The Hebrew word machol means ‘dance. Its root comes from chuwl and means ’round dance’ or ‘circle dance.’ This is not an individual dance, but a group that dances in a circle. Chuwl is the ‘father of Heman’ who was a worship singer in Solomon’s Temple (1 Chronicles 25:6, 1 Chronicles 6:18, 1 Chronicles 16:41). This suggests that there was dancing in the Temple along with musical instruments. Machol is found 6 times in Scripture.
After the Jews returned to Jerusalem and rebuilt the Temple, choirs offered praises of thanksgiving. Todah is found 32 times in the Scriptures.
The most familiar tehillah is the 144,000 who stand on Mount Tziyon and ‘sing a new song’ or tehillah (Revelation 14:3).
The most familiar shabach is at the battle of Jericho. A loud shout or shabach brought the walls of the city down so the Israelites could enter the Promised Land.