Posts Tagged ‘altar of incense’

Parashah 22: Vayak’hel (He assembled)

Exodus 35:1-38:20
(In a regular year, read with Parashah 23; in a leap year read separately.)

“Moshe assembled the whole community of the people of Isra’el and said to them, ‘These are the things which Adonai has ordered you to do’” (Exodus 35:1).  

The instructions given to the Israelites are sometimes referred to as ‘The Mosaic Law.’ Though that delineation differentiates the Torah from other laws like man-made traditions or even the ‘law of sin and death,’ it has been wrongly interpreted to mean ‘the law that came from Moshe that has nothing to do with anyone who isn’t Jewish.’   In truth, Moshe was only the intercessor between Elohim and the Israelites and did not make any commands or instructions.

Elohim reminds His people to remember the Sabbath day once again.  He places considerable value on this commandment! The Israelites are to work only six days because the seventh day is a holy day of complete rest, the Shabbat. Whoever works on the Shabbat is to be put to death. This seems like a harsh consequence, but the wages of breaking Adonai’s commands is death.  He knows that if one person begins breaking the Sabbath, others will follow, and eventually His holy day will be forgotten. It is important that while the Israelites work to build the Tabernacle, they only work six days and enter His rest on the seventh.

Hebrew Word Pictures 
Sabbath or shabbat – שבת – shin, bet, tav
– the covenant sign consumes the house

Seven or sheva – שבע – shin, bet, ayin
– consume the family, understand

“Then he [Yeshua] said to them, ‘Shabbat was made for mankind, not mankind for Shabbat; So the Son of Man is Lord even of Shabbat’” (Mark 2:27-28).

According to Yeshua, the Sabbath was created for man. Elohim created Adam and Eve, and then created the Sabbath day so they could fellowship with Him. Elohim did not create the Sabbath and then humanity; he did not want any bondage to the day. No man-made rule should keep anyone from peace, joy, and fellowship with Adonai on His holy day.

Because Yeshua is Lord of the Shabbat, he can determine what is lawful and what is not. He can decide whether picking grain on the Sabbath is lawful because his disciples were hungry. He can heal on the Sabbath because he came to set people free from ‘carrying a burden.’ As the Son of Man, he also implies that an individual has the authority to decide the proper halacha or ways for walking out the command of Sabbath. With the Ruach haKodesh, true halacha is written on the hearts of the followers of Messiah and not in the traditions of the rabbis and sages.

“A man there had a shriveled hand. Looking for a reason to accuse him of something, they asked him, ‘Is healing permitted on Shabbat?’ But he answered, ‘If you have a sheep that falls in a pit on Shabbat, which of you won’t take hold of it and lift it out? How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore, what is permitted on Shabbat is to do good’” (Matthew 12:10-2).

“You are not to kindle a fire in any of your homes on the Shabbat” (Exodus 35:3). 

Adonai gives the first of six commands for honoring the Sabbath. While the Israelites were living in the desert, they didn’t need much fire during the day; at night they had the pillar of fire to keep them warm. However, they needed fires for cooking so they were being commanded not to cook on the Sabbath.  They had already been instructed about collecting extra manna on the sixth day, now they are not to cook it over a fire on the seventh.

Over the centuries Jewish traditions turned this simple command into a plethora of rules regarding kindling a fire.  Shabbat candles, for example, are not to be lit after sundown as that is considered kindling a fire.  Hanukkah candles on Shabbat must be lit before the Shabbat candles, both before sunset. In some parts of the colder regions of world, gentiles were hired to kindle fires on Shabbat so Jewish families could stay warm. This type of behavior goes directly against the command for anyone within your home to honor the Shabbat. Kindling a fire is different from maintaining a fire to keep from freezing to death.

Years ago I heard a rabbi teach about living, not dying by Torah. He used the example in Matthew 12:1-6 of Yeshua going through the fields and picking grain on the Sabbath, which was considered work according to Jewish tradition.   The leaders judged him for breaking the Shabbat.  He reminds them of David who, when he was hungry, took the consecrated bread that was supposed to be only for the priests and fed it to his men (1 Samuel 21:1-6, Luke 6:1-5). This was ‘unlawful,’ but acceptable to the priest. Why? When faced with a life or death situation, the priest knew that Elohim desires that we choose life over death (Deuteronomy 30:19). It is a command of Adonai not kindle a fire on Shabbat; however, if someone is going to die from the cold or starvation, it is His will to choose life and kindle that fire.

“Anyone whose heart makes him willing” (Exodus 35:5).

Moshe tells the Israelites everything that Adonai told him on the mountain.   In order to make the Tabernacle, a dwelling place for Adonai’s presence, a collection was taken of gold, silver, bronze, blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, fine linen, goat’s hair, tanned ram skins, fine leather, Acacia wood, oil, spices, along with onyx and precious stones.

The key to the contributions concerned the heart of the individual.  Adonai knows the hearts of His people and He doesn’t want their contributions if they don’t have a willing heart. Most, if not all, of these items were received when plundering Egypt and weren’t actually Israelite property. The property belonged to Adonai who delivered the Israelites. Any person who wanted to hold onto the plundered goods would not be included in worshiping Adonai through a free-will offering.

Adonai knows our wicked hearts better than we do which should make us fearful of Him.  In Acts 5:1-11, Ananias and Sapphira are perfect examples of ‘half-hearted’ giving to Adonai and they received their reward.  They died.

Moshe begins listing everything they will be making for the Tabernacle.   He calls on craftsmen to come forward and help building the Mishkan, all the furnishings, and the garments for the priesthood. Everyone whose “hearts were stirred” brought their offerings to Adonai. Everyone whose “spirit made him willing” brought offerings of gold (Exodus 35:20-22).

None of the Israelites, except a chosen few, were given the Ruach Elohim.  Adonai’s Spirit has not yet been poured out for His instructions to be written on the hearts of His people. The Israelites were filled with His Spirit and desiring to obey and live by His rulings. Each person acted out their faith through a willingness of heart, a stirring of their human spirit.

Born again believers who have the indwelling Ruach haKodesh and should have Torah written on their hearts have become much less willing to live by Adonai’s instructions. There seems to be no issue with blaspheming the greatest power ever given to us –– the power of the Ruach haKodesh that transforms us into obedient children in His family.

