Posts Tagged ‘blood of the lamb’

The Passover – Pesach

“This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD — a lasting ordinance” (Exodus 12:14).

And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ then tell them, It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians’” (Exodus 12:27).

Blood on the doorpost and lintel

The LORD’s Passover is the first annual Feast of Adonai. It is the memorial to the extraordinary account of God’s judgment on Egypt’s gods and Israel’s miraculous deliverance from a life of slavery. The Passover began Israel’s physical redemption as God’s holy nation. They were to remember their salvation from death and bondage to life and freedom in the ‘appointed time’ called Pesach.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Passover or Pesach – פסח

Peh פ – A Mouth means ‘to speak.’

Samech ס – A Prop means ‘to support.’

Chet ח – A Fence means ‘protect.’

The Hebrew word picture for pesach: to speak, support, and protect.

For hundreds of years the descendants of Jacob were enslaved in Egypt building Pharaoh great cities. They were oppressed with hard labor –– digging clay for making bricks and gathering straw in the fields. They were shown no mercy by their Egyptian overseers. In spite of the oppression, their numbers increased. Pharaoh became afraid of the Hebrew population and commanded the midwives to kill all Hebrew baby boys as they were born, but because they feared God, the midwives let the boys live. Pharaoh then ordered his citizens to throw any Hebrew baby boy into the Nile River.

One infant boy from a Levite family was placed in a papyrus basket and floated in the Nile River. He was found by Pharaoh’s daughter who named him Moses, or Moshe in Hebrew, which means ‘pulled out of the water.’ She located his mother and paid her to nurse him. When he was old enough, he left his mother and went to live in Pharaoh’s house as a prince of Egypt.

As an adult, Moshe struggled with what he saw happening to his people, the Hebrews. In a moment of anger, he killed an Egyptian overseer who was beating a Hebrew slave. When word of it spread to Pharaoh, he feared for his life and ran to the land of Midian, on the northwest Arabian peninsula, and became a shepherd. He married Tzipporah, the daughter of a Midian priest, and they had two sons, Gershom and Elieazer.

God heard the cries of the Hebrew people. He saw their bondage and heard them groan. Speaking through a burning bush, Adonai called Moshe to become the deliverer. He told Moshe to go to Pharaoh and tell him to “Let My people go.” However, God warned Moshe that He would harden Pharaoh’s heart. He wanted Pharaoh to understand through the death of his firstborn son that Israel is the firstborn of Adonai. Ready with a staff in his hand and the memorial name of God –– the Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh –– Moses started out for Egypt. Moshe met his brother Aaron during his journey, and together they returned to Egypt to confront Pharaoh.

Egypt was culture of death. Their plethora of gods and goddesses glorified death. Pharaohs were immortalized in great pyramid tombs filled with symbols of death. The Egyptian ‘holy book’ for immortalizing those who passed on was called the Book of the Dead. So God gave them what they worshiped and honored the most -– death.

Adonai judged each of the gods of Egypt through plagues: blood, frogs, lice, flies, cattle disease, boils, hailstones, locusts, and darkness. The people of Egypt suffered. The priests of Egypt suffered. The land of Egypt suffered. Still, Pharaoh would not relent and set his Hebrew slaves free. Adonai’s ‘appointed time’ for redemption had come.

“Moshe said [to Pharaoh], ‘Here is what the LORD says: About midnight I will go out into Egypt, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl at the handmill, and all the firstborn of the livestock. There will be a horrendous wailing throughout all the land of Egypt — there has never been another like it, and there never will be again. But not even a dog’s growl will be heard against any of the people of Israel, neither against people nor against animals. In this way you will realize that the LORD distinguishes between Egyptians and Israel. All your servants will come down to me, prostrate themselves before me and say, ‘Get out! — you and all the people who follow you!’ and after that, I will go out!’ And he went out from Pharaoh in the heat of anger’” (Exodus 11:4-8).

Preparing God’s People

“The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household’” (Exodus 12:1-3).

“Take care of them [the goat or lamb] until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.  Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs”(Exodus 12:-6-7).

