Parashah 20: Tetzaveh (You are to order)

Parashah 20: Exodus 27:20-30:10

“You are to order the people of Isra’el to bring you pure oil of pounded olives for the light and to keep a lamp burning continually” (Exodus 27:20).

Pure olive oil was needed to keep the menorah burning continually.  The olive tree is one of the oldest cultivated trees in the world.  It probably developed from the wild Mediterranean olive,  Olea Europaea, which grows from Portugal throughout the Middle East into the Arabian Peninsula. 

The Israelites pounded the olives to make the oil.  When pounded, the olive loses its physical appearance and only its essence is extracted.  Yeshua was beaten and lost his physical appearance and his life was poured out, however, he was only ONE olive and it takes numerous olives to make oil.  Also, the menorah, made of hammered gold, may already symbolize Messiah being beaten.   If that is honest symbolism, then what or who are the olives that give the menorah the ability to shine in the darkness?   

Yeshua talks about the value of oil in Matthew 25 and the Parable of the Ten Virgins.  The wise virgins had oil for their lamps when the Bridegroom arrived while the foolish ones had allowed their oil to run out.   When they ran to buy more oil, their Beloved arrived and they missed the reward of entering the wedding chamber.  The oil held great price.  Yet, when interpreting this parable, the lamps are not Yeshua, but the Word of God or Torah (Psalm 119:105).

Romans 11 compares Isra’el to an Olive Tree.   On this tree there are natural branches that grow with wild ingrafted branches and they all produce the same fruit through faith – olives!  The root of the Olive Tree is Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the fathers of faith.  From them came the nation of Isra’el who have been relentlessly pounded by severe persecution and near annihilation.  It began with slavery in Egypt with Pharaoh, continued with Haman in Persia (Iran), the Spanish Inquisitions at the hands of the catholic church, through the European Holocaust.  Wild olives that grafted into the Olive Tree through faith have also been pounded through persecutions leading to martyrdom.  With each pounding of the olives, only their essence remains and the oils continues to light the Menorah that shines brightly in the darkness. 

The next and greatest persecution for the olives will come during the Tribulation.  Some olives will be chosen to proclaim the name of Yeshua to the world; others will lose their heads.  In each scenario, pure oil will be produced and the light of Messiah will shine in the darkness.

Oil is also symbolic of the Spirit’s anointing.  We are to walk in the Spirit and bear fruit.  Without the Spirit we cannot bear fruit for the Kingdom of God.  The Spirit, however, has a price.  Yeshua says in John 14:15, that obedience to his commands brings forth the Spirit from his Father. 

Pure olive oil to keep the menorah burning was a permanent regulation for the priests of Isra’el (Exodus 27:21).

Garments for the High Priest

“This is to be a perpetual regulation both for Aaron and his descendants” (Exodus 28:43).

The Hebrew word for ‘priest’ is cohen (cohanim, plural) and comes from a root that means a ‘base’ such as the ‘base of a column.’   The cohanim  are the structural support of the Israelite community.  It is their responsibility to carry out the will of Elohim, intercede for the people, and to keep the community in right standing with God.

The calling for the cohanim came to Aaron and his sons, Nadab, Abihu, Elieazer and Itamar.  They were to have garments worn only by them when they went into the Tent of Meeting.  They were to be dressed in a holy manner and the garments for Aaron were to give him dignity as well as splendor. 

Only when the high priest or priests wore the consecrated garments were they respected as priests of the Most High God.  One they removed the consecrated garments, they became ‘ordinary people.’  The high priest just like the priesthood ministered in the Tabernacle in bare feet.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Priest or cohen – כהן – kaf, hey, noon

– to allow to open, reveal life

“If you will turn (repent) and give heed to my reproof, behold I will pour out my spirit of wisdom upon you, I will make my words known to you” (Proverbs 1:23, The Amplified Version).

High Priest Garments

The garments for the priests were to be made by craftsman who were given the Spirit of wisdom.  This wisdom was only given to a few craftsmen so that they could accomplish the work necessary for creating the ‘shadow of the Temple in heaven.’  These craftsmen had to be wholehearted toward Elohim so that they could know His words.  During this time, the Spirit of Elohim was not inside everyone, but only a select few.  Only after Yeshua ascended to the Father was the Spirit of Elohim poured out into all who were born again (John 14:15). 

