Parashah 16: B’shallach (After he had let go)

Parashah 16: Exodus 13:17-17:16

“He spread out a cloud as a covering, and a fire to give light at night. They asked, and he brought them quail; he fed them well with the bread of heaven.  He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert” (Psalm 105:39-41).

Pharaoh let the Israelites leave Egypt, but their journey had only just begun.  Though they were fully armed, Yahweh didn’t want them to become fearful if the Philistines attacked and want to return to Egypt.  He led them on a route by the Yam Suf (Sea of Reeds) or the Red Sea.  And, as Joseph requested before he died, Moshe had his bones. 

The Israelites traveled from Sukkoth to Etam at the edge of the desert.  Sukkoth is the same place that Jacob stayed after he met with Esau and put up ‘temporary shelters’ for himself, his family and their livestock.

Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh – Cloud and Fire

Yahweh went ahead of His people in a cloud during the day and at night in a column of fire, thus travelled both by day and by night.  The cloud shaded them from the desert sun and the fire kept them warm at night.   Neither the cloud nor the fire left from in front of the people.

According to Isaiah 4:2-6, in ‘that day’ when Jerusalem on Mount Tzion will be the glory of the whole earth, the cloud of smoke and the flaming fire will be like a canopy. They will shelter God’s people from the heat of day and a be refuge from the storm and rain.

They set up camp in front of Pi-Hachirot between Migdol and the Red Sea, in front of Ba’a’ Tz’fonYahweh had them set up camp in this precarious place because it would make them look like they had lost their way and were wandering aimlessly.

Pi Hahiroth means ‘mouth of water’ and faced Mount Tiran.  It is located at the point of the Sinai Peninsula on the Red Sea.   Ba’al Zephon means ‘lord of the north’ and was located on Mount Tiran, north of Pi Hahiroth.    Migdol means ‘watchtower’ and was centered between Pi Hahiroth and Ba’al Zephon close to the Red Sea. 

Pharaoh comes out of his state of mourning and remembers that his slaves have been freed and his cities are no longer being built.  He hears that the Israelites are lost in the desert and Yahweh hardens his heart for the last time.  He does this so that He would win glory to Himself at the expense of Pharaoh and his entire army.  He wanted the Egyptians to finally realize that He is Yahweh Elohim.  Pharaoh prepares all of his 600 chariots along with their commanders.  Yahweh makes Pharaoh so hard-hearted that he pursues the the people of Isra’el with ‘a high hand.’

Some translations use ‘confidently’, ‘proudly’ and ‘deliberately with assurance’ for “a high hand.” The Hebrew words b’yad ramah suggest rebellion against authority and comes from Numbers 15:30 (OJB).   B’yad ramah is used in 1 Kings 11:26 in reference to how Jeroboam rebelled against his father, King Solomon. 

The Egyptians chase after the Israelites with their horses and chariots, their cavalry and army and approach them as they camp by the sea. The Israelites see the approaching Egyptian armies and they forget Yawheh’s miracles and cry out to Moshe.

“Was it because there weren’t enough graves in Egypt that you brought us out to die in the desert?  Why have you done this to us, brining us out of Egypt?  Didn’t we tell you in Egypt to let us alone, we’ll just on on being slaves for the Egyptians?” It would be better for us to be the Egyptians’ slaves than to die in the desert!” (Exodus 14:11-12).

Moshe responds by reminding the people, “Stop being fearful! Remain steady, and you will see how Yahweh is going to save you.  He will do it today – today you have seen the Egyptians, but you will never see them again!  Yahweh will do battle for you.  Just calm yourselves down!” (Exodus 14:13-14).

Yahweh tells Moshe to lift up his staff, reach his hand out over the sea, and divide it in two.  The people will go forward on dry land.

Moshe’s faith had grown by this time.  The Spirit of Yahweh flowed through Moshe making him an earthen vessel omnipotent power.  He was sure of what he hoped for and certain of what he didn’t see because he had witnessed the power of Yahweh so many times before (Hebrews 11:1).

While Moshe raises his staff to divide the waters of the Red Sea, the angel of Yahweh who had been in front of the camp moves to the back. The cloud does the same thing until it stands between the Egyptian army and the nation of Isra’el.  One cannot come near the other all night long.

