Parashah 22: Vayak’hel (He assembled)

Parashah 22: Exodus 35:1-38:20

(In a regular year, read with Parashah 23;  in a leap year read separately.)

“Moshe assembled the whole community of the people of Isra’el and said to them, ‘These are the things which Adonai has ordered you to do’” (Exodus 35:1).  

The instructions given to the Israelites are sometimes referred to as ‘The Mosaic Law.’ Though that delineation differentiates the Torah from other laws like manmade traditions or even the ‘law of sin and death,’ it has been interpreted to mean ‘the law that came from Moshe that has nothing to do with anyone who isn’t Jewish.’    In truth, Moshe was only the intercessor between Elohim and the Israelites and did not create any commands or instructions.

Elohim reminds His people to remember the Sabbath day another time.  He must place considerable value on this commandment!  The Israelites are to work only six days because the seventh day is a holy day of complete rest, the Shabbat.  Whoever works on the Shabbat is to be put to death.  This seems like a harsh consequence, but the wages of breaking Yawheh’s commands is death.  He knows that if one person begins breaking the Shabbat, others will follow and eventually His holy day will be forgotten.  It is most important that while the Israelites work and create the Tabernacle, they only work six days and rest on the seventh. 

Hebrew Word Pictures 

Sabbath or shabbat שבת – shin, bet, tav

the covenant sign consumes the house

Seven or sheva – שבעshin, bet, ayin

glory of the house revealed

“Then he [Yeshua] said to them, “Shabbat was made for mankind, not mankind for Shabbat; So the Son of Man is Lord even of Shabbat” (Mark 2:27-28).

The Sabbath was created for man according to Yeshua. Elohim created man (and woman) and then created the Sabbath day so Adam and Eve could fellowship with their Creator.  Elohim did not create the Sabbath and then create man so there would be bondage to the day.  No manmade rule should keep a person from peace, joy and fellowship with the Creator on His holy day.

Because Yeshua is Lord of the Shabbat, he can determine what is lawful and what is not.  He can decide whether picking grain on the Sabbath is lawful due to the hunger of his disciples.  He can heal on the Sabbath because he set people free from ‘carrying a burden.’  As the Son of Man, he also implies that an individual has the authority to decide the proper halacha for Shabbat.  With the Ruach HaKodesh, the halacha is written on the heart and not in the writings of rabbis filled with manmade traditions. 

“A man there had a shriveled hand. Looking for a reason to accuse him of something, they asked him, “Is healing permitted on Shabbat?” But he answered, ‘If you have a sheep that falls in a pit on Shabbat, which of you won’t take hold of it and lift it out? How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore, what is permitted on Shabbat is to do good’” (Matthew 12:10-2).

“You are not to kindle a fire in any of your homes on the Shabbat” (Exodus 35:3). 

Elohim gives the first of six commands for honoring the Sabbath day.  Considering the Israelites were living in the desert, they probably didn’t need much fire during the day;  at night they had the pillar of fire to keep them warm.  However, fires were needed for cooking so in essence they were being told not to cook on the Shabbat.  They had already been instructed about collecting extra manna on the sixth day, now they are not to cook it with fire on the seventh. 

Over the centuries Jewish traditions turned this simple command into a plethora of rules regarding kindling a fire.  Shabbat candles, for example, are not to be lit after sundown as that is considered kindling a fire.  Hanukkah candles on Shabbat must be lit before the Shabbat ones, both before sunset.  In some parts of the colder regions of world, gentiles were hired to kindle fires on Shabbat so the Jews could stay warm.  This type of behavior goes directly against the command for anyone within your home to obey the Shabbat.  Kindling a fire is different from maintaining a fire to keep from freezing to death.

Years ago I heard a rabbi speak about living , not dying by Torah. He used the example in Matthew 12:1-6 of Yeshua going through the fields  and picking grain on the Shabbat which was considered work according to Jewish tradition.   The leaders judged him for breaking the Shabbat.  He reminds them of  David, when hungry, took the consecrated bread that was supposed to be only for the priests and fed it to his men (1 Samuel 21:1-6, Luke 6:1-5). This was also unlawful,  but acceptable to the priest.  Why?  When faced with a life or death situation, the priest knew that Elohim desires that we choose life over death (Deuteronomy 30:19).   It is a command of Yahweh not kindle a fire on Shabbat.  However, if someone is going to die from the cold, it is His will to choose life and kindle that fire.

