Posts Tagged ‘blood of the lamb’

The LORD’s Passover – Pesach

“This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD — a lasting ordinance” (Exodus 12:14).

Blood on the doorpost and lintel

The LORD’s Passover is the first annual Feast of the LORD.  It is the   memorial to the extraordinary account of God’s judgment on Egypt’s gods and Israel’s miraculous deliverance from a life of slavery.   The Passover, or Pesach in Hebrew, began Israel’s physical redemption as God’s holy nation and they were to  remember their salvation from death to life in the ‘appointed time’ called Passover. 

Hebrew Word Pictures

Passover or Pesach – פסח

Peh פ – A Mouth means ‘to speak, pour out’

Samech ס –  A Prop means ‘to support and protect’

Chet ח – A Fence means ‘inner chamber’

The Hebrew word picture for pesach: “To pour out protection in the inner chamber.”

For hundreds of years the descendants of Jacob were enslaved in Egypt building Pharaoh great cities.  They were oppressed with hard labor from digging clay to making bricks and all kinds of field work.  They were shown no mercy by their overseers.  In spite of the  oppression, their population increased.  Pharaoh commanded the midwives to kill all baby boys as they were born, but because they feared God, they let the boys live.  Pharaoh then ordered that all baby boys be thrown into the Nile River. 

One infant boy from a Levite family was placed in a papyrus basket and floated in the Nile river.  He was found by Pharaoh’s daughter who named him Moses or Moshe which means ‘pulled out of the water.’ She located his mother and paid her to nurse him.  When he was old enough, he left his mother and went to live in Pharaoh’s house as a prince of Egypt.

As an adult, Moshe struggled with what he saw happening to his people, the Hebrew people.   In a moment of anger, he killed a man.  When word of it spread to Pharaoh, he feared for his life and ran to the land of Midian on the northwest Arabian peninsula.  He became a shepherd and married Tzipporah, the daughter of a Midian priest.    They had two sons named Gershom and Elieazer.   

God heard the cries of the children of Israel.  He saw their bondage and their misery.  Through a burning bush, He called Moshe to become their deliverer.  He told Moshe to go to Pharaoh and tell him to let His people go.  Even so, God warned Moshe that He would harden Pharaoh’s heart until he understood through the death of his firstborn son that Israel is the firstborn son of God.  Armed with a staff in his hand and the name of God – the Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh, the “I Am that I Am”- Moses started out for Egypt.  During his journey, Moshe met Aaron and they returned to confront Pharaoh together.

Egypt was culture of death.   Their gods and goddesses glorified death.   Their Pharaohs were immortalized in grand pyramid tombs filled with symbols of death.   Their book for immortalizing those who passed on was called the “Book of the Dead.”   So God gave them what they worshipped and honored the most – death.

Through Moshe, God judged each of the gods of Egypt with plagues: water to blood, frogs, gnats or lice, flies, cattle disease, boils, hailstones, locusts, and darkness.   The people of Egypt suffered.  The land of Egypt suffered.  Even with the loss of livestock and crops, Pharaoh would not relent and set his slaves free.  Then, God’s  ‘appointed time’ of deliverance arrived.

“Moshe said [to Pharaoh], “Here is what the LORD says: ‘About midnight I will go out into Egypt, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl at the handmill, and all the firstborn of the livestock. There will be a horrendous wailing throughout all the land of Egypt — there has never been another like it, and there never will be again. But not even a dog’s growl will be heard against any of the people of Israel, neither against people nor against animals. In this way you will realize that the LORD distinguishes between Egyptians and Israel. All your servants will come down to me, prostrate themselves before me and say, “Get out! — you and all the people who follow you!” and after that, I will go out!’ ” And he went out from Pharaoh in the heat of anger” (Exodus 11:4-8).

Preparations Begin

“The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household” (Exodus 12:1-3).

Though the children of Israel experienced the first three plagues against Egypt, God separated them from the rest.  In order to protect His people from the death of the firstborn, He had them bring a lamb or goat into their home for four days.  It had to be an animal without defect, a first-year male, and enough to feed each household. 

