Witness of Two

The Torah clearly speaks about Biblical matters needing ‘proof’ and being established by two or three witnesses.  The witness of heaven and earth is used by YHVH to establish Himself as Creator.  The Torah and the Prophets are the two witnesses used by Yeshua to establish Himself as Messiah of Israel.  The Body of Messiah has its witness based on the Apostles and Prophets.  The saints have the witness of faith in Yeshua and obedience to the commandments. And Yeshua, as the living Word of God has the witness of being faithful and true.  

“A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses”  (Deuteronomy 19:15).

Establishing a Matter of Life or Death

“On the testimony of two or three witnesses a person is to be put to death, but no one is to be put to death on the testimony of only one witness” (Deuteronomy 17:6).

John Chapter 8 recounts how Yeshua used the ‘witness of two’ with the woman caught in the act of adultery.  The Pharisees and teachers of Torah understood the penalty of stoning someone caught in adultery; however, it seems they had forgotten about establishing innocence or guilt on the ‘witness of two.’

Yeshua, knowing that the death penalty could not be carried out without two or three witnesses called for those who knew the Torah and the truth about the woman to put their own lives on the line.   Witnesses had to be upright and honest as well as present at the crime to be an authentic  witness.  In order to find two upright, honest and true authentic witnesses meant that two or thre  men had to come forth and incriminate themselves in the act of adultery.    Self-incrimination would mean death for them as well.  No one was either honest enough or willing enough to condemn her.

“They brought in a woman caught in adultery.  They made her stand before the group and said to Yeshua, Rabbi, this woman was caught in the act of adultery.  In the Torah, Moses commanded us to stone such women.  Now what do you say?’  They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him.

“But Yeshua bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger.  When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, ‘Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her.’  And he stooped down and wrote on the ground.

“At this those who heard began to go away one at a time, the older ones first, until only Yeshua was left, with the woman still standing there.  Yeshua straightened up and asked her, ‘Woman, where are they?  Has no one condemned you?’  ‘No one sir,’ she said.

“Then neither do I condemn you,’ Yeshua declared.  ‘Go now and leave your life of sin.’ (John 8:1-11).

Yeshua could have been the ultimate witness against this woman.  After all, he is the Creator, and could have called heaven and earth as the two witnesses against her.  However, he chooses instead to follow Torah instructions and set her free because there were not two or three witnesses willing to establish her guilt.

Heaven and Earth

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1).

YHVH uses the heavens and the earth to establish Himself as the Creator of the Universe, the one true and living God.  The heaven and earth become the witness of Him to all mankind, the descendants of Noah, and then all of Israel.

“To YHVH your God belong the heavens even the highest heavens, the earth and everything in it” (Deuteronomy 10:14).

“For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen …” (Romans 1:20).

“My own hand laid the foundations of the earth and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I summon them, they all stand up together” (Isaiah 48:13).

YHVH uses the heavens and earth as His way of judging the sinfulness of mankind in the account of Noah.  When judging the earth with water, the floodgates of heaven were opened and the springs of the earth burst.

“He summons the heavens above, and the earth, so that he may judge his people…” (Psalm 50:4).

He used the heavens and earth as witnesses against Israel in their choice between life and death, blessings and curses.

“This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses.  Now choose life, so that you and your children may live and that you may love YHVH your God… (Deuteronomy 30:19-20).

Even the angels swear and bear witness by the One who made the heavens and earth.

“And he swore by him who lives for ever and ever, who created the heavens and all that is in them, the earth and all that is in it …” (Revelation 10:6).

Torah and Prophets

“And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself” (Luke 24:27).

The Messiah of Israel has a witness of two: Torah and Prophets.

Many today believe that the Torah is no longer valid in a life of faith in Yeshua.   This belief negates the validity of Moses foreshadowing a prophet like Messiah as well as the Words of God that Moses spoke.   Without the witness of two: the Torah and the Prophets, the Jesus many people worship today cannot be the same man who walked on the Road to Emmaus.

“Moses said, ‘YHVH God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you” (Deuteronomy 18:15).

“This is the Moses who told the Israelites, ‘God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your own people” (Acts 7:37).