“Also, everyone who says something against the Son of Man will have it forgiven him; but whoever has blasphemed the Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit,  will not be forgiven” (Luke 2:10).

Only a select few Israelites, which included Betzal’el and Oholi’av, were filled with the Ruach Elohim.  They were given wisdom, knowledge, and understanding about working with gold, silver, bronze, precious stones, and woodcarving, and the skills for every kind design work including embroidery. They were also given the ability to teach others.

The Feminine Touch

“Likewise the women whose heart stirred them to use their skill” (Exodus 35:26).

Women also gave what they had of the plundered goods; they were not separated out or ignored.  They had skills which were needed and used in creating the Tabernacle. Spinning was a woman’s work and the Israelite women immediately began spinning the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, fine linen and goat’s hair.

With the modern-day feminist movement, women in the Body of Messiah have bought into the same lies as the women of the world.  They believe they need to be equal to men, not accepting that they were created differently. The ‘spirit of Jezebel’ has bewitched women to rise up and take positions of leadership over men. When Eve stepped out from under the authority of Adam, she became the catalyst for bringing sin into the world. The failure of men to be strong spiritual leaders has occurred because women have stepped out of their place of authority, which is under man, who is under the authority of Messiah, who is under the authority of his Father (Luke 7, 6-8, 1 Corinthians 11).

Women argue against wearing a head covering as a sign of their authority, but some women in the Hebrew roots movement will wear tzizit and prayer shawls that are supposed to be worn by men.  They have embraced the idea that ‘Israelites’ includes both sexes, when only Israelite men were counted when leaving Egypt or for the census.  Women were not considered less valuable than men or unequal, they were placed under the authority of men: fathers, brothers, and husbands protecting them from being raped, sexually assaulted or abused within the community. In their proper position, women had much to offer in the building of the Tabernacle.

Some may argue that in Adonai’s Kingdom there is no difference between men and women (Galatians 3:27-28). This is true spiritually. Both men and women sin, and both need redemption.  However, in the physical world, there are obvious physical differences between men and women.   Though physically weaker than men, women are to be respected as heirs to the Kingdom. If husbands do not respect their wives as fellow heirs, their prayers will be hindered (1 Peter 3:7).

Feminism has blurred the roles between men and women so decisively that if this were the days of Moshe, women would be forcing men to spin goat’s hair while they fought for the right to melt gold.  The confusion of gender roles would undermine ‘hearts being stirred’ to offer what each individual was gifted to offer.   Dissatisfaction with the gender roles would have never propelled a physical Tabernacle to rise up in the wilderness, let alone a spiritual one built with living stones.

Women also served at the Tabernacle. The Hebrew word for ‘served’ is tzaba and means to ‘minister.’  Tzaba also infers ‘a soldier who goes off to war’ and is the root for the Hebrew ‘hosts,’ tzvaot. Tzaba is used to describe the service of the priests, Aaron’s descendants in the Tabernacle (Numbers 4:23,35,39).  Though it is believed that those who performed Tabernacle duties were only men, it is implied that Levitical women also had ministering roles in the Tabernacle.

The hearts of the children of Isra’el were stirred above and beyond what was asked or imagined (Ephesians 3:20-21). Their willingness to give for the Tabernacle proved their desire for Adonai to live among them.

“The people were restrained from making additional contributions.  For what they had already was not only sufficient for doing all the work, but too much!” (Exodus 36:7)

Yeshua and Thyatira
Revelation 2:18-29

Yeshua reveals himself to Thyatira as the ‘Son of God’  with a very detailed description of his glorified person. His eyes are a fiery flame and his feet are burnished brass.  With his fiery eyes, he searches minds and hearts and gives to each person what they deserve. Everyone, including followers of Yeshua will be accountable for everything said and done in this life, as well as how they build on the foundation of the apostles and prophets (1 Corinthians 3:13, Ephesians 2:20).

Thyatira was named after the Greek goddess Pelopia and was located south of modern-day Istanbul (aka Constantinople named after Constantine).  A god-fearer named Lydia who sold purple cloth was from Thyatira.  When she heard Sha’ul’s message of salvation, Adonai opened her heart.   She was so full of joy that she invited Sha’ul and Silas to her home (Acts 16:14-15).

The believers in Thyatira have love, faith, service, and perseverance.  They continue to spiritually grow and their works increase as they mature.  However, they tolerate a woman known as Jezebel, a false prophetess who leads Adonai’s people into sexual immorality and encourages them to eat food sacrificed to idols.   Yeshua has dealt with this woman and given her time to repent, but she has refused.  He will judge her by throwing her onto a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her will have great trouble.  He will even strike “her children dead!” (Revelation 2:23).  

The account of Jezebel is found in 1 Kings 16-21 and 2 Kings 9. Jezebel married Ahab who was the King of northern Isra’el.  He was a weak man and allowed Jezebel to take authority over her him and the kingdom.  She did not love the Elohim of Isra’el and she had zero moral compass.  She had her husband steal Nahab’s vineyard and kill him.  She had many of Isra’el’s prophets murdered. She allowed temples to be built in the northern kingdom for worshiping Ba’al. Only the prophet Elijah stood against her and her 450 prophets of Ba’al.  When the Elohim of Isra’el is proven greater and more powerful than the Ba’als, Elijah and Jezebel become mortal enemies, and Jezebel seeks his death.  After King Ahab dies, Jehu is anointed by Elisha to overthrow the house of Ahab and confront Jezebel.  She eventually dies by falling from a balcony and her body is eaten by dogs.

According to Yeshua, Jezebel knows “Satan’s deep secrets” (Revelation 2:24). This makes her not only a false prophetess, but a woman of the occult.   She is called an adulteress and those who follow her false prophecies commit spiritual adultery with her will suffer the consequences.  They will endure a bed of suffering, trouble, and watch their children die!

To be thrown onto a bed of suffering alludes to the ‘lake of fire that burns with sulfur’ which refers to the second death or complete spiritual death (Revelation 20:8).  Spiritual death is eternal without any hope of redemption. It is the final judgment for the Adversary, the beast, the false prophet, and those who follow Jezebel.