“Anyone whose heart makes him willing …” (Exodus 35:4).

Moshe now tells Isra’el everything that Yahweh told him on the mountain.   In order to make the Tabernacle, a dwelling place for Yahweh’s presence, a collection was taken of gold, silver, bronze, blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, fine linen, goat’s hair, tanned ram skins, fine leather, Acacia wood, oil, spices, along with onyx and precious stones.

The key to the contributions concerned the heart of the individual.  Yahweh knew the hearts of His people and He didn’t want their contributions if they didn’t have a willing heart.  Most, if not all, of these items were received by plundering Egypt and weren’t actually Israelite property.  They belonged to ‘I AM’ who delivered them.   Any person who wanted to hold onto their plundered goods would not be included in worshipping Elohim through a free-will offering.

Yahweh knows our wicked hearts better than we do which should make us fearful of Him.  In Acts 5:1-11, Ananias and Sapphira are perfect examples of ‘half-hearted’ giving to Elohim and they received their reward.  They died.

Moshe begins listing everything they will be making for the Tabernacle.   He calls on craftsmen to come forward and help with the Mishkan, all the furnishings and the garments for the priesthood.  Everyone whose ‘hearts were stirred’ brought their offerings to Elohim.  Everyone whose ‘spirit made him willing’ brought offerings of gold (Exodus 35:20-22).

None of the Israelites, except a chosen few, have been given the Ruach Elohim.  Thus far, His instructions have not been written on their hearts.  They were not being caused by His Spirit to obey and live by His rulings.  Each person acted out their faith through a willingness of heart, a stirring of their human spirit.

Born again believers that have the indwelling Ruach HaKodesh and should have Torah written on their hearts are much less willing to live by Elohim’s instructions.  There seems to be no issue with blaspheming the greatest power ever given to us – the power of the Ruach HaKodesh that transforms us into obedient subjects of His Kingdom.

“Also, everyone who says something against the Son of Man will have it forgiven him; but whoever has blasphemed the Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit,  will not be forgiven” (Luke 2:10).

Only a select few Israelites, which included Bezalel and Oholiav, were filled with the Ruach Elohim.  They were given wisdom, knowledge and understanding concerning working with gold, silver, bronze, precious stones, and woodcarving.  They were given the skill for every kind design work including embroidery.  They were also given the ability to teach others.

The Feminine Touch

“Likewise the women whose heart stirred them to use their skill …” (Exodus 25:36).

Women were also included in the collection of plundered goods.  They had skills that were needed and used in creating the Tabernacle.  Spinning was a woman’s work and they immediately began spinning the blue, purple and scarlet yarn, fine linen and goat’s hair.

With the feminist movement, referred to as the ‘war on women,’ women in the Body of Messiah have bought into the same lies as the women of the world.  They believe they need to be equal to men not accepting they were created differently.  The spirit of Jezebel has bewitched women to rise up and take positions of leadership over men.  When Eve stepped out from under the authority of Adam, she became the catalyst for bringing sin into the world.  The failure of men to be strong spiritual leaders is because women have stepped out of their place of authority which is under man, who is under the authority of Messiah, who is under the authority of his Father (Luke 7, 6-8, 1 Corinthians 11).

Women argue against wearing a head covering as a sign of their authority, but some in the Hebrew roots movement will wear tzizit and prayer shawls that actually set men apart from women.   They have embraced the idea ‘Israelites’ includes both sexes,  when, for example, only men were counted for the census.  Women were not considered less valuable than men or ‘unequal,’ they were placed under the protection and authority of men: fathers, brothers, and husbands saving them from being raped, sexually assaulted or abused within the community. 

Some may argue that in Elohim’s Kingdom, there is no difference between men and women (Galatians 3:27-28).  This is true spiritually.  Both men and women sin and both need redemption.  However, in the physical world, there are obvious physical differences.  Though physically weaker than men, women are to be respected as heirs to the Kingdom.   If husbands (and men) do not respect their wives (and women) as fellow heirs,  their prayers will be hindered (1 Peter 3:7).