“But to those who are called, whether Jew or Gentile,  Messiah is the power of God and the wisdom of God” (1 Corinthians 1:24).  

“For I always pray to the God of our Lord, Messiah Yeshua, the Father of glory, that He may grant you a spirit of wisdom and revelation [of insight into mysteries and secrets] in the [deep and intimate] knowledge of Him ….” (Ephesians 1:7).

According to the verses above, the Spirit of wisdom is Messiah and gives insight into the mysteries and secrets of Yahweh.  It is through the Spirit of wisdom that these craftsmen gained a deep and intimate knowledge of the Creator of the Tabernacle. 

Gold Thread and Fine Linen

One of the projects for the craftsmen was to make gold thread for the veil in the Tabernacle and the garments for the high priest.  There is no suggestion of gold coating on the threads which means that these craftsmen had to know how to create a thread from gold that would not break and could be worked into fabric. 

According to one website that I found:  Gold is a soft metal, and while it’s possible to make a very thin gold wire that can be woven like thread, it is rather fragile and breaks when repeatedly bent back and forth. In embroidery it was mostly laid on the surface of the cloth and held down with stitches, rather than being threaded into a needle and passed in and out of the fabric…. Most gold thread was made by beating gold very thin, cutting it into strips, and wrapping the strip in a spiral around a “core” thread, usually yellow silk. The silk core made the thread much more flexible and less breakable.  On the other hand, the actual gold coating on the thread was quite thin. This meant that while the thread would bend readily and you could, with care, actually pass the thread through fabric, its tolerance for abrasion was still very limited. In embroidery this thread was still mostly laid on the surface of the cloth and stitched down and called “couching.”

Gold is a symbol of divinity showing that the Divine Presence of Yahweh would be woven throughout the articles for the Tabernacle, including the high priest’s garments.  Fine linen, along with representing the righteous acts of Yahweh’s holy people, symbolizes purity.   Aaron and his sons were to be the examples of holiness for Isra’el, judging and living rightly before Elohim.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Linen or karpas – כרפס – kaf, resh, peh, samech

to allow the authority of the Word to support

Note: karpas is also used of the parsley in the Passover seder, but it is the Greek, karpos.

The Ritual Vest – Ephod

“Calling to mind the sons of Israel.  Aaron is to carry their names before Yahweh on this two shoulders as a reminder” (Exodus 28:12).

The ephod was to be made of gold, blue, purple and scarlet yarn along with finely woven linen.  These colors are found throughout the Tabernacle and the priestly garments.  Blue symbolized the heavens, purple symbolized royalty, and scarlet was the color of sacrifice.  Along with the gold thread of Yahweh’s presence, the colors foreshadowed the coming High Priest from heaven, who would not only be King, but become the sacrificial lamb.   

Onyx Stones with Tribes

Attached to the front and back of the ephod were two shoulder pieces that could be fastened together.  It was to have a belt made by the same skilled craftsmanship.   Two onyx stones were engraved with the names of the sons of Isra’el, according to their birth order, with six names on each stone.  They were made as a seal and put on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to remind Aaron of the sons of Isra’el when he came before Yahweh.  The two stones, called the urim and the tumim, were also placed in the breastplate and were used for judging Isra’el.  They were over Aaron’s heart and gave him the means for making decisions when standing before Elohim.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Ritual Vest or ephod  אפוד – alef, peh, vav, dalet

the first Word bound to the pathway

The Breastplate

“Make a breastplate for judging…. “The stones will correspond to the names of the twelve sons of Israel; they are to be engraved with their names as a seal would be engraved, to represent the twelve tribes” (Exodus 28:15,21).

The breastplate was to be made like the ephod with gold thread, blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and finely woven linen.  When it was folded in half, it would be square – “a hand-span by a handspan” (Exodus 28:16). The breastplate was attached with gold rings, twisted gold chains that connected the pieces together and over the shoulder pieces and over the ephod.    

Hebrew Word Pictures

Breastplate or choshen –  חושן – chet, vav, shin, noon

protect and secure the Shekinah’s life

Aharon will carry the names of the sons of Isra’el on the breastplate for judging, over his heart, when he enters the Holy Place, as a continual reminder before Adonai” (Exodus 28:29).

Breastplate

Four rows of three precious stones were to be set in gold.  On each stone was engraved a name of one of the son’s of Isra’el so the breastplate would represent the 12 tribes of Isra’el.  The stones listed below are the colors that the Temple Institute in Jerusalem believe are the most reliable Biblical stones.  It is believed that the colors of the stones matched the color of the tribal flags carried by each tribe as the Israelites traveled in the wilderness.

