Posts Tagged ‘B’resheet’

Parashah 1: B’resheet (In the beginning) – GENESIS

Genesis 1:1-6:8

Genesis Chapter 1, Verse 1

Yom Rishon – Day 1

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”

According to Genesis 1:1, the heavens and earth had a beginning, and God was the Creator. The Hebrew language, the original language in which the following Scriptures were written, will give more insight into the creation account.

“B’resheet bara Elohim et hashamayim v’et ha eretz.”

‘God’ is rendered Elohim in this Hebrew phrase.  El  means ‘God’ and refers to God as the Creator. Elohim is the masculine plural of the word El.    This does not mean Elohim is a plurality of gods or can be divided into three parts like the trinity.  Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, Elohim is used with a singular personal pronoun which makes the word singular in a plural form revealing a multi-faceted meaning.

Selah (Think About This)
There are several other Hebrew words that are singular in a plural form giving them a multi-faceted meaning: water (mayim), life (chayim) and face (panim).

The Hebrew word for ‘heavens’ is shamayim.  The smaller word mayim within shamayim means ‘water.’   It is from shamayim that the idea comes of waters being in the heavens above and the earth below when “the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the sky were opened” (Genesis 7:11).

The Hebrew word for ‘earth’ is eretz and means ‘land’ like Eretz Yisra’el, the Land of Isra’el.

In its ancient form, Hebrew was like Egyptian hieroglyphics, a pictorial language. Each letter was a drawing that when put together with other letter drawings described the word. Throughout this book, there will be boxes with the pictorial meaning of certain words using Hebrew Word Pictures. The complete list of the individual Hebrew letters and their pictorial meanings can be found in the Study Helps. Note: Hebrew is read right to left.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Heavens or shamayim – שמים – shin, mem, yod, ending mem
– consume the chaos, finished the work of chaos

Earth or eretz – ארץ – alef, resh, tzade
– the first authority to pull toward

Notice in Genesis 1:1 there are two little Hebrew words: ‘et.’  These two letters are found throughout the Hebrew Scriptures and placed between words at different intervals.

In Hebrew, et – את – the alef and the tav are the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet.  The letter picture for alef is an ox and has the meaning of ‘strength, leader or first.’ Tav looks like two crossed sticks and means ‘covenant or sign.’ Putting the two letter pictures together gives an interesting pictorial meaning for ‘et’ – את:

Hebrew Word Pictures
‘et’ or את – alef, tav
– covenant sign of the first strength

A Little More Revelation

‘In the beginning’ suggests there is also an ending.   The final book of the Bible is called Revelation and the meaning of the alef and the tav is revealed by Yeshua.

“I [Yeshua] am the Alef and the Tav, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End” (Revelation 22:13).

In Greek and English translations of the Bible, this reference is written as ‘A and Z’ or ‘Alpha and Omega’ not the Hebrew alef and tav. Understanding this simple Hebrew word places Yeshua throughout the writings of the Torah and the prophets.

The Hebrew Word Pictures for verse 1: In the beginning, Elohim, the alef and the tav (Yeshua), from a mighty chaos of water brought forth the first and most important harvest. 

Verse 2
“The earth was unformed and void, darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of Elohim hovered over the surface of the water.”

In Hebrew,  the words for ‘unformed and void’ are tohu wa bohu.  These words imply a great wasteland with an emptiness that needed to be filled apart from an unformed earth. According to the dictionary, void means ’empty space or vacuum.’  It also means there is ‘nothing legally in force or in effect.’ It is a state of lawlessness. The Hebrew words for ‘darkness and deep’ are tahom and suggest ‘great chaos.’   Accordingly, when any place is void of law, there is chaos.

In Hebrew, the ‘Spirit of God’ is Ruach Elohim. Ruach literally means ‘wind’ so this would be the ‘wind of God’ hovering over the surface of the water.   The Hebrew word yovel used in this verse means ‘brooding.’  ‘Brooding’ means to ‘cover with one’s wings for protection’ like a hen covers her baby chicks (Matthew 23:37). The Hebrew Word Pictures for verse 2: The breath of Elohim hovered over the void and dark chaos like wings of protection.  