A strong east wind begins to blow and the Yam Suf divides, leaving not mud but dry land.   Millions of Israelites, men women and children, walk across the sea on dry ground with walls of water on their right and left.  Their journey lasts throughout the night.   The Egyptians continue to pursue them, even following them  into the sea.  Just before sunrise, Yahweh looked out at the Egyptian army ‘through the column of fire and the cloud’ and they panicked. He caused the wheels of their chariots to break off and they could barely move.   Moshe reached out his staff a second time over the sea and the water rushed back on the Egyptians and all of the military drowned in the sea.  When the children of Isra’el saw what Yahweh had done against the Egyptians, the people feared Yahweh and trusted in his servant, Moshe. 

Then they sang a song to Yahweh and the prophetess Miriyam, the sister of Aaron and Moshe, takes and tambourine in her hand and all the women danced and sang, “I will sing to Yahweh, for he is highly exalted: The horse and its rider he threw in the sea” (Exodus 15:1, 20, Psalm 106:7-12).

The Hebrew yashir is the word for ‘sang.’  It is in the future tense and according to some Jewish sages, Isra’el  did not sing for their immediate deliverance, but prophesied about the Messianic era.  Reading through the song of praise, highlighting the main idea in each section reveals Yahweh to his chosen people and mankind  as Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh (YHVH), yeshua (salvation, yad yamin (the right hand), ruach (wind), gibbor (warrior), tsur (rock) and the mishkan (dwelling place).

Ehyeh Ashee Ehyeh – YHVH

“Sing to Yahweh, for he is highly exalted! The horse and its rider he threw in the sea” (Exodus 15:1)

This is the first time that the people of Isra’el acknowledge Yahweh as their salvation.   

Yeshua – Salvation

“Yah is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation” (verse 2).

In this verse Yahweh has become yeshua.  For the Israelites, Yahweh and His salvation are echad or one entity; Yeshua reiterates this in John 10:30.  Yeshua means ‘salvation’ and is the Hebrew name Elohim gave Joseph for naming His son (Matthew 1:21).  Note: there is no letter J in the Hebrew language.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Yeshua (Salvation) – ישוע – yod, shin, vav, ayin

see with the eyes, the finished work of God’s glory, the nails

Gibbor – Warrior

“Yahweh is a warrior; Yahweh is his name” (Exodus 15:3).

Yahweh battles the enemy for His people.  After their deliverance from the Egyptians,  they acknowledge His name for the first time as a people.  They declare to the nations around them who has protected and defended them.

Though Yeshua is most often thought of as the compassionate, merciful Savior, he is also a warrior.  He is not only a warrior, he is Commander in Chief of the armies of God (Joshua 5:14-15).  He judges, makes war and strikes down nations – beginning with Egypt (Revelation 19:11-16).

Yad Yamin – Right Hand

“Your right hand, Yahweh, is sublimely powerful; your right hand, Yahweh, shatters the foe” (verse 6-7).

Yahweh is Spirit.  He does not have literal arms and legs.  This unique part of God means He is omnipotent, or all powerful.  Whenever Yahweh shows His divine power and intervenes in the matters of mankind, He uses His right hand.  WhenYahweh reaches out His right hand and holy arm to deliver His people, they recognize it as yeshua (Isaiah 52:10, Psalm 98:1).  When that salvation became flesh, it was in the body of Yeshua.

Ruach – Wind

“With a blast from your nostrils the waters piled up – the waters stood up like a wall … You blew with your wind and the sea covered them, they sank like lead in the mighty waters” (verses 8, 10).

The Israelites sing about the wind that piled up the waters for them and then relented covering the Egyptians.  The Hebrew word for ‘blast’ and ‘wind’ is ruachRuach can also mean ‘breath’ or ‘spirit.’ In Hebrew, the Spirit of Yahweh is Ruach haKodeshHaKodesh is Hebrew for ‘holy’ or ‘set apart for God’.

God is Spirit and the ruach is His very essence and not something separate from Him.  His ruach hovered over the deep (Genesis 1:2).  His ruach breathed life into Adam making him a living soul. His ruach writes His Torah on our  hearts (Jeremiah 31:31). His ruach blows where it wants to and no one knows where it comes from (John 3:8). The ruach entered Miriyam’s womb making the child she conceives divine (Luke 1:34).  When the invisible ruach became visible, it was seen as the person Yeshua.

Yeshua is God’s Spirit in the Flesh

Tzur Rock

“The depths of the sea became firm ground” (verse 8). 

