Posts Tagged ‘צדק’

Righteousness – Hebrew: Tzadakah

The Hebrew word for ‘righteousness’ is tzadak. ‘Righteousness’ is found 130 times in the Hebrew Scriptures.


Tzadaqah is the Hebrew word for ‘righteousness’ meaning ‘to be justified, to be loyal, honest, lawful.’ Righteousness can simply mean ‘acting rightly before the Lawgiver’ with truthfulness and mercy. Melchizedek in Hebrew is Melech Tzadek meaning ‘King of Righteousness.’

“One the one hand, the relationships among people and of a man to his God can be described as sadaq, supposing the parties are faithful to each other’s expectations.  It is a relational word…. The word ‘righteousness’ embodies all that God expects of His people.  One judges, deals, sacrifices, and speaks righteously; and one learns, teaches, and pursues after righteousness.” Vines Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, pg. 206

“He believed in Adonai, and he credited it to him as righteousness” (Genesis 15:6).

“It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to obey all these mitzvot before ADONAI our God, just as he ordered us to do” (Deuteronomy 6:25).

“I will restore your judges as at first and your advisers as at the beginning. After that, you will be called the City of Righteousness, Faithful City” (Isaiah 1:26).

“But those who can discern will shine like the brightness of heaven’s dome, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever” (Daniel 12:3).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Tzadik is a picture of a Fishhook and means ‘to pull toward’

Dalet is a picture of a Door and means ‘pathway’

Koof is a picture of the Back of the Head and means ‘what is final’

Hey is a picture of a Window and means ‘reveal’

tzadakah – pulling toward the final pathway

In Greek ‘righteousness’ is dikaiosune and means ‘whatever conforms to the revealed will of God,’ or whatever has been appointed by God to be acknowledged and obeyed by man.’

““How blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness! for they will be filled” (Matthew 5:6).

“For it is by the power of the Spirit, who works in us because we trust and are faithful, that we confidently expect our hope of attaining righteousness to be fulfilled” (Galatians 5:5).

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

Righteous – Hebrew: Tzadek

Righteous is found 325 times in the Hebrew Scriptures; and 138 in the New Testament.


Tzadek in Hebrew means ‘to be just, righteous, or perfect.’ Tzadek can also mean ‘justification’ through acquittal of crime or sin.

“Then Y’hudah acknowledged owning them. He said, “She is more righteous than I, because I didn’t let her become the wife of my son Shelah.” And he never slept with her again” (Genesis 38:26).

“The effect of righteousness will be peace; the result of righteousness, quiet trust forever” (Isaiah 32:17).

“But if you warn the righteous person that a righteous person should not sin, and he doesn’t sin; then he will certainly live, because he took the warning; and you too will have saved your life” (Ezekiel 3:21).

“But my prayer, in righteousness, is to see your face; on waking, may I be satisfied with a vision of you” (Psalm 17:15).

“Therefore Torah is not followed; justice never gets rendered, because the wicked fence in the righteous. This is why justice comes out perverted” (Habbukuk 1:4).

Tzadek can also mean ‘justification’ through acquittal of a crime or sin.

“Justification [acquittal from sin] is primarily and gratuitously by faith, subsequently and evidentially by works.  The so-called contradiction between James and Paul is only apparent.  There is harmony in the different views of the subject.  Paul has in mind Abraham’s attitude toward God, his acceptance of God’s word (davar) and not on his character or actions, but a contrast between faith and the lack of it, namely unbelief.  The contrast between faith that is real and faith that is false, a faith that is barren and dead, which is not faith at all is the actions of obedience that result because of that faith.” (Vines Expository Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek, page 339)

“So since we have come to be considered righteous (deemed to be right) by God because of our trust, let us continue to have shalom with God through our Lord, Yeshua the Messiah” (Romans 5:1, Complete Jewish Bible).

“Therefore, since we have been justified [considered righteous] through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord, Messiah Yeshua” (Romans 5:1, NIV).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Tzadik – ‘A Fishook’ that means to ‘draw towards

Dalet – ‘A Door that means ‘pathway’

Kof – ‘Back of the Head’ means ‘what is final’

tzadek means ‘to draw towards the pathway and what is final’

In Greek, justified or dikaiosis means acquittal as from a crime (such as a life of sin) or ‘to deem to be right.’

“He said to them, ‘You people make yourselves look righteous [free from sin] to others, but God knows your hearts.  What people regard highly is an abomination before God!” (Luke 16:15, Complete Jewish Bible).

“He said to them, ‘You are the ones who justify (acquit) yourselves in the eyes of men, but God knows your hearts.  What is highly valued among men is detestable in God’s sight’” (Luke 16:15, NIV).

Justification is the first step in faith. To end your walk of faith at justification is just receiving your ‘get out of death row’ card.  A repentant individual will appreciate the ‘card’ and the judge who gave it to him freely, and change his lifestyle to one worthy of being ‘set free’ from the ‘law of sin that leads to death.’

©2011 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.