Hebrew Word Pictures
Spirit or Ruach – רוח – resh, vav, chet
– highest authority binding protection

Holy Spirit or Ruach haKodesh – רוח הקדש – resh, vav, chet –– hey, kof, dalet, shin
– highest authority binding protection –– reveal what is behind the door consumes

Verse 3
“Then Elohim said,’Let there be light;’ and there was light.’”

The first spoken words of Elohim bring forth light.  When Elohim speaks, physical evidence of His words appear.

The Hebrew word for ‘light’ is or. This is not the light given by the sun, moon and stars, as they have not yet been created. Or in this verse implies that Elohim raised His countenance upon the darkness bringing light to His creation.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Light or or – אור – alef, vav, resh
– first strength binding the highest authority

Within the first three verses of Genesis 1, there is Elohim, the Creator; the alef and the tav, Yeshua, and the Ruach Elohim, the Spirit of God. From the chaos, Elohim brought forth ‘the highest, most important part of creation’ –– LIGHT through speaking WORDS. The light is Yeshua.

John 1 testifies to the creation account with the spoken word of God being Elohim, but also being the alef and the tav.  The Hebrew proves Yeshua to be the Word of God in which dwelt the life and light of mankind. As the spoken word became light and a physical reality, the Word of Elohim became a physical reality in the flesh of the Creator’s only offspring who brought light to the world.

“In the beginning was the Word,  and the Word was with God [Elohim],  and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. All things came to be through him,  and without him nothing made had being. In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not suppressed it…. The Word became a human being and lived with us, and we saw his Sh’khinah [glory], the Sh’khinah [glory]  of the Father’s only Son, full of grace and truth” (John 1:1-5, 14).

“Yeshua spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world; whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light which gives life” (John 8:12).

Verse 4
“Elohim saw that the light was good, and Elohim divided the light from the darkness.”

In Hebrew, ‘darkness’ is chosek and holds the idea that in the presence of the Light, Darkness was wiped out and went into obscurity.  The word ‘divided’ is badal and means ‘to make a distinction between the two.’   A distinction was made between spiritual darkness and the light of life.

“For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God’s glory displayed in the face of Messiah” (2 Corinthians 4:6).

Verse 5
“Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, one day.” 

The Hebrew word for ‘day’ is yom and refers to the 24-hour period of time from evening to morning that Elohim called Day. The Hebrew word for ‘night’ is laila.   This is the period of a yom that is dark. The Hebrew word for ‘evening’ is erev.  This word represents the darkness that immediately follows light and would include twilight. The Hebrew word for ‘morning’ is boker.  Boker is that point in a yom when darkness is changing to daylight.

With the words “evening and morning,” time delineation begins. The first Day of creation is now complete.  In Hebrew, the first day of the week is Yom Rishon.

Yom Shinee – Day 2

Verses 6-8
“Elohim said, “Let there be a dome in the middle of the water; let it divide the water from the water.” Elohim made the dome and divided the water under the dome from the water above the dome; that is how it was, and Elohim called the dome Sky. So there was evening, and there was morning, a second day.”

The Hebrew word for ‘dome’  is raqiva and means ‘firmament or a visible arch of the sky.’  Its primitive root can mean ‘to expand stretching.’   The raqiva is a solid, tangible thing that separated the waters (mayim) above from the waters (mayim) below.  Elohim called this expanding arch, Sky.

There are several interpretations that describe the firmament as a type of water canopy or a structured place above where Elohim dwells and there are multiple heavens. Whatever the structure, there was water above it and water below it.  From the writings of King David, King Solomon, and the apostle Sha’ul (Paul), long after Noach and the flood, it was still understood that the complex nature of the firmament continued to exist (Psalm 148:4, Proverbs 25:3, 2 Corinthians 12:2).

The second 24-hour day of creation, Yom Shinee, was completed with an evening and morning.

Yom Slishee – Day 3

Verses 9-11
“Elohim said, ‘Let the water under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let dry land appear,’ and that is how it was. Elohim called the dry land Earth, the gathering together of the water he called Sea, and Elohim saw that it was good.”

Elohim continued to speak and through His words created all things into existence. On day three, the waters under the firmament were gathered into one place.  This body of water He called Seas.  In Hebrew, the word for waters is mayim; it is interesting to note that Sea is the reverse of those letters or yam.