Though the Hebrews experienced the first three plagues with the Egyptians, God made a distinction between the Hebrews and the Egyptians with the last six plagues. In order to protect His people from the consequence of the tenth plague –– the death of the firstborn –– Adonai had them bring a lamb or goat into their home for four days. It had to be an animal without defect, a first-year male, and enough to feed each household.

After caring for the animal four days, the Hebrew family was to slaughter it at twilight when the sun is below the horizon and a soft glowing light emanates from the sky. They were to put some of the lamb’s blood on the sides and tops of the door frames where they were going to eat the meal.

In the Hebrew alphabet, the eighth letter is chet representing the number 8 and ‘new beginnings.‘ The Hebrew letter picture for chet is a ‘fence,’ meaning ‘protect.’ The manner in which the blood was placed around the sides and top of the door formed the letter chet protecting the Hebrews with a ‘fence’ so they would have life and a ‘new beginning.’


“On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt” (Exodus 12:12-13).

The Hebrews remained in their homes and the blood on their doorposts was a ‘sign’ for Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the Destroyer. When He saw the blood, He would ‘pass over’ the firstborn son who was in the home and protected by the blood while allowing the firstborn sons of Egypt to die.

“This is how you are to eat it [the meal]: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover” (Exodus 12:11).

Adonai’s Passover meal consisted of roasted lamb, bread without leaven, and bitter herbs. The Hebrews were not to break the bones of the Passover lamb or take any of the meat outside of their homes. They were to eat it in haste. He also gave specific instructions: no foreigner, slave or traveler was allowed to eat the meal unless they were circumcised. After being circumcised, they would be considered the same as a citizen of Israel and could take part in the memorial.

“At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.  Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead” (Exodus 12:29-30).

Pesach is to be celebrated throughout all the generations of the people of Israel wherever they lived. In Joshua chapter 5, the Israelites celebrate Pesach in Gilgal after taking flint knives and circumcising all the men who had come out of the wilderness. In 2 Kings chapter 23, King Josiah destroys all the high places and idols in Israel, and the nation celebrates Pesach in Jerusalem for the first time since the days of the Judges. In Ezra chapter 6, when the Israelites return from captivity in Babylon, everyone who renounced the pagan practices of the nations celebrated the Pesach. Ezekiel chapter 45 prophesies about Pesach being celebrated in the Messianic Era by putting blood on the door frames of the Millennial Temple, on the four corners of the Altar, and on the supports of the gate to the Inner Courtyard.

The ‘appointed time’ of Yeshua

“He [Yeshua] replied, ‘Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, “The Teacher says: My ‘appointed time’ is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house’” (Matthew 26:18).

The ‘appointed time’ of Passover was celebrated by Yeshua in the upper room with his disciples. Using two cups of wine and unleavened bread from the traditional Passover seder, he began to renew the covenant given to Israel at Mount Sinai (Luke 22). However, in order to institute the new covenant, there had to be the shedding of blood –– His blood.

Another cup of wine, a third cup, was also poured at a traditional seder to remember the plague judgments on Egypt with the final one being the death of the firstborn. Yeshua didn’t mention this cup of wine at his seder probably because he knew the cup of judgment –– death –– was upon him as the Lamb of God. Even though he prayed earnestly for his Father to allow this cup to ‘pass over’ him, he knew he had to complete his ‘appointed time.’ There would be no lamb’s blood on the doorposts of his Father’s house to protect his life. His blood was going to be poured out.

Isaac, Abraham’s beloved son, experienced the ‘pass over’ when the blood of a ram saved him from death (Genesis 22). The ‘binding of Isaac’ became the prophetic vision of redemption for God’s people. When God allowed the firstborn sons of the Hebrews to live through the plague of death with the substitute sacrifice of a lamb, He again revealed His plan of redemption. When Yeshua hung on the cross, he drank the seder’s final cup, the cup of completion. Crying out the words, “It is finished,” Yeshua fulfilled the ‘appointed time’ of Passover and the redemption of Israel and the world began.

“For Messiah, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival” (1 Corinthians 5:7).

If you are interested in celebrating the Passover, use our Passover Haggadah booklet. A Children’s Haggadah with pictures to color, mazes and word searches complement the Passover Haggadah.