Fighting against the ‘spirit of Jezebel’ is oppressive and burdensome.  There is always the temptation to fall into spiritual adultery because the Adversary’s ways are enticing.  The battle is so fierce for the believers in Thyatira that Yeshua adds nothing more for them except to “hold fast to what you have until I come” (Revelation 2:25).

Those who overcome the ‘spirit of Jezebel’ will receive authority to rule over the nations.  Their authority will not be usurped by any demonic spirit.  They will rule with an iron staff and crush the nations to pieces like pottery.  Their authority will not be readily accepted, but they will have victory because they overcame Jezebel’s deep secrets. They will also be given the Morning Star.  Discerning true prophets of Adonai who give light to the congregation and put to death the false ones like Jezebel is utterly important for receiving a reward from Yeshua.

“Yes, we have the prophetic Word made very certain. You will do well to pay attention to it as to a light shining in a dark, murky place, until the Day dawns and the Morning Star rises in your hearts” (2 Peter 1:19)

(See Study Helps for information on the book Illusion of Truth, a testimony about spiritual warfare and the victory over the ‘spirit of Jezebel.’) 

The Tent Coverings

The tent covering was made of layers from different fabric. On the inside where the priests would minister, ten sheets, all the same size, were made with finely woven linen and blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. They were joined together so the interior part of the tent formed one single unit. The next covering layer was made of spun goat’s hair. The sheets were made in the same way, ten sheets, all the same size, joined together into one single unit. Another layer of covering was made of fine leather from rams’ skins.

The tent was set up using planks and cross bars made of Acacia wood overlaid with gold and set in silver sockets. For the entrance to the tent, a screen of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine linen were woven together in colors. It had five posts and hooks. Everything was overlaid with gold while the five sockets were bronze.

K’ruvim or Cherubim

“He made the [holy] curtain with k’ruvim worked in that had been crafted by a skilled artisan” (Exodus 36:8).

Skilled men made the Holy Curtain that separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place of blue, purple, scarlet yarn and fine linen. Other skilled artisans wove k’ruvim into each sheet and the Holy Curtain. K’ruvim is the Hebrew word for ‘cherubim’ and means ‘nearness’ or ‘intimacy.’ They are a type of angelic being anointed to guard the heavenly sanctuary, and one specific k’ruvim guarded the Garden of Eden (Ezekiel 28:13).

K’ruvim has the same root as korban which means ‘offering. ’ Each of the artisans ‘drew near’ to Adonai as they worked His instructed designs into the fabric.  Imagine how the Ruach Elohim was moving, teaching, and showing these men things they could never have imagined without divine guidance!  Consider that the Tabernacle would become a very spiritual place where the priests, and especially the high priest and Adonai would meet, but it was also very physical ‘tent’.  Through the physical actions of these men and women, as they created and worked, they entered the spiritual realm.

The prophet Ezekiel describes a k’ruv, who had “the seal on perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in Eden, the garden of God” (Ezekiel 28: 11-12)  This particular k’ruv protected a large region and was placed on Adonai’s holy mountain.  “You walked back and forth among stones of fire.  You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, until unrighteousness  was found in you” (Ezekiel 28:14-15).  

This k’ruv became filled with violence and sinned.  He was thrown out from the mountain of Adonai and destroyed by fire and turned to ash. “You protecting k’ruv, your heart grew proud because of your beauty, you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor. Therefore I have brought forth fire from within you, and it has devoured you; I reduced you into ashes on the ground”  (Ezekiel 28:17-18).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Cherubim or k’ruvim – כרבים – kaf, resh, bet, yod, mem
– to cover the highest authority of the house, the mighty finished work

The Holy Place

“A tent was set up, the outer one, which was called the Holy Place; in it were the menorah, the table and the Bread of the Presence” (Hebrews 9:2).

Every object in the Holy Place within the Mishkan was made from gold.  Gold comes from the Hebrew word zahav and means ‘brilliance and splendor.’  Gold is associated with all that is ‘Kadosh l’Adonai.’ The judgments of Adonai are true and righteous and are to be desired more than fine gold (Psalm 19:9-10). King Solomon compared instruction, wisdom, and understanding to gold (Proverbs 8:10, 16:16). Faith is tested in the fire like gold because it is very precious (1 Peter 1:7).

The Ark of the Covenant 

“Arise, Lord, and come to your resting place, you and the ark of your might” (Psalm 132:8).

Betzal’el made the Ark of the Covenant from Acacia wood and overlaid it with gold inside and out.  He put molding at the top, made rings for the corners, and put carrying poles in the rings. He made the kaphar or cover for the Ark.  On the cover were two k’ruvim made of pure hammered gold which were one piece with the cover. The k’ruvim had their wings spread so they covered the Ark. They faced each other, but their eyes looked down toward the center of the Ark covering where Adonai and the high priest would meet. The k’ruvim on the Ark of the Covenant match the descriptions of the k’ruvim found in Ezekiel 1:4-14 and Revelation 4:6-8.  In both references, the k’ruvim are with Adonai as part of His chariot and His Throne.  They are so close to Him that to be close to them brings nearness to Him.

The Table of Presence

“The altar was of wood, five-and-a-quarter feet high and three-and-a-half feet long; its length and walls were also of wood. He said to me, ‘This is the table which is in the presence of Adonai’”
(Ezekiel 41:22).

Betzal’el made the Table of Presence of Acacia wood with a molding and overlaid it with pure gold. He made four gold rings and attached the rings to the corners of the table near the legs for the gold-covered carrying poles.  All utensils that were used with the table, its dishes, pans, bowls, and pitchers, were made of pure gold.

The Altar of Incense

“All the people were outside, praying, at the time of the incense burning, when there appeared to him an angel of Adonai standing to the right of the incense altar” (Luke 1:10-11).

Betzal’el made the Altar for burning incense from Acacia wood with a molding and overlaid its top, sides, and horns with pure gold. He made two gold rings to hold the gold-covered carrying poles fastening them under the molding at the two corners of the Altar on both sides. He also created the anointing oil and pure incense as instructed by Adonai.

The Menorah

“Then the angel that had been speaking with me returned and roused me, as if he were waking someone up from being asleep, and asked me, ‘What do you see?’ I answered, ‘I’ve been looking at a menorah; it’s all of gold, with a bowl at its top, seven lamps on it, and seven tubes leading to the lamps at its top’” (Zechariah 4:1-2).

