Parashah 1: B’resheet (In the beginning) – Genesis

Parashah 1: Genesis 1:1-6:8

Yom Rishon – Day 1

Genesis Chapter 1, Verse 1

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”

According to Genesis 1:1, the heavens and earth had a beginning and God was there as the Creator.  The Hebrew language, the original language in which the following Scriptures  were written, will give a little more insight into the account of creation.

“B’resheet bara Elohim et hashamayim v’et ha eretz.”

‘God’ is rendered Elohim, in the Hebrew.  El  means ‘God’ and refers to ‘God as the Creator.’  Elohim is the masculine plural of the word El.    This does not mean Elohim is a plurality of gods or can be divided into three-parts like the trinity.  Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, Elohim is used with a singular personal pronoun which makes it singular in a plural form.

Selah (Think About This)

There are several other Hebrew words that are singular in a plural form giving them a multi-faceted meaning: water (mayim), life (chayim), and face (panim).

The Hebrew word for ‘heavens’ is hashamayim.  The smaller word, mayim, within hashamayim means ‘water.’   It is from hashamayim that the idea of waters being in the heavens above and the earth below comes when the waters flooded the earth and “the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the sky were opened” (Genesis 7:11).

The Hebrew word for ‘earth’ is eretz.  It means ‘earth’ though it can also mean ‘land’ like in Eretz Yisra’el, the Land of Isra’el.

In its ancient form, Hebrew was a lot like Egyptian hieroglyphics, a pictorial language. Each letter was a drawing that when put together with other letters described the word.   Throughout this book, there will be boxes with the pictorial meaning of certain words through Hebrew word pictures.  The complete list of the individual Hebrew letters and their pictoral meanings can be found in the Appendix.  Hebrew is also read right to left, not left to right.

Hebrew Word Pictures

Heavens or shamayim – שמיםshin, mem, yod, ending mem

behold the mighty chaos

Earth or eretzארץ – alef, resh, tzadik

the first most important harvest

Notice in the Genesis 1:1 there are two little words, et.  These two letters are found throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, placed between words at different intervals.

In Hebrew, the et are the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet known as the alef and the tav.  The letter picture for alef is an ox and has the meaning ‘strength, leader or first.’  Tav looks like two crossed sticks and means ‘covenant or sign.’ Putting the two letter pictures together gives an interesting meaning for את .

Hebrew Word Pictures

et or אתalef, tav

the covenant sign of the first, strong, leader

A Little More Revelation

“In the beginning” suggests there is also an ending.   The final book of the Bible is called Revelation.  In this book, the meaning of the alef and the tav is revealed by Yeshua.

“I [Yeshua] am the ‘Alef’ and the ‘Tav,’ the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End” (Revelation 22:13).

Note: In the Greek/English translations of the Bible, this reference is written as ‘A and Z’ or ‘Alpha and Omega’ not the Hebrew alef and tav.  This simple change removes Yeshua from the English pages of the Old Testament, while revealing him in the Hebrew.

The word pictures for verse 1: In the beginning, Elohim, the alef and the tav, from a mighty chaos of water brought forth the first and most important harvest. 

Verse 2

“The earth was unformed and void, darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of Elohim hovered over the surface of the water.”

In Hebrew,  the words for ‘unformed and void’ are tohu wa bohu.  These words imply that there was a great wasteland with an emptiness that needed to be filled apart from an unformed earth.  

Void, according to the dictionary, means ’empty space or vacuum.’  It also means there is ‘nothing legally in force or in effect.’  It is a state of lawlessness.  The Hebrew words for ‘darkness and deep’ are tahom and suggest ‘great chaos.’   Accordingly, when a place is ‘void of law,’ there is chaos.

In Hebrew, the Spirit of God is Ruach Elohim. Ruach literally means ‘wind’ so this would be the ‘wind of God’ hovering over the surface of the water.   The Hebrew word yovel used in this verse means ‘brooding.’  Brooding means to ‘cover with one’s wings for protection’ like a hen covers her baby chicks.  In translation, the verse would be:

The breath of Elohim covered the void and dark chaos like wings of protection.  

Hebrew Word Pictures

Spirit or Ruach – רוחresh, vav, chet

head binds and protects

Holy Spirit or Ruach HaKodesh רוח הקדשresh, vav, chet – hey, qoof, dalet, shin

head binds and protects, behold what is behind the pathway’s glory

Verse 3

“Then Elohim said,“Let there be light”; and there was light.”

