King Solomon ruled Isra’el for 40 years living in peace with foreign nations. Solomon built the first Temple for Adonai on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, the mountain where Abraham offered his son Isaac centuries earlier. The Temple took seven years to build. Solomon received help from surrounding nations’ resources, especially Lebanon known for its great cedars. When the Temple was completed, King Solomon dedicated it to Adonai with a great time of celebration with music, instruments, and the priesthood.
When the famine that Elijah had prayed for came to an end, he met with King Ahab. Ahab blamed Elijah for all of Isra’el’s troubles, but Elijah corrected Ahab. Idolatry and Ba’al worship that he and his wife allowed in the kingdom brought Adonai’s judgment. To prove the power of Adonai, Elijah commanded King Ahab to gather the 450 prophets of Ba’al and the 400 prophets of Asherah. He commanded all of the Israelites to come to Mount Carmel.
David descended from the Tribe of Judah. His father, Jesse, settled in Bethlehem. As a young adolescent, David shepherded his family’s sheep, and while away from home, he spent his time alone playing the lyre and praising Adonai. After Adonai removed His Spirit from King Saul, he was tormented by an evil spirit that only the David’s music on the lyre could calm the king (1 Samuel 16:14).1 Samuel 16:14).
As the time of the Judges were ending, a man named Elkanah (God Has Purchased) lived in the hill country of Ephraim. He had married two women: Penniah (Pearl) and Hannah (Favor). Penniah had several children while Hannah remained barren. Every year Elkanah went to the house of Adonai in Shiloh where he worshipped the Elohim of Isra’el.