In Ephesians 6, believers are told to put on the breastplate of righteousness.  In Hebrew, ‘righteousness’ is tzadak and is a legal term which describes the entire process of justice.  While wearing the breastplate, the high priest was to make just decisions based on the legal terms found in the Torah. 

In the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures, the word dikaios is used for ‘righteousness’ and describes those who conform to God’s Torah. When we put on the ‘breastplate of righteousness,’ we are to ‘rightly divide the word of Truth’ and conform to God’s Torah.  ‘Righteousness’ and judging rightly embodies all that God expects of His people when they become part of His Kingdom.  In order to conform to God’s Kingdom rules, we must first believe they are for us – a huge hurdle for those who have embraced a deceptive ‘freedom from the law’ doctrine.   For those who claim obeying the law is impossible, Philippians 4:13 is a great reminder, “I can do all things through Messiah whose power strengthens me.” 

Hebrew Word Pictures

Righteousness or tzadak – צדיק – tzadik, dalet, yod, kof

desiring the pathway of the last finished work

The Robe

“Aaron is to wear it [the robe] when he ministers, and its sound will be heard whenever he enters the Holy Place before Yahweh and when he leaves, so he won’t die” (Exodus 28:35).

The high priest’s robe was to be made entirely of blue representing the heavenly realm.    It had an opening around the neck edge with a border to be woven like the neck of a coat of chain mail to keep it from tearing.  Though it’s not actual ‘chain mail,’  it is to resemble it.  Only warriors wore ‘chain mail’ implying that the priestly robe is a garment of battle. The position of the high priest was one of danger and responsibility.  Everything had to be done in perfect obedience to the commands of God or the high priest would die.   Along the bottom hem, pomegranates crafted of blue, purple and scarlet yarn alternated with gold bells – gold bell, pomegranate, gold bell, pomegranate.  The bells were put on the hem of the robe so that Yahweh would know when Aaron entered the Holy Place and would allow him to live. 

Pomegranates are found throughout Scripture as a symbol of fruitfulness (Exodus 28).  They are one of the seven species found in the Land and brought to the Temple for offerings (Deuteronomy 8:8).   Hundreds of pomegranates were carved on the pillars of Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 7:18,20).    The Song of Songs refers to pomegranates in Solomon’s love song to his bride (Song of Songs 4:13, 6:11, 7:12, 8:2).   The pomegranate is found on ancient Jewish coins and in Jewish tradition, the 613 seeds of the pomegranate represent the 613 commandments of Torah.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Robe or me’il – מטילֹ – mem, tet, yod, lamed

mighty covenent secures the shepherd/leader

Pomegranate or rimon – רמון – resh, mem, vav, noon

highest [living] water secures life

Priestly Turban – Mitznefet

“Because Aaron bears the guilt for any errors committed by the people of Israel in consecrating their holy gifts, this ornament is always to be on his forehead, so the gifts for Yahweh will be accepted by him” (Exodus 28:38).

An ornament of pure gold was made to be placed on the turban or mitznefet worn by the high priest.  It was engraved as a seal with the words, קדש ליהוה’ or ‘Holy to Yahweh.’  It was to be fastened to the turban with a blue cord on the front over Aaron’s head.  Because of the ornament, the consecrated gifts of Isra’el would be accepted by Yahweh. 

According to Ephesians 6, believers are to put on the helmet of salvation.  In reality, this is nothing more than a priest’s turban  Paul is not telling believers to dress like Roman soldiers, but as part of the army of the Most High Elohim.  A soldier of Elohim wears fine linen and fights spiritual battles.  A mitznefet protects the soldier’s head from the fiery darts of the enemy’s deceptions.  It protects the mind. 

As part of the modern-day infantry wear of the Israeli Defense Forces, a floppy mesh mitznefet covering the helmet hides the outline of the helmet. This camouflages the helmet and protects head of the soldier. 

Mitznefet

Hebrew Word Pictures

Turban or mitznefet – מצנפת – mem, tzadik, noon, peh, tav

massive [water], desires life speaks of the covenant

The Tunic, Belt and Undergarments

Ketonet  is a general Hebrew term for robe or clothes.  The first time it is used in Scripture is in Genesis when ketonet or coverings were made for Adam and Eve in the Garden after they sinned.  It is  also used for the unique ‘robe’ given to Joseph by his father.   “When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots” (Matthew 27:35).  Clothes in this verse is the Greek word himation and can mean ‘robe’ like the ketonet.