Verse 8 in the “Orthodox Jewish Bible” says, “And the tehomot were congealed in the lev yam (heart of the sea).”  Tehemot means “springs which oozed up from the deep.”  Just dividing the waters didn’t make the sea bottom become firm, dry ground or charabah. There were oozing springs that left mucky mud.  The word for ‘firm ground’ in most translations is ‘congealed’.   Congealed means ‘to change from a soft or fluid state into a rigid or solid state.’ Yahweh congealed the oozing springs from the deep into a solid state like rock.

The El Shaddai of Jacob is also called the Rock of Isra’el (Genesis 49:24).  Psalm 18:2 says that Yahweh is a rock of refuge and the horn, or stronghold of salvation.  Psalm 91:1 calls Yahweh the Rock of our salvation. Isaiah 28:16 prophesies about a cornerstone, firm foundation stone, that is laid in Tzion.  It is on the Rock of yeshua that the Israelites walked on the bottom of the Red Sea to the other side.

When Yahweh had the ruach blow a second time, ‘the springs of the deep’ returned back to their original state and the Egyptians armies got stuck in the mud.  Then, the sea swallowed them along with their horses and chariots.  Because Pharaoh and the Egyptians did not heed the word of Yahweh, the Rock became sinking sand (Matthew 7:24).   The “Orthodox Jewish Bible says in Matthew 21:44, “And the one having fallen on this EVEN (Stone [Moshiach]) will be crushed; and it will crush anyone on whom it falls.”

Mishkan – Dwelling Place

“In your love, you led the people you redeemed; in your strength, you guided them to your holy abode… You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain which is your heritage, the place, Yahweh, that you made your abode, the sanctuary, Yahweh, which your hands established” (verses 13, 17).

Yahweh is leading his people to the foot of the mountain where He called Moshe.  At this mountain, He will give them Torah, His teachings and instructions and unite the nation of Isra’el.  The Torah will include instructions for making His ‘abode’ or mishkan, the Tabernacle.   The Tabernacle will be Yahweh’s dwelling place in the middle of their camp while they travel around the wilderness.  Eventually, after they enter the promised land, Yahweh’s Temple will be established on Mount Tzion in Jerusalem (Psalm 48:12); the Millennial Temple of Messiah Yeshua will also be on that same mountain (Isaiah 2:1-3).

Yeshua becomes the mishkan of Yahweh’s ruach hakodesh. “Yeshua answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up again.”  The Judeans said, “It took 46 years to build this Temple, and you’re going to raise it in three days?  But the “temple” he had spoken of was his body” (John 2:19-21).

The Nations

“The nations have heard and they tremble; anguish takes hold of those living in Philistia, then the chiefs of Edom are dismayed, trepidation seizes the heads of Moab,  all those living in Canaan are melted away. Terror and dread fall on them; by the might of your arm they are still as stone until your people pass over, Yahweh, till the people you purchased pass over” (Exodus 15:14-16).

The terror of judgment that Egypt experienced firsthand, causes the nations around them to fear and tremble.  They hear about the Egyptian armies being killed in the sea and they stand ‘still as stone’ until the Israelites pass by their lands.  No nation wants to go to war with the nation that Yahweh defends.

Yahweh Rapha-El – The Healer

Three days after their deliverance from the Red Sea, the Israelites arrive in the Desert of Shur.  It is believed that this desert is pat of the Arabian desert on the northeastern border of Egypt.  This is the same wildernes  area that an angel of Elohim found Hagar when she ran away from Sarah.

Two events happen that involve water, a necessary requirement in a desert.   In between the events, Yahweh tells the Israelites to ‘pay attention to his commands and observe His laws.’

“They couldn’t drink the water because it was bitter…. Moshe cried to Yahweh, and Yahweh showed him a certain piece of wood, which, when he threw it into the water, made the water taste good, sweet, drinkable” (Exodus 15:25).

The word for ‘bitter’ in Hebrew is marim. From marim comes the name Miriyam or Mary.   The Hebrew word for wood is etz.  This word actually means ‘tree’.   

Hebrew Word Pictures

Marah (Bitter) – מרה – mem, resh, hey

living water from the head, behold

Etz (Tree) – עץ – ayin, tazdik

see and experience righteousness

Yahweh shows Moshe as piece of wood or a tree.  The  specific name of the tree is not given in Scripture, it is just part of a tree.  In Genesis, Adam and Eve are given a choice between two trees, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil and the Tree of Life.   They have to choose obedience or rebellion, life or death.