Betzal’el hammered the holy Menorah from 60 pounds of pure gold.  He made its base, shaft, cups, rings, outer leaves, and flowers a single unit. Six branches extended from its sides –– three on one side and three on the other.  Each branch had three cups shaped like almond blossoms with a ring of outer leaves and petals. On the central shaft, he made four cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its ring of outer leaves and petals.  Where each pair of branches joined the central shaft was a ring of outer leaves with a pair of branches. The rings of outer leaves and their branches were one piece with the shaft making the whole Menorah one piece of hammered pure gold. He also made its seven lamps, tongs, and trays of pure gold.

In Hebrew, ‘almond’ is shakeed which means ‘diligence, perseverance or watchfulness.’  In Judaism, the ‘Tree of Life’ is believed to be an almond life.  In Scripture, the almond symbolizes old age (Ecclesiastes 12:5), a rod of authority (Numbers 17:8), and the eyes of Adonai.

“The word of Adonai came to me: ‘What do you see, Jeremiah?’ ‘I see the branch of an almond tree.’ ‘You have seen correctly, for I am watching to see that My Word is fulfilled’” (Jeremiah 1:11-12).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Almond or shakeed – שקד – shin, kof, dalet
– consume what is behind the pathway

Imagine standing in the Holy Place as a Levite priest. Every object is covered in gold from the poles and crossbars holding up the tent to the frame around you. It would be like standing inside a cubed golden box. The thickness of the outer coverings blocks the light from the outside. The Menorah is filled with oil and glows. Its light reflects from every golden object from the tables to the utensils. A supernatural light –– The Divine Presence –– guarded by the k’ruvim, the angels of Adonai, surrounds you in its perfection.

Now imagine stepping through the thick curtain separating the Holy Place from the Outer Courtyard into the sunlight. The difference between the divine light in Holy Place and the sunshine in the Outer Courtyard makes you squint your eyes. This difference between the place of purification and the place of sacrifice is the difference between the ‘light’ on the first day of creation and the light of the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day.

The Outer Courtyard

Everything in the Outer Courtyard was made of bronze.  Bronze comes from the Hebrew word nechosheth and can mean brass, brazen or copper.  Bronze is an alloy mixed with other metals such as zinc, aluminum or nickel and easily cast into a shape.   It was not a precious metal, but was strong, durable and resistant to corrosion. The serpent that Moshe held up in the wilderness was made of bronze (Numbers 21:8-9) and Goliath had a bronze coat of chain mail, a bronze helmet, bronze leg armor, and a bronze javelin (1 Samuel 17:5-6).

Betzal’el made the Courtyard tapestries of finely woven linen. He also cast bronze sockets and posts with silver rings for hanging the tapestries and banded silver posts. The screen for the entrance gate to the Most Holy Place was woven in colors of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine linen. The tent pegs for the Tabernacle and the Courtyard around were made of bronze.

The Altar of Sacrifice

“Then you will delight in the sacrifices of the righteous, in burnt offerings offered whole; then bulls will be offered on your altar” (Psalm 51:19).

Betzal’el made the square Altar for burnt offerings from Acacia wood.  He made horns on its four corners and overlaid the whole Altar with bronze. He made the pots, shovels, basins, meat-hooks, and fire pans out of bronze.  He made a grate of bronze netting for under its rim that went halfway up the Altar.  The corners had four bronze rings for the four bronze carrying poles that fit into the rings on the sides of the Altar.  The inside of the Altar was made of planks and remained hollow.

The Bronze Laver

“He made the basin of bronze with its base of bronze from the mirrors of the women serving at the entrance to the tent of meeting” (Exodus 38:8).

Betzal’el made the Laver of bronze creating its base from the mirrors of the women serving at the entrance to the Tabernacle.  Mirrors in ancient times were not glass like mirrors today, they were highly polished bronze. By making the base from a reflective material, the priests could see whether or not their face and bodies were washed of blood before entering the Holy Place.

Yeshua and Ephesus
Revelation 2:12-17

In the message to the congregation in Ephesus, Yeshua describes himself as the “one who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven gold menorahs.” Yeshua, as the holy and beaten Menorah, walks among the menorahs of his people because he is the one from whom the congregation receives its light. Without him, there is no light in the darkness (John 1:9).

Ephesus was a Greek metropolis known for its Temple to Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.  Acts 19 recounts Paul’s visit to Ephesus and his comments regarding the goddess Artemis and ‘the fallen stone.’ Within this city, there is great darkness and the light of the Menorah, Yeshua, is of utmost importance.

Yeshua knows the Messianic believers in Ephesus work hard; they persevere and they don’t grow weary for his sake.  They hate wickedness and liars. Yet, they have one grievous sin –– they have lost their first love. Their works have become either mundane, are just an outward act for others to see or done for personal satisfaction. Though they may take care of the poor, the widow, and the orphan, they no longer do it out of love for the ‘light of the world.’

When Sha’ul’ wrote to the Ephesians, his letter was filled with hope and encouragement. He writes about their inheritance and standing in the heavenly realm.  He explains  how they have become part of the Commonwealth of Isra’el and are being built into a holy, spiritual temple.  He compares a marriage relationship to Messiah and his Body.  It is to Ephesians he writes that their salvation is by grace through faith, not their works. 

Yeshua sees only their works, not their love for him. The consequence for this sin is the removal of their menorah.  If they don’t repent and return to loving Yeshua with all their heart, soul, mind, and strength, they will be left in darkness.  Without his light, they will no longer shine in the dark city around them and their testimony will be snuffed out.

In their favor, they hate the Nicolaitans. In Greek, nico means ‘conquer’ and laitan refers to ‘lay people.’  Nicolaitan means ‘conquer the lay people.’ This implies there is a hierarchy of those who rule and those who submit to their rule. Yeshua hates this hierarchy because he is to be the Shepherd over his sheep, King over his kingdom, High Priest over his priesthood, and the Bridegroom of his bride.

When Yeshua returns with his reward, the overcomer will be allowed to enter the Garden of Eden and eat from the Tree of Life. They will experience the total restoration of everything, including the eternal Sabbath (Revelation 22:14). Until that time, the Ephesians must return to Yeshua, their first love, so that their menorah will not be removed from its stand and they assimilate into the darkness of the world.