Feminism has blurred the roles between men and women so effectively that if this were the days of Moshe, women would be forcing men to submissively spin goat’s hair while they fought and demanded the right to melt gold.  This confusion of roles would undermine ‘hearts being stirred’ to offer what each individual was gifted to offer.   The dissatisfaction with gender roles of the living stones would have never allowed a spiritual Temple to rise up in the wilderness, let alone a physical one. 

Women also served at the Tabernacle. The Hebrew word for ‘served’ is tzaba and means to ‘minister.’  Tzaba also infers ‘a soldier who goes off to war’ and is the root for the Hebrew ‘Lord of Hosts,’ tzvaotTzaba is used to describe the service of the priests, Aaron’s descendants, in the Tabernacle (Numbers 4:23,35,39).  Though it is believed that those who performed Tabernacle duties were only men, it is inferred that Levitical women had some kind of service role.

The hearts of the children of Isra’el were stirred above and beyond what was asked or imagined (Ephesians 3:20-21).

“The people were restrained from making additional contributions.  For what they had already was not only sufficient for doing all the work, but too much!” (Exodus 36:7)

Yeshua and Thyatira

Revelation 2:18-29

Yeshua reveals himself to Tyatira as the ‘Son of God’  with a very detailed description of his glorified person. His eyes are a fiery flame and his feet are burnished brass.  With his fiery eyes, he searches minds and hearts and gives to each person what they deserve.  Everyone, including followers of Yeshua will be accountable for everything said and done in this life and how they build on the foundation of the apostles and prophets (1 Corinthians 3:13, Ephesians 2:20). 

Thyatira was named after the Greek goddess Pelopia. It is located south of modern-day Istanbul (aka Constantinople named after Constantine).  A god-fearer named Lydia who sold purple cloth was from Thyatira.  When she heard Sha’ul’s message of salvation, Elohim opened her heart.   She was so full of joy that she invited Sha’ul and Silas to her home (Acts 16:14-15).

The believers in Thyatira have love, faith, service and perseverance.  They continue to grow and their works increase as they mature.  However, they tolerate a woman known as Jezebel, a false prophetess who leads Elohim’s people into sexual immorality and encourages them to eat food sacrificed to idols.   Yeshua has dealt with her and given her time to repent, but she has refused.  He will judge her by throwing her onto a sickbed and those who commit adultery with her will have great trouble.  He will even strike“her children dead!” 

The account of Jezebel is found in 1 Kings 16-21 and 2 Kings 9.  Jezebel married Ahab who was King of northern Israel.  He was a weak man and Jezebel, being a very strong woman, took authority over her husband and the kingdom.  She did not love the Elohim of Isra’el and she had zero moral compass.  She had her husband steal Nahab’s vineyard and kill him.  She had many of Isra’el’s prophets murdered. She allowed temples to be built in northern Isra’el for worshipping Ba’al. Only the prophet Elijah stood against her and 450 prophets of Ba’al.  When the Elohim of Isra’el  is proven greater and more powerful than the Ba’als, Elijah and Jezebel become mortal enemies and Jezebel seeks his  death.  After King Ahab dies, Jehu is anointed by Elisha to overthrow the house of Ahab and confront Jezebel.  She eventually dies by falling from a balcony and her body is eaten by dogs.

Jezebel knows “Satan’s deep secrets.” This makes her not only a false prophetess, but a woman of the occult.   She is called a [spiritual] adulteress and those who follow her false prophecies commit spiritual adultery and will suffer the consequences.  They will endure a bed of suffering, trouble, and watch their children die!

To be thrown onto a bed of suffering alludes to the “lake of fire that burns with sulfur” which refers to the second death or complete spiritual death (Revelation 20:8).  Spiritual death is eternal without any hope of redemption. It is the final judgment for the Adversary, the beast, the false prophet and those who follow Jezebel.

Fighting against the spirit of Jezebel is oppressive and burdensome.  There is always the temptation to fall into spiritual adultery because the ways of the Adversary can be enticing.  The battle is so fierce for the believers in Thyatira that Yeshua adds nothing more for them except to “hold fast to what you have until I come.”

Those who overcome the spirit of Jezebel will receive authority to rule over the nations.  Their authority will not be usurped by a demonic spirit.  They will rule with an iron staff and crush the nations to pieces like pottery.  Their authority will not be readily accepted, but they will have victory because they overcame Jezebel’s deep secrets. They will also be given the Morning Star.  Discerning true prophets of Elohim who give light to the congregation and put to death the false ones, like Jezebel who destroy the congregation, is utterly important for receiving a reward from Yeshua.