There are many interpretations for the meaning of the ‘tree.’ Some suggest it is symbolic of the cross on which Yeshua died.  Others suggest it is mankind, “For man is the tree of the field”(Deuteronomy 20:19).   In Judaism, the etz represents ‘the tree of life’ or Torah (Genesis 2:9 and Revelation 22:19).

At this time and place, Yahweh tells His people that they must do what is right and pay attention to His commands and laws.  It is at the bitter waters that Yahweh reveals an important aspect of His character with a condition.   If they obey Him, then He will be their Rafa-el, Healer.  The water at Marah needs healing and only Yahweh can change it.  It is the Torah that points us back to God, gives us wisdom, and reveals salvation.  More importantly, the Torah holds the living water for our spiritual thirst.  Though the cross seems like a nice allusion for the tree, it removes the significance of Yahweh giving living water to His people at Marah.

“If you will listen intently to the voice of Yahweh your God, do what He considers right, pay attention to his commands and observe his laws, I will not afflict you with any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, because I am Yahweh your Healer” (Exodus 15:26).

The etz changes the undrinkable bitter water into sweet water. 

Hebrew Word Pictures

Mathoq (Sweet) – מתוק – mem, tav, vav, kof

living water is a sign tied to what is past

“They came to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and camped there by the water” (Exodus 15:27).

 They leave Marah and camp at Elim.  Elim means ‘ram’ or ‘strong’.  It is an oasis in the region south of the Suez Canal in the Egyptian delta. 

The Hebrew word for ‘springs’ is ayin, the same word for the noun ‘eye’ meaning ‘to see’ or ‘experience.’  Ayin is the sixteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet and represents the number 70.   Jacob left the promised land and went down into Egypt with his twelve sons and their families.  This small nation consisted of 70 people.  Over 400 years later, more than two million Israelites camp in an oasis in the desert, an oasis that remains to this day.  Each tribe of Isra’el receives water from their own spring of water and camps in the shade of the seventy trees.  The remez of this passage is evidence of Yahweh’s promise to Abraham for many descendants and how He has preserved Isra’el.

The Hebrew word for ‘palm’ is tamar.  Palm trees symbolize those with great faith, who planted by water, bring refreshment to weary souls (Psalm 92:12-13).  (Remember Tamar, who had sons for Judah,  was considered righteous.  Her womb flourished with twins, one of whom became the lineage to Yeshua.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Elim (Ram, Strong) – אילם – alef, yod, lamed, mem

the first, finished work of the shepherd, living water

Spring – Ayin (Eye) – עין – ayin, yod, noon

see the finished work of life

Palm – Tamar – תמר – tav, mem, resh

the covenant sign of the living water from the head

At the springs of Elim, Isra’el is refreshed, strengthened and encouraged after their test at ‘the bitter waters.’ 

Yahweh Yireh – The Provider

“I have heard the grumblings of the people of Isra’el.  Say to them: ‘At dusk you will be eating meat, and in the morning you will have your fill of bread.  Then you will realize that I am Yahweh your God” (Exodus 16:4-5).

One month after leaving Egypt and camping under the trees at Elim,  the Israelites whine again. They miss their pots boiling with meat and wish Yahweh had killed them while they lived as slaves. They grumble against Moshe and Aaron accusing them of starving the nation. 

“Here, I will cause bread to rain down from heaven to you.  The people are to go out and gather a day’s ration every day.  But this I will test whether they will observe my Torah or not.  On the sixth day, when they prepare what they have brought in, it will turn out to be twice as much as they gather on the other days” (Exodus 16:4-5).

Yahweh appears to them in glory from the cloud.  He responds to their grumbling with another test because He wants them to trust Him as their Provider.   He promises to rain bread down from heaven on them each day, but on the sixth day he will miraculously transform one day’s rations into two.  He also promises them meat.

In the evening quail came up and covered the camp while in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.  When the dew had evaporated, there was a fine flaky substance on the ground.  They called it man hu, what is it?

“Yeshua answered … ‘I am the bread of life. Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world’” (John 6:48-51).

The Shabbat – The Sabbath Day

Moshe told them man hu is the bread that Yahweh provided them as food. The people called the food manna.  It was fine as frost on the ground.  It was white like coriander seed and it tasted like honey cakes.  Each man was go gather according to his appetite, two quarts per person for everyone in his tent.  The people of Israel followed Moshe’s instructions and no one had too much or too little. On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much or four quarts per person.  According to Yahweh’s instructions, two quarts of manna was collected and put in a jar to be kept that future generations would see the bread that He fed them in the wilderness.  The Israelites ate manna until they crossed the Jordan River and entered the promised land, 40 years later.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Manna Man hu (What is it?) – מן הו– mem, noon, hey, vav

living water is life, behold the binding

“This is what Yahweh has said, ‘Tomorrow is a holy Shabbat for Yahweh.  Bake what you want to bake; boil what you want to boil; and whatever is left over, set aside and keep for the morning.  …Because tomorrow is the Shabbat for Yahweh, you won’t find any in the field.  Gather it six days, but the seventh day is Shabbat – on that day there won’t be any” (Exodus 16:21-26).

