The Fourth Day – Sun, Moon and Stars

“God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years;  and let them be for lights in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth”; and that is how it was.  God made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars.  God put them in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth,  to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.  So there was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day” (Genesis 1:14-19).

On the fourth day of creation, God created the sun, moon, and stars. This would include studying astronomy with the solar system and space.


  1. What is a ‘sign’? How are ‘signs’ used?
  2. Using a dictionary, make a list of words that begin with the Greek word for sun, ‘helio.’

Science Study

The SunThe Larger Light

  1. Compare ‘light’ and ‘darkness’ on the first day of creation and ‘light’ and ‘darkness’ on this day?
  2. What is one rotation of the earth called? How long does it take for one rotation of the earth?
  3. What is one revolution of the earth around the sun called? How long does one revolution take?
  4. How far away is the sun from the earth?
  5. How big is the sun?
  6. How hot is the sun?
  7. Make sun tea by putting water in a big jar, placing 5-10 teabags in the jar and letting it set in the sun all day.
  8. How long does it take the sun’s light to hit the earth? What is this called?
  9. What vitamin comes from sitting in the sunshine? What are the benefits of this vitamin? How does sun block affect this vitamin?
  10. Of what chemicals is the sun made?
  11. How is energy by the sun made?
  12. What is a solar eclipse?
  13. What is a magnetic field?
  14. What is solar wind?
  15. Research Ptolemy and his view of the earth and sun.
  16. Research Galileo and his views of the earth and sun.
  17. Research Copernicus and his view of the earth and sun.
  18. Using sun print solar paper, make sun art with objects of nature.

The MoonThe Lesser Light

  1. What is a satellite?
  2. How far away is the moon from the earth?
  3. Of what is the moon made?
  4. What is a crater in the moon?
  5. How big is the moon?
  6. What is a lunar orbit?
  7. What are the phases of the moon? How are they made?
  8. Draw the different phases of the moon using black and white construction paper. Cut the moon phase out of the white and glue it on the black. Or use Oreos!
  9. How does the moon affect the seas or oceans?
  10. What is a bore tide?
  11. What is a lunar eclipse?
  12. Research the different landings on the moon. Find photos of the earth from the moon. List some fun facts that came from each landing.

The Stars

  1. What are stars?
  2. Of what are stars made?
  3. How many stars are in the heavens and the earth that God made?
  4. What is a group of stars called?
  5. What type of star is our sun?
  6. There are different stars with names. List some of the more common names.


  1. When do you think God created the planets?
  2. Make a list of the planets in our solar system. Write three facts about each of them including size, distance from earth and color.
  3. Using the information you have gleaned about the sun, moon, and stars, create your own solar system using construction paper, different sized paper cups or even styrofoam balls.
  4. Create your own planet board game.


  1. What is a meteorite?
  2. What is an asteroid?
  3. If you have a telescope, look for different bodies in the heavens. If you don’t, here is an easy one to make.
  4. Here is a word game for astronomy.

Bible Study

  1. How are the sun, moon and stars used to determine the ‘appointed times’ of God?
  2. How is a day rendered? A month? A year?
  3. Read Psalm 104:19. What do the sun and moon do according to this verse?
  4. Read Genesis 22:17. What does science confirm about the promise given to Abraham? According to National Geographic, there are more stars than grains of the sand on the beach.
  5. Read Jeremiah 31:34-36 and discuss the sun, moon, stars with regards to Israel and the Jewish people.
  6. Read Joshua 10. What happened with the sun?
  7. Read Psalm 81:3. What is to be done on the new and full moon? Why?
  8. Read 1 Samuel 20:5. What ‘appointed time’ is David talking about?
  9. Read Deuteronomy 4:19 and 17:3. What are God’s people told not to do?
  10. Read Revelation 21:23. What happens when there is a new heavens and new earth?

Creation Day 5

© 2020 Tentstake Ministries Publishing, all rights reserved.  No copying or reproducing of this article without crediting the author or Tentstake Ministries Publishing.

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