The Third Day – Land and Plants

“God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let dry land appear,” and that is how it was. God called the dry land Earth, the gathering together of the water he called Seas, and God saw that it was good. God said, “Let the earth put forth grass, seed-producing plants, and fruit trees, each yielding its own kind of seed-bearing fruit, on the earth”; and that is how it was. The earth brought forth grass, plants each yielding its own kind of seed, and trees each producing its own kind of seed-bearing fruit; and God saw that it was good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a third day” (Genesis 1:9-13).

On the third day of creation, God pushed the water into one place on the earth and dry land appeared. This day of creation begins the study of biology, more specifically botany. With land appearing, one can study geology and earth sciences.


  1. What does the word ‘earth’ mean in this verse if God created the heavens and the earth in the beginning on the first day of creation?
  2. What is a ‘sea’?
  3. Define yield.

Science Study

  1. Find some grass. Lie down on it. Feel it. Pick a piece of grass and look at it closely. If you have a magnifying glass, use it. What do you see?
  2. Grass is known as perennial. What does that mean? What does annual mean?
  3. What is a seed?
  4. Cut an apple in half. Look at the seeds. How many are there? If you planted those seeds, how many apple trees would you get from this one apple?
  5. Though you may not eat the seeds of an apple, list the different types of seeds that you do eat. For example, sunflower seeds, poppy seeds and chia. Learn about the plants from which each of these come.
  6. Grains are seed-bearing plants. We take the seeds and grind them into flour. What is the difference between grains like wheat, barley, spelt, and oats?
  7. Learn how mosses and ferns spread their seeds?
  8. Look at a flower. Learn its different parts. Have you ever eaten flower petals?
  9. Celery is a stem. Put some water in a glass and add blue or green food coloring. Place a stalk of celery in the glass. What happens?
  10. Green onions have their roots attached. If you place them in a jar of water, you can always have a supply of green onions by only cutting off the tops.
  11. Hug a deciduous tree or a tree with leaves. Smell the tree. What is different about its trunk from the stem of a flower? What is different about its leaves from the petals of a flower? What is different about its scent from the flower?
  12. Hug a coniferous tree or a pine tree. Smell the tree. What is different about this tree from a deciduous tree? What are the leaves of this tree? How does this tree smell?
  13. Plants receive water from their roots. Plant a seed in a clear plastic cup and watch its root system grow.
  14. Look at a carrot. What type of plant is a carrot?
  15. What is the process of a flower to fruit?
  16. What fruits do you eat on a daily basis? Learn about how each one becomes a fruit.
  17. Define pollination. Why are bees and birds so important to plants?
  18. What does it mean for a fruit to ripen?
  19. Define photosynthesis. This word comes from two Greek words meaning ‘to put together with light.’ Why could the plants survive without sunshine since the sun has not been created yet.
  20. What is cholorophyll? Which plants do not have this pigment?
  21. What green plants do you eat on a daily basis? Learn how each one becomes a plant?
  22. Plant genetics. Learn about Mendel and his work with plants and breeding plants.

Bible Study

  1. There is no sun, moon or stars created until the fourth day. What is so special about the light from the first day of creation that sustains the plant life?
  2. Read Isaiah 40:8. What does this verse say about the grass and flowers compared to the Word of God.
  3. Read Matthew 13:1-23, the Parable of the Sower. Where are the different seeds thrown? What happens to each seed? How does Yeshua (Jesus) describe the meaning of each seed?
  4. Read Leviticus 19:23-25. From this verse came TuBishvat, a Jewish holiday, for determining the age of a tree and when one is allowed to eat its fruit.
  5. Read Deuteronomy 20:19-20. Discuss the regulation for trees in these verses.
  6. Read Matthew 26:27-29. Discuss what you learn about God’s provision from the flowers.
  7. Using a concordance or a website, look up the different flowers, vegetables, herbs, and trees in the Bible. Discuss how these items are used for food, building, miracles, or other symbolism. Some suggestions: olive tree, oak tree, cedar tree, fig trees, lilies, roses, marigolds, garlic, onions, olive oil, salt, myrrh, mint, frankincense, hyssop and cumin.
  8. For a more in-depth study of the third day of creation, with Hebrew words and idioms,

Creation Day 4

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