“Take care of them [the goat or lamb] until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.  Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs”(Exodus 12:-6-7).

After caring for their animals for four days, the Israelites were to slaughter them at twilight, after sunset, when the sun is below the horizon and a soft glowing light emanates from the sky.  They were to put some of the animal’s blood on the sides and tops of the door frames where they were going to eat the meal.

In the Hebrew alphabet, the eighth letter is chet חand represents the number 8 and ‘new beginnings.‘   The word ‘life’ or chaim also comes from chet and means ‘life.’  The manner in which the blood was placed around the door sides and top formed the letter chet for a new beginning of life.

ח

“On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt” (Exodus 12:12-13).

As the Israelites remained in their homes, the blood on their doorposts would be a sign for God, the Destroyer.  When He saw the sign of the blood, He would ‘pass over’ the firstborn sons who were in the home protected by blood while allowing the firstborn of Egypt to die.   

“This is how you are to eat it [the meal]: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover” (Exodus 12:11).

The Passover meal consisted of roasted lamb, bread without leaven, and bitter herbs.  The Israelites were not to break the bones of the lamb or take any of the meal outside of their homes.  They were to eat it in haste.

“At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.  Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead” (Exodus 12:29-30).

Lasting Ordinance

“And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ then tell them, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians” (Exodus 12:27). 

Passover was to be celebrated forever throughout all the generations of the Israelites no matter where they lived.  There were also specific regulations regarding the Passover.  No foreigner, slave or traveler was to eat the meal unless they were circumcised.  Once circumcised,  they would be considered a citizen of Israel and could take part in the meal.   The meal was always to be eaten in the house and no meat was to be taken outside.  The bones of the Passover lamb were never to be broken.

In Joshua chapter 5, there is the account of the Israelites celebrating Passover in Gilgal after taking flint knives and circumcising all the men who had come out of the wilderness.  In 2 Kings 23, Josiah destroys all the high places and idols in Israel and the nation celebrates Passover in Jerusalem for the first time since the days of the Judges.  In Ezra chapter 6, when the Israelites returned from captivity, all who renounced the pagan practices of the nations celebrated the Passover.  Ezekiel 45 speaks about Passover being celebrated in the Millennial Kingdom by putting blood on the door-frames of the Temple, on the four corners of the Altar’s ledge and on the supports of the gate of the Inner Courtyard.   

The ‘appointed time’ of Messiah

“He [Yeshua] replied, “Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My ‘appointed time’ is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house’” (Matthew 26:18).

The ‘appointed time’ of Passover was celebrated by Yeshua with his disciples.  Using two cups of wine and unleavened bread from the traditional Passover memorial called a seder, he began to renew the marriage covenant given to Israel at Mount Sinai (Luke 22).   However, in order to institute the new covenant, there had to be the shedding of blood.  His blood. 

Another cup of wine, a third cup, was also poured at a traditional seder to remember the plague judgments on Egypt with the final one being the death of the firstborn.   Yeshua didn’t mention this cup of wine at his seder probably because he knew the plague of  death was coming for him as the Lamb of God.  Even though he prayed earnestly for his Father to allow the cup of death to ‘pass over’ him, he knew he had to go forth with his Father’s plan.  There would be no lamb’s blood on the doorposts of any house to protect his life.  His blood was going to be poured out. 

“They are the Israelites who are to be given wholly to me. I have taken them as my own in place of the firstborn …” (Numbers 8:16).

Isaac, the beloved firstborn son of Abraham, had experienced the ‘passover’ when the blood of a ram saved him from death.  This ‘binding of Isaac’ became the vision of redemption for God’s people.  When God allowed the firstborn the sons of Israel to live through the plague of death with the substitute sacrifice, He again revealed His plan of salvation through a lamb.   When Yeshua hung on the cross, he cried out, “It is finished.”  With those words he died. The beginning of the salvation of Israel and the world began with the substitute sacrifice of the Lamb of God. 