The first words of Elohim bring forth light.  When Elohim speaks, physical evidence of His words appear.

The Hebrew word for ‘light’ is or.   This is not the light given by the sun, moon and stars, as they have yet to be created.  The nuance of or in this verse is that Elohim raised His countenance upon the darkness bringing light to His creation.  That light is Yeshua. 

Hebrew Word Pictures

Light or or – אורalef, vav, resh

what is first joined with what is the highest, most important 

Within the first three verses of Genesis chapter 1, there is Elohim, the Creator; the alef and the tav, Yeshua, and the Ruach Elohim, the Spirit of God.  From the chaos Elohim brought forth ‘the highest, most important part of creation:’ LIGHT through speaking WORDS.

John 1 testifies to this same creation account with the spoken word of God being Elohim, but also being the alef and the tav.  The Hebrew proves Yeshua to be the Word of God in which dwelt the life and light of mankind.  As the light that was spoken into physical reality, the Word of God, became a physical reality in the flesh of the Creators only offspring who brought light to the world.

“In the beginning was the Word,  and the Word was with God [Elohim],  and the Word was God [Elohim]. He was with God in the beginning. All things came to be through him,  and without him nothing made had being. In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not suppressed it…. The Word became a human being and lived with us, and we saw his Sh’khinah [glory], the Sh’khinah [glory]  of the Father’s only Son, full of grace and truth” (John 1:1-5, 14).

“Yeshua spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world; whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light which gives life” (John 8:12).

Verse 4

“Elohim saw that the light was good, and Elohim divided the light from the darkness.”

In Hebrew, ‘darkness’ is chosek and holds the idea in the present of the light, darkness became obscure, wiped out and went into obscurity.  The word ‘divided’ is badal and means ‘to make a distinction between the two.’   This is a distinction  between spiritual darkness and light not daytime and nighttime.

“For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God’s glory displayed in the face of Messiah” (2 Corinthians 4:6).

Verse 5

“Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. So there was evening, and there was morning, one day.” 

The Hebrew word for ‘day’ is yom and is different from the light.  Yom is the 24-hour period of time from evening to morning that Elohim called ‘a Day.   The Hebrew word for ‘night’ is laila.   This is the period of a yom that is dark.  The Hebrew word for ‘evening’ is erev.  This word represents the darkness that immediately follows light and would include twilight. The Hebrew word for ‘morning’ is boker.  Boker is that point in a yom when darkness is changing to daylight.

With the words evening and morning, time delineation begins; however, there are no signs in the heavens for determining sunrise and sunset.  The first Day of creation is now complete.   In Hebrew, the first day of the week is Yom Rishon.

Yom Shinee – Day 2

Verses 6-8

“Elohim said, “Let there be a dome in the middle of the water; let it divide the water from the water.” Elohim made the dome and divided the water under the dome from the water above the dome; that is how it was, and Elohim called the dome Sky. So there was evening, and there was morning, a second day.”

The Hebrew word for ‘dome’  is raqiva and means ‘firmament or a visible arch of the sky.’  Its primitive root can mean ‘to expand stretching.’   The raqiva is a solid, tangible thing that separated the waters (mayim) above from the waters (mayim) below.  Elohim called this expanding arch, Sky.

There are several interpretations that describe the firmament as a structured place or a type of water canopy or a structured place above where Elohim dwells and there are multiple heavens.   Whatever the structure, there was water above it and water below it.  From the writings of King David, King Solomon and the apostle Sha’ul, long after Noach and the flood, it was still understood that the complex nature of the firmament continued to exist (Psalm 148:4, Proverbs 25:3, 2 Corinthians 12:2).

The second 24-hour day of creation, Yom Shinee, was completed with an evening and a morning.

Yom Slishee – Day 3

Verses 9-11

“Elohim said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let dry land appear,” and that is how it was.”  “Elohim called the dry land Earth, the gathering together of the water he called Sea, and Elohim saw that it was good.

Elohim continues to speak and through His words creates all things into existence.  On day three, the waters under the firmament are gathered into one place.  This body of water He calls Seas.  In Hebrew, the word for waters is mayim; however, Sea is is the reverse of mayim or yam.  

The dry land Elohim called Earth.  In Hebrew, this word is eretz as was mentioned earlier; however there is another Hebrew word that can be used for land adamah.  Adamah means ‘red earth’ and from where the name for the first man, Adam came as he was formed from the dust of the earth which apparently was red.