The tunic or ketonet for the high priest was to be checkered and woven of fine linen along with the turban and a belt.  The tunic covered the entire body from head to foot and had long sleeves.

According to Rabbinical writings, the belt or avnet was rather long and needed to be wrapped around the body several times.  Though no one knows exactly how it was wrapped, it may have crossed over the heart.  The Talmud explains this was done as atonement for the sins of the heart or the impure thoughts of the nation of Israel.  Yeshua taught that sin begins with iniquity in the heart and the sash may have been symbolically used for reminding the high priest that sin begins within the heart. 

The sash could be compared to the belt of truth buckled around the waist in Ephesians 6.  Aaron, as high priest,  was required to teach the truth of God’s Word to the Israelites.  In 1 Kings, a woman tells Elijah “Now I know that you are a man of God and that the word of the Lord from your mouth is the truth.”  In John 17:17, Yeshua states the Word is truth.   Our words, as part of the royal priesthood of Messiah should always speak the truth of God’s Word in gentleness and love, but without compromise.

The high priest was also to wear undergarments or miknesevad of linen shorts reaching from waist to thigh to cover their bare flesh.  They are to wear ‘boxer shorts’ when they approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place so that they won’t incur guilt and die.  The undergarments kept the priest from exposing his nakedness when  going up to minister at the Altar.  When the Temple was built, there were numerous steps that the priests would climb and the undergarments kept them from being exposed. 

Aaron’s sons, the priesthood who minister at the Altar,  also wear tunics, belts and head coverings showing the dignity and splendor of their priestly position.  They are anointed and set apart to serve Elohim in the office of priest or cohen.

When I was growing up, I remember my mother telling me that I always needed to wear underclothes: bras, panties and slips.  Of course, I asked her ‘why’.  She responded by telling me that because the priests in the Temple wore under clothes for modesty, we should too.  I was young and had never read these Scriptures, but I never questioned her again.  In my older adult years, I remember having a conversation with some women about wearing certain undergarments.  They had no conviction regarding what they were revealing to the world.  I remembered my mother’s words and was grateful she taught me a ‘priestly’ modesty that I have passed onto my daughters (and sons).  Knowing that I am part of a royal priesthood, dressing with dignity and splendor has become central to how I present myself to the world, but more importantly how I dress to serve my High Priest, Yeshua.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Tunic or ketonet – כתנת – kaf, tav, noon, tav

to cover the sign of life

Sash or avnet – אונת – alef, vav, noon, tav

the most important binding is the sign of life

Undergarments or miknesevad – מכנסי-בד – mem, kaf, noon, samech, yod, bet, dalet

the mighty covering life supports the finished work at the door of the house

Preparation for Ministry

“Take one young bull and two rams without defect, also matzah, matzah cakes mixed with olive oil, and matzah wafers spread with oil – all made from fine wheat flour, put them together in a basket and present them in the basket, along with the bull and the two rams… bring them to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water” (Exodus 1-4). 

To consecrate Aaron and his sons for ministry in the Tabernacle, one bull and two rams were to be offered to Yahweh along with a basket of unleavened bread, cakes and wafers.   Aaron and his sons were washed with water at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 

Then, one by one, each of the priestly garments were put on Aaron: the undergarments, tunic, robe, ephod, and breastplate.  The turban was placed on his along with the gold ornament “Holy to Yahweh.”  He was then anointed by pouring olive oil over his head allowing it to run down his body.    He is then to be anointed with oil by pouring it on his head.

“Oh, how good, how pleasant it is for brothers to live together in harmony. It is like fragrant oil on the head that runs down over the beard, over the beard of Aharon, and flows down on the collar of his robes” (Psalm 133:2).

Aaron’s sons were dressed in tunics, sashes and head coverings along with their father.  The office of the Aaronic priesthood and the high priest lineage is to be theirs by a permanent regulation (Exodus 29:9).  The Aaronic priesthood is forever.  Whenever there is a Temple in Jerusalem, the Aaronic priesthood will serve at the Altar because Yahweh made a covenant with them forever.  This is the fourth covenant given in Scripture.  Just like the covenants given to Noah, Abraham, Moshe, the covenant with Aaron is eternal, not removed or replaced by any other covenant, but building on the first three promises. 

