Moses.  It applied to him in as much as it applied to all Israelites and the mixed-multitude that came out of Egypt.

Covenants are expressions of loving relationship and promises that two parties make with one another.

“Y’honatan made a covenant with David because he loved him as he did himself.  Y’honatan removed the cloak he was wearing and gave it to David, his armor too, including his sword, bow and belt” (1 Samuel 18:3, CJB).

Covenants are eternal and not changing.  They can be ‘re-newed’  as in the case of the covenant with Isra’el because Isra’el had broken covenant.   God said that he would renew the covenant (Jeremiah 31).    The renewal of the covenant would not be in a removal of God’s covenant, but would result in a change of heart of the people so His ‘word, statutes and precepts’ would be written on new hearts of flesh – Ezekiel 26.

 

The ‘new covenant’ in Hebrew is b’rit chadashah.  This can be literally interpreted as the ‘new cutting’.  When a Jewish boy is circumcised, it is called a ‘brit’.  So, the ‘renewed covenant’ can also be known as the ‘renewed circumcision’ which is what the prophets foretold and Paul spoke about in Romans 2.

©2011 Tentstake Ministries