“Yes, we have the prophetic Word made very certain. You will do well to pay attention to it as to a light shining in a dark, murky place, until the Day dawns and the Morning Star rises in your hearts” (2 Peter 1:19)

(For the book Illusion of Truth, a testimony about spiritual warfare and the victory over the Jezebel spirit.) 

The Tent Coverings

The tent coverings were made in layers of different fabric.  On the inside, where the priests would minister, ten sheets all the same size, were made with finely woven linen and blue, purple and scarlet yarn.  They were joined together so the interior part of the tent formed one single unit. The next covering layer was made of goat’s hair.  The sheets were made in the same way, ten sheets all the same size, joined together into one single unit.  The final layer of covering was made of fine leather from rams’ skins.  The tent was set up using planks and cross bars made of Acacia wood overlaid with gold and set in silver sockets.

For the entrance to the tent, a screen of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen were woven together in colors.  It had five posts and hooks.  Everything was overlaid with gold while the five sockets were bronze.

K’ruvim or Cherubim

“He made the curtain [veil] with k’ruvim worked in that had been crafted by a skilled artisan” (Exodus 36:9).

Skilled men made the curtain that separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place of blue, purple and scarlet yarn along with fine linen.  A skilled artisan crafted k’ruvim into each sheet and the veil.   K’ruvim is the Hebrew word for ‘cherubim’ and means ‘nearness or intimacy.’  They are considered an angelic type of being with innocent faces with the same root as korban which means ‘offering. ’ Each of the artisans drew near to Elohim as they worked His instructed designs into the fabrics.  Imagine how the Ruach Elohim was moving, teaching and showing these men things they could never have imagined without divine guidance!  It is fascinating to consider that the Tabernacle would be a very spiritual place where man and Elohim would meet, but it was also very physical.  Through the physical actions by these men and women, they entered the spiritual realm.

The prophet Ezekiel describes a k’ruv, who had “the seal on perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in Eden, the garden of God” (Ezekiel 28: 11-12)  This particular k’ruv protected a large region and was placed on Elohim’s holy mountain.  “You walked back and forth among stones of fire.  You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, until unrighteousness  was found in you” (Ezekiel 28:14-15).   

This k’ruv became filled with violence and sinned.  He was thrown out from the mountain of Elohim and destroyed. “You protecting k’ruv … your heart grew proud because of your beauty, you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor…. Therefore I have brought forth fire from within you, and it has devoured you; I reduced you into ashes on the ground…” (Ezekiel 28:17-18).

K’ruvim were created beings and capable of sinning against Elohim. This particular k’ruv was to protect the mountain of Elohim.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Cherubim or k’ruvim – כרבים – kaf, resh, bet, yod, mem

to cover the highest person of the house, the massive finished work

 

The Holy Place

“A tent was set up, the outer one, which was called the Holy Place; in it were the menorah, the table and the Bread of the Presence” (Hebrews 9:2).

Every object in The Holy Place within the Mishkan was made from gold.  Gold comes from the Hebrew word zahav and means ‘brilliance and splendor.’  Gold is associated with all that is “Holy to Yahweh.” The judgments of Yahweh are true and righteous and are to be desired more than fine gold (Psalm 19:9-10).  Instruction, wisdom and understanding are compared to gold in the Proverbs (Proverbs 8:10, 16:16).  Faith is tested in the fire like gold because it is very precious (1 Peter 1:7). 

The Ark of the Covenant 

“Arise, Lord, and come to your resting place, you and the ark of your might” (Psalm 132:8).

Bezalel made the Ark of the Covenant from Acacia wood and overlaid it with gold inside and out.  He put molding at the top, made rings for the corners and put carrying poles in the rings.  He made the kaphar or cover for the Ark.  On  the cover were two k’ruvim made of pure hammered gold for the ends which were one piece with the cover.  The k’ruvim had their wings spread out so they covered the Ark.  They faced each other, but their eyes looked down toward the center of the Ark covering where Yahweh and the high priest would meet.   The k’rubim on the Ark of the Covenant match the descriptions of the k’ruvim found in Ezekiel 1:4-14 and Revelation 4:6-8.  In both Scriptures, the k’ruvim are with Elohim as part of His chariot and His throne.  They are so close to Him that to be close to them brings nearness to Him.