“For Messiah, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival …” (1 Corinthians 5:7).

If you are interested in celebrating the Passover, use our Passover Haggadah Booklet.

©2000 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.  For a hard copy of this blog post,  please purchase Journey with Jeremiah: Nourishment for the Wild Olive.  

A Sign for You

Elohim uses many different signs in the Scriptures to reveal Himself, to direct people where they should go, to be a testimony in a believer’s life and to establish covenants.  Signs set people, covenants and events apart as “Holy to Yahweh” because they are given by Him.  The response to a sign reveals an individual’s relationship to Elohim and His relationship with us.

Immanu’el

“This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger” (Luke 2:12).

This ‘sign’ from Elohim was to shepherds.  They were in the fields near the Migdal Eder known as the ‘watchtower of the flock’ just outside of Bethlehem.  More than anyone, they would understand the significance of the baby’s birth because these shepherds tended the sheep raised for the sacrifices in the Temple.   Through angelic messengers, these shepherds were given a ‘sign’ for recognizing the ‘lamb of God’.  As they met Immanu’el, God in the flesh, they knew their sheep-herding days for sacrifices were nearing an end.

“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will call him Immanuel” (Isaiah 7:14).

This prophetic sign the prophet Isaiah directed toward young virgin women in Isra’el.  This was the ‘sign’ many virgin women in Isra’el hoped for in their own lives – to be the vessel of Elohim for bringing the nation’s deliverance through Messiah.  They placed their faith and hope in this ‘sign’ that would bring forth the promised ‘Seed’.

Lights in the Heavens

“God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years…” (Genesis 1:14).

Elohim created the sun, moon and stars as ‘signs’ for ‘seasons, days, and years.’  The sun ruled the day, sunset to sunset; the moon determined the months from one new moon to another, and the stars signaled the seasons of planting and harvest.  In Hebrew the word for ‘season’ is mo’ed and is tied to the ‘appointed times’ or ‘appointed seasons’ of God.

There are seven days in a week with the seventh being the Sabbath.  New moons were witnessed and the days of the months were counted by moon phases for establishing Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits and Feast of Weeks.  Yom Teruah or Feast of Trumpets is the first day of the seventh month and a new moon festival that establisheds the dates for the fall ‘appointed times’ of the Day of Atonement and Feast of Tabernacles.  The constellations and their movement in the heavens determine the ‘seasons’ for each of the Feasts of the LORD.

The Covenant Sign for Noach

“And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come.  I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth.  Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember  my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind.  Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy life” (Genesis 9:12).

Elohim gave Noah a ‘sign’ for the covenant He made with mankind never to completely destroy the earth and its inhabitants by water again. The rainbow appearing in the clouds would be a reminder to Elohim of His covenant with mankind.  Though this was most likely not the first rainbow, its appearance after the flood became a ‘sign.’ Rainbows continue to appear in the clouds, a ‘sign’ that remains from the days of Noah as a memorial to a covenant made by the Creator.

Abraham and Circumcision

“I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.  This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep:  Every male among you shall be circumcised.  You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you.  For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner – those who are not your offspring” (Genesis 17:11, 10-12).

Elohim promised Abraham that He would increase his descendants.  He ‘cuts’ a covenant with Abraham and gives him the ‘sign’ of circumcision as a promise that many nations would come from his loins.  All of his offspring along with those servants he had purchased were to keep the ‘sign’ of the covenant. This ‘sign’ continues today as a memorial to the promise to Abraham and his faith.

“And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.   So then, he is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised (the gentiles), in order that righteousness might be credited to them.   And he is also the father of the circumcised (the Jews)  who not only are circumcised (in the flesh), but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised” (Romans 4:11).