 For more about Yeshua fullfilling the ‘appointed times,’ purchase Yeshua in His Father’s Feasts.

©2000 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.  For a hard copy of this blog post,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.  

The ‘Signs’ of God

God uses many different ‘signs’ in the Scriptures to reveal Himself, to direct people where they should go and to establish covenants.   Each ‘sign’ had a prophetic purpose and brought forth a response from the person or people to whom it was given.


“This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger” (Luke 2:12).

God gave this ‘sign’ to shepherds at the time of Yeshua’s birth. They were in the fields at the Migdal Eder known as the ‘watchtower of the flock’ just outside of Bethlehem.  Because these shepherds tended the sheep raised for the sacrifices in the Temple, they would have understood the prophetic significance of the ‘sign’ for recognizing the ‘Lamb of God’. As soon as they received the ‘sign,’ they went to find the Savior.

“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will call him Immanu’el” (Isaiah 7:14).

The prophet Isaiah directed this prophetic ‘sign’ toward all young virgins in Israel.  Many Jewish young women hoped to be the vessel for birthing the nation’s salvation through the Messiah.  They placed their faith in this ‘sign’ that would bring forth the promised ‘Seed’. Miriam became the virgin who conceived and became the ‘sign’ to the world of Immanu’el.

Signs in the Heavens

“God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years…” (Genesis 1:14).

God created the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day as ‘signs’ for ‘seasons, days, and years.’  The sun ruled the day, sunset to sunset; the moon determined the months from one new moon to another, and the stars signaled the seasons of planting and harvest.

A week is comprised of seven days, each day numbered and rendered from evening to morning ending with the seventh day called Sabbath.  The new dark moon started a new month and the counting of the days of the month. This counting beginning with the new moon establishes Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, and Feast of Weeks.  Feast of Trumpets, the first of the fall ‘appointed times,’ occurs on the first day of the seventh month and a new moon. Once this day is established, the Day of Atonement and Feast of Tabernacles can also be set. The constellations governed the year as they moved around the heavens. Each year began with a new moon with the spring constellations as its guide.

Noach and the Rainbow

“And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come.  I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth.  Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember  my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind.  Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy life” (Genesis 9:12).

God gave Noah a ‘sign’ after the flood. The rainbow appearing and became the ‘sign of the covenant’ that He would never again destroy the earth and its inhabitants by water. When the rainbow appeared in the clouds, it would remind God of His promise. Rainbows still continue to appear in the clouds, a ‘sign’ from God that remains from the days of Noach and the worldwide flood.

Abraham and Circumcision

“I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.  This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep:  Every male among you shall be circumcised.  You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you.  For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner – those who are not your offspring” (Genesis 17:11, 10-12).

When God promised Avram that He would increase his descendants, He made a covenant with him and gave him the ‘sign’ of circumcision. The ‘sign’ in Avram’s flesh became the evidence of his faith in God’s promise that many nations would come from his loins. God changed Avram’s name to Avraham meaning ‘father of many nations.’ All of his male children, including Ishmael, along with his male servants entered the Avrahamic covenant through the ‘sign’ of circumcision. This ‘sign’ remains today in Jews and gentiles alike as evidence to the continuous fulfillment of God’s promise to Avraham.

“And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.   So then, he is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised (the gentiles), in order that righteousness might be credited to them.   And he is also the father of the circumcised (the Jews)  who not only are circumcised (in the flesh), but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised” (Romans 4:11).

When El Shaddai made His covenant with Avraham, there were no ‘Jews’ because neither Isaac, Jacob nor Judah had been born. This ‘sign’ of the covenant was Avraham’s faith response. It was an outward ‘sign’ of the inward condition of his heart –– not a ritual conversion to Judaism which did not exist at this time. Because Yeshua was an offspring of Avraham through Isaac, Jacob, Judah and King David, he was circumcised eight days after his birth according to the command given to Avraham and his descendants.   Because the ‘sign’ of the covenant, circumcision, occurred in Avraham’s heart before it was done in his flesh, anyone who puts their faith in the promises of God already receives the ‘sign’ –– circumcision of the heart (Ezekiel 36:24, Romans 2:26-27).