“Therefore say, ‘I am giving him [Aaron] my covenant of shalom, making a covenant with him and his descendants after him that the office of cohen [priesthood] will be theirs forever.’ This is because he was zealous on behalf of his God and made atonement for the people of Isra’el” (Numbers 25:13). 

The Process of Consecration

The Sin Offering

Aaron and his sons were to lay their hands on the bull’s head and it was to be slaughtered at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.  Some of the bull’s blood was to be put on the horns of the Altar with the finger; the rest was to be poured out at the base of the Altar.  All the fat that covered the inner organs, including the liver and kidneys, were  to be burnt up as an offering.  The bull’s flesh, skin and feces were taken outside the camp and burnt up. 

Aaron and his sons were to lay their hands on one of the rams’ heads and slaughter the ram.  Its blood was to be splashed on all sides of the Altar.  It was then quartered and burnt up on the Altar, a burnt offering. 

The Burnt Offering

From the second ram, some of its blood was to be put on Aaron’s right ear lobe and the right ear lobes of his sons; on the thumbs of their right hands and the big toe of their right foot.  The rest of the blood was to be splashed on the side of the Altar.  Some of the blood that was on the Altar was to be mixed with the anointing oil and sprinkled on Aaron’s garments as well as his sons’ clothing so that everything would be consecrated.   The fat of the ram, from its tail to the fat that covers the inner organs and kidneys and its right thigh, along with one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread and one wafer from the basket was put Aaron’s  and his sons’ hands.  They waved them as a wave offering in the presence of Yahweh.  Then everything  was burned up on the Altar on top of the bull. “It will be a pleasing aroma before Yahweh, it is an offering made to Yahweh by fire” (Exodus 29:25)

The Peace Offering

The breast of the second ram was to be waved as an offering and became the food share for Aaron and his family.    Every breast and thigh or anything that is meant for Aaron and his sons was waved and raised up became the consecrated portion for Aaron and his sons.  “It will be a contribution from the people of Israel from their peace offerings, their contribution to Yahweh” (Exodus 29:28).

The consecration process took seven days with a sin offering and atonement offerings for the Altar each day.   The atonement for the Altar made the Altar holy along with whoever touches the Altar.

The consecrated high priest garments are to be used by Aaron’s sons.  The son who takes Aaron’s place will come into the Tent of Meeting to serve in the Holy Place and wear the garments seven days.   They are to take a ram of consecration and boil its meat in a holy place.  Aaron and his sons are to eat the ram’s meat and the bread in the basket at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.  They are to eat the atonement foods – no one else is to eat this food because it is holy only for them.   If any food remains until the morning, it is to be burned up.

Daily Offerings

Twice a day, everyday, in the morning and evening, two lambs, a year old, were offered on the Altar.  The lambs were offered with finely ground flour mixed with oil from pressed olives along with wine as a drink offering.  “This will be a pleasing aroma an offering made to Yahweh by fire” (Exodus 29:41).

A drink offering or nesek was poured out at the foot of the Altar and accompanied a burnt, peace or grain offering.  The practice went as far back as Jacob who poured a drink offering on his standing stone.  Drink offerings were consumed in the fire of the Altar as they were either wine or a stronger alcohol.  In Numbers 15, the drink offering was given to Yahweh only and considered His ‘food and drink.’

Both Yeshua and Paul speak of pouring out their lives (blood) in Luke 22:22 and 2 Timothy 4:6-8.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Drink offering or nesek – נסך – noon, samech, kof

life lifts up what is behind

The Glory of Yahweh

“Through all your generations this is to be the regular burnt offering at the entrance of the tent of meeting before Yahweh.  There I will meet with you to speak with you.  There I will meet with the people of Israel and the place will be consecrated by my glory.  I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, likewise I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me in the office of cohen.  Then I will live with the people of Israel and be their God: they will know that I Am Yahweh their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt in order to live with them. I Am Yahweh their God” (Exodus 29:42-46).

Cloud of Glory

Each day with the daily offerings, Yahweh would meet and speak with the Aaron and the priests.  He would meet with the people of Isra’el and consecrate them along with the Tabernacle, the Altar and the priests with His glory.  He would live with the people of Isra’el and be their God; they would know the Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh as their Deliverer.  According to Revelation 21, this is what the restoration of the Kingdom will look like when Yahweh’s glory is with mankind and He will live with His people and they will know Yahweh with them is their God. 