The dry land Elohim called Earth.  In Hebrew, this word is eretz as was mentioned above; however there is another Hebrew word that can be used for land, adamah.  Adamah means ‘red earth’ and, as man was formed from the dust of the ‘red earth,’ he was named adom or Adam.

Verses 12-13
“Elohim said, “Let the earth put forth grass, seed-producing plants, and fruit trees, each yielding its own kind of seed-bearing fruit, on the earth”; and that is how it was. The earth brought forth grass, plants each yielding its own kind of seed, and trees each producing its own kind of seed-bearing fruit; and God saw that it was good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a third day.”

Through the Word of Elohim, living things began with the plant kingdom.  The adamah produced all kinds of grasses, herbs, vegetables, and fruit trees.  Some may wonder how grasses and seed-bearing plants began to produce on dry land when there was only light and no sun.  Science proves that plant seeds first germinate underground in darkness until they push through the soil. Only then do they begin to make food through photosynthesis.  This scenario supports the Day being a 24-hour period since seeds do not need millions of years, thousands of years, or even weeks to germinate and push through the ground. One 24-hour day with no sun would not be detrimental to their survival. The verses, however, imply that plants, trees, and grasses were created in maturity.

The third day of creation, Yom Shlishee, was completed with evening and morning.

Yom Reve’ee – Day 4

Verses 14-15
“Elohim said, ‘Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years; and let them be for lights in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth’; and that is how it was.”

Before this day of creation, there was Light and Darkness along with Day and Night. On this yom, Elohim creates lights in Sky, in that place where water is above and water is below. These lights were to be signs for the seasons, days, and years.

The word ‘season’ in this verse does not refer to the seasons of spring, summer, fall, and winter.  In Hebrew, the word for ‘season’ is mo’ed which means ‘appointed time,’ ‘appointed meeting place’ or ‘appointed  feast.’  More specifically, Elohim put lights in the sky for His creation to recognize His holy seasons: Passover, Firstfruits, Tabernacles; days, weekly and Sabbath; and years, Jubiliee.

Verses 16-19
“Elohim made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars. Elohim put them in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and Elohim saw that it was good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day.”

The two great lights that Elohim put in the dome of the sky are the sun and the moon. The 24-hour day is now ruled by the sun: sunset to sunset.  The night is ruled by the moon creating months as it waxes and wanes from one new moon to the next. The lesser lights, the stars, regulate the year through constellations like Orion and Pleiades that rise and fall throughout the seasons.  Through the greater and lesser lights, Darkness is divided from Light and a cycle of time is established for days, weeks, months, and years.

The fourth day of creation,  Yom Reve’ee, was completed with evening and morning.

Yom Chamishee – Day 5

Verses 20-23
“Elohim said, ‘Let the water swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open dome of the sky.’ Elohim created the great sea creatures and every living thing that creeps, so that the water swarmed with all kinds of them, and there was every kind of winged bird; and Elohim saw that it was good. Then Elohim blessed them, saying, ‘Be fruitful, multiply and fill the water of the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.’ So there was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day.” 

Elohim continued to fill the earth with life in the sea and the air through His spoken word. Fish and sea creatures like whales and sharks begin to swim in the seas.  ‘Large sea creatures’ in Hebrew are tannim and mean ‘sea monsters, dragons, and serpents.’  This would include Leviathan and Behemoth (Job 40-41).  Birds like parrots, hawks, and robins flew in the air.  Critters like grasshoppers, snails, and frogs creeped along the ground.

On this day of creation, Elohim created living creatures or nefesh chayim.  Nefesh chayim means ‘animal soul’; thus He gave all animals a ‘soul.’    A ‘soul’ is the essence of the being, its reason for existing.  Each nefesh is the expression of Elohim’s vision in creating that soul to perform His commandments according to its level of understanding and closeness to Him.

Elohim blessed these living creatures and commanded them to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the seas, the air, and the earth.  The Hebrew word parah means ‘fruitful.’   In their simple level of understanding, this is the greatest commandment for the nefesh chayim.

The fifth day of creation, Yom Chamishee, was completed with evening and morning.