Verses 12-13

“Elohim said, “Let the earth put forth grass, seed-producing plants, and fruit trees, each yielding its own kind of seed-bearing fruit, on the earth”; and that is how it was. The earth brought forth grass, plants each yielding its own kind of seed, and trees each producing its own kind of seed-bearing fruit; and God saw that it was good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a third day.

Through the words of Elohim, living things began with the plant kingdom.  The adamah produced all kinds of grasses, herbs, vegetables and fruit trees.  Some may wonder how grasses and seed-bearing plants began to produce on dry land when there was only Light, and no sun.  Science proves that plant seeds first germinate underground in darkness until they push through the soil.  Only then do they begin to make food through photosynthesis.  This scenario supports the Day being a 24-hour period since seeds do not need millions of years, thousands of years or even weeks to germinate and push through the ground.  However, the verses state that the plants, trees and grasses were created in maturity.  One 24-hour day with no sun would not be detrimental to their life.

The third day of creation, Yom Shleeshee, was completed with evening and morning.

Yom Reve’ee – Day 4

Verses 14-15

“Elohim said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years; and let them be for lights in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth”; and that is how it was.”

Before this day day of creation, there was Light and Darkness along with Night and Day.    On this yom, Elohim creates lights in Sky, in that place where water is above and water is below.   These lights were to be signs for the seasons, days and years.

The word ‘season’ in this verse is not what we think of as the seasons of spring, summer, fall and winter.   In Hebrew, the word for ‘season’ is mo’ed which means ‘appointed time,’ ‘appointed meeting place’ and even ‘appointed  feast.’  In other words, Elohim put lights in the sky so that His creation would know His holy seasons (Pesach, Firstfruits, Tabernacles), days (Sabbath) and years (Jubilee).

Verses 16-19

“Elohim made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars. Elohim put them in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and Elohim saw that it was good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day.”

The two great lights that Elohim put in the dome of the sky are the sun and the moon.  The 24-hour day is now ruled by the sun: sunset to sunset.  The night is governed by the moon creating months as it waxes and wanes from one new moon to the next.  The lesser lights, the stars, regulate the years through constellations like Orion and Pleiades that rise and fall throughout the seasons.  Through the greater and lesser lights, darkness is divided from light and a cycle of time is established for days, weeks, months, and years.

The fourth day of creation,  Yom Revee’ee, was completed with an evening and a morning.

Yom Chamishee – Day 5

Verses 20-23

“Elohim said, “Let the water swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open dome of the sky.” Elohim created the great sea creatures and every living thing that creeps, so that the water swarmed with all kinds of them, and there was every kind of winged bird; and Elohim saw that it was good. Then Elohim blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply and fill the water of the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” So there was evening, and there was morning, a fifth day.” 

Elohim continued to fill the earth with life in the sea and the air through His spoken word.  Fish and sea creatures like whales and sharks swam in the seas.   Large sea creatures in Hebrew are tannin and mean ‘sea monsters, dragons and serpents.’  This would include Leviathan and Behemoth (Job 40,41).  Birds like parrots, hawks and robins flew in the air.  Critters like grasshoppers, snails and frogs creeped along the ground.

On this day of creation, Elohim created living creatures or nephesh chayim.  Nephesh chayim means ‘animal soul,’ thus He gave all creatures a ‘soul.’    In Jewish thought, a soul is the essence of the being, its reason for being.  Each nephesh is the expression of Elohim’s vision in creating that soul to perform His commandments according to its level of understanding and closeness to Him.

Elohim blessed these living creatures and commanded them to be fruitful, multiply and fill the seas, the air and the earth.  The Hebrew word parah means ‘fruitful.’   In their simple level of understanding, this is the greatest commandment for the nephesh chayim.

The fifth day of creation, Yom Chamishee, was completed with an evening and a morning.

Yom Sheesh – Day 6

Verses 24-25

“Elohim said, “Let the earth bring forth each kind of living creature — each kind of livestock, crawling animal and wild beast”; and that is how it was. Elohim made each kind of wild beast, each kind of livestock and every kind of animal that crawls along the ground; and Elohim saw that it was good.”

Elohim continues creating nephesh chayim through His word and brings forth livestock like sheep, goats, oxen, cows, pigs, and horses.  He creates wild beasts like lions, tigers, and bears, oh my!  He also creates animals the crawl on the ground like raccoons, dogs, cats, and skunks.