Up until this time, the Israelites did not keep the Sabbath day.  As slaves they labored every day in Egypt with no time for rest. After their hasty exodus from Egypt and their travels through the Red Sea and beyond, they had no time or place to rest.  Now, Yahweh is providing them with more than just food, He is giving them rest.

Still, there were those who did not obey His commands.  Some kept the daily manna until the next morning and it turned to worms.  Others went out on the Sabbath to gather manna and there wasn’t any. 

“How long will you refuse to observe my rulings and teachings?  Look, Yahweh has given you the Shabbat.  This is why He is providing bread for two days on the sixth day.  Each of you, stay where you are; no one is to leave his place on the seventh day.  So the people rested on the seventh day” (Exodus 16:28-30).

According to Hebrews 4, the Sabbath day still remains.   Yet, there are those like the Israelites who refuse to obey Yahweh’s instruction.  They don’t believe their manna will turn to worms. They work and gather and do not rest. 

Water from The Rock

“He split a rock, and water gushed out, flowing as a river over the dry ground, for he remembered his promise to his servant Abraham” (Psalm 105:41).

The Israelites leave the Desert of Sin and had traveled only a short distance until they quarrel again because there was no water.  They demand that Moshe give them water and accuse him of trying to kill their children and livestock.  The place was named Massah and Merivah, the place of testing and quarreling.

“Go on ahead of the people … take your staff in your hand, the one you used to strike the river; and go.  I will stand in front of you there on the rock in Horev.  You are to strike the rock, and water will come out of it, so the people can drink” (Exodus 17:5-7).

Hebrew Word Pictures

Massah (Testing) – מסה – mem, samech, hey

water slowly twists to reveal

Merivah (Quareling) – מריבה – mem, resh, yod, bet, hey

water is highest finished work of family revealed

Horev (Mountain) – חרב – chet, resh, bet

inner room of the first (head) house

Tzur (Rock) – צור – tzadik, vav, resh

desire to bind together the highest person

Mt. Horev is the ‘inner room’ where Moshe met Elohim in the burning bush.  It was on Mt. Horev where Elohim gave Moshe His memorial name, יהוה.   It is to Mt. Horev where the Israelites are tested by Yahweh. 

Yahweh tells Moshe to go to a certain rock.  He would recognize the rock because Yahweh would “stand in front of you on the rock.”  Moshe was to strike the rock with his staff that was used in Eypt.  The rock split and water came out of it – living water for the people to drink.

“They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts, he made water flow from the rock for them – he split the rock, and out gushed the water” (Isaiah 48:21).

The Rock

For, brothers, I don’t want you to miss the significance of what happened to our fathers. All of them were guided by the pillar of cloud, and they all passed through the sea, and in connection with the cloud and with the sea they all immersed themselves into Moshe, also they all ate the same food from the Spirit, and they all drank the same drink from the Spirit — for they drank from a Spirit-sent Rock which followed them, and that Rock was the Messiah” (1 Corinthians 10:1-4).

In Corinthians,  Sha’ul gives three significant facts about ‘the rock’.  First, it followed Israelites.  According to Jewish tradition in the Tosephta, the rock was a literal rock that ascended with them to the top of hills and descended with them into the valleys.  If Isra’el stopped, it stopped.   It is described as a well, full of holes like a sieve, from which water trickled.  It is believed that when Isra’el sang, “Spring up, oh well! Sing to the well” in Numbers 21:17, they were referring to this well, Rock. 

Some reject the idea of a literal rock because it comes from an unBiblical Jewish tradition. However, several times in Deuteronomy Moshe personifies the Rock.  From his perspective, the Rock was literal and it followed the Israelites.    

The Rock! His work is perfect, for all his ways are just. A trustworthy God who does no wrong, He is righteous and straight” (Deuteronomy 32:4).

“But Yeshurun grew fat and kicked (you grew fat, thick, gross!). He abandoned God his Maker; he scorned the Rock, his salvation (Deuteronomy 32:15).