“How blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they have the right to eat from the Tree of Life and go through the gates into the city!” (Revelation 22:14)

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.

Parashah 20: Tetzaveh (You are to order)

Exodus 27:20-30:10

“You are to order the people of Isra’el to bring you pure oil of pounded olives for the light and to keep a lamp burning continually” (Exodus 27:20).

The olive tree is one of the oldest cultivated trees in the world. It probably developed from the wild Mediterranean olive, Olea Europaea, which grows from Portugal throughout the Middle East into the Arabian Peninsula.

The Israelites pounded olives from the olive tree to produce oil. When pounded, the olive loses its physical appearance and only its essence is extracted. Yeshua was beaten, lost his physical appearance, and his life essence was poured out; however, he was only one olive and it takes thousands of olives to produce olive oil. The Menorah, made of hammered gold, already symbolizes Messiah being beaten and bruised. To continue with honest exegesis, the olives beaten into the oil that give the Menorah the ability to shine in the darkness must be ‘someone’ different.

Yeshua talks about the value of oil in Matthew 25 and the Parable of the Ten Virgins. The wise virgins had oil for their lamps when the Bridegroom arrived, but the foolish ones had allowed their oil to run out. While they ran to purchase more oil, their Beloved arrives and they miss the reward of entering the wedding chamber. In the Parable, the lamps are not the Bridegroom or even the Bride, but the Word of Elohim (Psalm 119:105). The oil is the Ruach haKodesh, the other part of worshiping Elohim in Spirit and Truth (John 4:24).

Romans 11 compares Isra’el to an Olive Tree. On this tree there are natural branches along with ingrafted wild ones. Both types of branches produce the same fruit –– olives! The root of the Olive Tree is Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the patriarchs of faith. From them came the nation of Isra’el, the natural branches producing olives, who have been relentlessly pounded through the millennia by severe persecution and near annihilation. Their beatings began with slavery in Pharaoh in Egypt, continued with Haman in Persia, Antiochus Epiphanes in the Syrian Empire and the Spanish Inquisitions through the Holocaust in Europe. Wild olives grafted into the Olive Tree have also been pounded through persecutions leading to martyrdom. The next and greatest pounding of all olives will come during the Tribulation.  Some olives will be chosen to proclaim the name of Yeshua to the world; others will lose their heads.  With each pounding of the olives, their essence remains, and the pure oil of their faith continues to light the Menorah that shines brightly in this dark and evil world.

Garments for the High Priest

“This is to be a perpetual regulation both for Aaron and his descendants” (Exodus 28:43).

The Hebrew word for ‘priest’ is cohen (cohanim, plural) and comes from a root that means ‘base’ such as the ‘base of a column.’  The cohanim are the structural support of the Israelite community.  It is their responsibility to carry out the will of Adonai, intercede for the people and keep the community in relationship with Adonai.

Adonai’s calling of cohanim came to Aaron and his sons, Nadav, Avihu, El’azar and Itamar. They were to have holy garments, worn only by them, when they went into the Mishkan. The unique garments for Aaron and his sons gave them dignity and splendor in front of the community bringing them respect as priests of Adonai. When they removed the consecrated garments, they became ‘ordinary people.’ 

As priests serving Adonai in the Tabernacle, they walked on ‘holy ground.’ While they ministered to the people, served at the Altar, and fellowshipped in the Holy Place, they did so in bare feet.

Selah
Moshe took off his sandals when he stood before the burning bush –– ‘holy ground.’

Hebrew Word Pictures
Priest or cohen – כהן – kaf, hey, nun
– open the revealing of life

Priesthood or cohanim – כהנים – kaf, hey, nun, yod, mem
– open and reveal the finished work of the mighty life

Spirit of Wisdom

“If you will turn (repent) and give heed to my reproof, behold I will pour out my spirit of wisdom upon you, I will make my words known to you” (Proverbs 1:23, AMP).

The priestly garments were made by a few craftsmen who were given the ‘spirit of wisdom’ so they could accomplish the work necessary. These craftsmen had to be wholehearted toward Adonai so they could hear His words. At this time, the Ruach Elohim was not inside everyone, but with only a select few. After Yeshua ascended to his Father, the Ruach haKodesh was poured into those who were circumcised in their heart (John 14:15).

It is through the Ruach of wisdom that these craftsmen gained a deep and intimate knowledge of the ‘heavenly’ Tabernacle and their Creator. The Ruach of wisdom is Messiah Yeshua who gives insight into the mysteries and secrets of Elohim.

“But to those who are called, whether Jew or Gentile,  Messiah is the power of God and the wisdom of God” (1 Corinthians 1:24).  

“In my prayers I keep asking the God of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, the glorious Father, to give you a spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you will have full knowledge of him” (Ephesians 1:16-17).

Gold Thread and Fine Linen

One of the projects of the craftsmen was to make gold thread. There is not a gold coating on the threads. These craftsmen had to know how to create thread from gold that would not break and could be worked into fabric.

The process of hammering gold into an extremely thin, unbroken sheet is called ‘goldbeating.’ Egyptian craftsmen recognized the extraordinary durability and malleability of gold and became the first goldbeaters. They pounded gold using a round stone to create the thinnest gold leaf possible.

Most goldbeaters use 23 karat gold.  They put the gold in a pot and melt it in a furnace.  When liquified, the gold is poured into a mold and cast into a bar.  The gold bar is rolled in a mill until it is 1/1000 of an inch thick. After being rolled, the thin ribbon of gold is cut into 1-inch squares as preparation for beating.

The first step of beating is called the Cutch which uses a fabric to interleave the gold as it was being beaten. Originally, the Cutch was made of 150 skins of ox intestine, but parchment or mylar is used today in order to handle the hours of repeated hammer blows needed to beat the gold.

The gold is beaten on a large heavy block of marble or granite.  Beating of the Cutch takes about one hour using a fifteen pound hammer.  The goldbeater follows a pattern and sets up a rhythm of about seventy strokes per minute.  The Cutch packet is rotated and turned to ensure the gold inside expands evenly in all directions to about 4 inches square.  The gold is taken out of the Cutch and each piece is cut into four smaller pieces with a knife and put in a packet called a Shoder which has 1,500 skins.  The Shoder is beaten for about three hours until the gold expands into a 5-inch square.