In a biological study of life, there are charts and lists full of Latin names classifying the animals of the earth.  Man’s classification of animals is more complex and at times confusing because he puts whales in the same category as a monkey.  When Elohim created the animals, He classified them as birds, creepers, fish, livestock, crawlers and wild beasts.  For Elohim, this was good, very good. 

Verses 26-28

“Then Elohim said, “Let us make humankind in our image, in the likeness of ourselves; and let them rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air, the animals, and over all the earth, and over every crawling creature that crawls on the earth.” So Elohim created humankind in his own image; in the image of Elohim he created him: male and female he created them. Elohim blessed them: Elohim said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air and every living creature that crawls on the earth.”

On the same day that Elohim created animals, He created man with a soul and breath of life,  nishmat chayim, sometimes called the nishmat chayim ruach, adding the ‘breath of God’ into the soul. Man is not an animal as is commonly taught in the theory of evolution.  Elohim created man in His image, in the likeness of Himself, not animals.  He did not create birds, fish or wild beasts in His image only mankind.  As He commands the animals to be fruitful and multiply according to their kind, so He commands mankind – male and female – to do the same.

What is the image of ElohimElohim breathes, creates, speaks, and has authority.  In his image, with the breath of His life in us, we are creative, communicating beings given authority over the earth.  The animals, though they breathe, do not have Elohim’s spirit breathed into them.  Animals are not creative beings as they only live through instinct.  Their communication is limited and they are given no authority over the earth.

By giving mankind authority to rule over the birds, fish, livestock and wild beasts, mankind is not equal to the animals nor are animals equal to mankind.  Unfortunately, this distinction between man and animals has become corrupted through years of evolutionary teaching.  Mankind no longer subdues animals because animals have been deemed to have ‘human rights,’  and humans are subject to ‘animal rights.’ 

Selah

There are two ‘souls’ mentioned in this parashah: the animal soul and the human soul.

Both are made from the dust of the earth, but they are different, how?

Verses 29-31

“Then Elohim said, “Here! Throughout the whole earth I am giving you as food every seed-bearing plant and every tree with seed-bearing fruit. And to every wild animal, bird in the air and creature crawling on the earth, in which there is a living soul, I am giving as food every kind of green plant.” And that is how it was.  Elohim saw everything that he had made, and indeed it was very good. So there was evening, and there was morning, a sixth day.”

Both mankind and animals are given seed-bearing plants and fruit from trees as food.  At this point in creation, there are no carnivores.  Animals are not eating animals nor are humans eating animals.  This is because, at this point in creation, death has not come into the world. 

The Man and the Woman

Elohim formed a man, ish, from the dust of the ground.  This ‘ground’ is adamah and  from where is derived the color red, adom, and the name for the man, Adam.  Then Elohim breathed into the man’s nostrils the breath of life, nishmat chayim, so that he became a living soul, nefesh chayyah.

Out of the same ground, Elohim caused trees to grow that were beautiful to look at and were good for food.  In the middle of the garden were two trees: the Tree of Life and the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.  A river went out of Gan Eden to water the trees.  The river had four tributaries, the Pishon, the Gichon, the Tigris, and the Euphrates.  In the land of Havilah, meaning “the suffering pain that brings forth,  there is gold, aromatic resin and onyx.   Elohim then placed Adam in the garden to cultivate and care for it.

Adam was given one command or instruction, “You may freely eat from every tree in the garden except the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.  You are not to eat from it, because on the day that you eat from it, it will become certain that you will die” (Genesis 2:16-17).

From the ground, Elohim formed every wild animal and every bird that flies and the air.  He brought them to Adam so he could name them.  Elohim realized that there wasn’t a suitable companion for Adam. In Hebrew ‘suitable companion’ is ezer neged and means ‘helper opposite to’ or ‘in the sight of.’ 

Elohim caused Adam to fall into a deep sleep.  He took a portion of his flesh from the rib area.  From the flesh he made a woman, isha. Elohim brought the woman to Adam and he responded, “At last!  This is bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh” (Genesis 2:23).   This is why a man leaves his father and mother and becomes one flesh with his wife.

God saw everything that he had made, and indeed it was very good.  So there was evening, and there was morning, a sixth day” (Genesis 1:31).

Selah

At the end of each ‘day,’ Elohim says His creation is ‘good.’

At the end of the sixth day, He calls it, ‘very good.’