Moses  was a prophet and intercessor with God for the Israelites because that is what they wanted.  They did not want a personal relationship with YHVH because they were afraid they would die.  Moses took on that role and several times offered his own life for the Israelites’ sins.  At the end of his life, Moses promises another prophet like himself to whom the people were to obey explicitly.

Moses was a very unique man called by God.  To deify him would be wrong, but to denigrate him is equally wrong.  He did not, as some believe, create and write the laws for Israel from his own mind.  To think this would make Moses a very arrogant, prideful man.  Scripture says just the opposite.  He was the humblest man on the face of the earth.  Because of his humility, he was also the only man who ever spoke with YHVH face to face and lived.  To undermine his prophetic witness to, for, and of Yeshua is nothing more than ignorance at his being chosen by God to bring deliverance, the teachings and instructions (Torah), and the eternal promises of YHVH to Israel.

“(Now the man Moses was very humble, more than any man who was on the face of the earth.)” (Numbers 12:3).

“Since that time no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom YHVH knew face to face…” (Deuteronomy 34:10).

Others say that because the Jewish people have Torah they have Messiah, but without opened eyes.    This view denies the second witness that Yeshua gives the men on their journey to Emmaus: the Prophets.  Without the Prophets, there would have been no way for Yeshua to explain his life, death, and resurrection.  Though Yeshua’s standard for living righteously may be found in Torah, it is His becoming flesh, suffering and dying that is found in Prophets.

Without the Torah and the Prophets, the witness of two is destroyed and the Messiahship of Yeshua cannot be established for either Christianity or Judaism.  Without the Torah and the Prophets, true open-eyed fellowship with the Father through Yeshua cannot ever be completely established as what the disciples found when He broke bread with them and they saw the scars on His hands.

Jew and Gentile and the Dividing Wall

The witness of two for the Body of Messiah is the Jew and the gentile becoming ‘one new man.’  This witness is only realized when the wall of partition is removed and gentiles along with Jews have access to the Father by one Spirit.  The wall of partition or the dividing wall was the wall in the Temple that kept the gentiles from entering the Court of Israel and worshipping YHVH according to the Scriptures.   Until Messiah came, gentiles had to stay in the Outer Courts and had no access to Temple worship. Today, the dividing wall is a misunderstanding of the Scriptures, the new covenant, and the need for the Old Testament as well as the New.

“For all of you who were immersed into Messiah have clothed yourselves with Messiah.  There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Messiah Yeshua” (Galatians 3:27-28).

“For he himself is our peace, who has made the two groups (circumcised and uncircumcised) one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility…. His purpose was to create in himself one new humanity out of the two ….  For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit” (Ephesians 2:14-18).

New and Old Treasures

“He (Yeshua)  said to them, “Therefore every teacher of the Torah who has become a disciple in the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new treasures as well as old” (Matthew 13:52). 

The witness of two for the Body of Messiah is the Apostles and the Prophets – the New Testament and the Old.  Unfortunately, a wall of partition has been re-instituted by the ‘church’ with a page that says “New Testament’.  This page keeps the Christian from knowing their foundation of faith in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Jew from knowing the fulfillment of Biblical prophecies in Yeshua.

Rejecting the Prophets along with Torah, Christians stand on a shaky foundation and miss the nourishing sap, the teachings and instructions from the root of the Olive Tree.  Because of their loss of understanding of the Hebrew Scriptures, their witness to the world is an incomplete message of the kingdom of heaven.

In order to be a complete witness, the Body of Messiah must have the ‘witness of two’.  They must use the teachings of the Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea and Moses) along with the Apostolic Scriptures.  They must learn to use the Prophets as a way to share salvation and the eternal kingdom as well as the Apostles.  As Yeshua taught, everyone who teaches Torah (teachings and instructions of God)  should use new treasures as well as old.

True Worship

When Yeshua met the woman at the well, he offered her living water.  In their discourse he described true worship that included another witness of two:  the Spirit and Truth.

“Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshippers worship the Father in the Spirit and in Truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.  God is spirit and his worshipers must worship in Spirit and in Truth” (John 4:23-24).