The gold is taken out of the Shoder and placed on a leather-covered surface.  The gold is now so thin that the cutter can simply blow on it to flatten it out.  Using a wooden implement called a ‘wagon,’ the gold is quickly cut into four pieces and placed in a packet called a Mold for the final beating.  The Mold, coated with gypsum powder to prevent the gold from sticking to the skins, contains 1,500 pieces of gold.  The Mold is beaten with an 8-pound hammer for three to four hours until it is a circle about six inches in diameter.  The finished leaf forms an unbroken sheet of gold with a thickness of 1/250,000 of an inch.

Gold is a symbol of divinity showing the Divine Presence would be woven throughout the articles for the Tabernacle, including the high priest’s garments. Fine linen symbolizes purity. Aaron and his sons were to be the examples of purity for Isra’el, judging and living righteously before the Divine Presence.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Linen or karpas – כרפס – kaf, resh, peh, samech
– to open to the highest authority, the source of support

The Ritual Vest – Ephod

“Calling to mind the sons of Isra’el.  Aaron is to carry their names before Adonai on this two shoulders as a reminder” (Exodus 28:12).

The ephod was made of gold with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn with finely woven linen. These colors are used throughout the Mishkan. Blue symbolized the heavens, purple symbolized royalty, and scarlet was the color of sacrifice through the lineage of Judah. Along with the gold thread of the Divine Presence, the colors foreshadowed the coming High Priest from heaven, the Divine Presence of Adonai on earth –– Yeshua.

Attached to the front and back of the ephod were two shoulder pieces that could be fastened together. It had a belt made by the same skilled craftsmanship. Two onyx stones were engraved with the names of the sons of Isra’el according to their birth order with six names on each stone. They were made as a seal and put on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to remind Aaron of the sons of Isra’el when he came before Adonai. The two stones, called the urim and the tumim, were also placed in the breastplate and used for judging Isra’el. They were over Aaron’s heart and gave him the means for making wise decisions when standing before Adonai.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Ritual Vest or ephod – אפוד – alef, peh, vav, dalet
– first strength, source of the binding to the pathway

The Breastplate

“Make a breastplate for judging. The stones will correspond to the names of the twelve sons of Isra’el; they are to be engraved with their names as a seal would be engraved, to represent the twelve tribes” (Exodus 28:15,21).

The breastplate was made like the ephod with gold thread, blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, with finely woven linen. When it was folded in half, it would be square –– “a hand-span by a handspan” (Exodus 28:16). The breastplate was attached with gold rings and twisted gold chains that connected the pieces together over the shoulder and over the ephod.

The legal term which describes the entire process of justice and ‘judging’ is tzadak and means ‘righteousness.’ In the Septuagint, the word dikaios is used for ‘righteousness’ and describes those who conform to Adonai’s Torah.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Breastplate or choshen – חושן – chet, vav, shin, nun
– protect the mighty binding of life

“Aharon will carry the names of the sons of Isra’el on the breastplate for judging, over his heart, when he enters the Holy Place, as a continual reminder before Adonai” (Exodus 28:29).

Four rows containing three precious stones were to be set in gold. On each stone was engraved a name of one of the son’s of Isra’el so the breastplate would represent the 12 Tribes of Isra’el. The stones listed below are the colors the Temple Institute in Jerusalem believe are the most reliable Biblical stones. It is believed the colors of the stones matched the color of the flags carried by each tribe as the Israelites traveled in the wilderness.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Righteousness or tzadak – צדיק – tzade, dalet, yod, kof
– pull toward to the pathway, what is behind the finished work

The Robe

“Aharon is to wear it [the robe] when he ministers, and its sound will be heard whenever he enters the Holy Place before Adonai and when he leaves, so he won’t die” (Exodus 28:35).

The high priest’s robe was made entirely of blue representing the heavenly realm.   It had an opening around the neck edge with a border woven like the neck of a coat of chain mail, though it was not actual chain mail. Only warriors wore literal chain mail implying the priestly robe symbolized a garment of battle. As the intercessor between Adonai and Isra’el, there would be many battles, both physical and spiritual, to be fought whether from actual physical enemies or the spiritual idolatry that would entice the Israelites.

The position of the high priest was one of great responsibility.  Everything had to be done in perfect obedience to the commands of Adonai or the high priest would die. Along the bottom of the robe’s hem, pomegranates crafted of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn alternated with gold bells –– gold bell, pomegranate, gold bell, pomegranate. The bells were placed on the hem of the robe so Adonai would know when the high priest entered the Most Holy Place and allow him to live.

Pomegranates are found throughout Scripture as a symbol of fruitfulness. They are one of the seven species found in the Promised Land and brought to the Temple as offerings (Deuteronomy 8:8).   Hundreds of pomegranates were carved on the pillars of Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 7:18,20).   The Song of Songs refers to pomegranates in Solomon’s love song to his bride (Song of Songs 4:13, 6:11, 7:12, 8:2).   The pomegranate is found on ancient Jewish coins; and in Jewish tradition, the pomegranate has 613 seeds representing the 613 mitzvot of Torah.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Robe or me’il – מטילֹ – mem, tet, yod, lamed
– the mighty twisting, the finished work of the shepherd

Pomegranate or rimon – רמון – resh, mem, vav, nun
– highest authority, the mighty binding to life

Mitznefet – Priestly Turban

“Because Aharon bears the guilt for any errors committed by the people of Isra’el in consecrating their holy gifts, this ornament is always to be on his forehead, so the gifts for Adonai will be accepted by him” (Exodus 28:38).

An ornament of pure gold was put on the mitznefet or turban worn by the high priest. It was engraved as a seal with the words ‘Kadosh l’yod-hey-vav-hey’ (Holy to Adonai).  It was fastened to the turban with a blue cord on the front over Aaron’s head. Because the high priest wore the ornament, the consecrated gifts of Isra’el would be accepted by Adonai.