The Table of Presence

Table of Presence

The altar was of wood, five-and-a-quarter feet high and three-and-a-half feet long; its length and walls were also of wood. He said to me, “This is the table which is in the presence of Adonai” (Ezekiel 41:22).

Bezalel made the Table of Presence of Acacia wood with a molding and overlaid it with pure gold. He made four gold rings and attached the rings to the corners of the table near the legs for the carrying poles.  All utensils that were used with the table, its dishes, pans, bowls and pitchers were also made of pure gold.

The Altar of Incense

Altar of Incense

“All the people were outside, praying, at the time of the incense burning,  when there appeared to him an angel of Adonai standing to the right of the incense altar” (Luke 1:10-11).

Bezalel made the Altar for burning incense from Acacia wood with a molding and overlaid it with pure gold, its top and all around its sides and horns.  He made two gold rings to hold the gold carrying poles and fastened them under the molding at the two corners of the Altar on both sides.  He also made the anointing oil and cure incense as instructed by Yahweh.

 

The Menorah

The Menoray from the Temple Institute, Israel

Then the angel that had been speaking with me returned and roused me, as if he were waking someone up from being asleep, and asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I’ve been looking at a menorah; it’s all of gold, with a bowl at its top, seven lamps on it, and seven tubes leading to the lamps at its top” (Zechariah 4:1-2).

Bezalel hammered the great Menorah from 60 pounds of pure gold.  Its base, shaft, cups, rings, outer leaves and flowers were a single unit.  Six branches extended from its sides – three on one side and three on the other.  On each branch were three cups shaped like almond blossoms with a ring of outer leaves and petals.  On the central shaft,  there were four cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its ring of outer leaves and petals.  Where each pair of branches joined the central shaft was a ring of outer leaves with a pair of branches. The rings of outer leaves and their branches were of one piece with the shaft making the whole menorah one piece of hammered work of pure gold.  Its seven lamps, its tongs and its trays were also made of pure gold.

In Hebrew,  almond is shakeed which means ‘diligence, perseverance or watchfulness.’  In Judaism,  the ‘Tree of Life’ is believed to be an almond tree signifying life.  In Scripture, the almond is used as symbolism for old age (Ecclesiastes 12:5), as a rod of authority (Numbers 17:8) and as the eyes of Elohim by the prophet Jeremiah.

“The word of Adonai came to me: ‘What do you see, Jeremiah?’ ‘I see the branch of an almond tree.’ ‘You have seen correctly, for I am watching to see that My Word is fulfilled’” (Jeremiah 1:11-12).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Almond or shakeed שקד – shin, koof, dalet

the glory behind the pathway

Imagine standing in the Holy Place as a Levite priest.   Every object is covered in gold including the poles and crossbars holding up the tent frame around you.  It is as if you are standing inside a golden box.  The thickness of the coverings blocks the light from the outside world.  The menorah, the only object shown Moshe on the mountain, is filled with oil and glows.  Its light reflects off every golden object from the tables to the wall posts to the utensils. The glow is supernatural – the divine presence of the light that comes into the world guarded by the k’ruvim, the angels of Yahweh.

Now imagine stepping through the thick curtain separating the Holy Place from the Outer Courtyard into the sunlight.  What a difference between the light in Holy Place that is kadosh and the Outer Courtyard where sacrifice and purification begins.

The Outer Courtyard

Everything in the Outer Courtyard was made of bronze.  Bronze comes from the Hebrew word nechosheth and can mean brass, brazen, or copper.  It is an alloy mixed with other metals such as zinc, aluminum or nickel.  It was not considered a precious metal, but was strong and durable.  It was also resistant to corrosion and easily cast into a shape.  Bronze symbolizes strength.  The serpent that Moshe held up in the wilderness was bronze (Numbers 21:8-9) and Goliath had a bronze coat of chain mail, a bronze helmet, leg armor, and javelin (1 Samuel 17:5-6).