Yom Sheesh – Day 6

Verses 24-25
“Elohim said, ‘Let the earth bring forth each kind of living creature — each kind of livestock, crawling animal and wild beast;’ and that is how it was. Elohim made each kind of wild beast, each kind of livestock and every kind of animal that crawls along the ground; and Elohim saw that it was good.”

Elohim continued creating nefesh chayim through His word and brought forth livestock like sheep, goats, oxen, cows, pigs, and horses.  He created wild beasts like lions, tigers, and bears, oh my!  He also created animals that crawl on the ground like raccoons, dogs, cats, and skunks.

In a biological study of life, there are lists of Latin names classifying the animals of the earth. Man’s classification of animals is more complex and at times confusing because he puts whales in the same category as a monkey.  When Elohim created the animals, He classified them as birds, creepers, fish, livestock, crawlers and wild beasts.  For Elohim, this, and everything else he created, was good.

Verses 26-28
“Then Elohim said, ‘Let us make humankind in our image, in the likeness of ourselves; and let them rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air, the animals, and over all the earth, and over every crawling creature that crawls on the earth.’ So Elohim created humankind in his own image; in the image of Elohim he created him: male and female he created them. Elohim blessed them: Elohim said to them, ‘Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air and every living creature that crawls on the earth.’”

On the same day that Elohim created nefesh chayim, He created a ‘man’ with a soul nishmat chayim, sometimes called the nishmat chayim ruach adding the ‘breath of God’ into the ‘soul.’ Man is not an animal as is commonly taught in the theory of evolution.  Elohim created man in His image, in the likeness of Himself, not animals.  He did not create birds, fish or wild beasts in His image –– only mankind.  As He commands the animals to be fruitful and multiply according to their kind, He also commands mankind –– male and female –– to do the same.

What is the image of Elohim?  Elohim breathes, creates, speaks, and has authority.  In His image, with the breath of His life in us, we are creative, communicating beings given authority over the earth.  The animals, though they breathe, do not have Elohim’s Ruach breathed into them. Animals are not creative beings as they only live through instinct. Their communication is limited, and they are given no authority over the earth.

By giving mankind authority to rule over the birds, fish, livestock, and wild beasts, mankind is not equal to the animals nor are animals equal to mankind.  Unfortunately, this distinction between man and animals has become corrupted through years of evolutionary ideology.  Mankind no longer subdues animals because animals have been deemed to have ‘human rights,’ and humans are subject to ‘animal rights.’

There are two ‘souls’: the animal soul and the human soul. Both are made from the dust of the earth, but they have different created states and destinations.

Verses 29-31
“Then Elohim said, ‘Here! Throughout the whole earth I am giving you as food every seed-bearing plant and every tree with seed-bearing fruit. And to every wild animal, bird in the air and creature crawling on the earth, in which there is a living soul, I am giving as food every kind of green plant.’ And that is how it was.  Elohim saw everything that he had made, and indeed it was very good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a sixth day.”

Both mankind and animals are given seed-bearing plants and fruit from trees as food.  At this point in creation, there are no carnivores.  Animals are not eating animals nor are human beings eating animals because death has not come into the world. 

The Man and the Woman

Elohim forms a man, ish, from the ‘dust of the ground.’ This ‘ground’ is adamah and ‘red’ like the blood that flowed through Adam’s veins. Elohim breathed into the man’s nostrils the breath of life and the ‘man’ became a living soul, nefesh chayyah.

From of the same ground Elohim caused trees to grow that were beautiful to look at and were good for food. In the middle of the garden were two trees: the Tree of Life and the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. A river went out from the Gan Eden (the Garden of Eden) to water the trees. The river had four tributaries, the Pishon, the Gichon, the Tigris and the Euphrates. In the land of Havilah, meaning ‘the suffering pain that brings forth,’ there is gold, aromatic resin, and onyx. Elohim places Adam in the garden to cultivate and care for it.

Adam is given one command or instruction: “You may freely eat from every tree in the garden except the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. You are not to eat from it, because on the day that you eat from it, it will become certain that you will die” (Genesis 2:16-17).

From the ground, Elohim formed every wild animal and every bird that flies and the air. He brings them to Adam so he can name them. Elohim realizes that there isn’t a suitable companion for Adam. In Hebrew ‘suitable companion’ is ezer neged and means ‘helper opposite to’ or ‘in the sight of.’