Passover and the Blood

“The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt” (Exodus 12:13).

Through plagues of judgment, God began the Hebrews’ deliverance from a life of slavery in Egypt. The final judgment plague was the ‘death of the firstborn.’  Each Hebrew family sacrificed a lamb and placed it’s blood on the doorposts and lintel of their home. The blood would be the ‘sign’ for the Destroyer to ‘pass over’ that home.  Families without the ‘sign’ of blood would mourn the death of their firstborn. To have this ‘sign’ on your home resulted in life; to reject the ‘sign’ brought death.

Sabbath and God’s People

“I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so that they would know that I, Adonai, made them holy.  Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us.  Then you will know that I am Adonai your God” (Ezekiel 20:12-20).

God gave Israel a ‘sign’ that would set them apart from all other nations on earth.  Observing this ‘sign’ would show the world that Adonai has a special relationship with His chosen people –– along with those who join with His people through faith in Yeshua.   Keeping and guarding the Sabbath day is a ‘sign’ that yod-hey-vav-hey, the Creator of the Sabbath, is our God.

The Believer’s Testimony

“And these signs will accompany those who believe.  In my Name [Yeshua] they will drive out demons, they will speak in new languages; they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and they will get well” (Mark 16:17,18).

Yeshua said that ‘signs’ will be a testimony of the power of God’s Spirit in a believer’s life.  Laying hands on the sick making them well, driving out demons, being able to drink deadly poison, and picking up snakes are a few of the ‘signs.’ Do we have these evidence ‘signs’ in our walks of faith?

Speaking to Unbelievers

“Tongues are a sign, not for believers, but for unbelievers …” (1 Corinthians 14:22).

Sha’ul (Paul) discusses tongues or speaking in other languages as a ‘sign’ for unbelievers.  The purpose of ‘tongues’ is revealed in Acts 2 when Jews from every known nation gathered in Jerusalem for Shavuot.  They heard the message of salvation (Yeshua) in their own language.  These Jewish people needed to hear the message in their native ‘tongue’ so they could share the message they heard with their families and friends in their own nation. Because of the powerful event on Shavuot, Jewish people from around the known world became the first missionaries of Yeshua.

Sign of Authority

“For this reason, and because of the angels, the woman ought to have a sign of power/authority on her head to pray and prophesy” (1 Corinthians 11:10).

The woman’s head covering or veil is another ‘sign’ given in the Scripture.  The reason a woman wears a head covering is ‘because of the angels.’ It is a ‘sign’ of authority or power when a woman prays or prophesies in the presence of these spiritual beings.   Though few women wear them in western cultures, the ‘sign’ of the head covering has deep spiritual meaning. Women around the world who honor the ‘sign,’ accept God’s line of ‘authority’ to pray, prophesy, and have power when it comes to spiritual warfare.

Signs in Israel

“Here am I, and the children Adonai has given me. We are signs and symbols in Israel from the Adonai Tzva’ot, who dwells on Mount Tzion” (Isaiah 8:18).

This verse was placed on a website of friends who live in Israel.   They chose this verse because of its prophetic ‘sign’ to the end times when the Jewish people would be regathered back to the Land.   Seeing men, women, and children making aliyah (meaning ‘to go up’) is a ‘sign’ that Adonai still presides over Mt. Tziyon.

‘Signs’ in Scripture connect us with our Biblical heritage. The rainbow ties us to Noach and the worldwide flood, an ‘older earth’ that experienced great judgment. Circumcision connects us to Avraham and his faith in the coming ‘Seed.’ It is evidence of what has happened in our own hearts as part of the new covenant promises.  The sun, moon, and stars are ‘signs’ in the heavens the Creator gave to us to reveal His ‘appointed times’ and the prophetic revelation of His Son. Sabbath is a ‘sign’ that reveals to the world that we are Adonai’s people. Head coverings are a ‘sign’ that powerfully displays how the physical realm affects the spiritual realm. The virgin and the baby wrapped in cloths is the ‘sign’ that Adonai became flesh and lived among His people as Yeshua, the Messiah of Israel.

©2002  Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.