Hebrew Word Pictures

Man  or ish – אישalef, yod, shin

first finished work of glory

Woman or isha – אשה – alef, shin, hey

first glory revealed

The Hebrew for man has a yod and the woman has a hey.  These are the first two letters of the name of Elohim.

If they are removed from the Hebrew names,  the remaining word is אש or ‘fire’.

Together, the man and woman have the ‘fire’ and warmth of Elohim’s presence.

Without Elohim, his ‘fire’ consumes both man and woman in the marriage relationship.

Genesis Chapter 2

The Seventh Day – Shabbat

Verses 1-3

“Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, along with everything in them. On the seventh day Elohim was finished with his work which he had made, so he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Elohim blessed the seventh day and separated it as holy; because on that day Elohim rested from all his work which he had created, so that it itself could produce.”

With the creation of mankind, Elohim completed His work of creating.  A new time period, the seventh day, begins and Elohim rests.  The seventh day is blessed by Elohim and made holy by its separation from all other days.  Elohim rests, not so much because he was tired, but because the earth and everything He had created could continue forever in the world that He had established.

The seventh day is known in Hebrew as shabbat or Sabbath.  Unlike the rest of the days, it is not called Yom Shabbat or given 24-hour time period.  Without having an evening and a morning, this ‘day’ was complete and was to last an eternity.

“For just as the new heavens and the new earth that I am making will continue in my presence,” says Adonai, “so will your descendants and your name continue.  Every month on Rosh Chodesh [new moon] and every week on Shabbat, everyone living will come to worship in my presence,” says Adonai” (Isaiah 66:22-23).

The Fig Leaves

Did the fig leaves with which Adam and Eve covered themselves have something to do with an allusion to the nation of Isra’el?  What was the animal that was slain to cover Adam and Eve’s nakedness?  Do these have something in common? 

Yeshua said in Mark 13:27-29 that when the fig tree buds, we know his coming is near. In Scripture, the fig tree represents Isra’el. To answer the first question, yes.  Isra’el has tried for centuries to cover their own sin.

Soon after Adam had given the sweet little lamb its name, he and his wife watched its life-blood being shed.  It is the blood of the lamb that takes away the sin of the world,  including the sin of Adam and Eve.   Thus, it could be that it was the fleece of the lamb which covered their sin until the final atonement would come through the ‘seed of a woman’ and remove their sin.  Rather than look to the death of the lamb and its subsequent atonement as a prophetic vision, Isra’el has created ways apart from Elohim’s plan.

The serpent offered Adam and Eve three things: immortality, wisdom, and to be like God.  It is interesting to consider that they already had these three things.  They had immortality because they had not yet sinned. They had all wisdom and knowledge as they walked with Elohim, their Creator,  in the Gan Eden.  And, they were like Elohim because they were made in His image.  Instead of trusting in Elohim and their relationship with Him, they were deceived by the serpent and disobeyed Elohim’s one and only command.

Though the fruit of the tree in the middle of the Garden was pleasing to the eye,  it was not to be eaten.  How often do we eat things not created to be food because it’s pleasing to the eye or the tastebuds?   Acts chapter 10 is the perfect example of a Scripture that has been perverted to nullify Elohim’s dietary regulations – all in the name of ‘freedom.’   This is the same ‘freedom’ that Adam and Eve embraced in the Garden that ultimately sent them out of Paradise.

The Sabbath was a created day.  It was the seventh day of creation and it had no beginning and no end.  It was set apart by God as holy to Him.  It is His day, the day of Elohim.   Adam and Eve lived in this eternal day until they were sent out of Eden.

Once Adam and Eve were removed from the garden, cherubim with flaming swords blocked its entrance.  Cherubim is the plural of the Hebrew word, cherubCherubim were woven into the Tabernacle curtains that separated the Most Holy Place from the Holy of Holies.  Facing each other with their wings covering their faces, two cherubim were put on the cover of the Ark of the Covenant.  It is between these two cherubim that the blood of the lamb was placed on the Day of Atonement; it is on the heavenly Ark where the blood of Yeshua was placed (Hebrews 9:11-12).

Did Adam actually experience death ‘on that day’ he sinned?  There are two kinds of death.  The first is spiritual and involves a complete separation from Elohim due to sin.  ‘On that day,’ Adam and Eve’s sin separated them from fellowship with their Creator.  From a spiritual perspective, they died.