In John 17:17, Yeshua says that the Word is Truth and it sanctifies those who use it.    Through the Word – as written in the Torah,  spoken through the Prophets and revealed in the flesh as Yeshua through the Apostles, true worshipers will come to the Father and worship Him through the Word.

It is important to know the Word of God and use it correctly (2 Timothy 2:15).  It is important to use the Word to discern good from evil (Hebrews 5:14).  It is important to allow the Word to be planted in us so that our souls are saved (James 1:21).  It is important to use the word in spiritual warfare (Ephesians 6:17).   It is important to obey the Word out of love for Yeshua and the Father  (1 John 2:5).

In John 14:15 Yeshua tells his disciples that if they love him, then they will obey his commands.  The result of their obedience would be that He would ask the Father to send them a comforter – the Spirit of Truth.   Through the Word, worship begins, but through obedience to the commands, true worship is completed through the Spirit.

The Spirit or Ruach is the breath of YHVH God that comes into a man and gives Him life.  The Spirit of YHVH  writes the Torah commands on hearts of flesh (Jeremiah 31:31, Ezekiel 36:26-27).  The Spirit convicts the world of sin, righteousness and judgement (John 16:8-11).  The Spirit transforms us in the sight of God (1 Corinthians 6:11).  The Spirit helps us to remember the Word of God (John 14:26).  The Spirit helps us to lead a righteous, fruit-filled life (Galatians 5:22-23).  The Spirit gives us gifts to build up the Body of Messiah (1 Corinthians 12:4-7).  The Spirit seals us so that we have hope in receiving our inheritance from the Lord (Ephesians 1:13-14).  The Spirit empowers us to be witnesses for Yeshua (Acts 1:8).  Finally, and most importantly, the Spirit will testify of Yeshua (John 15:26).

The Spirit and the Truth work together, support one another and witness to one another.  Without the Truth of the Word, spiritual worship can devolve into nothing but confusion and disorder (1 Corinthians 14:33).    Without the Spirit – love, a changed heart, and a desire to obey God, and worship Him in Truth is empty and meaningless.  The ‘witness of two’ for worship is the Spirit and the Truth

“When the Spirit of Truth comes, he will guide you into all the Truth.  He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears and he will tell you what is yet to come” (John 16:13).

The Saints

“This calls for patient endurance on the part of the saints who keep his commands and remain faithful to Yeshua” (Revelation 14:12).

The sanctified or ‘set apart’  portion of the Body of Messiah also has a ‘witness of two.’  This witness is holding to a testimony of Yeshua and obeying the commands.  According to Revelation these two things will require perseverance on the part of the saints.  The commands are Torah as well as all other teachings and instructions found in the Apostolic Scriptures and Prophets.  Being faithful to Yeshua is the cornerstone on which the saints begin to build the foundation of their temple.  Obedience is living out our faith with righteous deeds.

Millennial Kingdom

The Millennial Kingdom has a witness of two – The Army and Bride of Messiah.

The Army of the Messiah has the honor of returning and helping Messiah set up His Millennial Kingdom.  The Bride of Messiah has the honor of marrying the King of Kings to rule and reign with him.   Both the Armies and the Bride are given ‘fine linen, bright and clean to wear.’  Fine linen is given as a symbol to the righteous acts/deeds of these saints.  Fine linen is what a royal priesthood would wear while serving their Commander in Chief and their royal King.

“Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His Bride has made herself ready.’  And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints” (Revelation 19:7-8).

“Now I saw heaven opened and behold, a white horse.  And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True ….  He was clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.  And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses” (Revelation 19:13-14).

Witnesses of Two

There are many more testimonies established by ‘the witness of two’ throughout Scripture.  There is the ‘witness of two’ for marriage: man and wife (Genesis 2:24).   There is the ‘witness of two’ for  the born again experience: water and the Spirit (John 3:5).  There is the ‘witness of two’ in Zechariah for the two witnesses in the world: the Gold Menorah and the Two Olive Trees (Zechariah 4).   Throughout Scripture the ‘witness of two’ is used many times.  As such it is always important to remember that every ‘witness of two’ be like Yeshua, Faithful and True to the Word of God (Revelation 19:11).

©2010 jsixrock

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