Elohim caused Adam to fall into a deep sleep. He takes a portion of his flesh from the rib area. From the flesh he creates a woman, isha. Elohim brings the woman to Adam and he responds, “At last! This is bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh” (Genesis 2:23). This is why a man leaves his father and mother and becomes one flesh with his wife.

“God saw everything that he had made, and indeed it was very good.  So there was evening, and there was morning, a sixth day” (Genesis 1:31).

At the end of each yom, Elohim says His creation is ‘good.’
At the end of the sixth day, He calls it ‘very good.’

Hebrew Word Pictures
Man or ish – איש – alef, yod, shin
– first strength finished work consumes

Woman or isha – אשה – alef, shin, hey
– first strength consumed, behold

The Hebrew word for man has the letter yod while the woman has the letter hey.
These are the first two letters of the name of Elohim – yod, hey – יהוה .
If they are removed from the Hebrew words for man and woman,
the remaining letters leave the word esh – אש – or ‘fire’.
Together, the man and woman have the ‘fire’ and warmth of Elohim’s presence.
Without Elohim’s presence, His ‘fire’ consumes them and the marriage relationship.

Genesis Chapter 2

The Seventh Day – Shabbat

Verses 1-3
“Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. On the seventh day Elohim was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Elohim blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day Elohim rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.”

With the creation of mankind, Elohim completed His work of creating.  A new time period, the seventh day, begins and Elohim rests.  The seventh day is blessed by Elohim and made holy by its separation from all other days.  Elohim rests, not because he was tired, but because the earth and everything He had created was complete.

The seventh day is known in Hebrew as Shabbat (Sabbath).   Unlike the rest of the days, it is not called Yom Shabbat or given 24-hour time period. Without having an evening and a morning, this ‘day’ was eternal.

The number seven in Hebrew is sheva.
Shabbat and sheva have the same root letters shin, bet – שב
The word Shabbat is derived from the number seven and vice versa.

“For just as the new heavens and the new earth that I am making will continue in my presence,” says Adonai, ‘so will your descendants and your name continue. Every month on Rosh Chodesh [new moon] and every week on Shabbat, everyone living will come to worship in my presence,’ says Adonai” (Isaiah 66:22-23).

The Fig Leaves

Did the fig leaves that Adam and Eve covered themselves with allude to the nation of Isra’el?  What was the animal slain whose skin covered Adam and Eve’s nakedness?  Do these two have something in common?

Yeshua said in Mark 13:27-29 that when the fig tree buds, we know his coming is near. In Scripture, the fig tree represents Isra’el. To answer the first question, yes. Isra’el has tried for centuries to cover their own sin.

Soon after Adam had given a sweet little lamb its name, he and his wife watched its life-blood being shed (Revelation 13:8).  This event was prophetic to the lamb of Elohim and the final atonement that would come through the ‘seed of woman’ to remove their sin and the sins of the world. Most likely, the fleece of the little lamb covered their nakedness which had been revealed by their sin.

The serpent offered Adam and Eve three things: immortality, wisdom, and to be like Elohim. It is interesting to consider that they already had these three things.  They had immortality because they had not yet sinned. They had all wisdom and knowledge because they walked with Elohim in Gan Eden. They were like Elohim because they were made in His image. Instead of trusting Elohim and their relationship with Him, they are deceived by the serpent and disobey Elohim’s one and only command.

Though the fruit of the tree in the middle of the Garden was pleasing to the eye, it was not to be eaten.  How often do we eat things not created to be food because they are pleasing to the eye or the tastebuds? Acts 10 is the perfect example of a Scripture that has been used to nullify Elohim’s dietary instructions –– in the name of ‘liberty.’   This is the same ‘liberty’ that Adam and Eve were promised by the serpent which ultimately drove them out of the Garden.

Once Adam and Eve were removed from the Garden, k’ruvim or ‘cherubim’ with flaming swords blocked its entrance. Facing each other with their wings covering their faces, two k’ruvim were put at the entrance to the Gan Eden so that Adam and Eve could not return, eat of the Tree of Life, and live eternally in a sinful unredeemable state.

Did Adam actually experience death “on that day” he sinned? There are two kinds of death. The first is spiritual and involves a complete separation from Elohim due to sin. “On that day,” Adam and Eve’s sin separated them from fellowship with their Creator. From a spiritual perspective, they died. They lost the Light of life.