The Hebrew word for ‘glory’ is kavod and means ‘honor, glory, imposing presence or position’ according to Vines Expository Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek Words.  Though abstract in essence, when it is attached to something that is seen, there is revelation.  Through His kavod, Yahweh expresses Himself more specifically to His people.  Yahweh’s glory was in the cloud and the pillar of fire that guided the Israelites in the wilderness.  In Psalm 24:8, the glory of God is ‘strong and mighty in battle’ meaning His victory over the enemy can be seen.  In 1 Corinthians 11, man is the glory (honor) of God while woman is the glory (honor) of man.  Kavod is the Hebrew word used for ‘honor’ in the commandment to ‘honor your father and mother.’  Kavod also carries with it the inference that it has weight or heaviness as in ‘let the weight of Your glory fall.’ 

Hebrew Word Pictures

Glory or kavod – כבד – kaf, bet, dalet

open door to the pathway

Altar of Incense

“All the people were outside, praying, at the time of the incense burning, when there appeared to him an angel of Adonai standing to the right of the incense altar. Zechariah was startled and terrified at the sight” (Luke 1:10-12 ).

Altar of Incense

Altar of Incense

Within the Holy Place of the Tent of Meeting, was the Altar of Incense.  It was to be made of Acacia wood, 18 inches square and 3 feet high.  Like the Altar of Sacrifice, it was to have horns made to one piece with the altar.  Everything was to be overlaid with gold.  Gold rings were to be put under its moulding at corners on both sides for inserting carrying poles.   The poles were also to be made of Acacia wood overlaid with gold.  The Altar of Incense was to be placed in front of the veil separating the Holy of Holies and the  Ark of the Covenant from the Holy Place.  Aaron was to burn fragrant incense on it every morning and every evening when he prepared the lamps in the menorah in the morning or lit them at dusk. No unauthorized incense was to be burnt on the Altar  nor a burnt offering or a grain offering.  No drink offering was to be poured on it.  Once a year atonement for the Altar of Incense was to be made on its horns with blood from the sin offering.  “It [the Altar of Incense] is especially holy to Yahweh” (Exodus 30:10).

Yeshua’s High Priest Garments

 Spirit of Wisdom

“But a branch will emerge from the trunk of Yishai, a shoot will grow from his roots. The Spirit of Adonai will rest on him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and power, the Spirit of knowledge and fearing Adonai …” (Isaiah 11:1-2).

Breastplate and Turban

“He put on righteousness as his breastplate, salvation as a helmet on his head; he clothed himself with garments of vengeance and wrapped himself in a mantle of zeal” (Isaiah 59:17).

The Belt

“Justice will be the belt around his waist, faithfulness the sash around his hips” (Isaiah 11:5).

Gold

“Upon entering the house, they saw the child with his mother Miryam; and they prostrated themselves and worshipped him. Then they opened their bags and presented him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh” (Matthew 2:11).

Ritual Vest, Heart For Israel

“He said, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Isra’el” (Matthew 15:24).

The Robe

“A woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years approached him from behind and touched the tzitzit on his robe. 21 For she said to herself, “If I can only touch his robe, I will be healed” (Matthew 9:20-21).

Tunic, Undergarments

“After they had nailed him to the stake, they divided his clothes among them by throwing dice” (Matthew 27:35).

Linen

“Yosef purchased a linen sheet; and after taking Yeshua down, he wrapped him in the linen sheet, laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb” (Mark 15:46).

High Priest, Cohen

“But this one, after he had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, sat down at the right hand of God,  from then on to wait until his enemies be made a footstool for his feet. For by a single offering he has brought to the goal for all time those who are being set apart for God and made holy” (Hebrews 10:12-14).

Haftarah (Readings of the Prophets)

Ezekiel 43

B’rit Hadashah (New Testament Readings)

Philippians 4:10-20

Midrash Tetzaveh: Altar of Sacrifice

According to the Haftarah reading, there will come a time when the Altar of Sacrifice will be re-instituted.  Many would say that the sacrificial system has ended.   According to the prophet Ezekiel’s vision, this is not the case.  Discuss the regulations for the Altar and the priesthood that minsters there and the reason for the need of the Altar.

©2014 Tent Stake Ministries

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