Selah
The mitznefet is part of the modern-day infantry wear of the Israeli Defense Forces. It is a floppy mesh cover over the helmet that camouflages the helmet and protects head of the soldier.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Turban or mitznefet – מצנפת – mem, tzade, nun, peh, tav
– consume and pull toward life, the source of the covenant

The Tunic, Belt and Undergarments

Ketonet  is a general Hebrew term for clothes. It is used in Genesis when ketonet or coverings were made for Adam and Eve in the Garden after they sinned.  It is  also used for the unique robe given to Joseph by his father. ‘Clothes’ in the Greek is himation and means ‘robe’ like the ketonet. The tunic or ketonet for the high priest was checkered and woven of fine linen along with the turban and belt.  The ketonet covered the entire body from head to foot and had long sleeves.

According to rabbinical writings, the avnet or belt was long and needed to be wrapped around the body several times.  Though no one knows exactly how it was wrapped, it may have crossed over the heart.  The Talmud explains this was done as atonement for the impure thoughts of the nation of Isra’el.  Yeshua taught that sin begins with iniquity in the heart, and the sash may have been symbolically used for reminding the high priest that the sins of Isra’el began in the heart.

The high priest also wore miknesevad or undergarments consisting of linen shorts reaching from waist to thigh covering his bare flesh.  He wore these ‘boxer shorts’ when he approached the Altar to minister in the Holy Place so he wouldn’t incur guilt and die.  The miknesevad kept the priest from exposing his ‘private parts’ when going up to minister at the Altar. When the Temple was built, there were numerous steps the priests would climb and the undergarments kept their ‘private parts’ from being exposed.

Aaron’s sons, the priesthood who minister at the Altar, also wore tunics, belts, and head coverings to show the dignity and splendor of the priestly position.  They were anointed and set-apart to serve Adonai in the office of cohen.

When I was growing up, my mother told to always wear underclothes: bras, panties, and slips. Of course, I asked her ‘why.’ She explained the priests in the Temple wore under clothes for modesty so we should too. I was young and had never read the priestly regulations, but I never questioned her wisdom. In my adult years, I have had conversations with women, young and old, about wearing undergarments. Many have no conviction about what they are revealing to the world. I am grateful my mother taught me ‘priestly’ modesty that I have tried to pass on to my daughters (and sons). Because I am part of a royal priesthood, dressing with dignity and splendor became central to how I present myself to the world, but more importantly how I dress to honor my High Priest.

Hebrew Word Pictures
Tunic or ketonet – כתנת – kaf, tav, nun, tav
– to cover life’s sign of the covenant

Sash or avnet – אונת – alef, vav, nun, tav
– first strength binding to the covenant of life

Undergarments or miknesevad – מכנסי-בד – mem, kaf, nun, samech, yod, bet, dalet
– the mighty covering of life, proping the finished work of the house and pathway

Preparation for Ministry

“Take one young bull and two rams without defect, also matzah, matzah cakes mixed with olive oil, and matzah wafers spread with oil – all made from fine wheat flour, put them together in a basket and present them in the basket, along with the bull and the two rams… bring them to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water” (Exodus 29:1-3).

To consecrate Aaron and his sons for ministry in the Tabernacle, one bull and two rams were to be offered to Adonai along with a basket of unleavened bread, cakes and wafers. Aaron and his sons were washed at the entrance to the Tabernacle.  One by one, each of the priestly garments were put on Aaron: the undergarments, tunic, robe, ephod and breastplate.  The turban was placed on his head along with the gold ornament ‘Kadosh to yod-hey-vav-hey.’ He was anointed by pouring olive oil over his head allowing it to run down his body.

“Oh, how good, how pleasant it is for brothers to live together in harmony. It is like fragrant oil on the head that runs down over the beard, over the beard of Aharon, and flows down on the collar of his robes” (Psalm 133:2).

Aaron’s sons were also dressed in tunics, sashes, and head coverings. The office of the Aaronic priesthood and the high priest lineage was theirs by a permanent regulation, meaning forever (Exodus 29:9). Whenever there is a Temple in Jerusalem, the Aaronic priesthood will serve at the Altar because Adonai made a forever covenant with them. This is the fourth covenant given in Scripture. Just like the covenants given to Noach, Abraham and Isra’el, the covenant with Aaron is not removed or replaced by any other covenant.

“Therefore say, ‘I am giving him [Aaron] my covenant of shalom, making a covenant with him and his descendants after him that the office of cohen [priesthood] will be theirs forever.’ This is because he was zealous on behalf of his God and made atonement for the people of Isra’el” (Numbers 25:13).

The Process of Consecration

The Sin Offering
Aaron and his sons laid hands on the bull’s head and slaughtered it at the entrance to the Mishkan.  Some of the bull’s blood was put on the horns of the Altar with the finger; the rest was poured out at the base. All the fat covering the inner organs, including the liver and kidneys, was burnt up as an offering.  The bull’s flesh, skin, and feces were taken outside the camp and burnt up. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on one of the two rams’ heads and slaughtered the ram.  Its blood was splashed on all sides of the Altar. It was quartered and burnt up on the Altar as a burnt offering.

The Burnt Offering
From the second ram, some of its blood was put on Aaron’s right ear lobe and the right ear lobes of his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and the big toe of their right foot.  The rest of the blood was splashed on the side of the Altar. Some of the blood that was on the Altar was mixed with the anointing oil and sprinkled on Aaron’s garments and his sons’ garments so that everything would be consecrated. The fat of the ram, from its tail to the fat covering its inner organs and kidneys, and its right thigh along with one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer from the basket was put in their hands.  They waved them as a wave offering in the presence of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh.  Everything was burned up on the Altar on top of the bull. “It will be a pleasing aroma before Adonai, it is an offering made to Adonai by fire” (Exodus 29:25)

The Peace or Shalom Offering
The breast of the second ram was waved as an offering and became food for Aaron and his family.   Every breast and thigh or anything that was meant for Aaron and his sons was waved and became the consecrated portion of food for Aaron and his sons. “It will be a contribution from the people of Isra’el from their peace offerings, their contribution to Adonai” (Exodus 29:28).

The consecration process took seven days with sin offerings and atonement offerings made for the Altar each day.   The atonement for the Altar made it holy along with whoever touched the Altar.

The priests were to take a ram of consecration and boil its meat in a holy place. Aaron and his sons were to eat the ram’s meat and the bread in the basket at the entrance to the Tabernacle.  They were to eat the atonement foods –– no one else was to eat this food because as it was holy only for them.   If any food remained until the morning, it was to be burned up.