The other kind of death is physical.  Adam lived to be 930 years of age so his physical death occurred on a different type of day.  For Elohim, according to Peter, a day in Elohim’s time is like 1000 years in ours (2 Peter 2:8). Thus, Adam died in Elohim’s rendering of a day, not man’s.  Peter continues to say that Elohim’s rendering of time shows His patiences with sinners, not wanting anyone to be destroyed.  Allowing Adam to live nearly 1000 years gave him time to populate the earth and anticipate his redemption through the promised seed of the woman.

Sin and the First Family

Cain brought the firstfruits of his produce to offer to Elohim and they were not accepted.  Abel brought a lamb and it was an acceptable offering.   Why was Cain’s offering unacceptable when firstfruits grain offerings were eventually part of the offering system of the Tabernacle?  It is written that Cain’s heart had ‘sin crouching at its door’ which is why he chose grain for a sacrifice.  It is very likely that Adam and Eve taught their children about the atonement they witnessed in the Garden – the shedding of the ‘blood of the lamb.’  Cain knew what was expected of him, but fell short, so short that jealousy caused him to murder his brother. 

“My [Cain’s] punishment is greater than I can bear.  You are banning me today from the land and from your presence” (Genesis 4:13).

Cain was no longer able to farm the land and he was sent away from the ‘presence of Elohim.’  This suggests two things: 1) Cain lived in the land of Elohim and 2) Cain feared being out of Elohim’s presence.  This is an allusion to the land of Elohim which is Isra’el.  It is probable ‘east of Eden,’ where the first family lived and grew was near the land where Elohim’s presence would dwell forever.  Elohim put a mark upon Cain’s head to keep him from being a target.  Whoever killed Cain would receive Elohim’s vengeance seven times greater than Cain’s judgment. 

Many people wonder who Cain married (and who would try to kill him).  Adam and Eve were told to multiply and fill the earth.  Adam lived to be 930 years old.  According to Genesis 5:4, Adam had other sons and daughters his lifetime. It is taught in Judaism that Adam had 30-35 children.   If each of those children had 30 children and they had 30 children and they had 30 children, there would be an exponentially increasing number of inhabitants on earth in a short amount of time: 30x30x30x30 would be a minimum 810,000 people.   It is also important to remember that Adam and Eve were created perfect and without health issues; therefore, their children would be so close to perfect health that intermarriage between brothers and sisters would not create genetic problems.  The whole earth was populated with relatives and even today, second cousins are allowed to marry.

Cain feared for his life because his brothers and sisters would want to kill him for Abel.  It is possible that even Abel’s wife would want retribution.  

A few generations later, Lemekh, a descendant of Cain, kills a man.  He himself states that if Cain is avenged seven times for killing his brother, then he will be avenged seventy times seven.  Again, the reason why Lemekh would want to be avenged is because any of his relatives would want to take his life for killing his brother.  Eventually, this situation changes and anyone who takes a life, his life would be required as restitution

Rather than avenging, Yeshua teaches forgiveness.  In fact, he uses the same words as Lemekh when Peter asks how often he needs to forgive a brother or sister.  “Then Peter came to Yeshua and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” Yeshua answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times” (Matthew 18:21-22).  Forgiveness restores relationships and furthers the plan of Elohim.

Adam again had sexual relations with his wife, and she gave birth to a son whom she named Shet [granted], “For God has granted me another seed in place of Hevel [Abel], since Kayin [Cain] killed him” (Genesis 4:25).

It is believed by traditional Judaism that the creation week began on the Feast of Trumpets or Yom Teruah.  It follows that ten days later or three days into eternity, a lamb was sacrificed for Adam and Eve’s disobedience.  This became the original Day of Atonement.  On the final Day of Atonement, books will be opened and all mankind will be judged:  “All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast—all whose names have not been written in the Lamb’s book of life, the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world” (Revelation 13:8).

Yeshua and Creation

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing made had being. In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not suppressed it” (John1:1-5).

“Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am; so that they may see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world” (John 17:24).

Haftarah (Readings from the Prophets)

Isaiah 42:5-21

B’rit Chadashah (New Testament Readings)

Matthew 19:3-9

Romans 5:12-21

Midrash B’resheet: The Bride of Messiah

Eve was created from a rib portion of the flesh of Adam.  The Scriptures say that Yeshua is the second Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45).  Discuss how Yeshua’s bride is being created from a ‘rib portion’ of his body.

©2013 Tent Stake Ministries

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