Bezalel made the Courtyard tapestries of finely woven linen. Bronze sockets and posts with silver rings for hanging the tapestries were also cast.  All of the posts were banded in silver.   The screen for the entrance gate was woven in colors of blue, purple, scarlet yarn and fine linen. The tent pegs for the Tabernacle and for the Courtyard around it were also bronze.

The Altar of Sacrifice

Bronze Altar

“Then you will delight in the sacrifices of the righteous, in burnt offerings offered whole; then bulls will be offered on your altar” (Psalm 51:19).

Bezalel made the square Altar for burnt offerings from Acacia wood.  He made horns on its four corners and overlaid the whole Altar with bronze.  He made the pots, shovels, basins, meat-hooks and fire pans for us with the altar out of bronze.  He also made a grate of bronze netting for under its rim that went halfway up the Altar.  The corners had four bronze rings for the four bronze carrying poles that fit into the rings on the sides of the Altar.  The inside of the Altar of Sacrifice was made of planks and remained hollow.

The Bronze Laver

Bronze Laver

“He made the basin of bronze with its base of bronze from the mirrors of the women serving at the entrance to the tent of meeting” (Exodus 38:8).

Bezalel made the Laver of bronze.  Its base was made from the mirrors of the women serving at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.  Mirrors in ancient times were not glass like mirrors today; they were highly polished bronze. By making the Basin from a reflective material, the priests could see whether or not their face and bodies were washed and cleaned of blood after an offering. 

 

 

Yeshua and Ephesus

Revelation 2:12-17

In the message to the congregation in Ephesus, Yeshua describes himself as the ‘one who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven gold menorahs.’ Yeshua, as the pure golden and beaten menorah, walks among the menorahs of his people because he is the one from whom the congregation receives their light. Without him, there is no light in the darkness (John 1:9).

Ephesus was a Greek metropolis known for its Temple to Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.  Acts 19 recounts Paul’s visit to Ephesus and his comments regarding the goddess Artemis and the fallen stone.  Within this city, there is great darkness and the light of the menorah, Yeshua, is of utmost importance.

Yeshua knows the Messianic believers in Ephesus work hard.  They persevere, they don’t grow weary for his sake.  They hate wickedness and liars.  Yet, they have a grievous sin; they have lost their first love.  Their works have become either mundane or are just an outward act for personal satisfaction. Though they may take care of the poor, the widow and the orphan, they no longer do it out of love for the ‘light of the world.’

Sha’ul’s letter to the Ephesians is filled with hope and encouragement.  He writes about their inheritance and standing in the heavenly realm.  He explains  how they have become part of the commonwealth of Isra’el and are being built into a holy, spiritual temple.  In his letter, he compares the marriage relationship to Messiah and his Body.  It is to Ephesians he writes that their salvation is by grace through faith, not their works. 

However, Yeshua sees only their works, not their love.  The consequence for this sin is the removal of their menorah.  If they don’t repent and return to loving Yeshua with all their heart, soul, mind and strength, they will be left in darkness.  Without his light, they will no longer shine in the dark city around them and their testimony will be snuffed out.

In their favor, they hate the Nicolaitans.  In Greek, nico means ‘conquer,’ and laitan refers to ‘lay people.’   Together Nicolaitan means ‘conquer the lay people.’  This implies there is a hierarchy of those who rule and those who submit to their rule.   Yeshua hates this hierarchy because only he is to be the Shepherd over his sheep, King over his kingdom, High Priest over his priesthood and the Bridegroom of his bride.   

When Yeshua returns with his reward, the overcomer will be allowed to enter the Garden of Eden and eat from the Tree of Life.  They will experience the total restoration of everything, including the eternal Shabbat (Revelation 22:14).  However, the Ephesians must return to their first love of Messiah so that their menorah will not be removed from its stand and they assimilate into the darkness of the world.

“How blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they have the right to eat from the Tree of Life and go through the gates into the city!” (Revelation 22:14)

Haftarah (Readings of the Prophets)

1 Kings 7:40-50

B’rit Chadashah (New Testament Readings)

2 Corinthians 9:1-5

Hebrews 9:1-14

Midrash Vayak’hel: Menorah and Olive Branches

The emblem for the modern State of Isra’el is a menorah and olive branches.  Why do you think these two Biblical symbols were chosen?

For all Torah portions, please purchase Open My Eyes, Wonders of Torah.

©2018 Tentstake Ministries

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