Daily Offerings

Twice a day, everyday, in the morning and evening, two lambs, a year old, were offered on the Altar with finely ground flour mixed with oil from pressed olives along with wine as a drink offering. “This will be a pleasing aroma an offering made to Adonai by fire” (Exodus 29:41).

A nesek or drink offering was poured out at the base of the Altar and accompanied a burnt, peace, or grain offering.  This practice went as far back as Jacob who poured a drink offering on his standing stone.  Drink offerings of either wine or a stronger alcohol were consumed in the fire of the Altar. The drink offering was given to Adonai and considered His ‘drink’ (Numbers 15).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Drink offering or nesek – נסך – nun, samech, kof
– life supports the pathway

The Divine Presence

“Through all your generations this is to be the regular burnt offering at the entrance of the tent of meeting before Adonai.  There I will meet with you to speak with you.  There I will meet with the people of Isra’el and the place will be consecrated by my glory.  I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, likewise I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me in the office of cohen.  Then I will live with the people of Isra’el and be their God: they will know that I am Adonai their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt in order to live with them. I am Adonai their God” (Exodus 29:42-46).


Each day with the daily offerings, Adonai would meet and speak with Aaron and the priests. He would meet with the people of Isra’el and consecrate them along with the Tabernacle, the Altar, and the priests. He would live with them and be their Elohim. This is a ‘shadow’ of the restoration of the Kingdom when Adonai’s glory is with mankind and He will live with His people and be their Elohim (Revelation 21:3).

Yeshua is the physical dwelling place of Adonai’s glory. He is the visible image of the invisible Elohim (Colossians 1:15). Anyone who has seen him has seen the Father (John 14:9). Though his glory is veiled, we will see it when he appears because we will see him as he really is (1 John 3:2).

The Hebrew word for ‘glory’ is kavod and means ‘honor, glory, imposing presence or position.’ Though abstract in essence, when it is attached to something that is seen, there is revelation. Through His kavod, Adonai expresses Himself more specifically to His people. His glory was in the cloud and the pillar of fire that guided the Israelites in the wilderness.  In Psalm 24:8, the kavod of Adonai is ‘strong and mighty in battle’ meaning His victory over the enemy can be seen.  In 1 Corinthians 11, man is the kavod of Adonai while woman is the kavod of man. Kavod is used for ‘honor’ in the commandment to ‘honor your father and mother.’ Kavod also carries with it the inference that it has weight or heaviness as to ‘let the weight of Adonai’s glory fall.’ 

The word Shekinah is not found in the Scriptures, but has come to mean the ‘Divine Presence’ of Elohim appearing in a specific locality. The word is derived from the Hebrew sheken and means ‘to settle, inhabit or dwell.’ Mishkan has the same root. Whoever first used the word Shekinah used it as a noun form to describe the physical manifestation of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh that settles in a way that is perceivable. Zechariah 2:8-11 and 1 Samuel 4:21 both support the Shekinah, the divine visitation of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh on earth that comes and goes. The Talmud says, “Whenever ten men are gathered in prayer, the Shekinah rests.”  Yeshua referred to this Talmudic concept when he said, “For wherever two or three are assembled in my name, ’I Am’ there with them” (Matthew 18:20).

Hebrew Word Pictures
Glory or kavod – כבד – kaf, bet, dalet
– to cover the house, the pathway

Shekinah –  שכן – shin, kaf, nun
– consume and open life

Altar of Incense

“It [the Altar of Incense] is especially holy to Adonai” (Exodus 30:10).

Within the Holy Place was the Altar of Incense. It was made of Acacia wood, 18 inches square and 3 feet high. Like the Altar of Sacrifice, it had horns made as one piece with it. Everything was overlaid with gold. Gold rings were put under the moulding at the corners on both sides for inserting carrying poles.   The poles were made of Acacia wood overlaid with gold. The Altar of Incense was placed in front of the Holy Curtain separating the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place.

Aaron was to burn fragrant incense on the Altar of Incense every morning and evening when he prepared the lamps for the Menorah in the morning or lit them at dusk. No unauthorized incense was to be burnt on the Altar of Incense nor any burnt or grain offering.  No drink offering was to be poured on it.  Once a year on the Day of Atonement, atonement for the Altar of Incense was made on its horns with blood from the sin offering.

“All the people were outside, praying, at the time of the incense burning, when there appeared to him an angel of Adonai standing to the right of the incense altar. Zechariah was startled and terrified at the sight” (Luke 1:10-12 ).

Yeshua and the Priestly Garments

 High Priest, Cohen
“But this one, after he had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, sat down at the right hand of God, from then on to wait until his enemies be made a footstool for his feet. For by a single offering he has brought to the goal for all time those who are being set apart for God and made holy” (Hebrews 10:12-14).

Spirit of Wisdom
“But a branch will emerge from the trunk of Yishai, a shoot will grow from his roots. The Spirit of Adonai will rest on him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and power, the Spirit of knowledge and fearing Adonai …” (Isaiah 11:1-2).

Breastplate and Turban
“He put on righteousness as his breastplate, salvation as a helmet on his head; he clothed himself with garments of vengeance and wrapped himself in a mantle of zeal” (Isaiah 59:17).

The Belt
“Justice will be the belt around his waist, faithfulness the sash around his hips” (Isaiah 11:5).

Gold
“Upon entering the house, they saw the child with his mother Miryam; and they prostrated themselves and worshiped him. Then they opened their bags and presented him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh” (Matthew 2:11).

Ritual Vest, Heart For Isra’el
“He said, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Isra’el’” (Matthew 15:24).

“Yerushalayim! Yerushalayim! You kill the prophets! You stone those who are sent to you! How often I wanted to gather your children, just as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, but you refused!” (Matthew 23:37)

The Robe
“A woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years approached him from behind and touched the tzitzit on his robe” (Matthew 9:20-21).

Tunic, Undergarments
“After they had nailed him to the stake, they divided his clothes among them by throwing dice” (Matthew 27:35).

Linen
“Yosef purchased a linen sheet; and after taking Yeshua down, he wrapped him in the linen sheet, laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb” (Mark 15:46).

©2018 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing. For a hard copy of this Torah portion, the weekly readings of the Prophets and New Testament, and springboard for midrash, please purchase Open My Eyes: Wonders of Torah.