“After all, how can one chase a thousand and two put ten thousand to rout, unless their Rock sells them to their enemies, unless Adonai hands them over?” (Deuteronomy 32:30).

The Rock speaks to King David and makes a covenant with him.  “The God of Isra’el spoke;

the Rock of Isra’el said to me …” (2 Samuel 23:3).   Isaiah speaks of the Rock being eternal “Trust in Adonai forever, because in Yah Adonai, is a Rock of Ages” (Isaiah 26:4).   When Moshe asks to meet with Yahweh face to face, he is told to ‘stand on the Rock’ until the glory of the LORD passes by (Exodus 33:20-22).

The Rock can be spiritualized, but then when Moshe hits the Rock later in Exodus, why is it interpreted that the Rock is Messiah and he loses entrance to the promised land because Messiah is only beaten once?  Sha’ul is using Scripture to state his case not merely a tradition that has its foundation in Scripture. 

Second, the Rock gave them spiritual drink.  The water from the Rock was not the bitter waters turned sweet and even the springs at Elim.  This water was spiritual water, brought forth by an act of Yahweh and would quench the spiritual thirst of the Israelites. Moshe struck the Rock in the sight of the leaders of Isra’el.  This is important because soon these same people would be faced with a battle with the Amalekites.  Joshua must choose fighting men, men who had just had their faith tested and proved.

Third, the Rock was Messiah.  Yeshua is the Rock.  He is the stone which the builders rejected, but became the cornerstone of a spiritual Temple (1 Peter 2:7, Ephesians 2:19-22).   He is a tested stone, a stone to strike and a rock for Isra’el to stumble over (Isaiah 8:14). 

Yahweh Nissi

At Refid’im (or Merivah) the Amalekites attack Israel.  Moshe tells Joshua to choose men to go into battle.   In the morning when the fighting begins, Moshe, along with Aaron and Hur,  climbs to the top of the hill with the staff of Elohim.   When Moshe raises his hand with the staff, Israel prevails against their enemy.   When his hands grow heavy and they drop, Isra’el the enemy prevails.  Moshe notices that when his hands are up, the Israelites win battles.  So, when Moshe tires, he sits on a stone and Aaron and Hur hold up his hands, each holding one hand so that Moshe’s hands remain raised until sunset.

Moshe is 80 years old and is the leader of Isra’el.  He cannot actively participate in battles of war and possibly be killed.  However, as the leader over Isra’el, he is responsible to keep the fighting men focused on their job – defeat the Amalekites.   He shows his leadership by using the rod that divided the Red Sea to remind the men of God’s victory over the Egyptians and to trust that He will win this battle for them too. 

He may also hold up his arms to offer a priestly blessing over the Israelite armies. When he gets tired, however, his arms begin to lower and the Israelite army begins to lose the battle.   Aaron and Hur step in, find a ‘rock’ for him to sit on and support his arms.  When the armies of Isra’el look up to the hill, they see Aaron and Hur remain faithful to Moshe.  Moshe trusts Yahweh for the outcome; the Israelites should too.

The Amalekites are defeated. “Yahweh said to Moshe, ‘Write this in a book to be remembered, and tell it to Y’hoshua: I will completely blot out any memory of the Amalekites from under heaven” (Exodus 17:14).

Because their hand went against the throne of Yahweh, He will fight Amalek for generations.  King Saul, who is commanded to destroy them completely, disobeys leaving Haman to come to power while the Jews are in captivity in Persia.  He sets a day for the complete destruction of the Jewish people and Queen Esther, along with her cousin Mordecai, thwart the massacre.  Haman and his sons are killed on a gallows they built for Mordecai. 

Moshe builds an altar and calls it Yahweh Nissi, (Yahweh is my Banner).  This is another attribute of Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh.  In this parashah, Yahweh reveals Himself as the Rafa (Healer), Yireh (Provider), and the Nissi (Banner) for and over Isra’el. 

Haftarah (Readings of the Prophets)

Judges 5:1-31

1 Samuel 15

Brit Hadashah (New Testament Readings)

John 6:25-35

John 4:13-14

John 7:37-38

Mark 2:27-28

Revelation 15:1-4

Midrash: Book of Esther

Because the Amalekites went against His people, Yahweh will fight Amalek for generations.  King Saul, who is commanded to destroy them completely, disobeys leaving his decendant Haman to come to power while the Jews are in captivity in Persia.

©2014 Tent Stake Ministries

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