The second kind of death is physical. Adam lived to be 930 years of age so his physical death occurred on a different ‘day.’ According to Peter, a ‘day’ in Elohim’s time is like one thousand years in our time-space continuum (2 Peter 2:8). Peter says that Elohim’s rendering of time shows His patience with sinners, not wanting anyone to be destroyed. Adam died in Elohim’s rendering of a day, not man’s. Allowing Adam to live nearly one thousand years gave him time to populate the earth as Elohim commanded and, anticipate his redemption through the promised ‘seed of woman.’

Sin and the First Family

Cain brought the firstfruits of his produce to offer to Elohim, but they were not accepted.  Abel brought a lamb and it was an acceptable offering.   Why was Cain’s offering unacceptable when firstfruits grain offerings were eventually part of the offering system of the Tabernacle?  It is written in Genesis 4:7 that Cain’s heart had “sin crouching at the door.” Adam and Eve most likely taught their children about the atonement they witnessed in the Garden –– the shedding of the blood of the lamb. Cain knew what was expected of him, but fell short, and jealousy caused him to murder his brother.

“My [Cain’s] punishment is greater than I can bear. You are banning me today from the land and from your presence” (Genesis 4:13).

Cain was no longer able to farm the land east of Eden and was sent away from the presence of Elohim. This suggests two things: 1) Cain lived in the land of Elohim, and 2) Cain feared being out of Elohim’s presence. He put a mark upon Cain’s head to keep him from being a target for death. Whoever killed Cain would receive Elohim’s vengeance seven times greater than Cain’s judgment. The removal of Cain from Elohim’s land and presence alludes to the Promised Land. It may be that east of Eden, where the first family lived and worked, was near the place where Elohim’s presence would dwell forever –– Jerusalem.

Many people wonder who Cain married, and who would try to kill him. Adam and Eve were told to multiply and fill the earth.  Adam lived to be 930 years old. According to Genesis 5:4, Adam had other sons and daughters his long lifetime. It is a traditional belief that Adam and Eve had 30-35 children.  If each of those children had 30 children and they had 30 children and they had 30 children, there would be an exponentially increasing number of inhabitants on earth in a short amount of time: 30x30x30x30 would be a minimum 810,000 people.   It is important to remember that Adam and Eve were created perfect; therefore, their children would be so close to perfect bloodline that intermarriage between brothers and sisters would not create genetic problems. The whole earth was populated with the brothers and sisters birthed by Adam and Eve; and even today, second cousins are allowed to marry.

Cain feared for his life because he knew his brothers and sisters would want to kill him for killing their brother. It is possible that even Abel’s wife would want retribution, along with any children he may have had.  

A few generations later, Lemekh, a descendant of Cain, kills a man.  He states that if Cain is avenged seven times for killing his brother, then he will be avenged seventy times seven.  Lemekh wanted to be avenged because his relatives might want to take his life for killing one of their family.  Eventually, this instruction was modified and anyone who murdered another human being would be required to give his life as restitution. This is known as capital punishment and became part of the Noachide Laws.

Rather than avenging, Yeshua teaches forgiveness.  In fact, he uses the same words as Lemekh when Peter asks how often he needs to forgive a brother or sister.  “Then Peter came to Yeshua and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” Yeshua answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times” (Matthew 18:21-22). Forgiveness, not vengeance, restores relationships and furthers the plan of Elohim.

“Adam again had sexual relations with his wife, and she gave birth to a son whom she named Shet [granted], “For God has granted me another seed in place of Hevel [Abel], since Kayin [Cain] killed him” (Genesis 4:25).

The Mishnah (written oral laws) teaches the creation week began in the fall with man being created on Tishri 1 or Feast of Trumpets. It would follow that ten days later or ten days into eternity, a lamb was sacrificed for Adam and Eve’s disobedience. This became the foundation for the Day of Atonement.

Yeshua and Creation

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing made had being. In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not suppressed it” (John 1:1-5).

“Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am; so that they may see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world” (John 17:24).

“It was the costly bloody sacrificial death of the Messiah, as of a lamb without defect or spot. God knew him before the founding of the universe” (1 Peter 1:19-20).

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