Abraham was Hebrew; he was not a Jew.  At this time there were no Jews as there was no Isaac or Jacob or Judah.  This ‘sign’ of the covenant was an outward expression of Abraham’s faith in the promises of El Shaddai, the condition of his heart, not a conversion to Judaism.  Circumcision was not the way of faith in the God of Isra’el, but a ‘sign’ of faith.  Yeshua was an offspring of Abraham through Isaac, Jacob, Judah and King David.  He was circumcised eight days after he was born according to the command given Abraham.  We keep the covenant of circumcision through the Spirit of God who circumcises our hearts (Romans 2:26-27).

Passover and the Blood

“The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt” (Exodus 12:13).

Elohim was going to deliver the Hebrews from their enslaved lives in Egypt.  He sent 10 plagues of judgment on the Egyptians with the last plague bringing death on the firstborn.   Sacrificing a lamb and placing it’s blood on the doorposts and lintel of a Hebrews’ home would be a ‘sign’  for the Destroyer to ‘pass over’ that home.  Those families without the ‘sign’ of blood would experience the death of their firstborn from their children to their livestock. To have or not have this ‘sign’ would result in either death or life.

Sabbath

“I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so that they would know that I, Adonai, made them holy.  Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us.  Then you will know that I am Adonai your God” (Ezekiel 20:12-20).

Elohim gave Isra’el a ‘sign’ that would set them apart from all other nations in the world.  Observing this ‘sign’ would show the world the relationship that Elohim has with His chosen people and those who join themselves to Him through Yeshua.   Keeping and guarding the Sabbath day is a ‘sign’ that gives evidence that Yahweh, the Creator, the Restorer of all things,  is our God.

Believer’s Testimony

“And these sign will accompany those who believe.  In my Name [Yeshua] they will drive out demons, they will speak in new languages; they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and they will get well” (Mark 16:17,18).

Yeshua says that ‘signs’ will be a testimony of the Spirit’s power in a believer’s life.  ‘Signs’ like healing, driving out demons, being able to drink deadly poison, and picking up snakes are some of the signs.

Languages

“Tongues are a sign, not for believers, but for unbelievers …” (1 Corinthians 14:22).

Sha’ul discusses tongues or speaking in other languages as a ‘sign’ for unbelievers.  The purpose of ‘tongues’ is revealed in Acts 2 when Jews from every known nation gathered in Jerusalem for Shavuot.  They heard the message of salvation in their own language.  Because they were going to return to their respective nations, they needed to hear the message in their native ‘tongue’ so they could share the message they heard and understood with the nations.

Woman’s Head Covering

“For this reason, and because of the angels, the woman ought to have a sign of power/authority on her head to pray and prophesy” (1 Corinthians 11:10).

The woman’s head covering or veil is another ‘sign’ given in the Scriptures.  The reason for wearing a covering is ‘because of the angels.’ It is a ‘sign’ of authority and power when a woman prays or prophesies in the presence of these spiritual beings.   Though few women wear them in western cultures, the ‘sign’ of the head covering is completely spiritual.  Women who honor the ‘sign,’ receive the blessing of ‘authority’ in the spiritual realm given to them by God.

Making Aliyah

“Here am I, and the children Adonai has given me. We are signs and symbols in Israel from the Adonai Tzva’ot, who dwells on Mount Tzion” (Isaiah 8:18).

This verse was placed on a website of friends who live in Isra’el.   They chose this prophetic verse because of its ‘sign’ to the endtimes when the Jewish people would be regathered back to the Land.   Seeing men, women and children making aliyah is a ‘sign’ that Elohim still dwells on Mount Tzion.

There are many more ‘signs’ in Scripture that connect us with our Biblical heritage and faith walk. The rainbow ties us to Noah and the understanding that there was a worldwide flood and an ‘older’ earth.  Circumcision binds us to Abraham and his faith in the coming ‘Seed.’ of our own hearts.   The sun, moon, and stars are ‘signs’ that our Creator gave us His holy days.   Sabbath is a ‘sign’ that unites us with Elohim as His treasured people.   Head coverings reveal that there is a spiritual realm with angels.  The virgin and the baby wrapped in cloths is evidence that Elohim became flesh and lived among His people as Yeshua, the Messiah.

©2002  Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.